# Pablo de Vicente's research while affiliated with The Manila Observatory and other places

## Publications (19)

Chapter
The National Geographic Institute of Spain (IGN Spain) develops, operates, and exploits the Spanish national geodetic networks and their associated infrastructure. This includes the permanent networks of reference GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) receivers, VLBI (Very Long Baseline Interferometry) telescopes, and a new SLR (Satellite Laser...
Article
Full-text available
We present the 3mm spectral line survey performed at the IRAM 30m telescope towards the dense cores B1-b and TMC-1. Within the 46 GHz observed, we have identified more than 500 lines arising from more than 60 molecules. We have also detected tens of unidentified lines, allowing the discovery of new molecular species in space. In this contribution w...
Article
Full-text available
We present the recent results obtained with the QUIJOTE line survey of the cold dark core TMC-1. The observations have been carried out with the YEBES 40m radio telescope (see Figure 1) in the Q-band (31-50 GHz). A new set of receivers have been installed in the telescope within the frame of the ERC synergy Nanocosmos project that allows to cover t...
Preprint
We report the detection of fulvenallene ($c$-C$_5$H$_4$CCH$_2$) in the direction of TMC-1 with the QUIJOTE line survey. Thirty rotational transitions with $K_a$=0,1,2,3 and $J$=9-15 were detected. The best rotational temperature fitting of the data is 9\,K and a derived column density is (2.7$\pm$0.3)$\times$10$^{12}$ cm$^{-2}$, which is only a fac...
Preprint
We report the discovery of five cyano derivatives of propene towards TMC-1 with the QUIJOTE line survey: $trans$ and $cis$-crotononitrile ($t$-CH$_3$CHCHCN, $c$-CH$_3$CHCHCN), methacrylonitrile (CH$_2$C(CH$_3$)CN), and $gauche$ and $cis$-allyl cyanide ($g$-CH$_2$CHCH$_2$CN and $c$-CH$_2$CHCH$_2$CN). The observed transitions allowed us to derive a c...
Article
Full-text available
Nitriles play a key role as molecular precursors in prebiotic experiments based on the RNA-world scenario for the origin of life. These chemical compounds could have been partially delivered to the young Earth from extraterrestrial objects, stressing the importance of establishing the reservoir of nitriles in the interstellar medium. We report here...
Preprint
Nitriles play a key role as molecular precursors in prebiotic experiments based on the RNA-world scenario for the origin of life. These chemical compounds could have been partially delivered to the young Earth from extraterrestrial objects, stressing the importance of establishing the reservoir of nitriles in the interstellar medium. We report here...
Preprint
Full-text available
Cyclic C5H (c-C5H), the radical formed by substituting an ethynyl group CCH for the hydrogen atom in the c-C3H radical, has been detected for the first time in the space. The c-C5H species is an isomer of the well-known linear radical l-C5H and is 6 kcal/mol less stable. A total of 17 rotational transitions were detected for the c-C5H species in TM...
Article
Ultra-high angular resolution in astronomy has always been an important vehicle for making fundamental discoveries. Recent results in direct imaging of the vicinity of the supermassive black hole in the nucleus of the radio galaxy M87 by the millimeter VLBI system Event Horizon Telescope and various pioneering results of the Space VLBI mission Radi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Ultra-high angular resolution in astronomy has always been an important vehicle for making fundamental discoveries. Recent results in direct imaging of the vicinity of the supermassive black hole in the nucleus of the radio galaxy M87 by the millimeter VLBI system Event Horizon Telescope and various pioneering results of the Space VLBI mission Radi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Theories on the origins of life propose that early cell membranes were synthesized from amphiphilic molecules simpler than phospholipids such as fatty alcohols. The discovery in the interstellar medium (ISM) of ethanolamine, the simplest phospholipid head group, raises the question whether simple amphiphilic molecules are also synthesized in space....
Article
Full-text available
We report the first detection of the phosphorus monoxide ion (PO+) in the interstellar medium. Our unbiased and very sensitive spectral survey toward the G+0.693–0.027 molecular cloud covers four different rotational transitions of this molecule, two of which (J = 1–0 and J = 2–1) appear free of contamination from other species. The fit performed,...
Article
Full-text available
We present the first detection of ( Z )-1,2-ethenediol, (CHOH) 2 , the enol form of glycolaldehyde, in the interstellar medium toward the G+0.693−0.027 molecular cloud located in the Galactic Center. We have derived a column density of (1.8 ± 0.1) × 10 ¹³ cm ⁻² , which translates into a molecular abundance with respect to molecular hydrogen of 1.3...
Preprint
We present the first detection of ($Z$)-1,2-ethenediol, (CHOH)$_2$, the enol form of glycolaldehyde, in the interstellar medium towards the G+0.693-0.027 molecular cloud located in the Galactic Center. We have derived a column density of (1.8$\pm$0.1)$\times$10$^{13}$ cm$^{-2}$, which translates into a molecular abundance with respect to molecular...
Preprint
Full-text available
We report the first detection of the phosphorus monoxide ion (PO$^{+}$) in the interstellar medium. Our unbiased and very sensitive spectral survey towards the G+0.693$-$0.027 molecular cloud covers four different rotational transitions of this molecule, two of which ($J$=1$-$0 and $J$=2$-$1) appear free of contamination from other species. The fit...
Preprint
Amines, in particular primary amines (R-NH$_2$) are closely related to the primordial synthesis of amino acids since they share the same structural backbone. However, only limited number of amines has been identified in the ISM which prevents us from studying their chemistry as well as their relation to pre-biotic species that could lead to the eme...

## Citations

... The improved coverage will also reduce the need for the ellipticity calibration that is required due to image artifacts. Proposed space-based arrays like the Event Horizon Explorer (Kurczynski et al. 2022) will also have the potential to greatly deepen our understanding of accretion (Gurvits et al. 2022), directly model or image the n = 1 photon ring (Gralla et al. 2020;Paugnat et al. 2022), and constrain its shape. P.T. receives support from the Natural Science and Engineering Research Council through the Alexander Graham Bell CGS-D scholarship. ...
... More recent work by Jørgensen et al. (2012) also identified glycolaldehyde toward IRAS 16293-2422. The detection of the enol isomer of glycolaldehyde (HOCH 2 CHO), which forms via a hydrogen shift to produce an R 1 R 2 C = C(OH)R 3 substructure, was reported in laboratory astrochemistry experiments by Kleimeier & Kaiser (2022) and in deep space by Rivilla et al. (2022). Z-1,2-ethenediol (HOCHCHOH), only one hydroxyl group (-OH) away from ethenetriol (3), was detected toward the molecular cloud G+0.693-0.027 ...
... Given the new detection of molecules toward G+0.693-0.027 (Rodríguez-Almeida et al. 2021b; Zeng et al. 2021;Rivilla et al. 2022), it appears to exhibit chemistry unique from other hot cores like Sgr B2(N) or Orion KL. In addition, many of the species shown in Figure 5 do not have observed laboratory spectra. ...