P.R. Vagg's scientific contributions

Citations

... The worry dimension, which represents the cognitive component of exam anxiety, is about students' negative feelings like failing an exam. On the other hand, the emotionality dimension includes involuntary responses such as fast heart rhythm, irritability, nausea, and sweating during an exam (Öner, 1990;Spielberger & Vagg, 1995). Much of the past activity research highlighted that exam anxiety negatively affects academic performance (Ergene, 2011;Eum & Rice, 2011;Koçkar et al., 2002;McDonald, 2001;Owan et al., 2020;Segool et al., 2013;Trifoni & Shahini, 2011). ...
... The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) (short form) consists of 20 items for measuring state anxiety (10 items) and trait anxiety (10 items) (Spielberger, Gorsuch, & Lushene, 1970). In this study, only the STAI-Trait scale was used, which describes a person's tendency to experience feelings of anxiety and stress. ...
... Fortunately, several measures could be adopted to avoid and avert situations of test anxiety and psychological distress. Reduction in test anxiety by employing techniques of desensitization, self-motivation, progressive muscular relaxation and cognitive therapy have reportedly shown benefits among depression patients 37,38 . A study in Malaysian medical college showed that psychological intervention in the form of psycho-education, systemic desensitization and relaxation therapy helped to significantly reduce the scores of test anxiety, psychological distress, and lack of motivation 39 . ...
... The Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), from Spielberger et al. (1968), was translated to and validated in French by Gauthier and Bouchard (1993). The trait anxiety scale includes 20 items that measure trait anxiety, such as the frequency of perceiving external events as threatening, on a 4-point scale ranging from 1 (no) to 4 (yes). ...
... Depression symptoms were quantified using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS; a 10-item measure of perinatal depression, yielding possible scores ranging from 0 to 30) 41 . Anxiety was measured using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI; a 40-item instrument measuring state and trait anxiety total scores, ranging from 20 to 80) 42 . 42 Stress symptoms were indexed by the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-14; a 14-item measure of perceived stress with scores ranging from 0 to 56). ...
... Algunas de las características propias de la vida en grupo terrorista son un relativo aislamiento social y psicológico de sus miembros respecto a personas con otros puntos de vista ideológicos, la frecuente adhesión a algún líder, y la existencia de fuertes presiones para cumplir con las normas de la organización. Todos estos factores ayudan a la aparición de un segundo sesgo característico de los procesos de toma de decisión grupal: el llamado «pensamiento de grupo», formulado por Janis (1972) para dar explicación a diversos y graves errores de decisión cometidos por grupos o comités políticos y militares (Ovejero, 1997;Sabucedo, 1996). Janis definía el pensamiento de grupo como un razonamiento sesgado por el deseo de llegar a un rápido y firme consenso. ...