P.M. Midgley's scientific contributions

Publications (6)

Article
The Summary for Policy Makers of the IPCC Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation will be approved by the world governments in November 2011. The focus of the Special Report is on climate change and its role in altering the frequency, severity, and impact of extreme events or disaste...

Citations

... Furthermore, the effects of the extremes in climate variability and climate change can (and in some cases are already) be felt in different regions of the world, triggering natural disasters, as noted in recent years (WMO, 2021). However, the most impacted areas will be tropical countries, in which, in addition to the change in the local climate, present high levels of economic and social vulnerability and environmental problems (Field et al., , 2014IPCC, 2012). ...
... The net cloud radiative effects or forcing (NetCRF) depend on the type, height, and optical properties of the cloud [1]. It is generally accepted that the dominant source of uncertainty in climate projections for the current general circulation models (GCMs) is largely related to the representation of clouds [2,3]. The most recent results based CAPLISO-GOCCP These are observation-based cloud products geared towards validating GCM-simulated datasets and hence normally referred to as the GCM Oriented Cloud CALIPSO Product (GOCCP) [21]. ...
... The Kuroshio is expected to strengthen because of sea surface warming (Chen et al., 2019). WBCs have been observed to be shifting polewards (Wu et al., 2012;Stocker et al., 2013) and becoming more unstable (Andres, 2016;Beal and Elipot, 2016;Gangopadhyay et al., 2019). ...
... The work of the IPCC is synthesized in Assessment Reports (AR) which are released at regular intervals. The fifth AR [1] indicates the foremost importance of the greenhouse gases and of the aerosols emitted by human activities on the energy budget of the Earth. This budget quantifies the radiative energy reaching the Earth and the outcoming energy. ...
... Climate change is likely causing parts of the hydrologic cycle to speed up as warming global temperatures increase the rate of evaporation world-wide. 10 More evaporation is causing more precipitation (and more resultant floods and storms) on average world-wide. More evaporation is also responsible for causing drought in the more arid areas of the world. ...
... However, it has been suggested that CH 2 Cl 2 also has marine sources (Mooore, 2004; Ooki and Yokouchi, 2011 ). The major atmospheric removal process for CH 2 Cl 2 having an atmospheric life time of about 5–6 months is destruction by the OH radical (Ko et al., 2003). The atmospheric mixing ratio of CH 2 Cl 2 shows a strong latitudinal gradient and large scale changes, especially in the Northern Hemisphere , reflecting the global distribution of its anthropogenic sources and the latitudinal and seasonal variations of hydroxyl radical formation . ...