P.F. Cassoli's research while affiliated with Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia and other places

Publications (19)

Article
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Grotta Romanelli is one of the most important sites of the Italian palaeolithic. It contains a lithic industry from the Final Epigravettian, examples of rock and mobiliary art and numerous bone remains, among which were abundant remains of birds. Approximately 32 000 bird bones from over 3650 individuals and 109 species were identified. The most co...
Article
On 13 March 1994, a fragmented, incomplete and highly fossilized, human calvarium was discoveredin situby one of the authors (I.B.) during excavations for the construction of a highway near Ceprano, a town in southern Latium, situated about 55 miles S.E. from Rome. The remains come from a clay lying below sandy volcaniclastic gravels whose age is e...
Article
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it is about a Neanderthal Parietal found in South Calabria
Article
Human skeletal remains recovered at a new archaeological site, dating back to the Italian Mousterian age are analyzed. The finds consist of a left parietal of a child about 2-3 years old. The metrical, morphometrical, and morphological traits of this parietal are compared to those of other Neanderthal children. The geological features of the site,...
Article
Full-text available
Describes the pebble tool industry of the Colle Marina site, the lithic and bone industry of the Ranuccio lower Palaeolithic site, and the two recovered fossil faunas, the Villafranchian layers and the Ranuccio site fauna. Four leucite separates were analysed for K and Ar and were dated at between 528 000 yr and 366 000 yr. - aftern Author

Citations

... Most of the Italian fossil primates were described from the 1870s to the beginning of the 1900s (Gervais, 1859;Cocchi, 1872;Forsyth Major, 1872a, b, 1875, 1914Ottolenghi, 1898;Seguenza, 1902Seguenza, , 1907Merciai, 1907;Portis, 1917). Nevertheless, this mammalian group was almost forgotten by Italian paleontologists during the last century, and as recently as in the last decades, only a few studies have been published (Belli et al., 1991;Rook et al., 2001;Mazza et al., 2005;Rook & O'Higgins, 2005;Rook, 2009;Zoboli et al., 2016;Bona et al., 2016). ...
... The whole karst complex including the pit and the tunnels preserves 12 m thick sedimentary sequence explored during archaeological excavation, as measured from the present-day ground (at the level of the road) to the top above the cave entrance. Four macro-units: S, BR, A and D) have been distinguished based on lithology and archaeological remains contents (Bartolomei et al., 1992;Fig. 2). ...
... Several sites dated to the earliest phases of the Holocene (Preboreal and Boreal chronozones) held red squirrel remains (Tab. 6), often associated to archaeological evidence of Mesolithic cultures, both in North-East, e.g. the rockshelters of Soman (Tagliacozzo & Cassoli, 1992 and this work), Pradstel (Bartolomei, 1974), Cogola (Bartolomei, 2005), Frea IV (Angelucci et al., 1999) and Romagnano III (Bartolomei, 1974(Bartolomei, , 2005, and in Central-Southern Italy, i.e. Mora Cavorso (this work) and Latronico 3 (Dini et al., 2008). ...
... The Aurignacian, and more broadly the emergence of Upper Paleolithic industries, is considered as a clear rupture with the Middle Paleolithic (Mellars, 2004) and has been subdivided in three techno-complexes-Proto-Aurignacian, Early Aurignacian, and Aurignacian-with only partial geographical overlap. The Proto-Aurignacian has been defined and located on the western Mediterranean rim within northern Italy (Bartolomei et al., 1994), the Basque country and the French Pyrenees (Laplace, 1966;Normand and Turq, 2005), SE France (Bazile, 1977;Onoratini, 1986Onoratini, , 2006, and Catalonia (Maroto et al., 1996). It is characterized by the production of small rectilinear flakes, larger pointed, convex flakes, and large rectilinear flakes. ...
... Mesolithic layers follow this sequence, with the earliest being referred to the Boreal and holding scarce Sauveterrian industry, and the most recent referred to the Atlantic, with rare Castelnovian industry (Broglio & Lanzinger, 1986). The fauna, mostly accumulated by humans, indicates a cold and dry climate with a preponderance of chamois and ibex on red deer in the Epigravettian levels, followed by a temperate and humid phase with a prevalence of red deer and wild boar on the caprines in the Mesolithic layers (Tagliacozzo & Cassoli, 1992). ...
... Two distinct exploitation patterns prevail with respect to Mediterranean prehistoric fishing strategies. The first indicates the importance of coastal and nearshore fishing, namely, of groupers (namely, the Epinephelus genus) and sparids (Sparidae), occasionally triggerfish (Balistidae) and various sharks/rays (Atlit-Yam, Galili, Lernau, & Zohar, 2004; Grotta della Serratura, Wilkens, 1993; Grotta dell'Uzzo, Cassoli & Tagliacozzo, 1995;Khirokitia, Desse, 1984;Desse & Desse-Berset, 1989; Shillourokambos, Desse & Desse-Berset, 2011; on fishing of groupers in Mediterranean prehistory, Desse & Desse-Berset, 1999). Harvesting of the coastal fringe is extended to shellfish-gathering, as attested at several prehistoric sites across the Mediterranean, where limpets (Patellidae) and topshells (Trochidae) are sometimes collected in large quantities, whereas cockles (Cardiidae) are preferred at sites near brackish environments (for an overview of Mediterranean sites, Bar-Yosef Mayer, 2013;Colonese et al., 2011, for an overview of Aegean sites; Theodoropoulou, 2014). ...
... Si deve tener conto, inoltre, che nei limi compresi tra le due associazioni faunistiche sono stati rinvenuti gasteropodi continentali rappresentati da forme nane ad affinità fredda (Blanc 1948) e che i sedimenti soprastanti l'associazione faunistica superiore contenevano impronte di foglie di vegetali correlabili ad una cenosi differenziata nella parte media della zona montana interna (Tongiorgi 1939). Diversi studi successivi hanno sostanzialmente riproposto il succitato elenco (Segre 1983;Piperno, Segre 1984), oppure hanno aggiunto «Felis leo e Aquila heliaca» alla lista faunistica (Cassoli, Tagliacozzo 1986) o hanno rivisto e aggiornato la nomenclatura dei vari taxa, essenzialmente in base alla loro attribuzione cronologica (ad es. Caloi, Palombo 1994a;Kotsakis, Barisone 2008;Petronio et al. 2011). ...
... List of Late Pleistocene sites of Italy with Castor fiber remains, their age and geographic area.Trentino Südtirol 1240 Rockshelter Epigravettian 11.1-11.2 17 0.20Cassoli et al. 1999, Fiore and Grotta del Buso Doppio del Broion Veneto ...
... Sediment composition and stratigraphy of units from VIII to I identify three main cycles (Cassoli and Tagliacozzo 1994;Peresani 2001a, b;López-García et al. 2017), dated on the basis of U/Th and electron spin resonance (ESR) and radiocarbon from MIS 7 to MIS 3 (Gruppioni 2004;Picin et al. 2014;Terlato et al. 2021): the 1st cycle is referable to the Late Middle Pleistocene and characterized by a phase of wet and temperate climatic conditions (unit VIII) with broadleaf, wooded landscapes, followed by a phase of slightly colder oscillations (unit VII). The 2nd cycle is referable to the Late Pleistocene and characterized by temperate climatic conditions, generally forested environment with some open spaces and wetlands (unit VI). ...
... The taxa subsequently listed in Ambrosetti (1967) and Azzaroli & Ambrosetti (1970), found "in the central and upper part", immediately above the marine and delta deposits (corresponding to the level d by Conato et al., 1980 (Marra et al., 2014). Cassoli et al. (1982) on the right (modified from Ceruleo et al., 2019). ...