P Vayrynen's research while affiliated with University of Leeds and other places

Publications (3)

Article
So-called "thick" moral concepts are distinctive in that they somehow "hold together" evaluation and description. But how? This paper argues against the standard view that the evaluations which thick concepts may be used to convey belong to sense or semantic content. That view cannot explain linguistic data concerning how thick concepts behave in a...
Article
Surprisingly, many ethical realists and anti-realists, naturalists and not, all accept some version of the following normative appeal to the natural (NAN): evaluative and normative facts hold solely in virtue of natural facts, where their naturalness is part of what fits them for the job. This paper argues not that NAN is false but that NAN has no...
Article
The distinction between ‘thick’ and ‘thin’ value concepts, and its importance to ethical theory, has been an active topic in recent meta-ethics. This paper defends three claims regarding the parallel issue about thick and thin epistemic concepts. (1) Analogy with ethics offers no straightforward way to establish a good, clear distinction between th...

Citations

... How do these utterances convey evaluation? The majority view in metaethics has it that the evaluation is a primary content that is semantically expressed (see, for instance, Kyle [2013Kyle [ , 2020). 1 Recently, this view has received considerable resistance (see, most prominently, Väyrynen [2009Väyrynen [ , 2011Väyrynen [ , 2012Väyrynen [ , 2013aVäyrynen [ , 2013b). It is argued that the evaluation is a secondary content that is merely pragmatically conveyed. ...