P. Boston's research while affiliated with NASA and other places

Publications (70)

Conference Paper
Full-text available
MACIE, a potential New Frontiers class mission concept named after Macie Roberts one of NASA’s human computers, will address two science goals: 1) Have habitable conditions ever existed within Martian lava tubes? And 2) did life emerge or seek refuge in Martian lava tubes? We are currently evaluating the instrument and architecture trade space usin...
Article
2nd International Planetary Caves Conference; Flagstaff, Arizona, 20–23 October 2015 https://eos.org/meeting-reports/planetary-caves-role-in-astronaut-bases-and-the-search-for-life
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The establishment of evaluative criteria is required to identify the most promising cave features for robotic exploration, human habitation, and/or storage depots for supporting surface operations. These criteria will be developed: (1) in a ranking system for evaluation and identification, and (2) in a manner that facilitates integrating newly dete...
Conference Paper
This report represents the work of a committee sponsored by the Mars Exploration Planning and Analysis Group (MEPAG) to review and update the technical information that under-lies the interpretation of planetary protection Special Regions on Mars as designated in the COSPAR Planetary Protection Policy. This review and update was conducted with the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This report represents the work of a committee sponsored by the Mars Exploration Planning and Analysis Group (MEPAG) to review and update the technical information that under-lies the interpretation of planetary protection Special Regions on Mars as designated in the COSPAR Planetary Protection Policy. This review and update was conducted with the...
Conference Paper
On future landed missions to Mars and small solar system bodies, efficient sample prescreening will be necessary to select interesting targets for further analysis by analytical instruments with very limited time and power resources. Near infrared spectroscopy is well suited for rapid and non-invasive identification of mineral classes, and for dete...
Article
On future landed missions to Mars and small solar system bodies, efficient sample pre-screening will be necessary to select interesting targets for further analysis by analytical instruments with very limited time and power resources. Near infrared spectroscopy is well suited for rapid and non-invasive identification of mineral classes, and the pos...
Article
Tumbleweed is a wind-propelled, long-range, autonomous vehicle based on well-developed airbag technology which will survey Mars for variations in habitability using the Mars exploration paradigm, “Follow the Water” or to survey for in-situ resources.
Article
Full-text available
In the search for life on Mars and other extraterrestrial bodies or in our attempts to identify biological traces in the most ancient rock record of Earth, one of the biggest problems facing us is how to recognize life or the remains of ancient life in a context very different from our planet's modern biological examples. Specific chemistries or bi...
Article
Full-text available
In the search for life on Mars and other extraterrestrial bodies or in our attempts to identify biological traces in the most ancient rock record of Earth, one of the biggest problems facing us is how to recognize life or the remains of ancient life in a context very different from our planet's modern biological examples. Specific chemistries or bi...
Article
Full-text available
On Earth, biology, hydrology, and geology are interlinked such that certain types of life are often associated with specifi c conditions, including rock type, pressure, temperature, and chemistry. Life on Earth has established itself in diverse and extreme niches, presenting the possibility that Mars, too, may hold records of fossilized and/or exta...
Article
Tumbleweeds are highly versatile inflatable or deployable-structure vehicles capable of using readily available wind to traverse surfaces with minimal power, while optimizing their capabilities to perform a variety of measurements over large areas.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Mars missions to date have interrogated the planet at very large scales using orbital platforms or at very small scales intensively studying relatively small traverses of the landscape. Long-range surveys of in situ resources on the surface of Mars could be readily accomplished with a fleet of Tumbleweeds — inflatable or deployable-structure vehicl...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
On Earth, biology, hydrology, and geology are often interwoven such that certain types of life are often linked with specific geologic, hydrologic, and climatic conditions. Through Earth, we discuss potential life-containing environments on Mars.
Article
Full-text available
В процессе разработки карьера и обусловленного откачкой снижения уровня вод карстового водоносного горизонта в гипсах (с 50-го года) стала доступной для непосредственного изучения крупная пещера Золушка, в которой происходили существенные геохимические изменения среды, сопровождавшиеся формированием специфических отложений, а также всплеском активн...
Article
Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: blk on wht Image Type: SEM Image, Magnification: 1200, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: blk on wht Image Type: EDX, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: blk on wht Image Type: EDX, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: blk on wht Image Type: SEM Image, Scale Bar: 50um, Magnification: 800, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: blk on wht Image Type: SEM Image, Scale Bar: 200, Magnification: 160, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: blk on wht Image Type: SEM Image, Scale Bar: 2um, Magnification: 15000, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: blk on wht Image Type: EDX, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: blk on wht Image Type: SEM Image, Scale Bar: 10um, Magnification: 3300, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: white Image Type: SEM Image, Scale Bar: 10um, Magnification: 3700, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: blk on wht Image Type: EDX, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: blk on wht Image Type: SEM Image, Scale Bar: 50um, Magnification: 950, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: blk on wht Image Type: EDX, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: black Image Type: SEM Image, Scale Bar: 10um, Magnification: 6500, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: blk on wht Image Type: SEM Image, Scale Bar: 10um, Magnification: 3700, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: white Image Type: SEM Image, Scale Bar: 1um, Magnification: 45000, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: blk on wht Image Type: EDX, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: white Image Type: SEM Image, Scale Bar: 10um, Magnification: 6000, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: blk on wht Image Type: SEM Image, Scale Bar: 5um, Magnification: 8500, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: white Image Type: SEM Image, Scale Bar: 2um, Magnification: 50000, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: blk on wht Image Type: SEM Image, Scale Bar: 100um, Magnification: 400, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: white Image Type: SEM Image, Scale Bar: 2um, Magnification: 17000, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: blk on wht Image Type: SEM Image, Scale Bar: 10um, Magnification: 4500, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: white Image Type: SEM Image, Scale Bar: 5um, Magnification: 1400, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: white Image Type: SEM Image, Scale Bar: 1um, Magnification: 37000, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: black Image Type: SEM Image, Scale Bar: 20um, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: black Image Type: EDX, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: white Image Type: SEM Image, Magnification: 6000, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: white Image Type: SEM Image, Scale Bar: 2um, Magnification: 23000, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: white Image Type: SEM Image, Scale Bar: 2um, Magnification: 23000, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: blk on wht Image Type: SEM Image, Scale Bar: 10um, Magnification: 3300, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: blk on wht Image Type: EDX, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
Article
Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: white Image Type: EDX, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: blk on wht Image Type: SEM Image, Scale Bar: 100um, Magnification: 500, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: black Image Type: EDX, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: blk on wht Image Type: SEM Image, Scale Bar: 20um, Magnification: 1800, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: blk on wht Image Type: EDX, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: blk on wht Image Type: EDX, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: blk on wht Image Type: SEM Image, Scale Bar: 20um, Magnification: 2500, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: blk on wht Image Type: EDX, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: blk on wht Image Type: SEM Image, Scale Bar: 2um, Magnification: 1400, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.
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Speleothem: FMD, Sample color: blk on wht Image Type: SEM Image, Scale Bar: 5um, Magnification: 6000, Etch: No etching, Coating: Au Pd.

Citations

... Before sending a robotic mission [15] or astronauts to a specific lava tube, it would be desirable to scout and map several locations. Mars helicopters are candidate platforms to scout multiple lava tubes throughout a single mission. ...
... • examine microbial life of tellurian caves as Mars analogs (e.g., Boston, 2004;Boston et al., 2006;Léveillé & Datta, 2010;Röling et al., 2015;Selensky et al., 2021;Westall et al., 2015); • model environments of terrestrial and potential martian cave systems (e.g., Schörghofer et al., 2018;Titus et al., 2010;Williams & McKay, 2015;Williams et al., 2010); • improve cave detection capabilities (e.g., Cushing et al., 2015;Hong et al., 2015;Pisani & De Waele, 2021;Wynne et al., 2008Wynne et al., , 2021); • develop and expand upon life detection instrumentation and techniques (e.g., Patrick et al., 2012;Preston et al., 2014;Storrie-Lombardi et al., 2011;Uckert et al., 2020); • expand the number of cave explorer robotic platforms under development (Green & Oh, 2005;Kesner et al., 2007;Morad et al., 2019;Nesnas et al., 2012;Parness et al., 2017;Titus, Wynne, Boston, et al., 2021;Titus, Wynne, Malaska, et al., 2021); • advance robotic sensing and navigational capabilities (e.g., Agha-Mohammadi et al., 2021;Kalita et al., 2017;Kim et al., 2021;Thakker et al., 2021); and, • propose mission concepts (e.g., Kerber et al., 2019;Phillips-Lander et al., 2020;Whittaker et al., 2021;Ximenes et al., 2012) and strategies to optimize future planetary cave exploration efforts (e.g., Rummel et al., 2014;Titus, Wynne, Boston, et al., 2021;Titus, Wynne, Malaska, et al., 2021;Wynne et al., 2014;Wynne, Titus, et al., 2022). values. ...
... • examine microbial life of tellurian caves as Mars analogs (e.g., Boston, 2004;Boston et al., 2006;Léveillé & Datta, 2010;Röling et al., 2015;Selensky et al., 2021;Westall et al., 2015); • model environments of terrestrial and potential martian cave systems (e.g., Schörghofer et al., 2018;Titus et al., 2010;Williams & McKay, 2015;Williams et al., 2010); • improve cave detection capabilities (e.g., Cushing et al., 2015;Hong et al., 2015;Pisani & De Waele, 2021;Wynne et al., 2008Wynne et al., , 2021); • develop and expand upon life detection instrumentation and techniques (e.g., Patrick et al., 2012;Preston et al., 2014;Storrie-Lombardi et al., 2011;Uckert et al., 2020); • expand the number of cave explorer robotic platforms under development (Green & Oh, 2005;Kesner et al., 2007;Morad et al., 2019;Nesnas et al., 2012;Parness et al., 2017;Titus, Wynne, Boston, et al., 2021;Titus, Wynne, Malaska, et al., 2021); • advance robotic sensing and navigational capabilities (e.g., Agha-Mohammadi et al., 2021;Kalita et al., 2017;Kim et al., 2021;Thakker et al., 2021); and, • propose mission concepts (e.g., Kerber et al., 2019;Phillips-Lander et al., 2020;Whittaker et al., 2021;Ximenes et al., 2012) and strategies to optimize future planetary cave exploration efforts (e.g., Rummel et al., 2014;Titus, Wynne, Boston, et al., 2021;Titus, Wynne, Malaska, et al., 2021;Wynne et al., 2014;Wynne, Titus, et al., 2022). values. ...
... From a planetary perspective, detecting caves elsewhere in the solar system will factor prominently into how caves are targeted for future robotic exploration in the search for life [27][28][29][30][31]. Advanced detection capabilities will also enable us to prioritize caves for human habitation on the Moon and Mars [29,[32][33][34], and searching for evidence of life on Mars [29,34]. To date, over 1000 Martian [35,36] and more than 200 lunar cave-like features [37-40] have been confirmed. ...
... With abundances below 2% were identified two genera: Hyphomicrobium and Polaromonas. Hyphomicrobium, a prosthecate bacterium (Oren & Xu, 2014) (Fig. 2E), is relatively frequent in cave ferromanganese deposits (Northup et al., 2003;Spilde, Northup & Boston, 2006). This genus is known to mediate the oxidation and precipitation of manganese and iron in different environments (Ghiorse & Hirsch, 1979). ...
... Inside the body, a lexan tube acts as the main shaft, in which a set of electronics devices are housed, including a mother board, a LCD, a 900 MHz serial transmitter, an omni-directional antenna, an Iridium modem with GPS receiver, a lithium battery pack, a Darlington transistor board and an air pump. The sensing system [115], mounted on the motherboard consists of two pressure sensors, a thermocouple, three 2-axis accelerometers and a Real-Time Clock (RTC). The power system comprises of a Pulse Width Modulated (PWM) regulator to provide 5 V when given any voltage between 6-16 V. Inspired by tumbleweed, biomimetic and pendulumbased designs are recently proposed [116]. ...
... The report of the Mars 2020 Science Definition Team specifically notes the unique capabilities of an IR reflectance spectrometer based on acoustooptic tunable filter (AOTF) technology (Mustard et al., 2013). This concept has been demonstrated by the following: remote sensing IR imagers on Mars Express (Korablev et al., 2006) and Venus Express (Bertaux et al., 2007); in situ spectrometers on the future ExoMars (MicrOmega) (Leroi et al., 2009), Mars 2020 (SuperCam) , and Luna-Glob and Luna-Resurs (Lunar Infrared Spectrometer) (Korablev et al., 2013); and our group with an IR point spectrometer paired with a miniaturized laser desorption/ ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometer (LD-TOF-MS) (Glenar et al., 2003;Chanover et al., 2012Chanover et al., , 2013. ...
... A large amount of feasibility analysis, structural design and structural improvement of tumbleweed rovers have been conducted by many institutions and universities over the last twenty years. Especially, academic institution such as JPL, Langley Research Center (LaRC), Texas Tech University (TTU), and North Carolina State University (NCSU) have made numerous achievements [3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13]. Separately, in the field of feasibility analysis, quasi-static analysis and dynamic analysis of a simple non-rigid tumbleweed model were conducted by LaRC engineers Jeff Antol, Greg Hajos, et al., and reported in 2003 [3]. ...
... There have been considerable related researches in this area of image segmentation with many algorithms presented [1][2][3][4][5], such as the gray threshold method, the active contour models and some algorithms. The gray threshold method only considers the gray information and ignores the spatial information of image. ...