Oliver Kreylos's research while affiliated with University of California, Davis and other places

Publications (106)

Article
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Large and growing data resources on the spatial and temporal diversity and distribution of the more than 400 carbon-bearing mineral species reveal patterns of mineral evolution and ecology. Recent advances in analytical and visualization techniques leverage these data and are propelling mineralogy from a largely descriptive field into one of predic...
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The detailed features of an earthquake surface rupture may decay quickly in the landscape due to erosion or repair, such that primary displacements are seldom available for repeated study within the weeks following an earthquake. Here we describe a rapidly deployable field workflow using structure-from-motion (SfM) photogrammetry to produce three-d...
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Increasing volumes of digital data, combined with advances in visualization, allow for a new three-dimensional (3D) conceptualization of modern subduction systems. Here we present 16 visual exploration sessions with the ShowEarthModel program that interrogate modern slab morphologies on Earth. These virtual voyages through the Earth's interior prov...
Article
Superimposing responsive digital effects onto sand in a sandbox places educators, students, and policy makers in an augmented reality, offering a hands-on way to explore geoscience processes.
Article
Scattered data interpolation and approximation techniques allow for the reconstruction of a scalar field based upon a finite number of scattered samples of the field. In general, the fidelity of the reconstruction with respect to the original scalar field tends to deteriorate as the number of samples decreases. For the situation of very sparse samp...
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As the design, development and execution of manufacturing processes continue to spread out across the world, globally distributed enterprises demand new paradigms. Distance collaboration tools are becoming increasingly important in order to maintain synergies between spatially distributed entities enabling effective cooperation over large distances...
Conference Paper
The surface rupture produced on April 4th of 2010 by the M 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah Earthquake is an ideal target to be analyzed by remote sensing techniques. It produced over 100 km of scarps, with vertical and horizontal slip on the order of 2 to 3 m in scarcely vegetated, rugged terrain underlain by mostly igneous rocks. A 3D displacement field (DF)...
Conference Paper
The surface rupture produced on April 4th of 2010 by the M 7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah Earthquake is an ideal target to be analyzed by remote sensing techniques. It produced over 100 km of scarps, with vertical and horizontal slip on the order of 2 to 3 m in scarcely vegetated, rugged terrain underlain by mostly igneous rocks. A 3D displacement field (DF)...
Conference Paper
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Large displays are helpful tools for knowledge discovery applications. The increased screen real estate allows for more data to be shown at once. In some cases using virtual reality visualizations helps in creating more useful visualizations. In such settings, traditional input devices are not well-suited. They also do not scale well to multiple us...
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During the analysis and design of manufacturing systems, companies are challenged by existing restrictions and the running production. To deal with these key issues, different virtual factory approaches and tools have been widely implemented in recent years. By employing modern approaches and tools, a manufacturing system can be adapted effectively...
Article
As an alternative to grid-based approaches, point-based computing offers access to the full information stored in unstructured point clouds derived from lidar scans of terrain. By employing appropriate hierarchical data structures and algorithms for out-of-core processing and view-dependent rendering, it is feasible to visualize and analyze three-d...
Conference Paper
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To take up the challenge of global distributed companies, Manufacturing Engineering has to be accomplished in a worldwide collaborative way. Design and development of production processes and their execution are nowadays spread all over the world. To ensure quality standards and to create synergies between spatially distributed entities, distance c...
Article
The moment magnitude (M-w) 7.0 12 January 2010 Haiti earthquake is the first major earthquake for which a large-footprint LiDAR (light detection and ranging) survey was acquired within several weeks of the event. Here, we describe the use of virtual reality data visualization to analyze massive amounts (67 GB on disk) of multiresolution terrain dat...
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The incorporation of geologic realism into numerical models of subduction is becoming increasingly necessary as observational and experimental constraints indicate plate boundaries are inherently three-dimensional (3D) in nature and contain large viscosity variations. However, large viscosity variations occurring over short distances pose a challen...
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Three-dimensional (3D) slip vectors recorded by displaced landforms are difficult to constrain across complex fault zones and the uncertainties associated with such measurements become increasingly challenging to assess as landforms degrade over time. We approach this problem from a remote sensing perspective by using terrestrial laser scanning (TL...
Conference Paper
We used ground-based Tripod LiDAR (T-LiDAR) to assess the stability of two engineered structures: a bridge spanning the San Andreas fault following the M6.0 Parkfield earthquake in Central California and a newly built coastal breakwater located at the Kaumālapa'u Harbor Lana'i, Hawaii. In the 10 weeks following the earthquake, we found that the sur...
Article
We assess the slip distribution at four sites along the 4 April 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah (EMC) earthquake surface rupture in northern Baja-California with cm-resolution terrestrial lidar (TLS). Slip distributions based on field measurements typically show abrupt variation (0.5-2 m) over short along-strike distances (10 to 100 m), implying large along-...
Article
Terrestrial light detection and ranging (LIDAR) surveys offer potential enrichment of outcrop-based research efforts to characterize fracture networks and assess their impact on subsurface fluid flow. Here, we explore two methods to extract the three-dimensional (3-D) positions of natural fractures from a LIDAR survey collected at a roadcut through...
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Microbialites can have complex morphologies that preserve clues to ancient microbial ecology. However, extracting and interpreting these clues is challenging due to both the complexity of microbial structures and the difficulties of connecting morphology to microbial processes. Fenestrate microbialites from the 2521±3 Ma Gamohaan Formation, South A...
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The growing popularity of 3-D movies has led to the rapid development of numerous affordable consumer 3-D displays. In contrast, the development of technology to generate 3-D content has lagged behind considerably. In spite of significant improvements to the quality of imaging devices, the accuracy of the algorithms that generate 3-D data, and the...
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The growing popularity of 3-D movies has led to the rapid development of numerous affordable consumer 3-D displays. In contrast, the development of technology to generate 3-D content has lagged behind considerably. In spite of significant improvements to the quality of imaging devices, the accuracy of the algorithms that generate 3-D data, and the...
Article
The three-dimensional shapes of tectonic plates that sink into the Earth’s mantle (slabs) are the starting point for a range of geoscience studies, from determining the forces driving the motion of tectonic plates, to potential seismic and tsunami hazards, to the sources of magmas beneath active volcanos. For many of these applications finite eleme...
Article
Virtual globes are becoming ubiquitous in the visualization of planetary bodies and Earth specifically. While many of the current virtual globes have proven to be quite useful for remote geologic investigation, they were never designed for the purpose of serving as virtual geologic instruments. Their shortcomings have become more obvious as earth s...
Article
The Mw 7.0 January 12, 2010 Haiti earthquake ended 240 years of relative quiescence following earthquakes that destroyed Port-au-Prince in 1751 and 1770. We place the 2010 rupture in the context of past earthquakes and future hazards by using remote analysis of airborne LiDAR to observe the topographic expression of active faulting and develop a ne...
Article
Virtual globes are becoming ubiquitous for visualizing the Earth and other planets. However, as earth scientists pursue methods to visually explore and interpret earth surface processes using sub-meter pixel resolution digital elevation models (DEM) and imagery data spanning large areas, limitations of the commonly used virtual globes have emerged....
Article
We report newly available data sets and preliminary analysis of ground- and airborne-lidar surveys of the 4 April 2010 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake rupture. The hyperarid setting and varied surficial geology of this complex rupture zone presents an ideal setting to advance the use of lidar in post-earthquake scientific response. Terrestrial lidar su...
Article
High-resolution terrestrial LiDAR (t-LiDAR) datasets collected 12-18 days after the 4 April 2010, Mw7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake in northern Mexico demonstrate the capability of t-LiDAR to rapidly quantify and preserve details of coseismic surface deformation at high resolution. Though the quantity of equipment required even for highly portable...
Article
Measurements derived from high-resolution terrestrial LiDAR (t-Lidar) surveys of landforms displaced during the 16 December 1954 Mw 6.8 Dixie Valley earthquake in central Nevada confirm the absence of historical strike slip north of latitude 39.5°N. This conclusion has implications for the effect of stress changes on the spatial and temporal evolut...
Chapter
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We present a user-assisted approach to extracting and visualizing structural features from point clouds obtained by terrestrial and airborne laser scanning devices. We apply a multi-scale approach to express the membership of local point environments to corresponding geometric shape classes in terms of probability. This information is filtered and...
Article
Collapse (suddenly falling down) was a dance/theater/media production that brought together a diverse group of artists and scientists to explore the varied ways that social and natural systems collapse and the responses of human societies. This paper focuses on the nature of the collaboration, the unique products it produced and the lessons learned...
Article
Understanding the collapse of natural and social systems is a key artistic and scientific endeavor. By collaborating on a multimedia dance-theatre production, we contributed individual approaches, techniques, and insights to a performance that captured both cultural and scientific aspects of collapse in an aesthetically meaningful way.
Article
Although the geometry and kinematics of the first-order structures accommodating Arabia-Eurasia convergence are relatively well known in Turkey and Iran, major shortening structures remain poorly understood within the central portion of the collision zone, in eastern Anatolia and the Caucasus. New remotely sensed neotectonic mapping, synthesis of r...
Article
Collapse (suddenly falling down) was a dance/theater/media production that brought together a diverse group of artists and scientists to explore the varied ways that social and natural systems collapse and the responses of human societies. This paper focuses on the nature of the collaboration, the unique products it produced and the lessons learned...
Article
Virtual globes have become indispensable tools for visualizing, understanding and presenting data from Earth and other planetary bodies. The scientific community has invested much effort into exploiting existing globes to their fullest potential by refining and adapting their capabilities to better satisfy specific needs. For example, Google Earth...
Article
Ground-based LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) survey techniques are enabling remote visualization and quantitative analysis of geologic features at unprecedented levels of detail. For example, digital terrain models computed from LiDAR data have been used to measure displaced landforms along active faults and to quantify fault-surface roughness....
Article
Previously we introduced an interactive, 3D fault editor for virtual reality (VR) environments. This application is designed to provide an intuitive environment for visualizing and editing fault model data. It is being developed at the UC Davis W.M. Keck Center for Active Visualization in the Earth Sciences (KeckCAVES, http://www.keckcaves.org). By...
Article
We describe an application to interactively create and manipulate digital fault maps, either by tracing existing (paper) fault maps created from geological surveys, or by directly observing fault expressions and earthquake hypocenters in remote sensing data such as high-resolution (⩾100k × 100k elevation postings) digital elevation models with drap...
Article
We present the work in progress on teleimmersive framework that would allow doctors to collaborate in more natural way by being immersed in the virtual space along with the medical data they could examine and discuss with remotely located colleagues. The system consists of multiple cameras, hand tracking with gesture recognition, and virtual realit...
Article
We describe a method that can thoroughly sample a protein conformational space given the protein primary sequence of amino acids and secondary structure predictions. Specifically, we target proteins with beta-sheets because they are particularly challenging for ab initio protein structure prediction because of the complexity of sampling long-range...
Conference Paper
We describe an immersive visualization application for point cloud data gathered by LiDAR (Light Detection And Ranging) scanners. LiDAR is used by geophysicists and engineers to make highly accurate measurements of the landscape for study of natural hazards such as floods and earthquakes. The large point cloud data sets provided by LiDAR scans crea...
Article
In both research and education learning is an interactive and iterative process of exploring and analyzing data or model results. However, visualization software often presents challenges on the path to learning because it assumes the user already knows the locations and types of features of interest, instead of enabling flexible and intuitive exam...
Conference Paper
Vrui (Virtual Reality User Interface) is a C++ development toolkit for highly interactive and high-performance VR applications, aimed at producing completely environment-independent software. Vrui not only hides differences between display systems and multi-pipe rendering approaches, but also separates applications from the input devices available...
Article
The geological sciences are challenged to manage and interpret increasing volumes of data as observations and simulations increase in size and complexity. Major projects such as EarthScope and GeoEarthScope are producing the data needed to characterize the structure and kinematics of Earth's surface and interior at unprecedented resolution. At the...
Article
Digitial Fault Models (DFM) play a vital role in the study of earthquake dynamics, fault-earthquake interactions, and seismicity. DFMs serve as input for finite-element method (FEM) or other earthquake simulations such as Virtual California. Generally, digital fault models are generated by importing a digitized and georeferenced (2D) fault map and/...
Article
Airborne and tripod-based LiDaR scans are capable of producing new insight into geologic features by providing high-quality 3D measurements of the landscape. High-resolution LiDaR is a promising method for studying slip on faults, erosion, and other landscape-altering processes. LiDaR scans can produce up to several billion individual point returns...
Article
We describe visualization software, Visualizer, that was developed specifically for interactive, visual exploration in immersive virtual reality (VR) environments. Visualizer uses carefully optimized algorithms and data structures to support the high frame rates required for immersion and the real-time feedback required for interactivity. As an app...
Conference Paper
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In this paper we present a framework for immersive virtual environment intended for remote collaboration and training of physical activities. Our multi-camera system performs full-body 3D reconstruction of human user(s) in real time and renders their image in the virtual space allowing remote users to interact. The paper features a short overview o...
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The geological sciences are challenged to manage and interpret increasing volumes of data as observations and simulations increase in size and complexity. For example, simulations of earthquake-related processes typically generate complex, time-varying data sets in two or more dimensions. To facilitate interpretation and analysis of these data sets...
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Revised (Day Month Year) Accepted (Day Month Year) We introduce a system that adds a foveal inset to large-scale projection displays. The effective res-olution of the foveal inset projection is higher than the original display resolution, allowing the user to see more details and finer features in large data sets. The foveal inset is generated by p...
Conference Paper
The W-NW-trending, ~1000 km long Greater Caucasus Mountains lie between the Black and Caspian Seas to the west and east, respectively, forming the northernmost edge of the Arabia-Eurasia collision zone. This belt lies nearly 550 km north of the Bitlis Suture, and is separated from the Lesser Caucasus and East Anatolian plateau to the south by the K...
Article
In the context of the UC~Davis W. M. Keck Center for Active Visualization in the Earth Sciences (KeckCAVES, http://www.keckcaves.org), we are developing an immersive visualization application to display and interact with very large (billions of points) three- and four-dimensional point-position datasets, such that point groups from repeated airborn...
Article
Digital fault models are an important resource for the study of earthquake dynamics, fault-earthquake interactions and seismicity. Once digitized these fault models can be used in Finite Element Model (FEM) programs or earthquake simulations such as Virtual California (VC). However, these models are often difficult to create, requiring a substantia...
Article
As terrestrial LiDAR scanning systems become increasingly available, strategies for executing efficient field surveys in settings without access to the power grid are increasingly needed. To evaluate scan methods and develop an off-grid power system, we used a tripod-mounted laser scanner to create high resolution (≤40 mm point spacing) topographic...
Article
It has long been known that graphical representations of data in 2D provides efficient and insightful ways of interpreting quantitative information, but similar analysis of higher dimensional data sets has lagged behind 2D graphics. Many scientists view 3D visualizations as something one makes once the data has already been understood, rather than...
Article
Recent and ongoing space missions are yielding new multispectral data for the surfaces of Earth and other planets at unprecedented rates and spatial resolution. With their high spatial resolution and widespread coverage, these data have opened new frontiers in observational Earth and planetary science. But they have also precipitated an acute need...
Article
We present an interactive, real-time mapping system for use with digital elevation models and remotely sensed multispectral imagery that aids geoscientists in the creation and interpretation of geologic/neotectonic maps at length scales of 10 m to 1000 km. Our system provides a terrain visualization of the surface of the Earth or other terrestrial...
Article
We introduce 3D warp brush, a new method for interactive shape modeling in an immersive virtual reality environment. 3D warp brushes are implicitly defined tools that operate on triangle meshes. We combine the efficiency of explicit mesh representations with intuitive implicit modeling operators. The area of influence of a 3D warp brush can be of a...
Conference Paper
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b) Figure 1: Foveal inset. a: The user directs the projection of the foveal inset using a laser pointer. The size of the projected inset is significantly smaller than the tiles of the rear-projected display wall, thus providing a higher resolution. b: Magnified view of a high-resolution slice of a cryosection of a monkey brain. The boundary between...
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Natural-neighbor interpolation methods, such as Sibson's method, are well-known schemes for multivariate data fitting and reconstruction. Despite its many desirable properties, Sibson's method is computationally expensive and difficult to implement, especially when applied to higher-dimensional data. The main reason for both problems is the method'...
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The force fields used in molecular computational biology are not math-ematically defined in such a way that their mathematical representation would facilitate the straightforward application of volume visualization techniques. To visualize energy, it is necessary to define a spatial map-ping for these fields. Equipped with such a mapping, we can ge...