Nicolas Gillet's research while affiliated with Institut Universitaire de France and other places

Publications (147)

Article
This research examines burnout trajectories over seven years (Time 1 and four months, eight months, and seven years after Time 1) among a sample of 951 teachers. Our results revealed three profiles of teachers presenting a Moderate (moderate levels that slightly decreased), Low (low levels that slightly increased), and High (high levels that slight...
Article
This research addresses recent calls for an alternative integrative framework to apprehend leaders’ behaviors and examines the validity of questionnaire anchored in this theoretical approach. Building upon Self-Determination Theory, we examined a tripartite approach of supervisors’ behaviors (supportive, thwarting, and indifferent toward subordinat...
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Past research has shown that harmonious passion (HP) for work facilitates, and obsessive passion (OP) undermines, work and family outcomes. The current investigation is the first to test the quadripartite approach of passion (Schellenberg et al., Journal of Personality 87:163–180, 2019) with respect to work outcomes. In line with the Dualistic Mode...
Presentation
Introduction: Empowering leadership (EL), and more generally leadership styles that promote employee autonomy, are gaining increasing interest in organizations. However, the effect of EL on health is still understudied, and the literature on this subject is contradictory. While some studies indicate that EL decreases perceived stress by promoting r...
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This study examined within-person and within-sample stability of need satisfaction profiles over a three-month period among a sample of 1319 nurses. This study also considered the implications of these profiles for employee functioning (vigor, need for recovery, and job satisfaction), as well as the role of perfectionism and job crafting in predict...
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This study addresses the lack of organizational research considering the functionality of employees’ work-related affective experiences. More precisely, this research relied on person-centered analyses to gain a better understanding of the various configurations taken by the intensity and direction (i.e., seen as facilitating performance, or as int...
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The present study examined the effects of a four-week physical activity (PA) programme on employees’ general affective well-being the acute effects of fitness and stretching sessions on momentary affective states. Participants were divided between an experimental (n = 54) and a comparison group (n = 57). After one month, only employees in the exper...
Article
The present study examined the configurations, or profiles, taken by distinct global and specific facets of job engagement and burnout (by relying on a bifactor operationalization of these constructs) among a nationally representative sample of Canadian Defence employees ( n = 13,088; nested within 65 work units). The present study also adopted a m...
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The present research assessed the psychometric multidimensionality and criterion-related validity the Interpersonal Behaviours Questionnaire using the bifactor-exploratory structural equation modeling framework. Study 1 relied on a sample of 772 participants, and supported the superiority of a bifactor-ESEM representation compared to alternative re...
Article
This study examined how individual strategies (boundary creation around information and communication technology; ICT) and job stressors (work‐related extended availability) relate to psychological detachment, and how the latter associates with employees' behaviors (presenteeism) and attitudes (family life satisfaction). This research also explored...
Article
This study relied on person-centered analyses to improve our understanding of how the four components of the work-family interface (i.e., work-to-family conflict, family-to-work conflict, work-to-family enrichment, and family-to-work enrichment) combine within specific profiles of employees. We also documented the stability of these profiles over t...
Article
This study examined the associations between telepressure and work recovery experiences (i.e., psychological detachment, relaxation, control, and mastery), and tested whether these associations differ between employees working onsite (n = 158) or remotely (n = 284). Our results revealed that telepressure was negatively related to psychological deta...
Article
Purpose: Research suggests that supervisor expectations regarding the need to respond quickly to work-related messages (SE) tend to be positively related to employees’ levels of emotional exhaustion. In the present research paper, we examine the indirect –through emotional exhaustion– effects of these expectations on employees’ levels of family sat...
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This study investigates the within-domain exacerbation phenomenon in relation to employees’ perception of their supervisors’ leadership behaviors. This phenomenon proposes that exposure to supervisors relying on a combination of destructive leadership behaviors (DLB; operationalized as petty tyranny) and constructive leadership behaviors (CLB; oper...
Article
While research suggests that work centrality has a positive effect on work engagement and a negative influence on family satisfaction, these relations may differ as a function of one's work setting (onsite vs. remote working). In the present study, we examined the direct and indirect – through work-family conflict (WFC), family-work conflict (FWC),...
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Murphy (2021) argues that the field of Industrial-Organizational (I/O) Psychology needs to pay more attention to descriptive statistics (“Table 1”; e.g., M, SD, reliability, correlations) when reporting and interpreting results. We agree that authors need to present a clear and transparent description of their data and that descriptive statistics a...
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This research examines how employee’s perceptions of three sources of support in the workplace (i.e., organization, supervisor, and colleagues) combine within specific profiles and the nature of the relations between these profiles and indicators of employees’ psychological health (i.e., stress, sleep problems, psychosomatic strains, and depression...
Article
Aim To examine whether supportive supervisor (transformational leadership) and coworker (autonomy-supportive) behaviors predict occupational commitment and turnover intention over time through autonomous motivation. Background Nurse turnover is a serious issue in several countries, straining the efficiency of the healthcare system and compromising...
Article
The present study examines the shape, determinants, and outcomes of autonomous and controlled motivation trajectories over the course of aprofessional training program. Asample of 43 employees completed the measures on four occasions over the course of a14-week professional training program. This study also relies on aburst design, whereby employee...
Article
This research relies on variable- and person-centered approaches to illustrate how each of these approaches may help to improve our understanding of the dimensionality of the burnout construct. Both studies (Study 1: N = 247 administrative and technical employees; Study 2: N = 654 firefighters), showed that employees’ burnout ratings simultaneously...
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This research sought to provide a better understanding of the psychometric multidimensionality of workers’ responses to the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES; Studies 1 and 3) and the Dutch Work Addiction Scale (DUWAS; Studies 2 and 3). This research also aimed to document the relations between the components of work engagement and workaholism an...
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The present study examined the distinct configurations, or profiles, taken by global and specific (cognitive weariness, physical fatigue, and emotional exhaustion) burnout dimensions, and their similarity across two independent samples of employees. In addition, this research also documented the associations between the identified burnout profiles,...
Article
This research relies on complementary variable‐ and person‐centered approaches to investigate the underlying dimensionality of the workaholism construct. In three studies (Study 1: N = 343 workers; Study 2: N = 654 firefighters in Sample 1 and N = 247 administrative and technical employees in Sample 2; and Study 3: N = 153 nurses in Sample 1 and N...
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Aims and objectives While research suggests that nurses who experience work–family conflicts (WFC) are less satisfied and perform less well, these negative outcomes may be more important for some nurses. This study proposes a mediated moderation model wherein the interaction between two individual characteristics, workaholism and presenteeism, rela...
Article
Aim To test a mediated moderation model in which bullying and supervisor support interact to predict nurses’ personal and work outcomes with relaxation during off‐job time mediating these effects. Background Bullying is a pervasive problem in the nursing profession. We integrate and extend past research addressing the question of how bullying and...
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Background: Care providers 'psychological health at work is an important issue because it directly affects the quality of patient care. So far, few studies have studied the psychological health at work of care providers in paediatric oncology. The participatory approach (PA) is an innovative organizational model of department specific to France an...
Article
Background and Objectives This research identified profiles characterized by distinct levels of overcommitment, rumination, psychological detachment (Studies 1 and 2), and need for recovery (Study 2). This research also considers the role of hindrance demands and resources in the prediction of profile membership, and the outcomes of these profiles....
Article
This study aimed to provide a wider understanding of the determinants of job crafting by jointly considering employee well‐ and ill‐being (work engagement and exhaustion) and socio‐environmental factors (supervisor and colleague support) as possible levers to promote job crafting. A secondary goal of this research was to simultaneously explore the...
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The present study examined the distinct configurations, or profiles, taken by work fatigue dimensions among samples of military (n = 1,436) and civilian (n = 2,477) employees. We also tested profile similarity across these two samples of employees. In addition, this research documented the relations between the identified work fatigue profiles, one...
Article
Based on Self-Determination Theory (SDT), this research aimed to investigate whether employees’ psychological need states could be expanded from two (need satisfaction and frustration) to three (need satisfaction, frustration, and unfulfillment). Relying on exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM) and bifactor-ESEM, this research also offere...
Article
Problématique L’empowerment des travailleurs hospitalier est un facteur clef de performance et de santé au travail. Néanmoins, favoriser l’empowerment demeure un véritable challenge. À l’instar de nombreuses organisations, les hôpitaux publics français fonctionnent selon un modèle bureaucratique, défini par une culture managériale de contrôle et un...
Article
This research examines how the direction and intensity of employee’s positive and negative affect at work combine within different profiles, and the relations between these profiles and theoretically-relevant predictors (psychological need satisfaction and supervisor autonomy support) and outcomes (work-family conflict, absenteeism, and turnover in...
Article
The present study examines how the different forms of behavioural regulation proposed by self‐determination theory combine within different profiles of workers and the extent to which these configurations are replicated among four samples of workers from distinct occupational groups (managers, nurses, physiotherapists, and hospital employees). In a...
Article
PURPOSE Psychological health at work for care providers is an important issue, because they are directly involved in quality of patient care. Managerial and organizational determinants have been found to be indicators of psychological health at work. The main objective of this study was to explore the relationships between the psychological health...
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This research seeks to verify the value of considering specific perceptions of informational and interpersonal justice over and above employees’ global perceptions of interactional justice. In Study 1 (Sample 1: n = 592; Sample 2: n = 384), we examined the underlying structure of workers’ perceptions of interactional justice by contrasting first-or...
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This study examines how the different dimensions of job engagement combine within different profiles of workers ( n = 264). This research also documents the relations between the identified job engagement profiles, demographic characteristics (gender, age, education, working time, and organizational tenure), job characteristics (work autonomy, task...
Article
Aims and objectives: The main aim of this study was to investigate the indirect effects of emotional dissonance and workload on presenteeism and emotional exhaustion through sleep quality and relaxation. Background: Numerous investigations have found that job demands are related to employees' health and behaviors, but additional studies are need...
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Most studies on workers’ health are based on non-specific models of occupational stress, thereby limiting the understanding and research on efficient interventions. This qualitative approach aimed to explore the structure of resources and constraints in the working environment of nurses in a deliberately open approach. Semi-structured interviews we...
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Background: Empowerment of hospital workers is known as a key factor of organizational performance and occupational health. Nevertheless, empowering workers remains a real challenge. As in many traditional organizations, hospitals follow a bureaucratic model defined by a managerial culture of control and a stratified organization, which at once we...
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Self‐determination theory positions the satisfaction of students’ needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness as important determinants of various educational outcomes. In this study, we identify subpopulations of students characterized by distinct configurations of need satisfaction in the educational context, and assess the extent to which th...
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This study concerns police socialization, focusing on the influence of trainers on the affective organizational commitment of new police officers in France. There has been little research on the role of trainers in organizational identification, which refers to how members of an organization define themselves in relation to that organization. The a...
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Introduction: There is growing interest in the relationships between work factors and nurses' workplace well-being. However, there has been very little research on the psychological processes underlying the relationships between nurses' perceptions of supervisors' autonomy-supportive managerial style and their workplace well-being. Aim/question:...
Article
Background and Objectives: Although workaholism has been associated with job performance, the mechanisms that explain this relationship remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the conditional indirect effects of workaholism on performance via emotional exhaustion, across low and high levels of supervisor recognition. Methods: We conducted an...
Article
This study examines how a global overarching need satisfaction construct, together with three specific dimensions (autonomy, competence, and relatedness needs satisfaction) combine within different profiles of workers among two independent samples ( n = 1,419 and n = 677). In addition, this research investigates the role of job demands and resource...
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This study investigated the effects of autonomous and controlled motivations, and workload on perceived stress, health, and performance. Workload was also considered as a moderator of the effects of autonomous motivation on perceived health and performance, and of controlled motivation on perceived stress. We conducted an empirical study using a sa...
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This research seeks to identify employee's profiles characterized by distinct perceptions of three sources of social support at work (i.e., organization, supervisor, and colleagues), and the extent to which these profiles generalize across two samples of workers (N = 185 and 387). This research also investigates the associations between the profile...
Article
The present research assessed the underlying psychometric multidimensionality and nomological validity of 523 employees’ response to the Work-related Basic Need Satisfaction (W-BNS) scale using bifactor-exploratory structural equation modeling (bifactor-ESEM). Our results first showed the superiority of a bifactor-ESEM representation when compared...
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This study illustrates complementary variable- and person-centred approaches to the investigation of the underlying dimensionality of the work engagement construct. A sample of 730 participants completed a questionnaire twice across a four-month period. The results showed that employees’ ratings of their work engagement simultaneously reflected a g...
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This study examines profiles of undergraduate students defined based on their types of behavioral regulation, as proposed by self-determination theory, as well as the similarity of these academic motivation profiles as a function of gender and age. This research also documents the implications of these profiles for students’ vitality and investigat...
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The aim of the present research was to develop a measure that could be used in future research for in-depth study of the psychological management of career termination. We report the results of six studies involving 1,898 French workers designed to develop and assess the psychometric properties of a new instrument named the Reasons for Workers' Ret...
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The aim of the study was to examine the mediating role of workplace bullying in how supervisor support and belief in a just world (BJW) are related to emotional exhaustion. A cross-sectional quantitative study using anonymous self-report questionnaires was conducted with 434 workers in France. The model was tested using a path analysis. First, the...
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Aim This research investigated the relationship between perceived career opportunities, affective commitment to the supervisor, and social isolation from colleagues on the one hand and nurses’ well‐being and turnover intentions on the other. In addition, this study explored the mediating role of affective commitment to the organisation in these rel...
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This study examines the evolution of police officers’ global self-determination trajectories over the course of a vocational training program. We also examine the effects of mental load, work load, emotional load, and peer support on these trajectories. Moreover, this study documents the implications of these trajectories for a variety of outcomes...
Article
The present series of three independent studies examines how workaholism and work engagement combine relying on a variety of distinct methodologies: interaction effects (Study 1, n = 160), a person-centered approach (Study 2, including two samples of n = 321 and 332), and a hybrid mixture regression approach (Study 3, n = 283). This research also d...
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The present study examines how three emotional labour strategies (hiding feelings, faking emotions, and deep acting) combine within different profiles of workers among two samples characterised by different types and intensity of customer contact. In addition, this research investigates the role of perceived workload as well as perceived organisati...
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We propose that students experience “autonomy dissatisfaction” when the learning environment is indifferent to their psychological need for autonomy. We hypothesized that (1) students could distinguish this newly-proposed need state from both autonomy satisfaction and autonomy frustration, (2) autonomy dissatisfaction would explain unique and rathe...
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This study investigated the mediating role of sleeping problems in the relationship between workload and outcomes (emotional exhaustion, presenteeism, job satisfaction, and performance), and overcommitment was examined as a moderator in the relationship between workload and sleeping problems. We conducted an empirical study using a sample of 884 te...
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We used latent profile analyses to understand how the different forms of motivation proposed by self-determination theory combine with each other and how they relate to some organizational factors (i.e., perceived organizational support and procedural justice) and well-and ill-being indicators (i.e., work engagement, quality of working life, work s...
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This study aimed to identify a new lever to prevent workers’ burnout, work-family conflict, and turnover intentions by investigating psychosocial safety climate's relation to these undesirable outcomes. More specifically, drawing on self-determination theory, we explored the mediating role of psychological need thwarting in these relationships. Stu...
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The Problem This article seeks to identify a new lever to act on employee burnout, work–family conflict (WFC), affective commitment to the organization (ACO), and work engagement. It examines whether psychosocial safety climate (PSC) can affect these outcomes. Furthermore, this empirical article addresses the psychological mechanisms that could exp...
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Aims: We examined the effects of perceived supervisor support, value congruence and hospital nurse staffing on nurses' job satisfaction through the satisfaction of the three psychological needs for autonomy, competence and relatedness. Then, we examined the links between job satisfaction and quality of care as well as turnover intentions from the...
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Contraints aujourd’hui de jongler entre autres, avec les multiples injonctions du siège ou du conseil d’administration, les responsabilités, les conflits d’équipe, la surconnexion, ou encore le travail en mode projet, les directeurs1 d’établissements sanitaires, sociaux, et médico-sociaux (ESSMS) font face à une complexification des responsabilités...
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Although it has long been recognized that employees' workplace affective commitment can be directed at a variety of foci, theory and research on this multifocal perspective remain underdeveloped, possibly due to the lack of a short, yet comprehensive measure. The purpose of the present study was to assess the psychometric properties of a newly deve...
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This study examines trajectory profiles of University students over the course of a University semester defined based on global levels of psychological need satisfaction, as proposed by self-determination theory (SDT). This study also documents the implications of these trajectories for a variety of educational outcomes. A sample of 461 first-year...