Nicholas Onuf's research while affiliated with Florida International University and other places

Publications (16)

Article
Kratochwil's magnificent The Status of Law in World Society 's first meditation, a philosophical discursus masquerading as a meditation about meditation, addresses how International Law and International Relations deal so differently with their common concerns. Kratochwil treats these concerns with his usual cogency. Yet, critical links are missing...
Chapter
Michel Foucault wrote about people as discursive figures. First, I explore the figure of Foucault as normalized in the field of International Relations and presented as a life story. Then I present a reconfigured Foucault. Early on, he formed an ambitious plan for an archeology of the modern world. He organized this plan, set it out in The Order of...
Article
Power is a central concept in social theory and political discourse. Concepts are much used metaphors that seem to fit the world as collectively experienced, in the process losing their freshness as metaphors unless freshened by association with other metaphors. Soft power is a case in point. Power and causation are metaphors turned concepts with a...
Article
In this paper, I ask why constructivism in IR has slowed down as a theoretical project. One answer is that slowing down is normal (as in normal science); there is no problem. I propose a second answer, to the effect that constructivism has reached a crossroads. As the way ahead gets slower and slower, the temptation to turn off the road can only st...
Article
Full-text available
There are many ways to speak about the modern world, and many theories setting it apart. I focus on a world facing economic decline and a return to the status-ordering of traditional societies. With republican theory as a backdrop, I show that an updated virtue ethics constitutes an ethical system uniquely suiting any society that is significantly...
Chapter
Recognition of recognition’s importance has only come recently, and belatedly, to International Relations (IR) theory. The concept has been around for two centuries. G. W. F. Hegel had associated recognition and reciprocity among individuals in System of Ethical Life (Hegel, [1802–3] 1979, p. 111), held that Herr and Knecht (lord and servant, maste...
Article
This is a reply to:Weber, Martin. 2014. “As if ‘relations’ mattered: how to subvert positional bias in social science with a lot of help from ‘others’....” Global Discourse. 4 (1): 1–13. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23269995.2013.805513
Article
For two decades, political theorists have granted recognition a great deal of attention. However, theorists of international relations have not, despite a common interest in identity politics. Instead, the latter take recognition for granted as a long-standing practice enabling states to engage in relations, as equals, under law. I hold that recogn...
Chapter
Hospitality is a fashionable topic in political and international thought. The most obvious reason for this development is the movement of people across national frontiers to escape persecution or privation in their own countries. The unplanned-for arrival of needy or enterprising strangers is hardly a new phenomenon nor is their disposition to mak...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, I claim that metaphor and concept are names for the same kind of thing. And if this is so, metaphor is a metaphor for concept; concept is a metaphor for metaphor. An archeology of metaphorical knowledge is a metaphorical expression for a set of claims and procedures designed to expose the buried assumptions and associations constitut...
Article
Seyla Benhabib has displayed a deeply normative concern for the origin, properties, condition and destiny of the modern world in work running from Critique, Norm, and Utopia (1986), to Situating the Self (1992), The Reluctant Modernism of Hannah Arendt (1996), and Another Cosmopolitanism (2006). I hope to show that Benhabib's view of modernity is a...
Article
The series friends, rivals, enemies is a seemingly ‘natural’ classification for the relations of states, while the parallel series kin, neighbors, strangers functions as an informal classification system for social relations in general. That we may owe foreigners the hospitality due to strangers has become a matter of discussion among normative the...
Chapter
Anyone glancing at the title of this book—Ethics, Authority, and War—will see no evident paradoxes of logic or language. Instead such a person will recognize topics or themes of great contemporary significance, and not only to scholars. Perhaps she will consider briefly how these topics might be related and wonder what new and different the book’s...

Citations

... In doing so, and given the state-centric nature of decision-making in the HRB, we use the TWINS matrix to map the evolution of hydropolitical relations from an historical perspective. The TWINS framework takes a constructivist (Onuf, 1998) approach to transboundary water relations with regard to the changing identities of friendship and enmity, cooperation and conflict. ...
... Some of the previous research in metaphor and education ever conducted by (Landau, Meier, & Keefer, 2010;Buaraphan, 2011;Kalra & Baveja, 2012;Howie & Bagnall, 2013;Hoang, 2014;Devrim, 2015;Rodgers, 2016;Almaliki, 2017;Onuf, 2017;Burbules, 2018;Mintz, 2018;Healey, Matthews, & Cook, 2019;Buyiswa & Christoffel, 2020) and so forth. These readings refer to social cognitive and education in wide-ranging. ...
... Ideas shape actors' interests and their particular interests can be later used as self-reinforcing mechanisms to keep or to change a set of abstract ideas (Münnich 2010). Ideas and interests thereby ground the cognitive structures according to which global actors shape the world, or the multiple variations and possibilities of the world that come into existence (Onuf 2016). In the case of girl soldiers in Colombia, the idea behind the definition of child soldiers stress age and victimhood as the leading indicators of belonging to a group (child soldiers). ...
... The Hegelian "struggle for recognition" provides a springboard for constructivists to explore issues of identity, reflexivity, and intersubjectivity to interpret states' actions (Wendt 2003). Although IR scholarship may still be divided on whether to approach states as persons or not (Onuf 2015;Ringmar 2012;Wendt 2004;Greenhill 2008), there is little disagreement that states do seek and express recognition. Different recognition modes influence states' actions, identity, foreign policy, and status in the international society (Crawford 2006;Daase et al. 2015;Wolf 2012;Zuo 2012). ...
... The idea of hospitality in the context of migration has attracted a large amount of scholarly attention (Onuf 1998, Molz and Gibson 2007Dahlberg 2013, Kelz 2015, Bulley 2017, Safouane 2017. Despite this recognition, as Dan Bulley notes, 'hospitality can be difficult to draw out or expand upon, in part because it is a practice we all know something about as we engage in or experience it on a daily basis' (2017, pp. ...
... Refs. [62,63,70,92,94,95]), but it still offers the most suitable methodology to investigate the role of IRENA in the energy transition from fossil fuels to renewables. ...
... All translations of Aristotle are fromBarnes (1984).3 For a much fuller statement of what I think this undertaking involves, seeOnuf (2009cOnuf ( , 2009d. Onuf (2009d) adapts material fromOnuf (2009c) which is not used here.4 ...
... Thus when Epstein et al. (2018: 796) quite rightly note how Markell 'encounters sovereignty' rather than starting from it, Markell nonetheless provides a way of historicising its pathologies through a conscious emphasis on the modern state; following Williams' critique of Kojeve and Sartre, he actively warns against 'reducing recognition to one of its possible instantiations' (Markell, 2003: 119). Indeed, the meeting point between Markell's emphasis on the emergence of the state, as a historical solution to the problem of recognition, and the range of recognition practices pointed out by IR scholars has been described as a historical shift away from domestic recognition and towards recognition by international society through principles including the standard of civilisation (Onuf, 2013;Weinert, 2016;Zarakol, 2018). Situating the pursuit of recognition by states as a historically influential and ultimately contingent pursuit of sovereign agency allows IR to build on Markell's approach, asking how the problem of recognition's simultaneity might transform the way contemporary recognition struggles are understood. ...
... In order to maintain good relations in the international arena, rituals of sociability and friendship need to be enacted (Kampf 2016). Indeed, in recent years, the concept of "friendship" has become prominent in the literature of international relations (Roshchin 2006;Berenskoetter 2007;Onuf 2009;Oelsner and Vion 2011). It is regularly mentioned in official statements made by government representatives and political commentators (Berenskoetter 2007) and performed in various contexts to initiate, maintain, or advance interstate relations (henceforth "IR"). ...