Nicholas Biddle's research while affiliated with Australian National University and other places

Publications (25)

Article
Full-text available
This review advances energy sector understanding of consumer behaviour by synthesising existing research findings into a simple and accessible framework of influences on household adoption and rejection of energy technology. This understanding is crucial for energy transitions dependent on households using technology to support the energy system. A...
Preprint
Background In line with affordability and equity principles, Medicare—Australia’s universal health care program—has measures to contain out-of-pocket costs (OOPC), particularly for lower income households. This study examined the distribution of OOPC for Medicare-subsidised out-of-hospital services and prescription medicines in Australian household...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study is to identify factors affecting participation rates, i.e., nonresponse and voluntary attrition rates, and their predictive power in a probability-based online panel. Participation for this panel had already been investigated in the literature according to the socio-demographic and socio-psychological characteristics of...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Centre for Population has commissioned this report from the Australian National University to explain trends and drivers of fertility in Australia and better understand the impact of government policies on fertility decisions. Modern life, particularly the ability to negotiate work and family lives, has led to declining fertility rates across h...
Article
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In this article, we focus on data trust and data privacy, and how attitudes may be changing during the COVID-19 period. On balance, it appears that Australians are more trusting of organizations with regards to data privacy and less concerned about their own personal information and data than they were prior to the spread of COVID-19. The major det...
Article
Using six waves of longitudinal data, we investigate wellbeing, psychological distress and loneliness differences between informal carers and non-carers in the context of COVID-19-related policy changes in Australia. Wellbeing levels fluctuated along with the virus case numbers. Free childcare temporarily alleviated the disparity between carers and...
Article
Question-order effects are known to occur in surveys, particularly those that measure subjective experiences. The presence of context effects will impact the comparability of results if questions have not been presented in a consistent manner. In this study, we examined the influence of question order on how people responded to two gambling scales...
Preprint
Full-text available
There is a growing movement across the world to make better use of wellbeing measures to guide policy. This stems from the realisation that reliance on economic indicators, such as income, GDP, and unemployment, may not be adequately capturing the aspects of life that people value. But how should we be measuring wellbeing or quality of life? A moun...
Article
Full-text available
Background Socioeconomic inequalities in mortality are evident in all high-income countries, and ongoing monitoring is recommended using linked census-mortality data. Using such data, we provide the first estimates of education-related inequalities in cause-specific mortality in Australia, suitable for international comparisons. Methods We used Au...
Article
Individuals throughout the world are being recruited into studies to examine the social impacts of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). While previous literature has illustrated how research participation can impact distress and wellbeing, to the authors’ best knowledge no study has examined this in the COVID-19 context. Using an innovative approac...
Article
Full-text available
Online probability-based panels often apply two or more data collection modes to cover both online and offline populations. They do so with the aim of obtaining results that are more representative of the population of interest, in most cases the general population, than Web mode only. This study investigates mode effects in two different surveys-a...
Chapter
Longitudinal surveys have tended to have a strong focus on primary data collection, with most of the analytical information obtained directly from interviews. The next generation of longitudinal studies will likely make extensive use of linked data to augment survey responses. However, this will occur in the context of declining response rates to s...
Article
Full-text available
Background High levels of vaccination coverage in populations will be required even with vaccines that have high levels of effectiveness to prevent and stop outbreaks of coronavirus. The World Health Organisation has suggested that governments take a proactive response to vaccine hesitancy ‘hotspots’ based on social and behavioural insights. Metho...
Preprint
Full-text available
The ANU Centre for Social Research and Methods ANU COVID-19 Impact Monitoring Survey Program asked the same group of respondents about their vaccine intentions in August 2020 and January 2021. The paper provides data on the vaccine willingness in Australia as of January 2021 and how this changed since August 2020 both at the national level and for...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This rapid research brief synthesises the evidence on whether COVID-19 has had an impact on public sentiment in relation to privacy and the widespread use of data and technology by the government in responding to the public health crisis, be it through tracing, compliance, or enforcement.
Article
Background Policies to increase Australian Indigenous children’s participation in preschool aim to reduce developmental inequities between Indigenous and non-Indigenous children. This study aims to understand the benefits of preschool participation by quantifying the association between preschool participation in the year before school and developm...
Article
Introduction Describing out-of-pocket (OOP) healthcare costs in relation to ability to pay requires multiple linked data sources not previously available. Current estimates of the progressivity of OOP healthcare costs in Australia are based on self-report surveys. Using newly linked Census to administrative income and medical claims data, we aimed...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background High levels of vaccination coverage in populations will be required even with vaccines that have high levels of effectiveness to prevent and stop outbreaks of coronavirus. The World Health Organisation has suggested that governments take a proactive response to vaccine hesitancy ‘hotspots’ based on social and behavioural insights. Metho...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Socioeconomic inequalities in mortality are evident in all high-income countries and ongoing monitoring is recommended using linked census-mortality data. Using such data, we provide first estimates of education-related inequalities in cause-specific mortality in Australia, suitable for international comparisons. Methods: Using Australi...
Article
Full-text available
Online probability-based panels often apply two or more data collection modes to cover online and offline populations, and to collect data from onliners who do not respond online in time to contribute to a given wave. As a result, offline/ online status can change during the life of the panel for some individuals, which can improve response rates a...
Article
Full-text available
Background: National linked mortality and census data have not previously been available for Australia. We estimated education-based mortality inequalities from linked census and mortality data that are suitable for international comparisons. Methods: We used the Australian Bureau of Statistics Death Registrations to Census file, with data on de...
Article
Full-text available
IntroductionMortality rates are higher in disadvantaged communities. However, accurate quantification of inequalities in Australia has been limited by data availability. The Australian Bureau of Statistics has recently created a resource linking Death Registrations to Australian Census data, enabling quantification of mortality by whole-of-populati...

Citations

... Greater privacy protections would add reassurance about the commitment of the Commonwealth Government to the security of people's data; whereas less privacy protection would lead to more effective contact tracing and better public health outcomes. Recent surveys suggest that the way the pandemic in Australia is being managed is heightening a perception among the public that more needs to be done to protect their personal information [26,27]. Despite their support for the COVID-19 control measures being implemented in NSW, participants in our study were highly resistant to government agencies using technologies to track people's locations. ...
... One of the most prominent forms of health inequality relates to socioeconomic position, with well documented inequalities in health indicators [4,5], including mortality [6,7]. When measuring socioeconomic inequalities in health, the OECD recommends using education, measured at the individual-level: it is easily reported, generally stable in adulthood, less subject to reverse causality than other variables (e.g. ...
... We found that higher EQ-5D-5L VAS score was predictive of the attrition at wave 3. This result differs from the literature in which one study reported higher SD standard deviation * Significance at 0.05 level participation at multiple time points among cancer survivors with higher HRQoL scores measured by the European Organization for the Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) and another study reported no significant association between survey participation and subjective well-being rated on a 0-10 scale [24,25]. One possible explanation for this counter-intuitive relationship is that the EQ-5D-5L VAS score may be capturing some unidentified aspect of HRQoL that negatively affected the survey participation. ...
... The eight true-false items used to measure objective knowledge were based on the work of Das and Couper (2014; see also Edwards and Biddle 2021). The objective knowledge score was the sum of correct answers to the eight items. ...
... The findings of this study speak to the global recovery. Following the peak of the Omicron variant, many countries have begun to move beyond restrictive policies and adopt protective measures (Edwards, et al., 2021;Petherick et al., 2021). However, managing pandemic fatigue and securing compliance with protective measures are highly contingent on information management and dissemination. ...
... Oversampling of key groups in our cohort increased power to compare longitudinal trends between demographics; however, overall cohort summary statistics may not always represent the general population. Disaggregated statistics from other studies corroborate our results; in particular, greater vaccine intention has been associated with age and level of education [5,29]. However, few studies in Australia have presented data beyond mid-2021. ...
... • four were collected in the first quarter of 2020 (January-March) [11,13,15,17]; • 13 were collected in the second quarter of 2020 (April-June) [7][8][9][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27]; • five were collected in the third quarter of 2020 (July-September) [12,[28][29][30][31]; ...
... Socioeconomic gradients in illness and death are potentially avoidable and may thus be influenced to increase population health (14,15). In particular, the quantification of socioeconomic gradients behind mortality is considered a crucial public health priority globally (16). ...