Nathan P. Podsakoff's research while affiliated with The University of Arizona and other places

Publications (46)

Article
We examine how social status-the amount of respect and admiration conferred by others-is related to leader ratings of team member voice. In a field study using 373 West Point cadets nested in 60 squads, we find that there are two countervailing pathways linking social status to leader voice ratings: A positive structural path via instrumental netwo...
Article
Research on workplace recovery recognizes that employees must restore lost resources after work to improve their subsequent well-being and performance. Scholars have noted that employees' recovery experiences-psychological detachment, relaxation, mastery, and control-vary day-to-day, yielding crucial implications for the aforementioned outcomes. Ye...
Article
The attention paid to intraindividual phenomena in applied psychology has rapidly increased during the last two decades. However, the design characteristics of studies using daily experience sampling methods and the proportion of within-person variance in the measures employed in these studies vary substantially. This raises a critical question yet...
Article
Despite the renewed interest in the use of experimental designs in the fields of leadership and management over the past few decades, these designs are still relatively underutilized. Although there are several potential reasons for this, chief among them is misunderstanding the value of these designs. The purpose of this article is to review the r...
Article
In the organizational sciences, scholars are increasingly using experience sampling methods (ESM) to answer questions tied to intra-individual, dynamic phenomenon. However, employing this method to answer organizational research questions comes with a number of complex—and often difficult—decisions surrounding: (1) how the implementation of ESM can...
Article
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Given the disproportionate influence that high-impact articles have on the field of management, it is not surprising that PhD students trying to establish themselves early in their careers would like to know how to write such articles. Unfortunately, these students often receive conflicting advice about whether they should bide their time by conduc...
Chapter
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Managing and working across organizations in a multi-organizational network context has become common practice. Present analyses of such settings are characterized by a structural approach and a focus on ego-centric network relationships. In this conceptual chapter, we propose a process approach that pays balanced attention to network action by ext...
Article
Theory and research note the ubiquity of multiplex workplace friendships—multifaceted relationships that superimpose friendship with work-focused interactions—but it is unclear how they compel or hinder job performance. In a study of insurance company employees (n = 168), we found that the number of multiplex workplace friendships in one’s social n...
Article
Despite the importance of establishing good, clear concept definitions in organizational research, the field lacks a comprehensive source that explains how to effectively develop and articulate a concept’s domain. Thus, the purpose of this article is to explain why clear conceptual definitions are essential for scientific progress and provide a con...
Chapter
This entry identifies two uses of the term error in organizational analyses. In the first use, error is the distributional property capturing the extent to which actual values deviate from an expectation. In the second use, error is the logical condition of making a false inference. Instances of error are given and the importance of attending to th...
Chapter
Two kinds of statistical methods enjoy widespread use in organizational behavior: descriptive and inferential. Descriptive statistics summarize data about a population, whereas inferential statistics use sampling and probability theory to make conclusions about a population based on a sample. Three components to inferential statistics are presented...
Article
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This article reports an investigation into how individuals form perceptions of overall voice behavior in group contexts. More specifically, the authors examine the effect of the proportion of group members exhibiting voice behavior in the group, the frequency of voice events in the group, and the measurement item referent (group vs. individual) on...
Article
Several domains in the field of management have accumulated decades of research, resulting in hundreds of empirical and theoretical articles and established, generally agreed-upon narratives. The purpose of this symposium is to challenge these narratives, and attempt to change the conversation in three core “micro” management domains that have rece...
Article
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Managing and working across organizations in a network context has become a common practice. Present analyses of such settings, however, are characterized by a structural bias and a focus on ego-centric network relationships. In this paper, we propose a processual approach by extending the concept of organizational citizen¬ship behavior (OCB) to th...
Article
During the past 30 years, interest in organizational citizenship behaviors (OCBs) has grown substantially. Although much of the early empirical research in this domain was directed at the individual level of analysis, more recently, researchers have focused their attention on identifying the outcomes of group‐level or unit‐level OCBs, as well as th...
Article
Although proactive employee behaviors have been discussed in the management literature for over half a century, recent research in this area has paid particular attention to the importance of employee voice behavior. Interest in voice behavior, or “speaking out and challenging the status quo with the intent of improving the situation,” has increase...
Article
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Many authors have suggested that situational judgment tests (SJTs) are useful tools for assessing applicants because SJT items can be written to assess a number of job-related knowledges, skills, abilities and other characteristics (KSAOs). However, SJTs may not be appropriate for measuring certain KSAOs for some applicants. We posit that using SJT...
Article
Polynomial variable transformations have become increasingly popular in organizational studies to help deal with a variety of statistical issues. Indeed, a review of over 4,000 articles published in management journals indicates that almost 10% of these articles used at least some form of power transformation in the analysis. Specifically, over 14%...
Article
Despite the increased attention paid to biases attributable to common method variance (CMV) over the past 50 years, researchers have only recently begun to systematically examine the effect of specific sources of CMV in previously published empirical studies. Our study contributes to this research by examining the extent to which common rater, item...
Article
Several researchers have persuasively argued that the most important evidence to consider when assessing construct validity is whether variations in the construct of interest cause corresponding variations in the measures of the focal construct. Unfortunately, the literature provides little practical guidance on how researchers can go about testing...
Article
Reports an error in "Effects of message, source, and context on evaluations of employee voice behavior" by Steven W. Whiting, Timothy D. Maynes, Nathan P. Podsakoff and Philip M. Podsakoff (Journal of Applied Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Aug 15, 2011, np). The article contained a production-related error. In Table 5, the four values in...
Article
Virtually all of the studies that have examined the relationship between organizational citizenship behaviors (OCBs) and unit or organizational effectiveness have focused on affiliation‐oriented as opposed to challenge‐oriented forms of OCB, and no study has examined the mechanisms through which OCBs influence unit or organizational effectiveness....
Article
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The article contained a production-related error. In Table 5, the four values in the rows for Study 1 Prosocial motives and Study 1 Constructive voice should have been shifted one column to the right, to the Direct and Total Performance evaluations columns. All versions of this article have been corrected.] Although employee voice behavior is expec...
Article
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Despite the fact that validating the measures of constructs is critical to building cumulative knowledge in MIS and the behavioral sciences, the process of scale development and validation continues to be a challenging activity. Undoubtedly, part of the problem is that many of the scale development procedures advocated in the literature are limited...
Article
Despite the widespread belief that empirical studies that are firmly grounded in theory and use valid measures of their focal constructs are more critical to the advancement of science than studies that do not possess these attributes, it is only recently that this belief has begun to be empirically tested. Unfortunately, most of the tests that hav...
Article
Despite the concern that has been expressed about potential method biases, and the pervasiveness of research settings with the potential to produce them, there is disagreement about whether they really are a problem for researchers in the behavioral sciences. Therefore, the purpose of this review is to explore the current state of knowledge about m...
Article
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Whereas the motivational aspects of pay are well-documented, the notion that high pay leads to high levels of satisfaction is not without debate. The current study used meta-analysis to estimate the population correlation between pay level and measures of pay and job satisfaction. Cumulating across 115 correlations from 92 independent samples, resu...
Article
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This article reports on an experiment examining the effects of job candidates' propensity to exhibit organizational citizenship behaviors (OCBs) on selection decisions made in the context of a job interview. We developed videos that manipulated candidate responses to interview questions tapping task performance and citizenship behavior content in 2...
Article
One unfortunate consequence of the focus on "charismatic," "transformational," and "visionary" leader behaviors during the past few decades has been the tendency to diminish the importance that transactional leadership behaviors have on leadership effectiveness. We say that this is unfortunate because recent research has shown that transactional le...
Article
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: Although one of the main reasons for the interest in organizational citizenship behaviors (OCBs) is the potential consequences of these behaviors, no study has been reported that summarizes the research regarding the relationships between OCBs and their outcomes. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to provide a meta-analytic examination of th...
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The purpose of this study is to identify the universities and research scholars who have had the greatest impact on the field of management during the past quarter century and the factors that influence their impact. Using bibliometric techniques, the authors examined 30 management journals to identify the 100 most-cited universities and 150 most-c...
Article
In this article, a 2-dimensional work stressor framework is used to explain inconsistencies in past research with respect to stressor relationships with retention-related criteria. Results of meta-analyses of 183 independent samples indicated that whereas hindrance stressors had dysfunctional relationships with these criteria (negative relationship...
Article
Since the publication of Venkatraman and Grant's (1986) article two decades ago, considerably more attention has been directed at establishing the validity of constructs in the strategy literature. However, recent developments in measurement theory indicate that strategy researchers need to pay additional attention to whether their constructs shoul...
Article
Despite decades of research on the relationships between leader reward and punishment behaviors and employee attitudes, perceptions, and performance, no comprehensive examination of these relationships has been reported in the literature. This paper reports the results of two studies that address this issue. In the first study, data from 20 new sam...
Article
This article reports a meta-analytic test of a two-dimensional work Stressor framework with respect to Stressors' relationships with strains, motivation, and performance. Hindrance Stressors had a negative direct effect on performance, as well as negative indirect effects on performance through strains and motivation. Challenge Stressors had a posi...
Article
It is difficult to get a clear picture of the relative influence of management journals because previous studies have focused on a single sub-area in the field over a relatively restricted number of years, and/or have used inconsistent criteria to judge journal influence. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to examine journal influence using ci...
Article
The purpose of the present review is to examine the potential problems caused by measurement model misspecification in the field of leadership. First, we discuss the conceptual differences between the four types of measurement models that have been used in leadership research and provide a set of criteria that could be used to decide upon the appro...
Article
Full-text available
Interest in the problem of method biases has a long history in the behavioral sciences. Despite this, a comprehensive summary of the potential sources of method biases and how to control for them does not exist. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to examine the extent to which method biases influence behavioral research results, identify pot...
Article
Interest in the problem of method biases has a long history in the behavioral sciences. Despite this, a comprehensive summary of the potential sources of method biases and how to control for them does not exist. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to examine the extent to which method biases influence behavioral research results, identify pot...

Citations

... Employee voice, referring to the discretionary communication of improvement-oriented suggestions, ideas, options, or concerns, is a critical component in enhancing organizational or work-unit functioning [3,22,23]. The relationship between status and voice behavior has been widely studied [24][25][26]. According to status attainment theory, an employee who engages in voice behavior may enhance his or her status in a group [8,17]. ...
... While enacted helping could arguably be reported by others, this is not without limitations as it requires that person be in a position to observe the focal employee regularly during the entire workday for the duration of the study (e.g., Chawla et al., 2020;Foulk et al., 2019). This is a difficult standard to achieve in workplaces wherein employees and coworkers are not in constant contact (which is the case for our sample). ...
... Before testing our hypotheses, we ran a series of null models to examine whether there was sufficient within-person variance for each within-person construct in our model. Following previous ESM studies (Gabriel et al., 2011;Lanaj et al., 2016;Methot et al., 2020;Podsakoff et al., 2019;Scott & Barnes, 2011), Table 1 presents within-and between-individual variance of the within-person constructs. ...
... To investigate effects of a GMB approach on decision-making concerning sustainability integration into design requirements it was decided to organize a set of workshops. The workshops enabled a semi-controlled test environment, i.e., a 'quasi-experiment', e.g., Podsakoff & Podsakoff, 2019), which allowed both quantitative and qualitative data collection. The following sections outline the workshop design selection of cases and participants, as well as the workshop design and data, as well as the result analysis. ...
... In a robustness check suggested by an anonymous reviewer, we controlled for day and cyclical effects(Beal & Weiss, 2003;Gabriel et al., 2019) and most of our findings remained significant. ...
... Research into the different career stages of management scholars encourages early career scholars to target high rated publications, advising broad topics with wide appeal (Podsakoff et al. 2018). Interdisciplinarity is being increasingly linked with academic success (Biancani et al. 2018), and is often associated, together with innovation, with high rated publications (Vogel, Hattke, and Petersen 2017). ...
... According to this theory, different social expectations for men and women create social norms in social interactions that emphasize cooperation, friendship, and intimacy for women versus control and competition for men (Abukhait et al., 2019) and ultimately this leads to gender differences in decision-making behavior (Horak, 2016) as well as other behavioral aspects of social life. Some theories form a basis for Project Citizenship Behavior (PCB; Braun et al., 2012) for example, Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB; Levinson, 1963;Rousseau, 1990), and Network Citizenship Behavior (NCB; Provan et al., 2017). These citizenship behaviors are widely observed and empirically validated in work settings. ...
... 5). Here since we have a relatively clear aim, we can use the necessary and sufficient approach to conceptualize EO (Podsakoff et al., 2016). ...
... To that end, we look specifically at work-goal progress, enacted task-focused helping, and withdrawal behavior. Each is conceptually linked with our phenomenon-that is, receiving help should be instrumental to making progress towards one's goals (Johnson et al., 2006), promoting acts of help in the workgroup (Flynn, 2005), and wanting to be around one's coworkers (Organ et al., 2011). The enactment of each is critical for career success in general, and in particular for the advancement of women (Heilman, 2012) at work. ...
... After two months total of 469 useable questionnaires were received, which is the actual sample of the study. We followed the approach recommended by Podsakoff (2003) to minimise the common method biases. Protecting anonymity reduces the lenient, acquiescent, and socially desirable answers. ...