N R COWAN's scientific contributions

Citations

... In addition, non-stochastic effects are more common in organs/systems (e.g., brain, cartilage, heart, kidney, lung parenchyma and spinal cord) where terminally differentiated cells have a low turnover and exhibit limited regenerative capacity (Ballard and Edelberg, 2007;Carlson, 1998;Goldspink et al., 2003;Rando, 2006). Non-stochastic processes produce a broad spectrum of age-related declines in the function of physiological processes (e.g., basal metabolic rate, blood volume, cardiac index, glomerular filtration rate, maximal breathing capacity and nerve conduction velocity) that were enumerated by the early biogerontologists (Falzone and Shock, 1956;Shock, 1957) and geriatricians (Anderson and Cowan, 1955;Rowe et al., 1976) and continue to be identified (Aalami et al., 2003;Nakamura and Miyao, 2003;Olivetti et al., 1991;Sehl and Yates, 2001;Weale, 1993). ...
... One component of health education (self-care education) has been evaluated singly (9), and one organizational service (health visitor attached to general practitioners' offices) has been described (10)(11)(12)(13)(14)(15), but a program for this age group including both types of interventions has not been evaluated. In this paper we report the results of an integrated demonstration project. ...