Muhammad Ashraf's research while affiliated with Pakistan Science Foundation and other places

Publication (1)

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A sustainable and wholesome food supply is the most important incentive that has led to an increasing interest in ancient wheats over the past few decades. Domestication of wheat, followed by breeding efforts, largely over the past 2 centuries, has resulted in yield increases but with grain quality deterioration due to the reduction of protein, vit...


... Einkorn is cultivated recently in some poor soils of Southern Europe, Minor Asia, Caucasus, North Africa (Miroshnichenko et al. 2017). As a functional food, this diploid cereal has many benefits over the cultivated modern tetraploid and hexaploid wheat varieties, such as higher level of macro-and micronutrients (phosphorus, sulfur, magnesium, zinc, manganese etc.) and various antioxidant (conjugated polyphenols, carotenoids, tocols, alkylresorcinols, and phytosterols) compounds (Suchowilska et al. 2012;Zaharieva and Monneveux 2014;Arzany and Ashraf 2017). Furthermore, einkorn can be used in modern wheat breeding programmes as a source of new traits for pest and disease resistance and abiotic stress tolerance (Zaharieva and Monneveux 2014;Longin et al. 2016;Miroshnichenko et al. 2017). ...