Mohamed-Slim Alouini's research while affiliated with Higher Institute for Applied Sciences and Technology and other places

Publications (791)

Article
This paper investigates a symbiotic ambient backscatter communication (AmBC) system, where for the primary system, a source node T1 transmits information to a destination node T2. Whereas for the backscatter system, by riding on T1’s signal, backscatter device passively conveys its own information c(n) to T1 and T2 via backscattering. For such, the...
Preprint
p> In this paper, the outage probability of maritime free-space optical communication system is analyzed. Maritime turbulence channel is modeled by Lognormal distribution. Channel model includes the combined effect of turbulence, pointing error, angle-of-arrival (AOA) fluctuations, and attenuation. Pointing error and AOA fluctuations are assumed to...
Preprint
p> In this paper, the outage probability of maritime free-space optical communication system is analyzed. Maritime turbulence channel is modeled by Lognormal distribution. Channel model includes the combined effect of turbulence, pointing error, angle-of-arrival (AOA) fluctuations, and attenuation. Pointing error and AOA fluctuations are assumed to...
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This work investigates the secrecy outage performance of the uplink transmission of a radio-frequency (RF)-free-space optical (FSO) hybrid cooperative satellite-aerial-terrestrial network (SATN). Specifically, in the considered cooperative SATN, a terrestrial source (S) transmits its information to a satellite receiver (D) via the help of a cache-e...
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Facing a vast amount of connections, huge performance demands, and the need for reliable connectivity, the sixth generation of communication networks (6G) is envisioned to implement disruptive technologies that jointly spur connectivity, performance, and reliability. In this context, this paper proposes, and evaluates the benefit of, a hybrid centr...
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Energy efficiency of three common hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ) schemes including Type I HARQ, HARQ with chase combining (HARQ-CC) and HARQ with incremental redundancy (HARQ-IR), is analyzed and joint power allocation and rate selection to maximize the energy efficiency is investigated in this paper. Unlike prior literature, time-correlate...
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Numerous researchers have studied innovations in future sixth-generation (6G) wireless communications. Indeed, a critical issue that has emerged is to contend with society's insatiable demand for high data rates and massive 6G connectivity. Some scholars consider one innovation to be a breakthrough--the application of free-space optical (FSO) commu...
Preprint
For the development of new digital signal processing systems and services, the rapid, easy, and convenient prototyping of ideas and the rapid time-to-market of products are becoming important with advances in technology. Conventionally, for the development stage, particularly when confirming the feasibility or performance of a new system or service...
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With the expanding demand for high data rates and extensive coverage, high throughput satellite (HTS) communication systems are emerging as a key technology for future communication generations. However, current frequency bands are increasingly congested. Until the maturity of communication systems to operate on higher bands, the solution is to exp...
Article
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This paper focuses on securing confidential communication in multiple intelligent reflecting surfaces (IRS) assisted terahertz (THz) systems, where a potential eavesdropper can intercept either the base station (BS)-IRS link or the IRS-user link. Notably, the secure transmission may be intercepted and blocked by the eavesdropper due to the blockage...
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In this paper, we investigate the effect of the strong time-varying transmission distance on the performance of the low-earth orbit (LEO) satellite-terrestrial transmission (STT) system. We propose a new analytical framework using finite-state Markov channel (FSMC) model and time discretization method. Moreover, to demonstrate the applications of t...
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Electric vehicles (EVs) are being actively adopted as a solution to sustainable transportation. However, a bottleneck remains with charging, where two of the main problems are the long charging time and the range anxiety of EV drivers. In this research, we investigate the deployment of dynamic charging systems, i.e., electrified roads that wireless...
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This paper proposes a new scheme to enhance the secrecy performance of a NOMA-based coordinated direct relay transmission system (NOMA-CDRT) with an untrusted relay. The physical-layer network coding and the non-orthogonal multiple access scheme are combined to improve the spectrum efficiency. Furthermore, inter-user interference and friendly jammi...
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This paper focuses on the performance analysis of a class of limited peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) precoders for downlink multi-user massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems. Contrary to conventional precoding approaches based on simple linear precoders maximum ratio transmission (MRT) and regularized zero forcing (RZF), the preco...
Article
In recent years, many companies have entered the space field by successfully employing miniaturized satellites to provide numerous kinds of services to the public or governmental sectors. This is because miniaturized satellites exhibit inherent advantages such as easy manufacturing and low launching cost. However, their use is limited by their limi...
Preprint
p>The integration between the satellite network and the terrestrial network will play a key role in the upcoming sixth-generation (6G) of mobile cellular networks thanks to the wide coverage and bandwidth offered by satellite networks. To leverage this integration, we propose a proactive traffic offloading scheme in an integrated multi-satellite te...
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The integration between the satellite network and the terrestrial network will play a key role in the upcoming sixth-generation (6G) of mobile cellular networks thanks to the wide coverage and bandwidth offered by satellite networks. To leverage this integration, we propose a proactive traffic offloading scheme in an integrated multi-satellite terr...
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Water covers 71% of the Earth's surface, where the steady increase in oceanic activities has promoted the need for reliable maritime communication technologies. The existing maritime communication systems involve terrestrial, aerial, and satellite networks. This paper presents a holistic overview of the different forms of maritime communications an...
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This paper proposes, and evaluates the benefit of, one particular hybrid satellite-HAPS-ground network, where one high-altitude-platform-station (HAPS) connected to one geo-satellite assists the ground base-stations (BSs) at serving ground-level users. The paper assumes that the geo-satellite is connected to the HAPS using free-space-optical backha...
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Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have been widely employed to enhance the end-to-end performance of wireless communications since the links between UAVs and terrestrial nodes are line-of-sight (LoS) with high probability. However, the broadcast characteristics of signal propagation in LoS links make it vulnerable to being wiretapped by malicious eav...
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In this paper, the routing in massive low earth orbit (LEO) satellite networks is studied. When the satellite-to-satellite communication distance is limited, we choose different relay satellites to minimize the latency in a constellation at a constant altitude. Firstly, the global optimum solution is obtained in the ideal scenario when there are av...
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div>Despite coverage enhancement in rural areas is one of the main requirements in next generations of wireless networks (i.e., 5G and 6G), the low expected profit prevents telecommunication providers from investing in such sparsely populated areas. Hence, cost efficient alternatives are required for extending the cellular infrastructure to these...
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The number of disasters has increased over the past decade where these calamities significantly affect the functionality of communication networks. In the context of 6G, airborne and spaceborne networks offer hope in disaster recovery to serve the underserved and to be resilient in calamities. Therefore, this paper surveys the state-of-the-art lite...
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Fluid antenna systems (FAS) are an emerging technology that promises a significant diversity gain even in the smallest spaces. Motivated by the groundbreaking potentials of liquid antennas, researchers in the wireless communication community are investigating a novel antenna system where a single antenna can freely switch positions along a small li...
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Aerial communication platforms especially stratospheric high altitude pseudo-satellite (HAPS) has the potential to provide/catalyze advanced mobile wireless communication services with its ubiquitous connectivity and ultra-wide coverage radius. Recently, HAPS has gained immense popularity - achieved primarily through self-sufficient energy systems...
Patent
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A method for optical communication between first and second transceivers over a channel in a free-space medium involves receiving a binary string of uniformly distributed bits and converting them into probabilistically - shaped unipolar M - pulse amplitude modulated ( M - PAM ) symbols using distribution matching. The probabilistically - shaped uni...
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Internet-of-vehicle (IoV) is a general concept referring to, e.g., autonomous drive based vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communications or moving relays. Here, high rate and reliability demands call for advanced multi-antenna techniques and millimeter-wave (mmw) based communications. However, the sensitivity of the mmw signals to blockage may limit th...
Article
Monitoring climate change can be accomplished by deploying Internet of Things (IoT) sensor devices to collect data on various climate variables. Providing continuous power or replacing batteries for these devices is not always available, particularly in difficult-access locations and harsh environments. Here, we propose a design for a self-powered...
Article
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Using drones for communications and transportation is drawing great attention in many practical scenarios, such as package delivery and providing additional wireless coverage. However, the increasing demand for UAVs from industry and academia will cause aerial traffic conflicts in the future. This, in turn, motivates the idea of this paper: multi-p...
Article
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Non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) communications promise high spectral efficiency and massive connectivity, serving multiple users over the same time-frequency-code resources. Higher data rates and massive connectivity are also achieved by leveraging wider bandwidths at higher frequencies, especially in the terahertz (THz) band. This work inves...
Article
This paper focuses on the performance analysis of a class of limited peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) precoders for downlink multi-user massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems. Contrary to conventional precoding approaches based on simple linear precoders such as maximum ratio transmission (MRT) and regularized zero-forcing (RZF), t...
Article
This paper proposes a new scheme to enhance the secrecy performance of non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA)-based coordinated direct relay transmission (CDRT) systems with an untrusted relay. The physical-layer network coding (PNC) and the NOMA schemes are combined to improve spectrum efficiency. Furthermore, inter-user interference and friendly j...
Article
The next generation of satellite communication systems aims to achieve a Terabit/s throughput. Because of the limited spectrum available, traditional radio frequency (RF) communication links cannot provide such high throughput. Freespace optical (FSO) transmission is a possible alternative that has recently gained increased attention in the satelli...
Article
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The prospects of utilizing single-carrier (SC) and multi-carrier (MC) waveforms in future terahertz (THz)-band communication systems remain unresolved. On the one hand, the limited multi-path components at high frequencies result in frequency-flat channels that favor low-complexity wideband SC systems. On the other hand, frequency-dependent molecul...
Article
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Electric vehicles (EVs) and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) show great potential in modern transportation and communication networks, respectively. However, with growing demands for such technologies, the limited energy infrastructure becomes the bottleneck for their future growth. It might be of high cost and low energy efficiency for all the oper...
Article
Following recent advancements in Terahertz (THz) technology, THz communications are currently being celebrated as key enablers for various applications in future generations of communication networks. While typical communication use cases are over medium-range air interfaces, the inherently small beamwidths and transceiver footprints at THz frequen...
Preprint
div>Due to their flexibility and low cost deployment, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) will most likely act as base stations and backhaul relays in the next generation of wireless communication systems. However, these UAVs---in the untethered mode---can only operate for a finite time due to limited energy they carry in their batteries. In free-space...
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div>Due to their flexibility and low cost deployment, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) will most likely act as base stations and backhaul relays in the next generation of wireless communication systems. However, these UAVs---in the untethered mode---can only operate for a finite time due to limited energy they carry in their batteries. In free-space...
Article
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The problem of efficient ultra-massive multipleinput multiple-output (UM-MIMO) data detection in terahertz (THz)-band non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) systems is considered. We argue that the most common THz NOMA configuration is power-domain superposition coding over quasioptical doubly-massive MIMO channels. We propose spatial tuning techniq...
Article
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Following recent advances in terahertz (THz) technology, there is a consensus on the crucial role of THz communications in the next generation of wireless systems. Aiming at catalyzing THz communications research, we propose TeraMIMO, an accurate stochastic MATLAB simulator of statistical THz channels. We simulate ultra-massive multiple-input multi...
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In conventional radar, the transmission of the same waveform is repeated after a predefined interval of time called pulse-repetition-interval (PRI). This technique helps to estimate the range and Doppler shift of targets and suppress clutter. In dual-function radar communication (DFRC), different waveforms are transmitted after each PRI. Thus, each...
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Wireless devices need spectrum to communicate. With the increase in the number of devices competing for the same spectrum, it has become nearly impossible to support the throughput requirements of all the devices through current spectrum sharing methods. In this work, we look at the problem of spectrum resource contention fundamentally, taking insp...
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More than 40% of the world's population is not connected to the internet, majorly due to the lack of adequate infrastructure. Our work aims to bridge this digital divide by proposing solutions for network deployment in remote areas. Specifically, a number of access points (APs) are deployed as an interface between the users and backhaul nodes (BNs)...
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As Covid-19 has increased the need for connectivity around the world, researchers are targeting new technologies that could improve coverage and connect the unconnected in order to make progress toward the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. In this context, drones are seen as one of the key features of 6G wireless networks that could ext...
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This magazine investigates the potential enhancement of the data throughput of ground users by integrating ground base stations (GBS) with air stations, such as balloon, airborne, and satellite. The objective is to establish dynamic bi-directional wireless services (i.e., uplink and downlink) for ground users in congested and remote areas. The prop...
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Full-text available
Non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) communications promise high spectral efficiency and massive connectivity, serving multiple users over the same time-frequency-code resources. Higher data rates and massive connectivity are also achieved by leveraging wider bandwidths at higher frequencies, especially in the terahertz (THz) band. This work inves...
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Full-text available
The Hajj is a religious Muslim pilgrimage undertaken annually by 2-3 million people in Makkah. Consequently, several problems arise due to the sheer number of pilgrims, and therefore negatively impact their stay and the conduct of the rituals. During the Hajj, several problems occur related to mobility, security, and connectivity. The current solut...
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Low earth orbit (LEO) satellite plays an indispensable role in the earth network because of its low latency, large capacity, and seamless global coverage. For such an unprecedented extensive irregular system, stochastic geometry (SG) is a suitable research method. The SG model can not only cope with the increasing network scale but also accurately...
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The deployment of the 5th-generation cellular networks (5G) and beyond has triggered health concerns due to the electric and magnetic fields (EMF) exposure. In this paper, we propose a novel architecture to minimize the population exposure to EMF by considering a smart radio environment with a reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS). Then, we opti...
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Space-air-ground integrated networks (SAGINs) will play a key role in 6G communication systems. They are considered a promising technology to enhance the network capacity in highly dense agglomerations and to provide connectivity in rural areas. The multi-layer and heterogeneous nature of SAGINs necessitates an innovative design of their multi-tier...
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The world is looking for a new exciting form of transportation that will cut our travel times considerably. In 2021, the time has come for flying cars to become the new transportation system of this century. Electric vertical take-off and landing (eVTOL) vehicles, which are a type of flying cars, are predicted to be used for passenger and package t...
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Terahertz (THz) communications are celebrated as key enablers for converged localization and sensing in future sixth-generation (6G) wireless communication systems and beyond. Instead of being a byproduct of the communication system, localization in 6G is indispensable for location-aware communications. Towards this end, we aim to identify the pros...
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Recently, the wireless community has initiated research on the sixth generation (6G) cellular network for the next decade. The 6G visions are still under development but are converging toward ubiquitous, sustainable, and automated digital society. A network-in-a-box (NIB) is a portable and fully-fledged networking solution that has many potentials...
Article
In 2021, as optical technologies continue to demonstrate their advantages in telecom and data-center networks, we are also witnessing the attractive and promising progress on free-space optical communications and new technologies for fiber optic communications. Therefore, in this last issue of the Optical Communications and Networks Series in 2021,...
Preprint
Unlike its intercept, a linear classifier's weight vector cannot be tuned by a simple grid search. Hence, this paper proposes weight vector tuning of a generic binary linear classifier through the parameterization of a decomposition of the discriminant by a scalar which controls the trade-off between conflicting informative and noisy terms. By vary...
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In the context of sixth-generation (6G) networks, emergency management systems (EMSs) based on wireless communications have recently gained increasing interest. Hereby, fundamentals and open problems of post-disaster communications are discussed, especially focusing on their topological aspects. The motivation behind this choice is due to the fact...
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In future wireless networks, one of the use-cases of interest is Internet-of-vehicles (IoV). Here, IoV refers to two different functionalities, namely, serving the in-vehicle users and supporting the connected-vehicle functionalities, where both can be well provided by the transceivers installed on top of vehicles. Such dual functionality of on-veh...
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Although global connectivity is one of the main requirements for future generations of wireless networks driven by the United Nation's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), telecommunication (telecom) providers are economically discouraged from investing in sparsely populated areas, such as rural and remote ones. Novel affordable and sustainable pa...
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div>This letter considers minimizing the bit error rate (BER) of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) communications assisted by intelligent reflecting surfaces (IRSs). By noting that increasing the number of IRS elements in the presence of phase errors does not necessarily improve the BER, it is crucial to use only the elements that contribute to reducin...
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div>This letter considers minimizing the bit error rate (BER) of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) communications assisted by intelligent reflecting surfaces (IRSs). By noting that increasing the number of IRS elements in the presence of phase errors does not necessarily improve the BER, it is crucial to use only the elements that contribute to reducin...
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The angular instability of unmanned-aerial-vehicle (UAV) relays as well as the turbulence-induced beam wander may lead to significant pointing error in free-space optical backhaul. The hop distance between each relay in a serial relay scheme is an important parameter that can be optimized in order to enhance the performance of the system. In this s...
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Non-terrestrial communications have emerged as a key enabler for seamless connectivity in the upcoming generation networks. This kind of network can support high data rate communications among aerial platforms (i.e., unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), high-altitude platforms (HAPs), and satellites) and cellular networks, achieving anywhere and anytim...
Article
Research for 6th generation (6G) communication currently focuses on nonterrestrial networks (NTNs) to promote ubiquitous and ultrahigh-capacity global connectivity. Specifically, multilayered hierarchical networks, i.e., the orchestration among different aerial/space platforms, including low-altitude platforms (LAPs), high-altitude platforms (HAPs)...
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div> Renewable energy (RE)-powered base stations (BSs) have been considered as an attractive solution to address the exponential increasing energy demand in cellular networks while decreasing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. For the regions where reliable power grids are insufficient and infeasible to deploy, such as aerial platforms and harsh env...
Article
Wireless power transfer (WPT) is an emerging paradigm that will enable using wireless to its full potential in future networks, not only to convey information but also to deliver energy. Such networks will enable trillions of future low-power devices to sense, compute, connect, and energize anywhere, anytime, and on the move. The design of such fut...
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Intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) has recently emerged as a promising technology for 6G wireless systems, due to its capability to reconfigure the wireless propagation environment. In this paper, we investigate a Rate-Splitting Multiple Access (RSMA) for IRS-assisted downlink system, where the base station (BS) communicates with single-antenna u...
Article
In this letter, we study the effect of adaptive transmission on the performance of coded-caching based networks. Particularly, concentrating on the reduction of backhaul peak load during the high traffic periods, we develop adaptive rate and power allocation schemes maximizing the network successful transmission probability, which is defined as the...
Preprint
Optical receivers using photonic lantern (PL) for free-space optical communications (FSOC) draw much attention recently. For example, the non-mode-selective PL (NMS-PL) receiver can be used to improve the communication performance of FSOC systems, because it can take advantage of high coupling efficiency of multimode fiber (MMF) receiver and high m...