Mohamed-Slim Alouini's research while affiliated with King Abdullah University of Science and Technology and other places

Publications (640)

Article
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This work investigates the performance of a laser-powered unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) based hybrid wireless network consisting of a UAV-mounted base station (UAV-BS), cellular user, a low-power IoT user, and a secondary IoT network consisting of a group of multiple IoT devices. Communication among these devices takes place in two different phases...
Article
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In this work, a mixed free-space optics (FSO)/radio-frequency (RF) based multiple serial high altitude platforms (HAPs) assisted multiuser multiantenna terrestrial communication system is considered. For the considered multi-hop system, earth station to HAP and HAP to HAP links are assumed as FSO links, and HAP to terrestrial mobile users (MUs) lin...
Article
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A laudable goal toward achieving autonomous internet of things (IoT) devices would be to use the same circuitry for communication and harvesting energy. One way to achieve it is through simultaneous lightwave and power transfer (SLIPT) that consists of using solar cells to harvest energy and receive information signals. Here, a SLIPT-based system t...
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In this article, we present the analysis of the digital divide to illustrate the unfair access to the benefits brought by information and communications technology (ICT) over the globe and provide our solution termed big communications (BigCom) to close the digital divide and democratize the benefits of ICT. To facilitate the implementation of BigC...
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As sixth-generation (6G) communications have been widely discussed in the past 2 years, it is now the right time to investigate the potential impacts of 6G communications on the current graduate education system of communications engineering. In this article, we articulate a set of existing problems with the graduation education of communications e...
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Networked Tethered Flying Platforms (NTFPs) have gained growing interest in recent years due to their versatility and cost-efficiency. These aerial platforms are linked to ground stations via tethers that supply them with continuous power and data. The main advantages of NTFPs include endurance, broad coverage, and robust backhaul capacity, allowin...
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This paper presents a secrecy performance analysis of a parallel free-space optical/millimeter-wave (mm-wave) communication system with a selection-combining receiver over a unified Fisher-Snedecor $\mathcal{F}$-distribution channel. The $\mathcal{F}$-distribution model, with the proper parameters, may be used to describe both the mm-wave and optic...
Article
Following recent advancements in Terahertz (THz) technology, THz communications are currently being celebrated as key enablers for various applications in future generations of communication networks. While typical communication use cases are over medium-range air interfaces, the inherently small beamwidths and transceiver footprints at THz frequen...
Preprint
Due to their flexibility and low cost deployment, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) will most likely act as base stations and backhaul relays in the next generation of wireless communication systems. However, these UAVs---in the untethered mode---can only operate for a finite time due to limited energy they carry in their batteries. In free-space opti...
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Progress in optical wireless communication (OWC) has unleashed the potential to transmit data in an ultra-fast manner without incurring large investments and bulk infrastructure. OWC includes wireless data transmissions in three optical sub-bands; ultraviolet, visible, and infrared. This paper discusses installing infrared OWC, known as free space...
Article
This paper aims to derive expressions of the downlink ergodic user rates in a multi-cell large-scale multi-user multiple-input single-output (MISO) system under the assumption that each base station (BS) employs maximum ratio transmission (MRT) precoding and that single-antenna users in each cell are divided into groups, where channels of users in...
Preprint
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The world is looking for a new exciting form of transportation that will cut our travel times considerably. In 2021, the time has come for flying cars to become the new transportation system of this century. Electric vertical take-off and landing (eVTOL) vehicles, which are a type of flying cars, are predicted to be used for passenger and package t...
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The deployment of the 5th-generation cellular networks (5G) and beyond has triggered health concerns due to the electric and magnetic fields (EMF) exposure. In this paper, we propose a novel architecture to minimize the population exposure to EMF by considering a smart radio environment with a reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS). Then, we opti...
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This paper presents the design and bit error rate (BER) analysis of a phase-independent non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) system. The proposed NOMA system can utilize amplitude-coherent detection (ACD) which requires only the channel amplitude for equalization purposes. In what follows, three different designs for realizing the detection of the...
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This work presents the symbol error rate (SER) and outage probability analysis of multi-layer unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) wireless communications assisted by intelligent reflecting surfaces (IRS). In such systems, the UAVs may experience high jitter, making the estimation and compensation of the end-to-end phase for each propagation path prone...
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This paper investigates the full-duplex (FD)-enabled unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) communication system designed to improve spectrum utilization and coverage issues in the suburban environment. The reliability analysis of the considered system is analyzed in terms of block error rate (BLER) under ultra-reliable and low-latency communication const...
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In this paper, we study the energy efficiency (EE) of orthogonal frequency-division multiple access (OFDMA) cellular networks under the 5G requirement of EE enhancement. We aim to present a power allocation scheme maximizing the EE of downlink cellular communications while avoiding numerical methods such as fractional programming. We focus on two E...
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Satellite communication offers the prospect of service continuity over uncovered and under-covered areas, service ubiquity, and service scalability. However, several challenges must first be addressed to realize these benefits, as the resource management, network control, network security, spectrum management, and energy usage of satellite networks...
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Minimizing the power consumption in mobile communication networks while ensuring a minimum quality of service (QoS) for applications is essential in light of the unprecedented expected increase in the number of connected devices and the associated data traffic beyond the fifth generation of wireless networks (B5G). This paper considers a cloud-radi...
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The deployment of the fifth-generation (5G) wireless communication services requires the installation of 5G next-generation Node-B Base Stations (gNBs) over the territory and the wide adoption of 5G User Equipment (UE). In this context, the population is concerned about the potential health risks associated with the Radio Frequency (RF) emissions f...
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Next-generation cellular networks will witness the creation of smart radio environments (SREs), where walls and objects can be coated with reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RISs) to strengthen the communication and localization coverage by controlling the reflected multipath. In fact, RISs have been recently introduced not only to overcome commu...
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A prevalent theory circulating among the nonscientific community is that the intensive deployment of base stations over the territory significantly increases the level of electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure and affects population health. To alleviate this concern, in this work, we propose a network architecture that introduces tethered unmanned ae...
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Conventional wireless techniques are becoming inadequate for beyond-5G networks due to latency and bandwidth considerations. To improve the error performance of wireless communication systems, we propose physical layer network coding (PNC) in an intelligent reflecting surface (IRS)-assisted environment. We consider an IRS-aided butterfly network, w...
Article
The massive machine-type communications (mMTC) paradigm based on media modulation in conjunction with massive multi-input multi-output base stations (BSs) is emerging as a viable solution to support the massive connectivity for the future Internet-of-Things, in which the inherent massive access at the BSs poses significant challenges for device act...
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This paper surveys the literature on point-to-point (P2P) links for integrated satellite-aerial networks, which are envisioned to be among the key enablers of the sixth-generation (6G) of wireless networks vision. The paper first outlines the unique characteristics of such integrated large-scale complex networks, often denoted by spatial networks,...
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Spectrum sharing backscatter communication systems are among the most prominent technologies for ultra-low power and spectrum efficient communications. In this paper, we propose an underlay spectrum sharing backscatter communication system, in which the secondary network is a backscatter communication system. We analyze the performance of the secon...
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Current ground-based transportation systems are subjected to various challenges, including the high cost of infrastructure development, limited land space, and a growing urban population. Therefore, the automotive and aviation industries are collaborating to develop flying cars, also known as electric, vertical, takeoff, and landing aircrafts (eVTO...
Article
Using drones for cellular coverage enhancement is a recent technology that has shown a great potential in various practical scenarios. However, one of the main challenges that limits the performance of drone-enabled wireless networks is the limited flight time. In particular, due to the limited on-board battery size, the drone needs to frequently i...
Article
In this paper, we investigate the non-linear energy harvesting (EH)-based unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)-assisted full-duplex (FD) Internet-of-Things (IoT) network with infinite and finite blocklength (FBL) codes. The reliability performance of the considered network, having two half-duplex UAVs and an FD IoT device, is analyzed in terms of block er...
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This paper proposes the trajectory tracking problem between an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) and a mobile surface ship, both equipped with optical communication transceivers. The challenging issue is to maintain stable connectivity between the two autonomous vehicles within an optical communication range.We define a directed optical line-of-s...
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The emerging space-air-ground integrated network has attracted intensive research and necessitates reliable and efficient aeronautical communications. This paper investigates terahertz Ultra-Massive (UM)-MIMO-based aeronautical communications and proposes an effective channel estimation and tracking scheme, which can solve the performance degradati...
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This work considers the deployment of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) over a pre-defined area to serve a number of ground users. Due to the heterogeneous nature of the network, the UAVs may cause severe interference to the transmissions of each other. Hence, a judicious design of the user-UAV association and UAV locations is desired. A potential ga...
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Entering the 5G/6G era, the core concept of human-centric communications has intensified the research effort into analytical frameworks for integrating technological and non-technological domains. Among non-technological domains, human behavioral, psychological, and socio-economic contexts are widely considered as indispensable elements for charact...
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Communication system’s performance is sensitive to bandwidth, power, cost etc. There have been various solutions to improve the performance, out of them, one of the fundamental solutions over the years is design of optimum modulation schemes. As the research on beyond 5G heats up, we survey and explore power and bandwidth efficient modulation schem...
Article
We propose a holographic version of a reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) and investigate its application to terahertz (THz) massive multiple-input multiple-output systems. Capitalizing on the miniaturization of THz electronic components, RISs can be implemented by densely packing sub-wavelength unit cells, so as to realize continuous or quasi...
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Next generation wireless networks are expected to provide much higher data throughput and reliable connections for a far larger number of wireless service subscribers and machine-type nodes, which results in increasingly stringent requirements of spectral efficiency (SE) and energy efficiency (EE). Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing with in...
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Concerns for spectrum congestion have spurred extensive research efforts on efficient spectrum management. Therefore, devising schemes for spectrum sharing between radar and wireless communication systems has become an important area of research. Joint communications-radar (JCR) systems are among the several approaches proposed to achieve this obje...
Preprint
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Free-space optical communication is emerging as a low-power, low-cost, and high data rate alternative to radio-frequency communication in short-to medium-range applications. However, it requires a close-to-line-of-sight link between the transmitter and the receiver. This paper proposes a robust $\cHi$ control law for free-space optical (FSO) beam p...
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Since the development of transport systems, humans have exploited ground-level, below-ground, and high-altitude spaces for transportation purposes. However, with the increasing burden of expanding populations and rapid urbanization in recent decades, public transportation systems and freight traffic are suffering huge pressure, plaguing local gover...
Article
This paper considers the deployment of intelligent reflecting surfaces (IRSs) technology for wireless multi-hop backhauling of multiple basestations (BSs) connected in a mesh topology. The performance of the proposed architecture is evaluated in terms of outage and symbol error probability in Rician fading channels, where closed-form expressions ar...
Preprint
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The existing ground-based transportation systems suffer from various challenges, mainly the high cost of infrastructure development, limited land space, and the growing urban population. Therefore, the automotive and aviation industries are collaborating to develop flying cars, also knows as electric vertical takeoff and landing aircrafts (eVTOLs)....
Chapter
Based on the fundamental rules of quantum mechanics, two communicating parties can generate and share a secret random key that can be used to encrypt and decrypt messages sent over an insecure channel. This process is known as quantum key distribution (QKD). Contrary to classical encryption schemes, the security of a QKD system does not depend on t...
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To meet the increasing demands for passenger data rates, modern railway communication networks face significant challenges. The advent of 5G communications after the long-term evolution (LTE) and LTE-Advanced (LTE-A) systems provides several technological advances to address these challenges. In this paper, after reviewing the main 5G communication...
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This paper investigates the asymptotic behavior of the soft-margin and hard-margin support vector machine (SVM) classifiers for simultaneously high-dimensional and numerous data (large n and large $p$ with $n/p\to\delta$ ) drawn from a Gaussian mixture distribution. Sharp predictions of the classification error rate of the hard-margin and soft-...
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Recent advances in the Internet of Things (IoT) are giving rise to a proliferation of interconnected devices, allowing the use of various smart applications. The enormous number of IoT devices generate a large volume of data that requires further intelligent data analysis and processing methods such as deep learning (DL). Notably, DL algorithms, wh...
Preprint
Free-space optical (FSO) communications is an important technology that will be used for supporting high data-rates in the backhaul of next generation of wireless communication networks. In this paper, we have comparedthe probability of error performance of two types of receivers used in FSO today: a receiver based on a single detector, and a recei...
Article
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Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are considered as one of the promising technologies for the next-generation wireless communication networks. Their mobility and their ability to establish line of sight (LOS) links with the users made them key solutions for many potential applications. In the same vein, artificial intelligence (AI) is growing rapidly...
Article
In this paper, internet of things (IoT) connectivity in rural areas is investigated. Both fronthaul and backhaul considerations are studied. First, intelligent radio resource management (RRM) and network planning techniques are discussed for IoT access/fronthaul networks. The proposed RRM scheduling approach was shown to lead to good performance in...
Article
Current and future wireless applications strongly rely on precise real-time localization. A number of applications, such as smart cities, Internet of Things (IoT), medical services, automotive industry, underwater exploration, public safety, and military systems require reliable and accurate localization techniques. Generally, the most popular loca...
Article
Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) can be used as flying base stations (BSs) to offload Macro-BSs in hotspots. However, due to the limited battery on-board, UAVs can typically stay in operation for less than 1.5 hours. Afterward, the UAV has to fly back to a dedicated charging station that recharges/replaces the UAV’s battery. In this letter, we study...
Preprint
Free-space optical (FSO) communications will play an important role in the backhaul of future generation of wireless networks in order to support high data rates. Because of narrow beamwidth inherent to an optical signal, acquisition and tracking form an important component of any FSO communication system. In this study, we have analyzed the optimi...
Article
Ambient radio frequency (RF) energy harvesting is widely promoted as an enabler for wireless-power Internet of Things (IoT) networks. This paper jointly characterizes energy harvesting and packet transmissions in grant-free opportunistic uplink IoT networks energized via harvesting downlink energy. To do that, a joint queuing theory and stochastic...
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The upcoming Internet of things (IoT) is foreseen to encompass massive numbers of connected devices, smart objects, and cyber-physical systems. Due to the large-scale and massive deployment of devices, it is deemed infeasible to safeguard 100% of the devices with state-of-the-art security countermeasures. Hence, large-scale IoT has inevitable looph...
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Using space as an additional degree of freedom is one possible solution to cope with future bandwidth issues. In free-space optics (FSO), spatial multiplexing of structured light modes is limited by the impact of the atmospheric turbulence. Therefore, beating the effects of turbulence is a major problem for structured light-based FSO communication....
Article
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Localization accuracy is of paramount importance for the proper operation of underwater optical wireless sensor networks (UOWSNs). However, underwater localization is prone to hostile environmental impediments such as drifts due to the surface and deep currents. These cause uncertainty in the deployed anchor node positions and pose daunting challen...
Article
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In this paper, we investigate the transmission probabilities in three cases (depending only on the legitimate receiver, depending only the eavesdropper, and depending on both legitimate receiver and eavesdropper) in quantum key distribution (QKD) systems over free-space optical links. To be more realistic, we consider a generalized pointing error s...
Article
We consider the problem of efficient blind parameter estimation in terahertz (THz)-band ultra-massive multiple-input multiple-output (UM-MIMO) systems. UM-MIMO antenna arrays are crucial to overcoming the distance problem in THz communications. Following recent advancements in THz transceiver design, such arrays are intrinsically compact and reconf...
Article
Terahertz (THz)-band communications are currently being celebrated as a key technology that could fulfill the increasing demands for wireless data traffic in 6G wireless communications. Many challenges, such as high propagation losses and power limitations, which result in short communication distances, have yet to be addressed for this technology...
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This paper studies imperfect underlay device-to-device (D2D) association in spectrum- shared cellular networks. It addresses important system and design interference constraints, processing load limitations and transmit power constraints at D2D terminals. The paper proposes decentralized schemes for D2D communication between D2D terminals when down...
Preprint
Optical beam center position on an array of detectors is an important parameter that is essential for estimating the angle-of-arrival of the incoming signal beam. In this paper, we have examined the beam position estimation problem for photon-counting detector arrays, and to this end, we have derived and analyzed the Cramer-Rao lower bounds on the...
Article
Intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) has recently been identified as a prominent technology with the ability of enhancing wireless communication by dynamically manipulating the propagation environment. This paper investigates a multipleinput single-output (MISO) system deploying distributed IRSs. For practical considerations, we propose an efficien...
Article
In this paper, we propose a robust design framework for IRS-aided communication systems in the presence of user location uncertainty. By jointly designing the transmit beamforming vector at the BS and phase shifts at the IRS, we aim to minimize the transmit power subject to the worse-case quality of service (QoS) constraint, i.e., ensuring the user...
Article
We consider a fading channel in which a multi-antenna transmitter communicates with a multi-antenna receiver through a reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) that is made of N reconfigurable passive scatterers impaired by phase noise. The beamforming vector at the transmitter, the combining vector at the receiver, and the phase shifts of the N sc...
Article
This letter characterizes the statistics of the contact distance and the nearest neighbor (NN) distance for binomial point processes (BPP) spatially-distributed on spherical surfaces. We consider a setup of n concentric spheres, with each sphere Sk has a radius rk and Nk points that are uniformly distributed on its surface. For that setup, we obtai...