Milagros Algaba's research while affiliated with Complutense University of Madrid and other places

Publications (11)

Article
The environmental conditions that existed during the period between 45 and 30 ka are of vital importance for addressing the transition between the Middle and Upper Paleolithic. It seems to be a hiatus of Paleolithic populations, a “no (hu)man’s land” in Central Iberia, coinciding with the mid part of Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 3, between 42 and 28...
Article
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Advances in methods of dating Cave Art are allowing us to deepen every time more on the knowledge and possible authorship of the first graphic manifestations of the Upper Paleolithic. In this article, we want to join the tribute to our friend Vicente Baldellou, we go back to the study of the main panel of paleolithic engravings which we documented...
Conference Paper
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The interior of the Iberian Peninsula, and particularly the Castilian Plateau is especially scarce in terms of archaeo-paleontological record and little is known about ecosystems and human occupations during the Pleistocene in this region. The Tejadilla Valley is located in Perogordo (Segovia), in the transition zone between the Sierra de Guadarram...
Conference Paper
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El registro paleontológico del interior peninsular es relativamente escaso para cronologías pleistocenas, ya que la mayor parte de los yacimientos se durante los últimos años se han dado a conocer nuevos yacimientos del Pleistoceno superior que han aportado información sobre los ecosistemas de los últimos 100.000 años. El Valle del Tejadilla se enc...
Article
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Significance The knee ankylosis and the hole through it ties perfectly with the penetrating wound and lameness suffered by Philip II and conclusively identifies him as the occupant of Tomb I in Vergina, Greece. The age estimates of the three occupants are consistent with those derived from the historical sources. Cleopatra's (Philip’s wife) child w...
Article
The present paper reports the recently recovered human bone remains from the Cueva de la Zarzamora in the southernmost limits of the Castilian Plateau of the Iberian Peninsula (Segovia, Spain). A total of two teeth and nine human bones from the trunk, pelvis and foot regions have been recovered. A complete inventory, metrical and morphological stud...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper reports the recently recovered human bone remains from the Cueva de la Zarzamora in the southernmost limits of the Castilian Plateau of the Iberian Peninsula (Segovia, Spain). A total of two teeth and nine human bones from the trunk, pelvis and foot regions have been recovered. A complete inventory, metrical and morphological stud...
Article
Full-text available
The Búho and the Zarzamora caves (Segovia, Spain) are two small karstic cavities in the North of the Central System Cretaceous limestones, in the transitional region between the Sierra de Guadarrama Mountains and the Castilian Plateau. The infilling sediment was excavated during two periods, from 1988-1990 and from 2008-actuality, and subsequently...
Article
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This study presents paleoecological aspects of the Zarzamora Cave karstic site (Segovia, Spain). This site is a Late Pleistocene cave deposit in a limestone outcrop that extends from the crystalline piedmont of the Sierra de Guadarrama to the Tertiary Castilian Plateau. The Zarzamora Cave is a small gallery with a NE-SW direction and approximately...
Article
Full-text available
Las cuevas de Búho y Zarzamora (Segovia, España) son dos pequeños conductos kárstico, con entradas contiguas, desarrollados en las calizas cretácicas que afloran al norte del Sistema Central, en la zona de transición entre el piedemonte cristalino del paleozoico y la meseta terciaria de la cuenca del Duero. Los rellenos de estas cavidades han sido...

Citations

... In Western Europe, especially in France (e.g., Brugal and Jaubert 1991;Airvaux et al. 2012;Discamps et al. 2012), Germany (e.g., Müller-Beck 1968;Hülle 1977;Böttcher et al. 2000;Uthmeier et al. 2018) and on the Iberian peninsula (e.g., Rodríguez-Hidalgo 2010; Brugal et al. 2012;Picin et al. 2020), there is also growing evidence for Neanderthal ventures into 'domestic' hyena spaces as indicated by 'type three' sites with a reduced hominin fingerprint, often associated with hyena maternity dens with plenty of coprolites and youngster-dominated mortality profiles (cf., Table 2, Table 3). For instance, localities interpreted as important hyena dens or hideouts in Spain such as Cueva del Camino ), Cueva de la Buena Pinta (Huguet et al. 2010) or Portalón del Tejadilla (Sala et al. 2020) have yielded sparse evidence for hominin presence, often a few isolated lithic artefacts only. A cutmarked lynx humerus with superimposed carnivore toothmark from the hyena den of Cueva de la Zarzamora may also result from Neanderthal excursions into hyena living grounds, even though other interpretations are also possible . ...
... ) (Fig. 3); Gorham's Cave, Gibraltar (Rodríguez-Vidal et al. 2014); and possibly Zarzamora Cave, Spain(Collado et al. 2016). The irony is that according to Pike, Hoffman et al., radiocarbon dating yields results that are much too young, yet the method has primarily provided the chronology of the Upper Palaeolithic we have. ...
... The anatomical variables studied in the present work are linear measurements employed in other studies of foot remains, largely following the Martin system (Br€ auer, 1988; but see Trinkaus, 1975aTrinkaus, , 1983bTrinkaus, , 2016Pablos et al., 2012Pablos et al., , 2013aPablos et al., , 2014Pablos et al., , 2018aPablos et al., , 2018bSala et al., 2013;Pomeroy et al., 2017). These variables are described in SOM Tables S2eS6 and depicted in SOM Figures S2eS7. ...
... Later re-examination of this skeleton indicated that this scar was likely the effect of cremation and the lack of trauma on the postcranial skeleton did not support the attribution of this skeleton to Philip II, given that in the historical record several of his injuries were documented throughout his lifetime (Bartsiokas, 2000). Although identification of the skeleton from Tomb II as the remains of Philip III Arrhidaeus was rejected by the authors of the original identification who still claim that it belonged to Philip II (Musgrave et al., 2010), further research has shown that Philip II was rather buried in Tomb I where an uncremated skeleton was found, with knee ankylosis that would correspond to Philip's lameness due to a wound obtained during a battle c. 3 years before his death (Bartsiokas et al., 2015). In spite of this discussion, Tomb II at Vergina is still commonly considered as Philip's burial place (cf. ...
... La existencia del yacimiento se publica por primera vez con un trabajo de Guillermo Molero (Molero et al., 1989) donde, mediante la asociación de mamíferos fósiles identificados, determina que este yacimiento pertenece al Pleistoceno superior. Tras un largo periodo en el olvido, en el año 2008 se retoman los trabajos en esta zona con un equipo interdisciplinar, que centra inicialmente sus esfuerzos en la Cueva de La Zarzamora donde documenta varios niveles fértiles que han proporcionado restos óseos de fauna asignada al Pleistoceno superior (Sala et al., 2009(Sala et al., , 2011(Sala et al., , 2012. A partir del año 2012 los trabajos arqueológicos se amplían en la Cueva de El Portalón con la colaboración del Instituto de Estudios Prehistóricos (ACINEP). ...
... Between the 70s and the 90s archaeo-paleontological explorations increased in the vicinity of the Sistema Central, thus revealing some of the most significant deposits in the interior of the Iberian Peninsula, such as Cueva del Reguerillo and Pinilla del Valle in Madrid (Alf erez et al., 1982;Torres, 1996), Cueva del Búho, Pinarillo and Villacastín in Segovia (Arribas, 1994(Arribas, , 1995Arribas et al., 2008;Iñigo et al., 1998), Jarama VI, Cueva de Los Casares, Peña Cap on and Peña Cabra rockshelters and Cueva de los Torrejones in Guadalajara Alcolea-Gonz alez et al., 1997;Barandiar an, 1973). Some of these deposits were recently reexcavated, and new excavation and analysis techniques have made it possible to update our current knowledge regarding paleoecological, geochronological, and archaeological aspects of Paleolithic inland Iberia (Alcaraz-Castaño 2019, 2017a, 2017b; Arsuaga et al., 2012;Sala et al., 2011Sala et al., , 2012. Additionally, this significant push to re-evaluate and explore this region is giving rise to the discovery of new sites, thus expanding our archaeopaleontological records in terms of chronology and territory. ...
... Tooth marks with unclear borders due to extensive (overlapping) pitting or scoring were not measured. The mean length and width values of the tooth marks were plotted along with data from actualistic studies conducted by Domıńguez-Rodrigo and Piqueras (2003), Delaney-Rivera et al. (2009), Sala et al. (2012, Andrés et al. (2012), and Yravedra et al. (2014). ...
... The anatomical variables studied in the present work are linear measurements employed in other studies of foot remains, largely following the Martin system ( Br€ auer, 1988;but see Trinkaus, 1975abut see Trinkaus, , 1983bbut see Trinkaus, , 2016Pablos et al., 2012Pablos et al., , 2013aPablos et al., , 2014Pablos et al., , 2018aPablos et al., , 2018bSala et al., 2013;Pomeroy et al., 2017). These variables are described in SOM Tables S2eS6 and depicted in SOM Figures S2eS7. ...
... We compare the morphology of very large cloven-hoofed tracks found during the study of Late Pleistocene eolianites in SW Iberia, with the ones of cervids and recent tracks made by Bos taurus. Although commonly found in fossil sites and especially in cave bone assemblages [17][18][19] , the trace fossil record of aurochs was only known from the Holocene of Great Britain, especially in tidal flat deposits from estuarine areas 20,21 . In SW Spain, the Cape Trafalgar and Asperillo cliff new tracksites ( Fig. 1) provide an opportunity to endorse paleoecological interpretations regarding the recurrent use of the coastal habitats by these massive grazers during the Quaternary. ...