Mike Schraeder's research while affiliated with Troy University and other places

Publications (41)

Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe the potential value of affirmation as a way that leaders might be able to reduce employee cynicism in organizations. Design/methodology/approach A brief overview of cynicism and possible value of affirmation as a method to reduce cynicism is followed by suggestions for ways that leaders may be abl...
Article
Purpose “Unlearning” is discussed as an additional perspective or supplemental strategy for managers/leaders to consider when addressing cynicism in organizations. The article is not intended to be definitive. The aim of this paper is to generate ideas and encourage further exploration amongst practitioners and scholars regarding the feasibility o...
Article
In our knowledge-based society, the ability to learn or enable people to learn is essential. Colleges and universities are viewed as key sources for disseminating knowledge. Literature shows that actions shaping the classroom environment, increasing student interest, and enhancing engagement have positive implications for student learning. This art...
Article
This article provides an overview of a collaborative research engagement between a military leadership unit at one of six U. S. Senior Military Colleges and an organizational studies research team. The research focus is to identify and understand factors contributing to a cadet's commitment to commission, i.e., to "contract" as a U.S. Armed Service...
Article
Purpose – This article reinforces the importance of a strategic approach to training as a method of increasing the potential value of training. The strategic approach presented in the article includes timely linkages between the acquisition of training, the application of training, and rewards/compensation associated with training. Design/methodol...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine an initial set of characteristics and traits that may reduce officer recruitment turnover by increasing a cadet’s decision to contract vs those that do not contract (contracting represents a written commitment to commission into an US Armed Services Organization after graduation). This paper is the...
Article
Purpose – The article argues for increased use of knowledge management as a possible method for improving the alignment of organizations with the external environment. Design/methodology/approach – It is readily acknowledged that the external environment for organizations is characterized as fast-paced. As such, to remain successful, organizations...
Article
Purpose – Workers in today's organizations face increasing pressures and demands that often impinge the time available for them to pursue activities to enrich their quality of work life. Design/methodology/approach – This article summarizes four simple habits. Findings – This article summarizes four simple habits, with minimal time and cost requi...
Article
Public sector organizations are experiencing incredible pressures to become more efficient, while simultaneously maintaining a high level of responsiveness to public constituents. These pressures are translated into intense demands placed on public sector employees and their collective performance. The purpose of this article is to examine importan...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this article is to provide a set of practical recommendations or strategies for reducing the potential apathy and/or perceived loss of meaning that may accompany the overuse of common or popular management terms. Design/methodology/approach – The article summarizes possible unintended consequences (i.e. apathy and perceive...
Article
Purpose – This paper intendsto provide a summary of a service learning project that was used as a form of work-based learning to facilitate leadership training and education for undergraduate business students. Design/methodology/approach – Details regarding the service learning project are provided, including objectives and a general overview of t...
Article
The views expressed in this paper are those of the authors and do not reflect the official policy or position of the United States Army, Department of Defense, or the US Government. Pseudonyms are used in this paper to protect the identity of the specific organizational units and/or individuals discussed.
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to argue for the importance of allowing operational or ground level employees to participate in the process of organizational innovation. Design/methodology/approach – The paper looks at various examples of employee innovation. It suggests five ways of enacting active empowerment of employees. Findings – Parti...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to offer possible perspectives on pursuing organizational recovery given the current level of intensity in the global economic environment. Design/methodology/approach – The suggested approaches offered in this article are presented from a pragmatic perspective. While empirical support for these approaches can...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this article was to outline some of the potential benefits of engaging primary stakeholders in the process of developing or revising an organization's vision. Design/methodology/approach – Plausible benefits associated with involving primary stakeholders in the visioning process were discussed within the framework of the c...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine potential strategies for improving employee training through utilization of principles associated with augmentation. Design/methodology/approach – The paper builds on a brief summary of literature related to training and augmentation, to identify possible strategies for improving employee training b...
Article
Purpose - This paper seeks to provide guidance on specific ways by which organizations can overcome resistance by matching readiness strategies with forms of resistance. Design/methodological approach - The paper summarizes literature on resistance to change and readiness to change, leading to the development of specific recommendations for reducin...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this viewpoint is to highlight the importance of organizational actions toward employees matching the stated value of employees. Design/methodological approach – This viewpoint highlights the importance of organizational actions toward employees matching the stated value of employees. Findings – Organizations may benefit...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of the paper is to provide insight into some of the realities associated with mentoring in a business environment that is becoming increasingly global, with specific emphasis on challenges associated with communication. Design/methodology/approach – The paper takes an applied approach to covering some of the realities and maj...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – The paper aims to address a topic that has not been systematically studied in the organisational citizenship behaviour (OCB), performance appraisal and rewards literature. Specifically, this paper seeks to examine the potential effects of rewarding OCBs by explicitly incorporating them into performance appraisal and reward systems. Desig...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this article is to provide insight into how organizations and managers can use technology, including the internet, to enhance development and planning efforts. Design/methodology/approach Suggestions for leveraging technology are outlined using the traditional components of the planning process as a template. Specific recomm...
Article
A perplexing problem with Adams' (1963) equity theory has been the difficulty associated with operationalizing requisite components, perceived employee inputs, and outcomes. This study, involving 352 respondents, produced empirically derived, two-dimensional taxonomies of inputs and outcomes, laying the foundation for identification of key variable...
Article
Previous research has shown a positive relationship between job satisfaction and various dimensions of organizational citizenship behavior. These studies, however, have focused almost exclusively on civilian sector organizations. While insight gained from these studies is instructive, it remains to be seen if these relationships also exist in the c...
Article
This study examines the relationship between three attributes of organizational change (that is, content, process, and context) in a Fortune 500 telecommunications firm. While researchers acknowledge the importance of the three attributions of organizational change, there is sparse empirical evidence of the systematic and simultaneous assessment of...
Article
Purpose – The business world has long heralded the value of entrepreneurial talent. Not surprisingly, there has been tremendous growth in entrepreneurship over the past 25 years. Sustaining this momentum will depend, in part, on elevating entrepreneurship education to the next level, through the adoption of entrepreneurship into both graduate and u...
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Full-text available
Purpose – The primary purpose of this article is to examine two alternative approaches for the use of performance appraisals in selecting individuals out of the organization (i.e. to be laid off). A rank-order approach and a banding approach are compared to provide insight regarding issues associated with each approach. Design/methodology/approach...
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Full-text available
This research examines the relationships between employee reactions to specific technological changes and the job-related attitudes of these employees. The specific changes include the transition, by the organization's clinical professionals, from the use of laptop computers to smaller palm-sized clinical assistant (CE) devices and the automation o...
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Full-text available
Purpose – To provide two possible approaches for enhancing organizational culture awareness and promote cultural change in public sector organization. These approaches include training and leading by example. Design/methodology/approach – Literature outlining fundamental aspects of organizational culture is summarized, serving as a foundation for r...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this article is the application of commander's evaluation, used for making decisions in military organizations, to the context of business decisions. Design/methodology/approach – The scope of this article incorporates salient issues related to business decision making. This is followed by an overview of how commander's eva...
Article
Purpose – This study aims to examine important situational factors impacting expatriate compensation and common practices utilized in compensating expatriates. Design/methodology/approach – A synthesis of literature was reviewed, leading to the identification of numerous situational or contextual factors impacting expatriate compensation. A review...
Article
This article provides a pragmatic example of how a model-based approach was utilized to conduct an organizational assessment in a company that had undergone a tremendous number of changes during the 12 months prior to the assessment. The assessment was designed to identify relationships between staff perceptions of communication within the organiza...
Article
This article explores implications and potential benefits of giving individuals an opportunity to have input into the selection of raters involved in giving them 360-degree feedback. First, allowing participants some degree of input, but not total input into the selection of raters, may result in better perceptions of fairness, rater credibility an...
Article
Selection processes are critical to identifying and employing those individuals who will perform well on the job. Selection of senior management is equally as significant, requiring the selection process to be effective and robust. The Senior Executive Service (SES) selection process for the Department of the Navy (DON) is analyzed. Some practical...
Article
Mergers and acquisitions (M&As) are becoming a strategy of choice for organizations attempting to maintain a competitive advantage. Corporations spend billions of dollars annually in pursuit of this strategy; the success rate, however, is less than commendable. Research offers a number of potential determinants for this success rate. Receiving incr...
Article
Examines the strategic planning process as well as some practical issues associated with strategic planning. Specific emphasis is placed on a simplified approach to strategic planning. The relationship between strategic planning and performance is discussed. A brief overview of common approaches used to develop strategic plans is also provided. An...
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This article examines practical workplace issues and recent developments related to collective bargaining in the nursing profession, with emphasis on issues affected by recent reforms in the healthcare industry. Included are examples of issues most salient to nurses in their efforts to organize, given the reforms. An overview of recent developments...
Article
Full-text available
Selection processes are critical to identifying and employing those individuals that will perform well on the job. Selection of senior management is equally as significant, requiring the selection process to be effective and robust. The Senior Executive Service (SES) selection process for the Department of the Navy (DON) is analyzed and compared to...
Article
Full-text available
In his seminal book, The Fifth Discipline, Senge (1990) outlines five fundamental disciplines of learning organizations. These disciplines include personal mastery, team learning, mental models, building shared visions, and systems thinking. Each of these disciplines is critically examined, with specific emphasis on potential challenges that these...
Article
Many researchers have argued that when employee behavior goes above and beyond what is expected (organizational citizenship behavior), the result is increased organizational effectiveness (Katz, 1964; Organ, 1988). Previous research has shown a positive relationship between job satisfaction and various dimensions of OCB. This article proposes a con...

Citations

... Although previous studies have found that curricular interventions have no impact on students' career choice, it has been argued that trainees' personal interests in terms of future career can be triggered by the external impact of others' assessment of them (as an environmental stimulant), as well as the internal stimulant of incentives and drives to enhance their aspirations towards a particular specialty 34 . Further, feedback from evaluators with a variety of viewpoints, such as through 360-degree assessment, has the potential to change trainees' internal thinking and cognition, thereby increasing their motives for choosing certain specialties 35,36 . ...
... To date, cynicism has been found to influence withdrawal behavior (Schilpzand et al., 2016). As Schraeder, Jordan, Self, and Hoover (2016) contend, the sooner cynicism is detected, the better, as methods of intervention can be undertaken to mitigate or ideally, fully remove the potential for fallout. Boswell, Zimmerman, and Swider (2012) referred to job search behavior as, "the behavior through which effort and time are expended to acquire information about labor market alternatives to generate employment opportunities" (p. ...
... It indicates that employees involved in merger, which make cognitive evaluation at different levels including evaluation of strategy and resources in merger. A multitude of negative emotional behaviors is observed while during discourse of literature review, keeping in view scope of the study, it is appropriate to place on record highly relevant behaviors like fear, frustration, anxiety, stress, depression, rage, apathy, distrust, jealousy, insecurity, exhaustion and guilt contributing in increasing trend of workplace deviance which ultimately results in failures in organizations future plans of expansions and target achievements (Gelbrich, 2010;McCarthy et al., 2016;Perko et al., 2014;Berry, 2007;Schraeder, 2012;Gago-Rodríguez and Naranjo-Gil, 2016;Sarkar and Sreejesh, 2014;Låstad et al., 2016;Jyoti, 2015;Saintives and Lunardo, 2016). Negative emotions are also caused by various workplace issues, including aggression, anger, suspicion, shame, guilt, compassion, poor leaderships, poor management and uncertain future of employees" jobs in uncertain environments (Ford et al., 2016;Booth et al., 2017;Bobko et al., 2014b;Creed, 2014;Hazen, 2008;Strauss et al., 2016;Stensaker et al., 2016). ...
... These traits include leadership abilities, high levels of education and training, and functional expertise (usually financial, marketing, or operational). The requirements all describe a certain competency or working knowledge required for performance (Cooper, 2000;and Jordan & Schrader, 2003). Still other competencies include creativity, innovation, continual learning, flexibility, strategic thinking, vision, conflict management skills, integrity, decisiveness, problem-solving skills, technical credibility, human resource management skills, influencing, and negotiating (Jordan & Schrader, 2003). ...
... Trainee's expectation and motivation for training program can positively be affected by information and support received from management (Chiaburu & Tekleab, 2005;Muduli & Raval, 2018). Training framing help employee to consider themselves more useful for the development of the organization (Simpson, Schraeder, & Borowski, 2015). ...
... Credé et al.'s (2017) meta-analysis and many other studies also showed a difference between the persistence of effort, which is the attribute of grit, and the persistence of interest, which is passion. In other words, it was found that passion had less explanatory power for various adaptive outcomes, such as subjective well-being, self-efficacy, and academic enthusiasm, compared to the steady effort (Datu et al., 2016;Jordan et al., 2015;Wolters & Hussain, 2015). Duckworth (2016) argued that the persistence of interest, which is a passion, emphasizes how consistently individuals are immersed in their goals and interests. ...
... It helps in concurrent scanning of the organization's business environment. It helps a firm to visualize the past alignments, implement the successes and failures and help the strategic thinkers to take a better decision (Self et al., 2015;Jayashree and Hussain, 2011). Thus, the recent and updated strategic thinking would lead to organizational innovativeness. ...
... 2 The pressure on public sector organizations to become more efficient and productive translates into intense demands on their employees. 3 The public healthcare sector of Pakistan is one of the most important and equally criticized sectors in terms of service delivery and performance. 4,5 Most commonly, the ability of a person to perform their job well is termed "job performance" (JP). ...
... • At the individual level, the respective workers and their perceptions, beliefs, and attitudes toward AI and robotics are decisive for adoption processes (Rogers, 2003;Ruiner & Debbing, 2021;Schraeder et al., 2006;Venkatesh & Davis, 2000). Moreover, frameworks such as self-determination theory (Ryan & Deci, 2000) and the job demands-resources model (Bakker & Demerouti, 2007) help to understand the impact of changes on the motivation and well-being of workers. ...
... They highlight that companies that build capital by sharing knowledge and learning from each other will be able to better minimize outside disruption to the organization. In times of organizational strife and disruption, the frustration and anxiety felt by organizational members also increases [77], and frustration and anxiety in turn may lead to collective employee turnover [78]. Regardless of the origin of organizational member withdrawal, lesser organizational interactions can stifle the social networks that sustain the organization. ...