Michael J. Bamshad's research while affiliated with Trinity Washington University and other places

Publications (553)

Preprint
Full-text available
Purpose: Sub-Saharan Africa bears the highest burden of epilepsy worldwide. A presumed proportion is genetic, but this aetiology is buried under the burden of infections and perinatal insults, in a setting of limited awareness and few options for testing. Children with developmental and epileptic encephalopathies (DEEs), are most severely affected...
Article
Purpose To summarise the clinical, molecular and biochemical phenotype of mannosyl-oligosaccharide glucosidase-related congenital disorders of glycosylation (MOGS-CDG), which presents with variable clinical manifestations, and to analyse which clinical biochemical assay consistently supports diagnosis in individuals with bi-allelic variants in MOGS...
Article
Pathogenic variants in ACTA2, encoding smooth muscle α‐actin, predispose to thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissections. ACTA2 variants altering arginine 179 predispose to a more severe, multisystemic disease termed smooth muscle dysfunction syndrome (SMDS; OMIM 613834). Vascular complications of SMDS include patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) or aortopu...
Article
Full-text available
CFTR F508del (c.1521_1523delCTT, p.Phe508delPhe) is the most common pathogenic allele underlying cystic fibrosis (CF), and its frequency varies in a geographic cline across Europe. We hypothesized that genetic variation associated with this cline is overrepresented in a large cohort (N >5,000) of persons with CF who underwent whole genome sequencin...
Article
Full-text available
Genetic epilepsy with febrile seizures plus (GEFS+) is an autosomal dominant disorder with febrile or afebrile seizures that exhibits phenotypic variability. Only a few variants in SCN1A have been previously characterized for GEFS+, in Latin American populations where studies on the genetic and phenotypic spectrum of GEFS+ are scarce. We evaluated...
Article
Background: Sacral agenesis (SA) consists of partial or complete absence of the caudal end of the spine and often presents with additional birth defects. Several studies have examined gene variants for syndromic forms of SA, but only one has examined exomes of children with non-syndromic SA. Methods: Using buccal cell specimens from families of...
Article
Full-text available
Loss of function variants in PHD Finger Protein 8 (PHF8) cause Siderius X-linked intellectual disability syndrome, hereafter called PHF8-XLID. PHF8 is a histone demethylase that is important for epigenetic regulation of gene expression. PHF8-XLID is an under-characterized disorder with only five previous reports describing different PHF8 predicted...
Article
Background Club cell secretory protein (CC16) exerts anti-inflammatory functions in lung disease. We sought to determine the relation of serum CC16 deficits and genetic variants that control serum CC16 to lung function among children with cystic fibrosis (CF). Methods We used longitudinal data from CF children (EPIC Study) with no positive culture...
Article
Purpose Mendelian disease genomic research has undergone a massive transformation over the past decade. With increasing availability of exome and genome sequencing, the role of Mendelian research has expanded beyond data collection, sequencing, and analysis to worldwide data sharing and collaboration. Methods Over the past 10 years, the National I...
Article
Here we describe MyGene2, Geno2MP, VariantMatcher, and Franklin; databases that provide variant‐level information and phenotypic features to researchers, clinicians, healthcare providers and patients. Following the footsteps of the Matchmaker Exchange project that connects exome, genome, and phenotype databases at the gene level, these databases ha...
Article
Full-text available
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a severe genetic disorder that can cause multiple comorbidities affecting the lungs, the pancreas, the luminal digestive system and beyond. In our previous genome-wide association studies (GWAS), we genotyped ∼8,000 CF samples using a mixture of different genotyping platforms. More recently, the Cystic Fibrosis Genome Projec...
Preprint
Full-text available
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a severe genetic disorder that can cause multiple comorbidities affecting the lungs, the pancreas, the luminal digestive system and beyond. In our previous genome-wide association studies (GWAS), we genotyped ~8,000 CF samples using a mixture of different genotyping platforms. More recently, the Cystic Fibrosis Genome Projec...
Article
Full-text available
Otitis media (OM) is common in young children and can cause hearing loss and speech, language, and developmental delays. OM has high heritability; however, little is known about OM-related molecular and genetic processes. CDHR3 was previously identified as a locus for OM susceptibility, but to date, studies have focused on how the CDHR3 p.Cys529Tyr...
Article
Background Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a recessive condition caused by variants in each CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) allele. Clinically affected individuals without two identified causal variants typically have no further interrogation of CFTR beyond examination of coding regions, but the development of variant-specific CFTR-targeted t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Purpose: Heterozygous variants in BCL11A underlie an intellectual developmental disorder with persistence of fetal hemoglobin (BCL11A-IDD, a.k.a. Dias-Logan syndrome). We sought to delineate the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum of BCL11A-IDD. Methods: We performed an in-depth analysis of 42 patients with BCL11A-IDD ascertained through a collaborat...
Preprint
Full-text available
Mendelian disease genomic research has undergone a massive transformation over the last decade. With increasing availability of exome and genome sequencing, the role of Mendelian research has expanded beyond data collection, sequencing, and analysis to worldwide data sharing and collaboration. Over the last 10 years, the NIH-supported Centers for M...
Article
Full-text available
Thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAAs) that progress to acute thoracic aortic dissections (TADs) are life-threatening vascular events that have been associated with altered transforming growth factor (TGF) β signaling. In addition to TAA, multiple genetic vascular disorders, including hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT), involve altered TGFβ sign...
Article
Genetic counselors (GCs) are increasingly filling important positions on research study teams, but there is limited literature describing the roles of GCs in these settings. GCs on the Undiagnosed Diseases Network (UDN) study team serve in a variety of roles across the research network and provide an opportunity to better understand genetic counsel...
Article
Full-text available
The bone disorder osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is genetically heterogeneous. Most affected individuals have an autosomal dominant disorder caused by heterozygous variants in either of the type I collagen genes (COL1A1 or COL1A2). To date, two reports have linked Mesoderm Development LRP Chaperone (MESD) to autosomal-recessive OI type XX. Four diffe...
Article
Chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pa) infection is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in people with cystic fibrosis (CF). There is no gold standard definition of chronic Pa infection in CF. We compared chronic Pa definitions using encounter-based versus annualized data in the Early Pseudomonas Infection Control (EPIC) Observational st...
Article
Full-text available
Despite widespread clinical genetic testing, many individuals with suspected genetic conditions lack a precise diagnosis, limiting their opportunity to take advantage of state-of-the-art treatments. In some cases, testing reveals difficult-to-evaluate structural differences, candidate variants that do not fully explain the phenotype, single pathoge...
Article
Importance Moyamoya disease (MMD), a progressive vasculopathy leading to narrowing and ultimate occlusion of the intracranial internal carotid arteries, is a cause of childhood stroke. The cause of MMD is poorly understood, but genetic factors play a role. Several familial forms of MMD have been identified, but the cause of most cases remains elusi...
Article
Full-text available
Hearing impairment (HI) is a common disorder of sensorineural function with a highly heterogeneous genetic background. Although substantial progress has been made in the understanding of the genetic etiology of hereditary HI, many genes implicated in HI remain undiscovered. Via exome and Sanger sequencing of DNA samples obtained from consanguineous...
Article
Growth differentiation factor 11 (GDF11) is a key signaling protein required for proper development of many organ systems. Only one prior study has associated an inherited GDF11 variant with a dominant human disease in a family with variable craniofacial and vertebral abnormalities. Here, we expand the phenotypic spectrum associated with GDF11 vari...
Article
Full-text available
CACNA1C encodes the alpha-1-subunit of a voltage-dependent L-type calcium channel expressed in human heart and brain. Heterozygous variants in CACNA1C have previously been reported in association with Timothy syndrome and long QT syndrome. Several case reports have suggested that CACNA1C variation may also be associated with a primarily neurologica...
Article
PPP3CA encodes the catalytic subunit of calcineurin, a calcium‐calmodulin‐regulated serine‐threonine phosphatase. Loss‐of‐function (LoF) variants in the catalytic domain have been associated with epilepsy, while gain‐of‐function (GoF) variants in the auto‐inhibitory domain cause multiple congenital abnormalities. We herein report five new patients...
Article
SLC37A4 encodes an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-localized multitransmembrane protein required for transporting glucose-6-phosphate (Glc-6P) into the ER. Once transported into the ER, Glc-6P is subsequently hydrolyzed by tissue-specific phosphatases to glucose and inorganic phosphate during times of glucose depletion. Pathogenic variants in SLC37A4 ca...
Article
Full-text available
Acheiropodia, congenital limb truncation, is associated with homozygous deletions in the LMBR1 gene around ZRS, an enhancer regulating SHH during limb development. How these deletions lead to this phenotype is unknown. Using whole-genome sequencing, we fine-mapped the acheiropodia-associated region to 12 kb and show that it does not function as an...
Article
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is characterized by chronic airway infection, inflammation, and tissue damage that lead to progressive respiratory failure. NLRP3 and NLRC4 are cytoplasmic pattern recognition receptors that activate the inflammasome, initiating a caspase-1 mediated response. We hypothesized that gain of function inflammasome responses are asso...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Wolfram syndrome (WFS) is characterized by deafness, diabetes mellitus, and diabetes insipidus along with optic atrophy. WFS has an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance and is due to variants in WFS1 and CISD2. Methods: We evaluated the underlying molecular etiology of three affected members of a consanguineous family with hearing...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose We characterize the clinical and molecular phenotypes of six unrelated individuals with intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorder who carry heterozygous missense variants of the PRKAR1B gene, which encodes the R1β subunit of the cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA). Methods Variants of PRKAR1B were identified by single- o...
Article
Van den Ende‐Gupta syndrome (VDEGS) is a rare autosomal recessive condition characterized by distinctive facial and skeletal features, and in most affected persons, by biallelic pathogenic variants in SCARF2. We review the type and frequency of the clinical features in 36 reported individuals with features of VDEGS, 15 (42%) of whom had known patho...
Article
Full-text available
SAMD9L is an interferon-induced tumor suppressor implicated in a spectrum of multisystem disorders, including risk for myeloid malignancies and immune deficiency. We identified a heterozygous de novo frameshift variant in SAMD9L in an infant with B cell aplasia and clinical autoinflammatory features who died from respiratory failure with chronic rh...
Article
Objective: To test the hypothesis that de novo genetic variants are responsible for moyamoya disease (MMD) in children with unaffected relatives, we performed exome sequencing of 28 affected children and their unaffected parents. Methods: Exome sequencing was performed on 28 trios of affected MMD patients and unaffected parents. Results: We id...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Genomic sequencing has become an increasingly powerful and relevant tool to be leveraged for the discovery of genetic aberrations underlying rare, Mendelian conditions. Although the computational tools incorporated into diagnostic workflows for this task are continually evolving and improving, we nevertheless sought to investigate commonali...
Article
Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDGs) are a continuously expanding group of monogenic disorders of glycoprotein and glycolipid biosynthesis that cause multi‐system diseases. Individuals with ALG3‐CDG frequently exhibit severe neurological involvement (epilepsy, microcephaly, hypotonia), ocular anomalies, dysmorphic features, skeletal anomali...
Article
Full-text available
The delineation of disease entities is complex, yet recent advances in the molecular characterization of diseases provide opportunities to designate diseases in a biologically valid manner. Here, we have formalized an approach to the delineation of Mendelian genetic disorders that encompasses two distinct but inter-related concepts: (1) the gene th...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Essential tremor (ET) is one of the most common movement disorders. Despite its high prevalence and heritability, its genetic etiology remains elusive with only a few susceptibility genes identified and poorly replicated. Our aim was to find novel candidate genes involved in ET predisposition through whole exome sequencing. Methods We...
Article
Full-text available
Genetic testing has increased the number of variants identified in disease genes, but the diagnostic utility is limited by lack of understanding variant function. CARD11 encodes an adaptor protein that expresses dominant-negative and gain-of-function variants associated with distinct immunodeficiencies. Here, we used a “cloning-free” saturation gen...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Beyond its structural role in the skeleton, the extracellular matrix (ECM), particularly basement membrane proteins, facilitates communication with intracellular signaling pathways and cell to cell interactions to control differentiation, proliferation, migration and survival. Alterations in extracellular proteins cause a number of skele...
Article
Full-text available
The Joubert-Meckel syndrome spectrum is a continuum of recessive ciliopathy conditions caused by primary cilium dysfunction. The primary cilium is a microtubule-based, antenna-like organelle that projects from the surface of most human cell types, allowing them to respond to extracellular signals. The cilium is partitioned from the cell body by the...
Article
Introduction: Bicuspid Aortic Valve (BAV), the most common congenital heart defect, is a major cause of aortic regurgitation or stenosis requiring valve replacement and thoracic aortic aneurysms predisposing to acute aortic dissections (TAD). The spectrum of BAV ranges from severe early onset valve and aortic complications to sporadic late onset di...
Article
Full-text available
Background DYRK1A‐Related Intellectual Disability Syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant condition characterized by intellectual disability, speech and language delays, microcephaly, facial dysmorphism, and feeding difficulties. Affected individuals represent simplex cases that result from de novo heterozygous pathogenic variants in DYRK1A (OMIM 614...
Preprint
Full-text available
BACKGROUND Despite widespread availability of clinical genetic testing, many individuals with suspected genetic conditions do not have a precise diagnosis. This limits their opportunity to take advantage of state-of-the-art treatments. In such instances, testing sometimes reveals difficult-to-evaluate complex structural differences, candidate varia...
Article
Full-text available
In this study we investigate the disease etiology in 12 patients with de novo variants in FAR1 all resulting in an amino acid change at position 480 (p.Arg480Cys/His/Leu). Following next-generation sequencing and clinical phenotyping, functional characterization was performed in patients’ fibroblasts using FAR1 enzyme analysis, FAR1 immunoblotting/...
Article
Full-text available
Dubowitz syndrome (DubS) is considered a recognizable syndrome characterized by a distinctive facial appearance and deficits in growth and development. There have been over 200 individuals reported with Dubowitz or a “Dubowitz‐like” condition, although no single gene has been implicated as responsible for its cause. We have performed exome (ES) or...
Article
Full-text available
Background Heme oxygenase-1 (HMOX1) catalyzes the metabolism of heme into carbon monoxide, ferrous iron, and biliverdin. Through biliverdin reductase, biliverdin becomes bilirubin. HMOX1 -deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive disorder with hallmark features of direct antibody negative hemolytic anemia with normal bilirubin, hyperinflammation and...
Article
The NIH Undiagnosed Diseases Network (UDN) evaluates participants with disorders that have defied diagnosis, applying personalized clinical and genomic evaluations and innovative research. The clinical sites of the UDN are essential to advancing the UDN mission; this study assesses their contributions relative to standard clinical practices. We ana...
Article
Full-text available
Otitis media (OM), a very common disease in young children, can result in hearing loss. In order to potentially replicate previously reported associations between OM and PLG, exome and Sanger sequencing, RNA-sequencing of saliva and middle ear samples, 16S rRNA sequencing, molecular modeling, and statistical analyses including transmission disequil...
Article
Full-text available
Background Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is the most common cardiovascular malformation in adults, with a prevalence of 0.5%–2%. The prevalence of BAV in cohorts who were ascertained due to thoracic aortic aneurysms or acute aortic dissections (TAD) is as high as 20%. However, the contribution of causal BAV genes to TAD is not known. Therefore, we ev...