Michael Eid's research while affiliated with Freie Universität Berlin and other places

Publications (248)

Article
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In the past decade, identification with all humanity (IWAH) has been found to predict several positive behavioral outcomes like volunteering, a willingness to contribute to humanitarian relief, and cooperative health behavior during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, to this day, little is known about how individual differences in IWAH emerge. Therefo...
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Misophonia is a clinical syndrome which is characterized by intense emotional and physical reactions to idiosyncratic sounds. However, its psychometric measurement is still in the early stages. This study describes the optimization of a self-report instrument, the Berlin Misophonia Questionnaire (BMQ), and addresses its strengths in comparison to e...
Article
Reports an error in "The impact of unemployment on cognitive, affective, and eudaimonic well-being facets: Investigating immediate effects and short-term adaptation" by Mario Lawes, Clemens Hetschko, Ronnie Schöb, Gesine Stephan and Michael Eid (Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Apr 04, 2022, np). In the ori...
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The Swanson, Nolan, and Pelham scale version IV (SNAP-IV) is widely used to assess symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) in children and adolescents. Nevertheless, there is insufficient data to support its use in preschool children. The study had three goals: First, to test the factorial...
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The Bracken School Readiness Assessment (BSRA) has been used in large studies such as the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS). Important conclusions might be done regarding its reliability for the prediction of children’s school readiness taking advantage of such large-scale evaluation. Although BSRA has being largely used, few are the studies at item-le...
Article
Multimethod measurement designs with planned missing data (MMM-PMD) aim at combining cheap proxy methods (e.g., self-reports) with an expensive gold standard method (e.g., biomarker) in order to improve the cost-efficiency of research designs. This article presents a comprehensive simulation study investigating whether accurate factor scores with t...
Article
This longitudinal study examined the development of 129 German early childhood teachers’ knowledge and epistemic beliefs in mathematics from teacher education to practice. The test and questionnaire data have been analyzed with auto-regressive models with cross-lagged effects and mean differences to investigate change over time. The study reveals t...
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The idea of a general working model of attachment suggests a high consistency among the attachments to different attachment figures. However, many empirical results show that attachments to different attachment figures differ substantially. In this study, 512 emerging adults rated their attachment quality to one parent, the romantic partner, and se...
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Research on intelligence and competence has developed widely independent of each other. The present paper aims at relating these traditions and at integrating the dominant models to fill gaps in the respective theories. We test the structural models derived from this integration in a series of confirmatory factor analyses and a latent moderated str...
Preprint
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While long-lasting declines in life satisfaction following unemployment have been well documented, evidence on the impact of unemployment on affective and eudaimonic well-being is scarce. Moreover, most existing studies relied on yearly panel data and were unable to separate the immediate effects of entering unemployment from prospective effects oc...
Preprint
Multi-method measurement designs with planned missing data (MMM-PMD) aim at combining cheap proxy methods (e.g., self-reports) with an expensive gold standard method (e.g., biomarker) in order to improve the cost-efficiency of research designs. This article presents a comprehensive simulation study investigating whether accurate factor scores with...
Article
While long-lasting declines in life satisfaction following unemployment have been well documented, evidence on the impact of unemployment on affective and eudaimonic well-being is scarce. Moreover, most existing studies relied on yearly panel data and were unable to separate the immediate effects of entering unemployment from prospective effects oc...
Article
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is commonly characterized by pervasive instability. Affective instability, despite being a diagnostic criterion in the DSM-5, is commonly seen as a transdiagnostic feature, but recent studies have brought new attention to the importance of self-esteem instability as a potential defining feature of BPD. However,...
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Is the assessment of motor milestones valid and scaled equivalently for all infants? It is not only important to understand if the way we use gross and fine motor scores are appropriate for monitoring motor milestones but also to determine if these scores are confounded by specific infant characteristics. Therefore, the aim of the study is to inves...
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Symmetrical bifactor models are frequently applied to diverse symptoms of psychopathology to identify a general P factor. This factor is assumed to mark shared liability across all psychopathology dimensions and mental disorders. Despite their popularity, however, symmetrical bifactor models of P often yield anomalous results, including but not lim...
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Background Associations between body mass index (BMI) and psychological distress (PD) have been reported; however, few longitudinal studies have accounted for likely life-course differences in BMI and PD stability, consistency, and their interplay across time. Methods Via random intercepts cross-lagged panel models, we assessed the predictive effe...
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This study examined absolute and relative judgment accuracies of German early childhood (EC) teachers with respect to the mathematical skills of the children under their supervision. The two types of judgment accuracies are crucial prerequisites for pacing activities in EC education and offering differentiated educational activities adapted to indi...
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Background Bidirectional longitudinal relationships between depression and diabetes have been observed, but the dominant direction of their temporal relationships remains controversial. Methods The random-intercept cross-lagged panel model decomposes observed variables into a latent intercept representing the traits, and occasion-specific latent ‘...
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The present study investigated how intervention might alter the relationship between perpetrating violence and later drug use. A cluster-randomized controlled trial design involving 72 schools (38 intervention, 34 control) and 6390 students attending grades 7 and 8 was employed in Brazil. Drug use and violence were assessed at three points. A rando...
Preprint
Full-text available
Misophonia is a syndrome which is characterized by intense emotional and physical reactions to idiosyncratic sounds. However, its psychometric measurement is still in the early stages. The study presents the development of a German self-report instrument, the Berlin Misophonia Questionnaire (BMQ), and integrates contemporary empirical findings and...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research suggests that parental attachment is stable throughout emerging adulthood. However, the relationships between the mutual attachments in the dyads of emerging adults and their parents are still unclear. Our study examines the stability and change in dyadic attachment. We asked 574 emerging adults and 463 parents at four occasions o...
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Aesthetic emotions are elicited by different sensory impressions generated by music, visual arts, literature, theater, film, or nature scenes. Recently, the AESTHEMOS scale has been developed to facilitate the empirical assessment of such emotions. In this article we report a semantic profile analysis of aesthetic emotion terms that had been used f...
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Unequal group sizes (imbalance) and small sample sizes are common in multilevel confirmatory factor analyses (ML-CFA). This simulation study examined the influence of imbalance combined with small sample sizes on both levels on estimation performance in ML-CFA. Imbalance did not influence estimation performance given the minimum sample size require...
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The present study investigated the development of n = 129 early childhood teachers’ mathematics content knowledge, mathematics pedagogical content knowledge, mathematics anxiety, and enjoyment of mathematics over 4 years from teacher training to practice. Latent autoregressive models with cross-lagged effects were applied. Scalar measurement invari...
Article
The ADAS‐Cog assesses several cognitive domains and is the international gold standard for monitoring cognitive decline in clinical trials for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) dementia. These manifold cognitive deficits can progress differently and therefore, individual ADAS‐Cog items may contain different sources of information: some predictable based on...
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Parental attachment is associated with well-being in early emerging adulthood. The present study is the first to measure attachment from multiple perspectives by obtaining attachment ratings from both children and parents, allowing us to examine discrepancies between both attachments in the relationship and the association of those discrepancies wi...
Chapter
Ziel dieses Kapitels ist es, zu verdeutlichen, dass Merkmalsausprägungen von Individuen über die Zeit schwanken können, und dass somit auch die konvergente und diskriminante Validität verschiedener Methoden und Konstrukte zeitlichen Veränderungen unterworfen sind. Die Analyse konvergenter und diskriminanter Validität ist Basis jeder diagnostischen...
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Objective The symmetry principle and the frame‐of‐reference perspective have each made contributions to improving the measurement of personality. Although each perspective is valuable in its own right, we argue that even greater improvement can be achieved through the combination of both. Therefore, the goal of the current article was to show the v...
Preprint
Symmetrical bifactor models are frequently applied to diverse symptoms of psychopathology to identify a general P factor. This factor is assumed to mark shared liability across psychopathology dimensions and mental disorders. Despite their popularity, however, symmetrical bifactor models often yield anomalous results, including but not limited to n...
Article
The dynamic development of interindividual differences and the temporal interplay between different personality constructs are of major interest to many researchers in the field of personality psychology. Furthermore, the collection of multiple rater-perspectives complementing classical self-report measures in psychological assessment is increasing...
Article
Planned missing data (PMD) designs are an elegant way to incorporate expensive gold standard methods (e.g., biomarker) and cheaper but systematically biased methods (e.g., questionnaires) in research designs while ensuring high statistical power and low research costs. This article outlines a PMD design with one expensive gold standard and two chea...
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When job satisfaction is measured in national panel surveys using a rating scale that consists of many response categories the psychometric quality of the data obtained is often reduced. One reason lies in an inappropriate category use (e.g., in terms of response styles or ignoring superfluous categories), which occurs when respondents are faced wi...
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Longitudinal invariance indicates that a construct is measured over time in the same way, and this fundamental scale property is a sine qua non to track change over time using ordinary mean comparisons. The Alzheimer’s Disease Assessment Scale–cognitive (ADAS-Cog) and its subscale scores are often used to monitor the progression of Alzheimer’s dise...
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Dysfunctional behaviors are conceptualized as maladaptive affective coping attempts in borderline personality disorder (BPD). The recent benefits-and-barriers model extended the affective function assumption by adding self-esteem as a barrier to engaging in dysfunctional behaviors. Patients with BPD ( N = 119) carried e-diaries to report their curr...
Preprint
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This report introduces the German Job Search Panel, a longitudinal survey that follows people who register as job seeking over the course of up to two years. The focus of the survey is on job seekers’ well-being and health. An innovative survey app is used to allow for frequent measurement every month and for conducting the experience sampling meth...
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The aim of the present study was to test the classic but under-researched hypothesis that individual differences in automatic emotional mimicry are positively related to individual differences in emotional contagion. To tap automatic mimicry and automatic emotional contagion, participants were exposed to affective stimuli with either a positive or...
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Burns et al. (this issue) have shown that the application of the symmetrical bifactor model to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms leads to anomalous and inconsistent results across different rater groups. In contrast to the symmetrical bifactor model, applications of the bifactor S-1 mod...
Chapter
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Children develop their mathematical competencies already during their early years. Therefore, effective learning environments provided by early childhood teachers are required. Early childhood teachers’ professional competence in mathematics is assumed to consist of different facets such as mathematical content knowledge and affective-motivational...
Chapter
This entry describes and illustrates techniques of modeling discontinuous change with hierarchical linear models (also known as multilevel models). To this aim, six models of increasing complexity are presented in a stepwise fashion. The entry discusses discontinuous change models with phase-specific elevation shift, discontinuous change models wit...
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Background. The trajectories of psychological distress differ between individuals, but these differences can be difficult to understand because the measures contain both consistent and situational features; however, in longitudinal studies these sources of information can be disentangled. In addition to occasion-specific features, interindividual d...
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Mixture models of item response theory (IRT) can be used to detect inappropriate category use. Data collected by panel surveys where attitudes and traits are typically assessed by short scales with many response categories are prone to response styles indicating inappropriate category use. However, the application of mixed IRT models to this data t...
Article
One issue in analyzing longitudinal multirater data arises if raters drop-in or drop-out throughout a longitudinal study. We term this issue random rater movement (RRM), assuming that the selection of raters into the study approximates a random process and is strongly ignorable. We explain how RRM can be modeled in case of longitudinal multirater d...
Article
The clinical use of subjective cognitive complaints (SCCs) has been questioned, especially when considering the influence of depression. Further problems describe the registration of SCCs with a focus on memory and different sample selections, with only few studies that directly compare those who seek help because of SCCs and community-dwelling adu...
Article
When multisource feedback instruments, for example, 360‐degree feedback tools, are validated, multilevel structural equation models are the method of choice to quantify the amount of reliability as well as convergent and discriminant validity. A non‐standard multilevel structural equation model that incorporates self‐ratings (level‐2 variables) and...
Article
In the construction of scales intended for the use in cross-cultural studies, the selection of items needs to be guided not only by traditional criteria of item quality, but has to take information about the measurement invariance of the scale into account. We present an approach to automated item selection which depicts the process as a combinator...
Article
The Beck Depression Inventory–II is one of the most frequently used scales to assess depressive burden. Despite many psychometric evaluations, its factor structure is still a topic of debate. An increasing number of articles using fully symmetrical bifactor models have been published recently. However, they all produce anomalous results, which lead...
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Previous literature on growth after major life events has primarily focused on negative experiences and operationalized growth with measures which rely on the post hoc self-perception of change. Because this method is prone to many biases, two questions have become increasingly controversial: Is there genuine growth after major life events and does...
Preprint
Previous literature on growth after major life events has primarily focused on negative experiences and operationalized growth with measures which rely on the post-hoc self-perception of change. Since this method is prone to many biases, two questions have become increasingly controversial: Is there genuine growth after major life events and does g...
Article
Full-text available
The bifactor model is a widely applied model to analyze general and specific abilities. Extensions of bifactor models additionally include criterion variables. In such extended bifactor models, the general and specific factors can be correlated with criterion variables. Moreover, the influence of general and specific factors on criterion variables...
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This simulation study assessed the statistical performance of a skew t mixture latent state-trait (LST) model for the analysis of longitudinal data. The model aims to identify interpretable latent classes with class-specific LST model parameters. A skew t-distribution within classes is allowed to account for non-normal outcomes. This flexible funct...
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Objective Longitudinal and cross‐sectional studies suggest that affective instability is inversely related to greater age in borderline personality disorder (BPD). However, existing studies relied on retrospective self‐reports of perceived instability. We examined affective instability in everyday life in patients with BPD and healthy controls (HCs...