Michael Aschner's research while affiliated with Fourth Military Medical University and other places

Publications (999)

Article
Lead (Pb) and manganese (Mn) are common neurotoxins. However, individuals are subject to co-exposures in real life, and it is therefore important to study these metals in combination. Weaning Sprague-Dawley rats were given ad libitum access to drinking water solutions containing Pb (100 mg/L), Mn (2.5 mg/mL) or a mixture, and each treatment had its...
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Ferroptosis is a recently discovered form of regulated cell death, implicated in multiple pathologies. Given that the toxicity elicited by some metals is linked to alterations in iron metabolism and induction of oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation, ferroptosis might be involved in such toxicity. Although direct evidence is insufficient, certain...
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The antiknock additive methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl (MMT) is an organic manganese(Mn) compound. Mn neurotoxicity caused by occupational Mn exposure (mostly inorganic MnCl2) is associated with motor and cognitive disturbances, referred to as Manganism. However, the impact of environmentally relevant Mn exposure on MMT-induced Mangani...
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The use of insects to model molecular events that characterize degenerative conditions was originally met with scepticism. However, the discovery of insect insulin-like peptides in the 1970's and the demonstration of evolutionary conservation of insulin-related signalling from insects to mammals have highlighted the importance and reduced cost of i...
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Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by dopaminergic neurodegeneration and deposition of alpha-synuclein. Mechanisms associated with PD etiology include oxidative stress, apoptosis, autophagy, and abnormalities in neurotransmission, to name a few. Drugs used to treat PD have shown significant limitations in their e...
Article
Lead (Pb) is a naturally occurring heavy metal, which can damage the brain and affect learning and memory. Sodium para-aminosalicylic acid (PAS-Na), a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, can readily cross the blood-brain barrier. Our previous studies have found that PAS-Na alleviated Pb-induced hippocampal ultrastructural damage and neurodegenerat...
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Worldwide regulatory agencies should (re)examine the consideration of: (i) sub-threshold responses, (ii) non-linear dose-response models able to detect sub-threshold responses of both a beneficial and detrimental nature, and (iii) abandoning the use of default dose-response models for their risk assessment. Mounting evidence for significant sub-thr...
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Prostate cancer (PCa) is the leading cause of cancer death in men, and its treatment is commonly associated with severe adverse effects. Thus, new treatment modalities are required. In this context, natural compounds have been widely explored for their anti-PCa properties. Aquatic organisms contain numerous potential medications. Anticancer peptide...
Preprint
Lead (Pb) is a corrosion-resistant, heavy, non-ferrous metal with widespread environmental pollution. Several metal chelators have been used in the treatment of Pb poisoning. However, the effect of sodium para-aminosalicylic acid(PAS-Na)on Pb excretion has yet to be reported. To investigate the effects of PAS-Na on Pb excretion, a mouse model of ac...
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Methylmercury (MeHg) neurotoxicity exhibits age-dependent effects with a latent and/or persistent neurotoxic effect on aged animals. Individual susceptibility to MeHg neurotoxicity is governed by both exposure duration and genetic factors that can magnify or mitigate the pathologic processes associated with this exposure. We previously showed the G...
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Nanomaterials are broadly used in a variety of industries and consumer products. However, studies have demonstrated that many nanomaterials, including metal‐containing nanoparticles and nanoplastics, have neurotoxic effects. Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) is a widely used model organism with numerous advantages for research, including transpar...
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Kaempferol is a natural flavonoid, which has been widely investigated in the treatment of cancer, cardiovascular diseases, metabolic complications, and neurological disorders. Nrf2 (nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2) is a transcription factor involved in mediating carcinogenesis and other ailments, playing an important role in regulating...
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Cancer is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Breast cancer is the second leading cause of death in women, with triple-negative breast cancer being the most lethal and aggressive form. Conventional therapies, such as radiation, surgery, hormonal, immune, gene, and chemotherapy, are widely used, but their therapeutic efficacy is limited du...
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Diabetes mellitus is a multifactorial chronic metabolic disorder, characterized by altered metabolism of macro-nutrients, such as fats, proteins, and carbohydrates. Diabetic retinopathy, diabetic cardiomyopathy, diabetic encephalopathy, diabetic periodontitis, and diabetic nephropathy are the prominent complications of diabetes. Inflammatory mediat...
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Background Long-term exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) increases susceptibility to chronic respiratory diseases, including inflammation and interstitial fibrosis. However, the regulatory mechanisms by which the immune response mediates the initiation of pulmonary fibrosis has yet to be fully characterized. This study aimed to illustrate t...
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Cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) plays an essential role in the susceptibility to acute acrylonitrile (AN)-induced toxicity. Here, we investigated the toxicity and mechanism of AN in fasting mice and potential underlying mechanisms. Convulsions, loss of righting reflex, and death 4 h after AN treatment were observed and recorded for each group of mice....
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Primary brain tumors are a heterogeneous group of tumors that arise from cells intrinsic to the central nervous system (CNS). Aquaporin-4 (AQP4) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of brain tumors. Previous reports have documented a relationship between AQP4 and several molecular pathways associated with the etiology of brain tumors, such as ap...
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Although considerable advances have been made in the early diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer, it is still one of the major causes of global cancer-related death in women over the last several decades. Phytochemicals have been shown to be promising agents in the prevention and treatment of breast cancer. Resveratrol is an important plant-deri...
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Alzheimer's disease (AD) is considered the most frequent neurodegenerative disorder worldwide, compromising cognitive function in patients, with an average incidence of 1-3% in the open population. Protein aggregation into amyloidogenic plaques and neurofibrillary tangles, as well as neurodegeneration in the hippocampal and cortical areas represent...
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Bisphenols (BPs), the main endocrine-disrupting chemicals used in polycarbonate plastics, epoxy-phenol resins, and some other manufacturers, have been interestingly focused to find their toxic effects in recent years. Due to the strong relation between bisphenols and some crucial receptors such as ERs, AR, glucocorticoid receptor, THRs, ERRs, hPXR,...
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Lead (Pb) and ethanol (EtOH) are neurotoxicants that affect the dopaminergic (DAergic) system. We first sought to assess the morphology of the DAergic neurons in the Caenorhabditis elegans BY200 strain. The results demonstrated dose-dependent damage in these neurons induced by developmental Pb exposure. Secondly, transgenic worms exposed to 24 μM P...
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Human exposure to the neurotoxin methylmercury (MeHg) poses a significant health risk to the development of the nervous system. The mechanisms of MeHg-induced neurotoxicity are associated with the disruption of cellular homeostasis, and include oxidative stress, loss of calcium homeostasis, and impaired protein quality control. The stress inducible...
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Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most aggressive and common form of glioma. GBM, like many other tumors, expresses high levels of redox proteins, such as thioredoxin (Trx) and thioredoxin reductase (TrxR), allowing tumor cells to cope with high levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and resist chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Thus, tackling the...
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Environmental insults can lead to alteration in DNA methylation of specific genes. To address the role of altered DNA methylation in prediction of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) exposure-induced genetic damage, we recruited two populations, including diesel engine exhausts (low-level) and coke oven emissions (high-level) exposed subjects....
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Lead (Pb) is a toxic heavy metal and environmental pollutant that adversely affects the nervous system. However, effective therapeutic drugs for Pb-induced neurotoxicity have yet to be developed. In the present study, we investigated the ameliorative effect of sodium para-aminosalicylic acid (PAS-Na) on Pb-induced neurotoxicity. Male Sprague–Dawley...
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Thallium (Tl⁺) is a heavy metal that causes toxicity in several organs, including the brain. Its cytotoxic profile, combined with its affinity for tumor cells when used as a radioligand for labeling these cells, suggests its potential use as antitumor therapy. In this study, glioblastoma cell lines C6 (from rat) and U373 (from human) were exposed t...
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The objective of the study was to evaluate the association between smoking and essential metal (Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, V, Zn) and metalloid (Se) levels in hair and serum of adult women using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). In this cross-sectional study, a total of 344 women 20–70 years old including 199 smokers and 145 non-smoki...
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Chronic manganese (Mn) overexposure causes a neurological disorder, referred to as manganism, exhibiting symptoms similar to parkinsonism. Dysfunction of the repressor element-1 silencing transcription factor (REST) is associated with various neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, and Mn-induced neurotoxicity,...
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Introduction The efficacy of oxytocin in the treatment of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has not been fully characterized. This systematic review and meta-analysis study evaluated randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the treatment of intranasally administered oxytocin for autism. Method The study was conducted in accordance with the PRISMA state...
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Blood cancers are characterized by pathological disorders causing uncontrolled hematological cell division. Various strategies were previously explored for the treatment of blood cancers, including chemotherapy, Car-T therapy, targeting chimeric antigen receptors, and platelets therapy. However, all these therapies pose serious challenges that limi...
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Blood cancers are characterized by pathological disorders causing uncontrolled hematological cell division. Various strategies were previously explored for the treatment of blood cancers, including chemotherapy, Car-T therapy, targeting chimeric antigen receptors, and platelets therapy. However, all these therapies pose serious challenges that limi...
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Due to overexposure, manganese accumulation in the brain can trigger the inhibition of glutathione synthesis and lead to increased generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and oxidative stress. D-Ribose-L-Cysteine has been demonstrated to effectively support glutathione synthesis to scavenge ROS and protect cells from oxidative damage. In the pr...
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The main objective of this research was to conduct a dose-response modeling between the internal dose of measured blood Cd, As, Hg, Ni, and Cr and hormonal response of serum testosterone, luteinizing hormone (LH), and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). The study included 207 male participants from subjects of 5 different cohorts (patients with pro...
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Metals are ubiquitous chemical entities involved in a myriad of biological processes. Despite their integral role in sustaining life, overexposure can lead to deleterious neurological outcomes posing a public health concern. Excess exposure to metals has been associated with aberrant neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative diseases and prominently...
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We performed a systematic and meta-analysis study to find the association between cadmium (Cd) exposure and blood pressure (BP)/hypertension (HTN) in exposed general populations. We searched main databases for literature published between year 2000 and April 15, 2021. Quality assessment was performed with the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) critical...
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Manganese (Mn), although important for multiple cellular processes, has posed environmental health concerns due to its neurotoxic effects. In recent years, there have been extensive studies on the mechanism of Mn‐induced neuropathology, as well as the sex‐dependent vulnerability to its neurotoxic effects. Nonetheless, cellular mechanisms influenced...
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Iron (Fe) is an essential trace element required for several physiological processes. It plays important roles in mitochondrial function, synthesis, and metabolism of the neurotransmitter, as well as oxygen transport. However, excess Fe can cause toxicity. Particularly, Fe overload may result in neurotoxicity, contributing to the development and pr...
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Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a chronic neurodegenerative disease. It is clinically characterized by memory loss and intellectual decrease, among other neurological deficits. The etiology of AD is not completely understood but includes amyloid plaques and intracellular helical filaments as well as neurofibrillary tangles with hyperphosphorylated tau...
Article
Background: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S), as the third gasotransmitter participates in both cellular physiological and pathological processes, including chemical-induced injuries. We recently reported acute acrylonitrile (AN) treatment inhibited endogenous H2S biosynthesis pathway in rat and astrocyte models. However, there is still no evidence to addre...
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The present study aims to review epidemiological and experimental toxicology studies published over the last two decades linking mercury (Hg) exposure and carcinogenesis, with a special emphasis on the potential underlying mechanisms. While some epidemiological studies have observed a strong association between environmental/occupational Hg exposur...
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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is known as an acute degenerative pathology of the central nervous system, and has been shown to increase brain aquaporin 4 (AQP4) expression. Various molecular mechanisms affect AQP4 expression, including neuronal high mobility group box 1, forkhead box O3a, vascular endothelial growth factor, hypoxia-inducible factor-...
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Methylmercury (MeHg) is a global pollutant, which can cause damage to the central nervous system at both high-acute and chronic-low exposures, especially in vulnerable populations, such as children and pregnant women. Nowadays, acute-high poisoning is rare. However, chronic exposure to low MeHg concentrations via fish consumption remains a health c...
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Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is a serine/threonine dephosphorylating enzyme complex that plays numerous roles in biological processes, including cell growth and metabolism. However, its specific actions in many of these critical pathways are unclear. To explore mechanisms underlying metabolic enzyme regulation in the liver, we investigated the key...
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The development, at the experimental level, of therapeutic strategies based on natural products to attenuate neurological alterations in degenerative disorders has gained attention. Antioxidant molecules exhibit both anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties. Alpha-mangostin (α-Man) is a natural xanthonoid isolated from the mangosteen tree w...
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Objective Ferroptosis is an iron-dependent nonapoptotic form of cell death, characterized by iron accumulation and lipid peroxidation. However, the role of ferroptosis in methylmercury (MeHg)-induced cytotoxicity has yet to be fully characterized. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of ferroptosis in MeHg-induced cytotoxicity in b...
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Toxic metals, such as mercury (Hg), lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), and copper (Cu) are widespread in the biosphere, and human activities have contributed to their continuous release into the ecosystems. Metal-induced toxicity has been extensively studied in mammals; however, the effects of these metals on insects’ behavior have been explored to far lesse...
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Recent studies have identified that long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) might affect the responses to anticancer drug treatment, including colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the association between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in PVT1 and the chemotherapy response in metastatic colorectal cancer has yet to be clarified. In this study, the PVT1 rs2...
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In view of significant role of H2S in brain functioning through, it is proposed that H2S may also possess protective effects against adverse effects of neurotoxicants. Therefore, the objective of the present review is discussion of neuroprotective effects of H2S against toxicity of a wide spectrum of endogenous and exogenous agents, involved in pat...
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African eggplant (Solanum macrocarpon L) (AE) and Black Nightshade (Solanum nigrum L) (BN) leaves are green leafy vegetables with nutritional and ethnobotanical values. We have previously characterized the vegetables via HPLC/LC-MS to reveal notable phenolic acids, flavonoids and alkaloids. In this present study, we addressed the efficacy of the tw...
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The study investigated the effect of buprenorphine (BUP) on oxidative indices and gene expression of apoptotic molecules in the hippocampus of neonates during the fetal stage. BUP (1 or 0.5 mg/kg) was subcutaneously administrated to pregnant rat dams. After parturition, the pups were maintained to the end of breastfeeding period, then hippocampi we...
Preprint
Metals such as copper, iron, and manganese (Mn) are essential for life, but induce neurotoxicity at elevated levels. Yet, the neuronal mechanisms of metal-induced neurological disease are largely unclear. A primary limitation has been an inability to selectively alter metal levels in specific neurons, so that the role of the targeted neurons in dis...
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Gliomas are the most common brain tumors. These tumors commonly exhibit continuous growth without invading surrounding brain tissues. Dominant remedial approaches suffer limited therapy and survival rates. Although some progress has been made in conventional glioma treatments, these breakthroughs have not yet proven sufficient for treating this mal...
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Lead (Pb), a corrosion-resistant heavy non-ferrous metal, is one of the most common environmental neurotoxic metals. The effects of Pb on other essential metal elements are contradictory. Therefore, this in vivo study addressed the effects of sub-chronic Pb exposure on the distribution of other divalent metals, exploring the relationships between P...
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Manganese (Mn) is an essential mineral, but excess exposure can cause dopaminergic neurotoxicity. Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common neurological disorder, but the etiology and pathology remain largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to identify the role of manganese in regulation of a RLS genetic risk factor-BTBD9 and characterize the...
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Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are considered as potential obesogens that may affect adipose tissue development and functioning, thus promoting obesity. However, various POPs may have different mechanisms of action. The objective of the present review is to discuss the key mechanisms linking exposure to POPs to adipose tissue dysfunction and...
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The utility of the laboratory cockroach as a model organism in biology and toxicology has long been documented. The bio-monitoring of environmental health has attracted much attention in recent decades due to the toxic effects of environmental pollutants. The growing utility of the cockroach (Periplaneta americana, Blaptica dubia, Blattella germani...
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Methylmercury (MeHg) is a ubiquitous environmental neurotoxicant whose mechanisms of action involve oxidation of endogenous nucleophilic groups (mainly thiols and selenols), depletion of antioxidant defenses, and disruption of neurotransmitter homeostasis. Diphenyl diselenide—(PhSe)2—a model diaryl diselenide, has been reported to display significa...
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Background Recent studies have established that vaccination plays a significant role in reducing COVID-19-related deaths. Here, we investigated differences in COVID-19 case fatality rates (CFRs) among vaccinated and unvaccinated populations, and analyzed whether the age composition of confirmed cases has a significant effect on the variations in th...
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Cervical and ovarian cancers contribute significantly to female morbidity and mortality worldwide. The current standard of treatment, including surgical removal, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy, offers poor outcomes. There are many side effects to traditional chemotherapeutic agents and treatment-resistant types, and often the immune response i...
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Cancer is the second most fatal disease worldwide, with colon cancer being the third most prevalent and fatal form of cancer in several Western countries. The risk of acquisition of resistance to chemotherapy remains a significant hurdle in the management of various types of