Melissa M Franks's research while affiliated with Purdue University and other places

Publications (75)

Article
Background Walking at a brisk pace is widely recommended to promote health. When partners walk together, walking activity is increased and maintained due to enhanced social support and accountability, but at least one person must adjust their gait speed. Decreased gait speed could compromise health benefits, which may be especially relevant for the...
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The association between patients' dietary nonadherence and spouses' involvement in patients' diabetes diet was examined, with spouses' anxiety about nonadherence considered as a mediator of this association. Daily diary data from 128 older adult patients with type 2 diabetes and their spouses were analyzed using multilevel models. Results revealed...
Article
Objectives: Seminal research with spouses of chronic pain patients indicates that providing patients with instrumental support can be either costly or beneficial for spouses' well-being. Drawing from the invisible support literature, this study evaluated the extent to which patients' recognition of spouses' support moderated daily and long-term as...
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In light of technological advances enabling military couples to communicate throughout deployment, spouses of deployed service members often make decisions about what to share with service members, and how to respond to service members' concerns. In doing so, they manage an emotional boundary between service members and their families. This study f...
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More than 50% of U.S. adults do not engage in sufficient physical activity to meet current recommendations, making physical activity change and maintenance a priority for health promotion throughout adulthood. Among married partners, change in physical activity of one partner often is concordant with change of activity of the other. The primary pur...
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Background Greater marital quality is associated with better psychological and physical health. The quality of daily marital interactions is likely to be especially important for individuals with chronic illness, but this question has received little attention. Purpose Using data from two diary studies, the current study examined whether individua...
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Introduction: Physical inactivity elevates risk of chronic conditions and all-cause mortality. Given that health behavior changes often co-occur within couples, spouse-involved physical activity interventions have the potential to increase and maintain physical activity behavior of both partners. The purpose of this systematic review was to synthes...
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Spouses often are involved in the day-to-day management of chronic illnesses by supporting their partners’ adherence to treatment recommendations (health-related social support), or regulating their partners’ behaviors when adherence is irregular or absent (health-related social control). Although support and control have implications for both part...
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Despite the known benefits of regular physical activity (PA), less than 5% of older adults meet PA recommendations, and maintaining PA is even more challenging. Several couple-focused interventions have been tested to promote PA, and findings have been mixed. The purpose of this study was to examine whether collaborative strategies to promote PA ma...
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Given that patients with diabetes who have supportive spouses follow treatment regimens better than patients who do not, we explored indications of spousal support, or lack thereof, during diabetes medical appointments. Data were collected from questionnaires and unscripted, audio-recorded conversations between diabetes patients, their spouses, and...
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In this study, 87 partners of deployed National Guard service members completed daily diaries in which they recorded for up to 7 consecutive days the channels (e.g., phone) by which they communicated with their service member, the communication activities (e.g., support provision) they and their service member engaged in, and how connected they fel...
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Objectives: The resource model of self-control posits that self-control is a finite resource that can be depleted. Individuals with diabetes must continually restrict their diet, requiring self-control. As a result, dietary adherence is difficult, and lapses are common. People with diabetes who overexert self-control following a lapse may be espec...
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We evaluated the extent to which military service members’ and their significant others’ coping strategies (i.e., individual use of emotion expression and avoidance) were independently associated with their own—and each other’s—psychological health during reintegration using an actor–partner interdependence model. We simultaneously evaluated actor...
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Stress is associated with higher blood glucose in patients with diabetes, but the strength of this association varies considerably across patients. The current daily diary study of 129 patients with type 2 diabetes examined whether individual differences in emotional stress reactivity were associated with fasting blood glucose and whether emotional...
Chapter
Exchanges of support are fundamental elements of intimate relationships and deployment separation may challenge partners’ ability to provide and receive support due in part to challenges in “staying connected”. Two studies examined daily exchanges of support between deployed service members and their partners at home. Although partners were geograp...
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The goal of this special issue is to highlight recent research examining the role of social networks in adults' physical health. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved).
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Spouses frequently attempt to influence (control) or support their chronically ill partners' adherence behaviors. Studies have documented effects of spousal control and support on chronically ill individuals, but little is known about how these two forms of involvement in a partner's disease management may be associated with spouses' stress or the...
Article
In this electronic diary study (N = 127 couples), we examined how a diabetic partner’s symptoms and distress are associated with relationship interactions over 24 days. Using dyadic multilevel models, we examined the effects of patients’ daily diabetes symptom severity and diabetes-specific distress on each partner’s evaluations of their daily inte...
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Marriage can enhance health for individuals with a chronic disease, yet spouses may also undermine disease management. The current study investigated spousal undermining of dietary regimen in 129 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. A total of 40 patients reported that their spouses tempted them with forbidden foods, and 15 reported that their s...
Article
For married patients, chronic illness management often includes involvement of their spouses. We examined expectations regarding spouse involvement in the health of a partner with type 2 diabetes (N = 139 couples) from the perspectives of the patient and spouse. Partners' dyadic expectations and spouses' gender were posited to moderate spouses' die...
Article
Objective: To investigate daily dietary adherence and diabetes-specific distress among older adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) as a function of spouses' diet-related support and diet-related control (persuasion and pressure) and whether these daily processes differ among couples who do and do not appraise responsibility for managing T2DM...
Article
Objectives: Spouses may be involved in their partner's diabetes management by providing social support to affirm healthy behaviors and social control to modify health behaviors. Yet, investigations of the influence of spousal involvement on daily patient health behaviors are limited. In daily diaries, we investigated how spousal support and contro...
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In adjusting to chronic illness, patients often negotiate new or altered daily routines within a dynamic family context. Yet, the responses of family members to the disease and its management are understudied. The authors investigated patients with Type 2 diabetes and their spouses (N = 55 couples) and examined the association of diet-related inter...
Article
The common-sense model posits that behavioural coping with illness is shaped by a complex combination of individuals' abstract and concrete beliefs about their illness. We investigated this theoretical assumption in a study of 116 older adults diagnosed with type 2 diabetes who completed in-person interviews at baseline and six and 12 months later....
Article
We investigated patients' difficulties in managing their diet (i.e. diet setbacks) and associations with change in disease-specific and general emotional distress (diabetes distress and depressive symptoms) among patients with type 2 diabetes and their spouses. Data for this study were collected in couples' homes (N=115 couples) using structured in...
Article
Spouses often monitor and seek to alter each other's health behavior, but such social control attempts can provoke behavioral resistance and emotional distress. Expectations regarding spouses' roles in their partners' health may influence reactions to spousal social control, with resistance and hostility less likely to occur among people who believ...
Article
We tested the hypotheses that the number of close social network members and the health-related support provided by social network members are predictive of coping efficacy and health behaviors. Cross-sectional data were collected from 115 African Americans enrolled in cardiac rehabilitation. Measures included the social convoy model, SF-36, the So...
Article
Married men and women (N = 1,899 couples) reported readiness to eat a healthier diet, lose weight, and get more exercise (stage of change) and indicated whether they were confident to make these changes (self-efficacy). Husbands' and wives' reports of readiness to change each health behavior were positively associated. Furthermore, women who indica...
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Spouses often seek to influence the health behaviors of chronically ill partners, but little research has examined whether spouses find such involvement to be burdensome. The current study examined this question in a sample of 191 nondiabetic spouses whose partners had type 2 diabetes. Results revealed that spouses who attempted to exert more contr...
Article
To compare the characteristics and outcomes of caregivers of adults with dementia with those of caregivers of adults with cognitive impairment, not dementia (CIND). Cross-sectional. In-home assessment for cognitive impairment and self-administered caregiving questionnaire. One hundred sixty-nine primary family caregivers of participants in the Agin...
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In this dyadic study, we examined diabetes distress experienced by male and female patients and their spouses (N = 185 couples), and its association with depressive symptoms using the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model. Diabetes-related distress reported by both patients and spouses was associated with each partner's own depressive symptoms (actor...
Article
We investigated two types of negative and positive social control strategies, warning and encouragement, used by spouses to urge patients with type II diabetes to improve adherence to the diabetic diet. Warning refers to things a spouse may say or do to caution the patient about the consequences of eating a poor diet, and encouragement refers to th...
Article
Although spousal support has been linked to positive outcomes in various health-related contexts, some research has found that the amount of social support provided to those who are chronically ill deteriorates over time. The current study refines the literature by considering multiple factors associated with spouses' provision of emotional support...
Article
Middle-aged adults engage in support exchanges with generations above and below. This study investigated (a) how support to one generation is associated with support to the other and (b) factors accounting for whether parents or offspring receive more support in a family. Middle-aged adults aged 40-60 years (N = 633) completed telephone interviews...
Article
To compare baseline psychosocial characteristics of African Americans entering phase 2 cardiac rehabilitation who have depression symptoms at or above threshold (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale [CES-D] score >or=16) with those who do not (CES-D score <16). A nonrandom sample of 112 men and women (n = 78 without depression, n = 3...
Article
The authors investigated health-related effects of social control (influence) that spouses exert in relation to osteoarthritis patients' medical adherence after total knee replacement surgery. Patients' behavioral and emotional responses to control were examined as mediators of associations between spouses' use of two control strategies (pressure,...
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To describe the frequency, context and type of oncologists' recommendations to patients that they participate in a clinical trial and to analyze the relationship between recommendations and patients' decisions to participate. Data included 38 video recorded outpatient interactions during which 15 oncologists invited 38 patients to participate in cl...
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Video recording provides an objective record of the content of medical interactions. However, there is concern that cameras may be reactive measurement devices that alter what normally transpires during interactions. This study addressed potential reactivity of cameras in medical interactions. Interactions between 45 patients and 14 medical oncolog...
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The authors examined spouses' provision of health-related support and control as predictors of health behavior and mental health among patients participating in cardiac rehabilitation (N = 94 couples). Cross-sectional analyses revealed that spouses' support was positively associated with patient health behavior. Prospective analyses of change over...
Article
We examine the role of three indicators of marital quality (marital disagreement, marital happiness, and time spent together) as moderators of the association between physical disability and depressed affect among married older individuals (N = 1,044). We found support for the moderating role of marital disagreement wherein the detrimental effect o...
Article
Adjustment to illness is influenced both by individual resources and the support available from a marital partner. In this study of 61 male heart patients and their wives, patients' self-rated health and the agreement between patient and spouse ratings of the patients' health were investigated as contributing to patients' psychosocial well-being. P...
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The authors examined married partners' similarity in reported exercise behavior as a moderator of the association between social support for exercise provided and received by extending an actor-partner dyadic effects model. Participants were married cardiac rehabilitation patients and their spouses (N=99 couples). For couples similar in their repor...
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To examine recent cancer research literature on the extent to which effective communication with adult and pediatric patients and their surrogates occurs during the informed consent process. The limited recent empirical evidence found reveals several gaps in knowledge about the quality and process of communication and informed consent. Although com...
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Dyadic exchanges of support and control were investigated in couples in which the husband was recently treated or assessed for heart disease. Each partner in 61 marital dyads (N = 122 participants) reported the frequency with which both social support and social control to promote a healthy lifestyle were provided to and received from one another....
Article
This study examined agreement between patients and two role partners (spouses and physicians) on patients' pain severity and the relationships between dyadic agreement and patients' well-being. We hypothesized that compared to disagreement between patients and role partners, dyadic agreement would be related to better psychological well-being (more...
Article
Normative, individual, and contextual characteristics were examined as predictors of adult children's (N = 206) expectations of being primarily responsible for the care of an ill parent if called upon in the future. Although most did affirm that adult children should provide care for aging parents, this general social norm did not predict their exp...
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Objective: To compare self-report of activity limitations and depressive symptoms of older African American women following physical rehabilitation with the views of a self-nominated close companion. Participants: Thirty-seven African American women (mean age = 72.57 years) and their designated companions (mean age = 54.81 years). Study Design: Tel...
Article
Objective: To compare self-report of activity limitations and depressive symptoms of older African American women following physical rehabilitation with the views of a self-nominated close companion. Participants: Thirty-seven African American women (mean age = 72.57 years) and their designated companions (mean age = 54.81 years). Study Design: Tel...
Article
We examine complexity of the self-system as a mediator in the established associations among age, education, and well-being. The role of self-complexity was explored in a cross-sectional representative survey of 1,471 American adults. Findings revealed that the association of educational attainment with health and depression was mediated in part by...
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In this prospective study of smoking cessation among married individuals in midlife we examine correspondence in the change of each partner's smoking status with that of the other, independent of established psychosocial correlates of smoking cessation. Using longitudinal data from the first two waves of the Health and Retirement Study, 1992-1994,...
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This study investigated the association between self processes and married partners' (N = 59 couples) perspectives of their health-related social interactions. Findings revealed that wives' self processes were associated with their social behavior from the perspective of each partner. The wives' self processes differentially predicted wives' and hu...
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This article addresses the multiple roles held by women involved in parent care and the ways in which these roles affect the women's well-being. Research on women's roles (including that of caregiver) has been guided by two opposing perspectives, the scarcity hypothesis and the expansion hypothesis. Findings from our studies of role quality, role c...
Article
This title presents an overview of gerontology appropriate for beginning, graduate and advanced undergraduate students. The text includes seminal chapters on theory, methodology, physiological processes, health, culture, dying and bereavement, cognitive processes and intellectual abilities, personality, assessment, clinical issues and competency, c...
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The positive effect of activities on well-being is proposed to be mediated by self-conceptualizations and facilitated by socioeconomic status. The hypothesized processes were estimated with LISREL VIII using data from a large cross-sectional survey with a sample of 679 adults aged 65 and older who were representative of older adults living in the D...
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Spillover between the roles of parent care and employment was assessed in a sample of 105 employed adult daughter caregivers. This research examined how these 2 roles affect one another, both positively and negatively, and how such spillover was related to caregivers' psychological well-being. Path analyses indicated that negative spillover was an...
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We examined relationships between feelings of mastery and self-esteem in a given role (role adequacy) and caregivers' social and psychological well-being over time. Seventy-five women who occupied the roles of caregiver, mother and wife were assessed twice over a two-month interval. Caregiver role adequacy predicted greater family cohesion and mari...
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Spillover between the roles of parent care and employment was assessed in a sample of 105 employed adult daughter caregivers. This research examined how these 2 roles affect one another, both positively and negatively, and how such spillover was related to caregivers' psychological well-being. Path analyses indicated that negative spillover was an...
Article
A path model of the mediational effects of the quality of relationships between spouse caregivers (N = 75) and their impaired partners was tested. Emotional closeness between spouses mediated the impact of the partner's cognitive impairment, but not functional impairment, on the caregiver's subjective effectiveness. In contrast to closeness, confli...
Article
The purpose of this study was to identify ways in which social support is related to the caregiving stress and well-being experienced by adult daughter caregivers. The study focused on a specific source of support, caregivers' husbands, and included reports from 126 caregivers and their husbands. Main and buffering effects of four types of support...
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The authors used a path model to test the hypothesis that emotional closeness and conflict between adult-child caregivers (N = 90) and their impaired parents mediated the impact of the parents' functional and cognitive impairment on the caregivers' subjective stress, subjective effectiveness, and depression. Closeness mediated the relationship betw...
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The present investigation examined the participation of adults in a broad array of productive activities. Data are from two waves of a national household survey of adults 25 years and older in the U.S. conducted in 1986 and again in 1989. The purpose of this study was to describe stability and change in involvement in productive activity. Results d...
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This research investigated the daily stresses (hassles) and satisfactions (uplifts) reported by 78 family members caring for a relative who had recently experienced a stroke. Four domains of hassles and uplifts were examined for their direct effects on three indices of caregiver well-being (caregivers' social activities, social relationships, depre...
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This research examined how the roles of caregiver and wife affect one another, both positively and negatively, and how such "spillover" effects are related to caregivers' well-being. Spillover was assessed both from the perspective of 125 adult daughter caregivers and their husbands. Husbands reported less negative spillover and more positive spill...
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This research examined stress and rewards experienced by 95 women who were simultaneously occupying the roles of caregiver, mother, and wife. The study examined role-specific stress and rewards as predictors of well-being (physical health, positive affect, negative affect, and role overload) and examined the effects of an accumulation of role stres...
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This research examined stress and rewards experienced by 95 women who were simultaneously occupying the roles of caregiver, mother, and wife. The study examined role-specific stress and rewards as predictors of well-being (physical health, positive affect, negative affect, and role overload) and examined the effects of an accumulation of role stres...
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Reviews theory and research on adult daughters and sons as caregivers to their ill or dependent parents. An overview of several major changes occurring in American society during the 20th century that have affected the nature of parent–adult child relationships is provided. The ways in which a parent's chronic illness or disabling health condition...

Citations

... The life course perspective views aging as a process that occurs from birth to old age involving biological, psychological, social, and cultural processes and life patterns shaped by cohorts-historical factors (Passuth & Bengson, 1988, in Cavanaugh & Whitbourne, 1999. Timing of life events, duration, sequencing and order of events, social structures and historical changes that affect these events are central to the life course. ...
... In addition, women traditionally experience more societal pressure to prioritize their engagement in multiple family support roles and to perform well in each of these roles (Blair-Loy, 2003). Furthermore, when compared with men, women report greater strain in managing competing demands related to their numerous roles, including the provision of everyday support to their partner, children, and parents (Stephens, Franks, Martire, Norton, & Atienza, 2009). Wives' beliefs and behaviors connected to helping aging parents are therefore likely to have particularly strong implications for satisfaction within the marriage. ...
... Encouraging strategies can be supportive, such as offering praise or helpful suggestions-known as health-related social support-and are consistently linked with more engagement in physical activity (Burke and Segrin, 2014;Markey and Markey, 2007). Conversely, encouraging strategies can also take the form of gentle reminders, persuasive tactics, and expressions of worry (known as positive social control; August et al., 2020) or more extreme strategies such as guilt, withdrawal, and restriction (known as negative social control; Lewis and Butterfield, 2007). Although studies have found that positive social control strategies are more strongly linked with higher physical activity than are negative control strategies (Craddock et al., 2015), partners may try a variety of strategies over the course of an interaction (August et al., 2020). ...
... A person's understanding of a partner's health-related experiences (e.g., pain severity, care values) often does not align with the partner's experiences, and the divergence in these reports influences subsequent behaviors and health outcomes (Berg et al., 2020;Moon et al., 2016). In addition, perceptions of Downloaded from https://academic.oup.com/gerontologist/advance-article/doi/10.1093/geront/gnac187/6936409 by Auburn University user on 20 December 2022 A c c e p t e d M a n u s c r i p t provided and received support often do not converge, with research showing that provided support sometimes goes unrecognized (i.e., is -invisible‖) and has implications for both partners' well-being (Bolger et al., 2000;Godfrey et al., 2018;Marini et al., 2021). Finally, data from multiple sources create opportunities to assess key dyadic constructs, including (1) congruence (e.g., whether partners have similar satisfaction levels in the relationship), (2) accuracy or bias (e.g., comparison of partners' ratings to observers' ratings), and (3) idealization (e.g., the discrepancy between a person's ratings of their support provision and the partner's perceptions of received support) (Busby et al., 2009). ...
... Although support from personnel may aid partners in managing separations, this support may not be forthcoming; emotional difficulties were often minimized by partners, possibly more so by those reporting higher levels of depression. 33 Greater externalizing symptoms have been reported among children separated from a parent on deployment than among their peers. 34 This study suggests similar issues during weekly separations for younger children, and more extreme problems such as stress or anxiety for young people and children with additional needs, who may find such turbulence difficult to manage. ...
... Recent studies have suggested that romantic partners can improve long-term exercise adherence and that this dyadic approach to exercise promotion should be examined in interventions [5,6]. In addition, recent couples-based interventions in our laboratory and another support the engagement of romantic partner dyads as an effective strategy to increase physical activity and improve selected cardiometabolic risk factors [7,8]. Both projects also showed high adherence to both the studies themselves and their protocols, which may speak to the potential for significant long-term health benefits when engaging romantic partner dyads. ...
... An overview of studies that utilized MLM to assess within-person relationships between pain and affect is provided in Table 2. Within individuals, pain was positively associated with NA variables across studies of mixed chronic pain [44,45], back pain [46,47], fibromyalgia [48][49][50], rheumatoid arthritis [51][52][53], osteoarthritis [54,55], mixed rheumatic disease [56][57][58], IBS [59], CRPS [60], and migraine [61]. Several studies also found pain to be negatively associated with PA in general chronic pain [44,62], fibromyalgia [48,49,63], rheumatoid arthritis [52,53,64,65], osteoarthritis [55,66], and mixed rheumatic disease [56,58]. ...
... Health behaviors such as physical activity [1], smoking [2], and alcohol use [3] tend to be concordant in romantic couples [4] and there is some evidence that health behavior change is similarly concordant in couples (Jackson et al. [5]; but see Brazeau and Lewis [6]). As a result, interventions have turned to romantic relationships as a context for fostering behavior change [7][8][9]. To date, these interventions have focused primarily on health behavior outcomes rather than on behavioral outcomes tied to the relationship between the target and their partner [7,10]. ...
... In these cases, data collection during immediate reintegration period might have solicited additional details as well as fresher perspectives. Future studies might narrow the range of recall, collect prospective data, or take a more micro approach to data collection (e.g., see Wilson et al., 2018). Another potential limitation was that a number of participants discussed knowing other individuals or couples with problems regarding mental health concerns but did not report having much, if any. ...
... The engaging parties interact, learn from each other and merge their contributions into one unique running software. In this sense, a software is a useful, valued output, of a productive activity, as state-of-the-art conception associates productive activity with any activity that produces a valued good or service even if these are not traded in the market (Herzog, Franks, Markus, & Holmberg, 1996;Herzog & Morgan, 1992). The joint knowledge creation in between the firm and the community and the output of such a process are, thus, considerably related. ...