Mélica Muñoz-Schick's research while affiliated with Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Chile and other places

Publications (65)

Article
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The species complex Alstroemeria diluta Ehr. Bayer is evaluated according to a reinterpretation of the color and ornamentation of the tepals. As such, change in the distribution and a new status of infraespecific taxa are proposed.
Article
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Although the original description of Solanum polyphyllum Phil. was made in 1891, this species was not seen until it was re-discovered 128 years later in 2019 in the Atacama Desert. Fruits and seeds were previously unknown and a complete description is provided here. This species was not treated in the most recent monograph of Solanum sect. Regmandr...
Article
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We present a taxonomic synopsis of the South American genus Schizanthus Ruiz & Pav. (Solanaceae), within which we recognise seventeen taxa (14 species with three infraspecific taxa). The genus is mainly distributed in Chile between the coast of the Atacama Desert and the southern temperate forests, while two species occur in the Argentinian Provinc...
Article
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We redescribed an uncertain species from the Achibueno and Ancoa valleys, Linares province, Chile. We have changed its status to a subspecies: Alstroemeria garaventae subsp. longaviensis. It differs from the typical subspecies in the minor size of the tepals and of the inflorescense leaves, shows a southern distribution and grows at lower altitude...
Article
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Origen del nombre de los géneros de plantas vasculares nativas de Chile y su representatividad en Chile y el mundo Name origin of the native genera of vascular plants from Chile and its presence in Chile and the world RESUMEN La presente contribución constituye un aporte al conocimiento de la fl ora vascular de Chile, reuniendo en un solo texto la...
Book
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Alstroemeria (Alstroemeriaceae), known vernacularly in the Hemisphere North, like "Peruvian Lily" or "Inca Lily", is a genre exclusively South American, represented by around 110 species. The exact number of species is difficult to specify since new taxa are being discovered constantly and occupy a wide range of habitats, from sea level up to 4,500...
Article
Xenophyllum esquilachense is a poorly known Andean species that was hitherto considered endemic to southern Peru. It is recorded for the first time from Bolivia and northern Chile, and the name Senecio pfisteri is synonymized with it. New insights on its global occurrence, ecology, and taxonomy are provided, as well as pictures of living plants and...
Article
Thanks to the recent revision of the genus Presliophytum, endemic to Peru and Chile, the presence of P. incanum in Chile is reported here for the first time.
Article
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The presence of Anredera diffusa, from the Basellaceae family, is reported for the first time for the Chilean flora. This species was found in the locality of Mancaruma, north of Socoroma town, in the Arica y Parinacota Region. This is the first record of a native species of Basellaceae in Chile.
Article
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During a scientific prospection to the Guatulame site in the Coquimbo Region, we have found a new species of Polycarpon, here described. This new species is, together with P. coquimbense Gereau y Martic., the second Chilean endemic species of the genus, with a known distribution also restricted to the Andes of Coquimbo Region.
Article
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The family of the Asteraceae is the most diverse in the Chilean flora; nevertheless, only some tribes have undergone a recent systematic treatment, while the knowledge about the geographical distribution of the taxa is still very incomplete. From the review of herbarium specimens and fieldwork, a survey of the Compositae flora of the Arica y Parina...
Article
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Twenty four species of Gamochaeta (Gnaphalieae, Asteraceae), G. aliena, G. alpina, G. americana, G. andina, G. axillaris, G. chamissonis, G. depilata, G. deserticola, G. falcata, G. filaginea, G. humilis, G. longipedicellata, G. neuquensis, G. nivalis, G. oligantha, G. procumbens, G. ramosa, G. serpyllifolia, G. simplicicaulis, G. spiciformis, G. s...
Article
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A taxonomical study of the Chilean Stevia is herein presented since there is no agreement on current names and the number of species for Chile. A detailed morphological analysis of type and non-type specimens including new field observations was undertaken. In this work we recognized only one species of Stevia in Chile: S. philippiana. This species...
Article
A new species of Senecio is described, on the basis of recent prospections in the Andes of Limarí valley, Coquimbo Region. The new species pertains to the Senecio section, series Andina. Differences with allied taxa are discussed.
Article
A new species of Senecio is described, on the basis of recent prospections in the Andes of Limarí valley, Coquimbo Region. The new species pertains to the Senecio section, series Andina. Differences with allied taxa are discussed.
Article
New records of the rare species Heliotropium geissei are reported for central Chile. Nomenclature of the species was reviewed and the lectotypification was refined. Molecular phylogenetic analyses confirm its systematic placement as a member of section Plagiomeris. An identification key to the species of section Plagiomeris is provided. The conserv...
Article
New records of the rare species Heliotropium geissei are reported for central Chile. Nomenclature of the species was reviewed and the lectotypification was refined. Molecular phylogenetic analyses confirm its systematic placement as a member of section Plagiomeris. An identification key to the species of section Plagiomeris is provided. The conserv...
Article
New aspects for the revalidation of Tropaeolum reicheanum Buchenau ex Reiche are provided, new dates about the distribution of Tropaeolum looseri Sparre, together with the synonymy of T. leptophyllum G. Don's subspecies, and the knowledge and geographical distribution of T. myriophyllum (Poepp. & Endl.) Sparre
Article
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Nassella is an American genus which, according to its current circumscription, includes about 116 species, distributed from Canada to Argentina and Chile. It is characterized by its florets with the lemma conspicuously convolute, with an apical conspicuous or inconspicuous crown, and the palea shorter than the lemma; furthermore, the lemma presents...
Article
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New aspects for the revalidation of Tropaeolum reicheanum Buchenau ex Reiche are provided, new dates about the distribution of Tropaeolum looseri Sparre, together with the synonymy of T. leptophyllum G. Don's subspecies, and the knowledge and geographical distribution of T. myriophyllum (Poepp. & Endl.) Sparre.
Article
Ochagavia Philippi (1856: 168) is a small genus of the Bromelioideae (Bromeliaceae) and contains four species endemic to Chile according to the most recent revision by Zizka et al. (2002). The species are attractive plants and some were introduced early into cultivation and became naturalized in north-western Europe.
Article
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La presente contribución constituye un aporte al conocimiento de la flora vascular de Chile, reuniendo en un solo texto la información acerca del significado del nombre de los géneros chilenos de plantas vasculares. Para ello se ha actualizado la lista de géneros nativos válidos a la fecha y se ha recopilado la información eminentemente dispersa en...
Article
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A systematic revision including the geographic distribution of the taxa pertaining to the Chilean Mutisioideae (tribes Mutisieae, Nassauvieae and Onoserideae) has been undertaken. The study has been done by means of the revision of available monographs and the most recent regional checklist, together with the examination of exemplars from SGO and C...
Article
The vascular plants type collection of the SGO Herbarium, Chile, was studied, including information about its history, temporal and spatial distribution of the specimens, prolific collectors and descriptors, together with the revision of the valid names up to date. The analyzed specimens reach a number of 6,555, collected in a lapse of 182 years (1...
Article
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This paper is a contribution to the knowledge of the vascular flora of Chile, bringing together in one text the information about the meaning of names of the Chilean genera of vascular plants. For this purpose, we updated the list of valid genera native to Chile and revised all the available and currently dispersed literature in relation to the ori...
Article
Full-text available
The vascular plants type collection of the SGO Herbarium, Chile, was studied, including information about its history, temporal and spatial distribution of the specimens, prolific collectors and descriptors, together with the revision of the valid names up to date. The analyzed specimens reach a number of 6,555, collected in a lapse of 182 years (1...
Article
The current taxonomic status of all 140 Brassicaceae taxa (three genera, two varieties, and 135 species) described by Rodulfo A. Philippi are determined. One of his three genera (Onuris) is recognized, and Agallis and Heterocarpus were previously reduced to synonymy of Tropidocarpum and Cardamine, respectively. Of his 135 species, only 43 (or 31.9%...
Article
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A systematic revision including the geographic distribution of the taxa pertaining to the Chilean Mutisioideae (tribes Mutisieae, Nassauvieae and Onoserideae) has been undertaken. The study has been done by means of the revision of available monographs and the most recent regional checklist, together with the examination of exemplars from SGO and C...
Article
Loasa mollensis Muñoz-Schick et Trenqualye is described as a new species. It is apparently narrowly endemic to a small area in the coast of the Valparaiso region, central Chile. The species has small yellow flowers and infer rounded capsules containing large seeds.
Article
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Loasa mollensis Muñoz-Schick et Trenqualye is described as a new species. It is apparently narrowly endemic to a small area in the coast of the Valparaiso region, central Chile. The species has small yellow flowers and infer rounded capsules containing large seeds.
Article
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Alstroemeria parvula Phil., is validated according to new recollections and observations in the Central Chilean Andes. It is redescribed and new localities are included confirming that it is solely protected in the private reserve and RAMSAR Site "Parque Andino Juncal".
Article
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Nardophyllum genistoides (Phil.) Gray is recollected after a century and a half, in the same Region Metropolitana, Chile, at a new locality south of the original site. It grows around 1.600 masl, in the Río Clarillo National Reserve, associated to the sclerophyllous forest. The species is very rare, because only one plant was found.
Article
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Nardophyllum genistoides (Phil.) Gray is recollected after a century and a half, in the same Región Metropolitana, Chile, at a new locality south of the original site. It grows around 1.600 masl, in the Río Clarillo National Reserve, associated to the sclerophyllous forest. The species is very rare, because only one plant was found.
Article
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Romulea rosea (Iridaceae: Crocoideae), a species original of South Africa, is cited for the first time for Chile. The species is described, and therefore Calydorea chilensis M.Muñoz published recently, is reduced to nomenclatural synonym.
Article
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The Región of Bio-Bio is located on the southern edge ofcentral Chile, considered a hotspot of biodiversity. Although the Región is strongly disturbed by human activities, mainly agriculture, forestry, industrialization and urbanization, it has a low percentage of area covered by the National System of Protected Areas (SNASPE). Thus, to document th...
Article
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The Region of Bío-Bío is located on the southern edge of central Chile, considered a hotspot of biodiversity. Although the region is strongly disturbed by human activities, mainly agriculture, forestry, industrialization and urbanization, it has a low percentage of area covered by the National System of Protected Areas (SNASPE). Thus, to document t...
Article
Full-text available
Romulea rosea (Iridaceae: Crocoideae), a species original of South Africa, is cited for the first time for Chile. The species is described, and therefore Calydorea chilensis M.Muñoz published recently, is reduced to nomenclatural synonym.
Article
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La Región de Atacama tiene 980 especies de plantas vasculares nativas, de las cuales el 9,6% se encuentra en las categorías En Peligro (EP) o Vulnerable (VU). Este porcentaje de especies con problemas de conservación aumenta a cerca del 27% si se incluye a las especies Insuficientemente Conocidas de las subcategoría potencialmente Extintas (IC(EX?)...
Article
The species Calceolaria reicheana, nomen nudum, was rediscovered in the Metropolitan Region, Chile. It is considered as a valid species, described and renamed as Calceolaria espinosae. A new locality is also recorded.
Article
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RESUMEN La flora nativa y naturalizada que habita en la Región de Atacama está compuesta por 1.099 especies, de las cuales 980 son nativas de Chile. Se presenta el catálogo florístico de la región indicando para cada especie: a) la categoría de conservación a nivel regional, b) origen (endémica de Chile, nativa no endémica, adventicia), c) forma de...
Article
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The species Calceolaria reicheana, nomen nudum, was rediscovered in the Metropolitan Region, Chile. It is considered as a valid species, described and renamed as Calceolaria espinosae. A new locality is also recorded.
Article
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Se discute respecto al estado de Conservación de las especies de Asteraceae leñosas nativas de Chile y el estado de su conocimiento.
Article
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This paper provides a synopsis of the Chilean Asteraceae genera according to the most recent classification. Asteraceae is the richest family within the native Chilean flora, with a total of 121 genera and c. 863 species, currently classified in 18 tribes. The genera are distributed along the whole latitudinal gradient in Chile, with a centre of ri...
Technical Report
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Analisis de las variables que permiten clasificar el estado de conservacion de una especie en Chile de acuerdo a Reglamente de Conservacion de Especies (MMA)
Data
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Se analiza el estado de Conservacion de Placea lutea, especie endemica de la Region de Valparaiso. Chile
Article
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An area in the Andes of the Valparaíso Region is indicated as a new locality for the species Menodora linoides Phil., an endemic and unique representative of the Oleaceae family in Chile. The plant described in 1863, was considered extinct in the 20th century, but has been collected twice in the present century
Data
Familia: APIACEAE Sinonimia Laretia compacta (Phil.) Reiche; Azorella primastoclada Domin.; Azorella columnaris Wolf, Azorella yareta Hauman Antecedentes Generales Planta caméfita, dioicas, densamente compacta que comprende numerosos tallos fasciculados que convergen en una estructura radical basal, estos cojines compactos son de cerca 1 m de alto...
Article
An area in the Andes of the Valparaíso Region is indicated as a new locality for the species Menodora linoides Phil., an endemic and unique representative of the Oleaceae family in Chile. The plant described in 1863, was considered extinct in the 20th century, but has been collected twice in the present century.
Article
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Rodulfo Amando Philippi (1808-1904) is considered one of most influential in the development of natural sciences in Chile. Among his scientific endeavors, he contributed taxonomic descriptions of the biological diversity of Chile, encompassing organisms in three living kingdoms: plants, animals and fungi. In this article we examine his contribution...
Article
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Rodulfo Amando Philippi (1808-1904) is considered one of most influential in the development of natural sciences in Chile. Among his scientific endeavors, he contributed taxonomic descriptions of the biological diversity of Chile, encompassing organisms in three living kingdoms: plants, animals and fungi. In this article we examine his contribution...
Article
Full-text available
Rodulfo Amando Philippi (1808-1904) is considered one of most influential in the development of natural sciences in Chile. Among his scientific endeavors, fie contributed taxonomic descriptions of the biological diversity of Chile, encompassing organisms in three living kingdoms: plants, animals and fungi. In this article we examine his contributio...
Article
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The geographical extent of exotic plant species is a major component of invasiveness, which has been explained by intrinsic attributes of the plants, such as growth rate, reproductive type, life form, and biogeographical origin. We assessed quantitatively life cycle and biogeographical origin as determinants of the geographical distribution of natu...
Article
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Numerosos naturalistas y botánicos han contribuido a documentar la diversidad florística chilena. En este artículo se evalúa cuantitativamente este aporte considerando dos métricas basadas en la descripción de plantas vasculares: (1) el número de taxa descritos y (2) el número de arreglos nomenclaturales vigentes. Los autores suman 608, quienes sól...
Article
Three new species of monocots found in Chile are described: Alstroemeria mollensis, Miersia chilensis var. bicolor and Calydorea chilensis. Descriptions, geographic distribution, photos and drawings are presented.
Article
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Three new species of monocots found in Chile are described: Alstroemeria mollensis, Miersia chilensis var. bicolor and Calydorea chilensis. Descriptions, geographic distribution, photos and drawings are presented
Article
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The flora of four fog oases in the northern Chilean coastal desert, visited between October 1997 and January 1998, is described. These botanical collections are new for Alto Patache, Punta Lobos and Alto Chipana. A total of 72 vascular plant species were registered, contributing to the area's floristic knowledge, where till now only about 20 specie...
Article
Full-text available
The flora of four fog oases in the northern Chilean coastal desert, visited between October 1997 and January 1998, is described. These botanical collections are new for Alto Patache, Punta Lobos and Alto Chipana. A total of 72 vascular plant species were registered, contributing to the area´s floristic knowledge, where till now only about 20 specie...
Technical Report
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El documento concluye que es necesario el perfeccionamiento y modificación del proyecto de ley actual para que sea efectivo en el cumplimiento de sus objetivos. Los problemas del texto actual van desde aspectos generales --tales como la insuficiencia de la ordenación como instrumento que garantice un manejo sustentable y la falta normativas de prot...
Chapter
A growing body of empirical evidence shows that mediterranean climate areas, with their long dry summers and winter rainfall, support high species richness, a rich array of life forms, and high levels of endemism (Goldblatt 1978; Raven and Axelrod 1978; Hopper 1979; 1992; Naveh and Whittaker 1979; Bond and Goldblatt 1984; Lamont et al. 1984; Pate e...
Article
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The genusGriselinia (Griseliniaceae) is revised and a new species,Griselinia carlomunozii, is described from coastal quebradas in the Atacama Desert of northern Chile. An illustration, a discussion of its possible relationships, a key, and descriptions of all species are provided.

Citations

... TABLA II. Recolectores con mayor número de ejemplares tipo en Herbario SGO.Muñoz-Schick 1991, Taylor & Muñoz-Schick 1994, Marticorena & Rodríguez 1995, Muñoz-Schick 2003, Castro & Muñoz-Schick 2004, Castro et al. 2006). Los antecedentes aquí expuestos reafirman nuevamente su inmensa labor, la cual no se remite solamente a la descripción de nuevas especies y la construcción de una de las colecciones más abundantes de Chile, sino que también lograron montar una importante red de colaboradores, quienes en sus viajes de investigación aprovechaban para recolectar las muestras que más tarde serían donadas al museo. ...
... Schizanthus Ruiz & Pav. (Solanaceae, Schizanthoideae) is a small genus comprising about 13 to 14 species of annual and perennial herbs endemic to the southern South American region (Grau and Gr€ onbach 1984;Muñoz-Schick and Moreira-Muñoz 2008;Morales-Fierro et al. 2020). They are distributed between 18-40 S and therefore occur in diverse habitats including desert, coastal, Mediterranean, and high Andean climate regions of Chile and just across the Andes into Argentina. ...
... Although knowledge of the biodiversity of Central Chile has increased in recent decades, there are still important gaps, especially in non-charismatic animal groups and non-woody plants. Moreover, in the last decade, a large number of angiosperms belonging to different families, such as Alstromeriaceae [7,8], Amarillidaceae [9,10], Brassicaceae [11], Orchidaceae [12] and Cactaceae [13,14], have been described. ...
... New botanical encounters are not rare in this transition from the desert to the Altiplano highs (e.g. Calvo et al. 2018; Moreira-Muñoz and Muñoz-Schick 2020) and we encourage botanists to continue floristic studies in this harsh but marvellous zone of Chile. ...
... Ce genre est apparenté à la tribu des Stipeae. Il est naturellement distribué en Amérique, depuis l'Argentine et le Chili au sud jusqu'au Canada au nord (Barkworth & Torres, 2001 ;Cialdella et al., 2013). Il est surtout bien représenté dans la région centrale des Andes (altiplano du Pérou, de la Bolivie, du centre-nord du Chili et du nord-ouest de l'Argentine) et les plaines steppiques de la pampa d'Argentine et d'Uruguay. ...
... Gênero com 50-80 espécies predominantemente americano, reconhecido por apresentar hábito herbáceo, folhas alternas fortemente tomentosas, albo-tomentosas ou lanuginosas em ambas as faces, capítulos disciformes, agrupados em glomérulos ou espigas, brácteas involucrais hialinas, receptáculo plano, flores marginais filiformes e cipselas com pápus cerdoso fundido na base se desprendendo por completo quando maduro (Bayer et al. 2007, Freire et al. 2016. ...
... Notes:-Polycarpon apurese, which is currently the only native Polycarpon taxon occurring in Colombia, is naturally distributed in South America (Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Venezuela;Bernal 2016, Muñoz-Schick et al. 2016, POWO, 2019, and it has been introduced in Mexico (Escamilla 1999). Despite not included in the molecular analyses by Kool et al. (2007), P. apurense shows, in our opinion, all the characters typical of P. prostratum and three Macaronesian species of the genus Polycarpaea (Volponi 2004, Kool et al. 2007 Decne (1835: 263). ...
... 260 species and exceptionally diverse along the Andean Range. Recent taxonomic rearrangements at the generic level based on phylogenetic studies (Pelser et al. 2007(Pelser et al. , 2010 and modern taxonomic works support the recognition of eight genera native to Chile, besides the recently reported Pseudogynoxys cordifolia (Cassini 1827: 456) Cabrera (1950: 54), an introduced or cultivated species recorded from the Azapa Valley in Arica-Parinacota (Moreira-Muñoz et al. 2016). ...
... ).Remarks:Gutierrez et al. (2016) show that species of Stevia have a wide morphological variation and recognize only one species for Chile (S. philippiana). It may be assumed that a similiar statement can be done for Peru. ...
... and Robinsonia DC. are currently treated within Senecio in order to move towards a monophyletic generic concept of this genus (Pelser et al. 2007;Pelser et al. 2010). Further contributions aimed at improving the understanding of the Chilean species mainly concerned nomenclatural adjustments (Marticorena and Quezada 1974;Soldano 1998) and the addition of new records and species (Cabrera 1954(Cabrera , 1955Ricardi and Marticorena 1964;Quezada 1974, 1978;Moreira-Muñoz et al. 2016;Muñoz-Schick et al. 2016;Rodríguez et al. 2018;Calvo and Moreira-Muñoz 2019;. The species described in Chile after the taxonomic revision by Cabrera (1949) are detailed, and taxonomically updated if needed, in Table 1. ...