Meagan Tyler's research while affiliated with RMIT University and other places

Publications (22)

Article
Full-text available
This paper extends Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) scholarship to focus on issues of sexual harassment and sexual violence. Despite a significant body of work on gender and CSR from a variety of feminist perspectives, long-standing evidence of sexual harassment and sexual violence in business, particularly in global value chains, and the rise...
Article
The legitimacy of the term and identity “lesbian” has long been contested, but has come under renewed scrutiny, with some suggesting it is exclusionary and dated. Along with these suggestions is the implication of a generational divide. Supposedly, older women—unaware of contemporary queer discourses—are more likely use the term “lesbian,” whereas...
Article
This paper explores the place of gender in relation to labour and transition in regional development. A ‘gendered lens’ is applied to planning documents relating to the region of Gippsland, Australia. While previous research highlights the importance of accounting for gender in regional development, gendered analyses outside Europe are scarce. We a...
Article
The notion of unacceptable work has formed, in part, as a counterweight to the push for decent or better forms of work. That is, naming and understanding the functioning of unacceptable work helps ‘promote respect for rights at work by eliminating egregious labour practices’. There are important insights around unacceptable work to be gained from f...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Bushfire is an increasing threat in Australia, with population movement and mobility, shifts in climate patterns and the unevenness in preventive measures across the country. It raises specific questions for populations living in localities as well as for governments and agencies tasked with the question of how to ensure the ongoing safety of the c...
Article
Emergency management organizations often have military‐based histories and continue to maintain militaristic styles of operation. Similar to the military, these organizations tend to be male dominated and culturally masculinized. The militarization and masculinization of rural fire services in Australia are generally unrecognized but highly importa...
Article
This paper provides an historical and cultural context, from a feminist perspective, of the Prepare, Stay and Defend or Leave Early (PSDLE) bushfire safety policy, colloquially known as ‘Stay or Go’, in Australia. We examine the historical, cultural, and political factors that have devalued and marginalised women's experience and knowledge of bushf...
Article
In this article, we use feminist critical discourse analysis to examine online brothel reviews (148 reviews and 2,424 reply posts) of sex buyers in the context of debates surrounding harm minimization. Our findings show that sex buyers actively construct and normalize narratives of sexual violation and violence against women in licensed brothels th...
Article
This paper considers the impact of gendered norms on decision-making for wildfire preparation and response at the household level. Focusing on Australia, it provides a theoretical thematic analysis of data acquired in 107 interviews with residents of nine different localities. It builds on existing research on gender and disaster, as well as on dec...
Article
This article weighs arguments about individualised ethical consumption practices in the sex industry through an analysis of the narratives of men who buy sexual access to women in legal brothels in the state of Victoria, Australia. In order to consider claims of ethical consumption in the sex industry, a theoretical thematic analysis of 50 online b...
Article
Full-text available
The mainstreaming of pornography, often referred to as pornographication, pornification, or porn-chic, has become a topic of considerable academic and popular interest. In the last 15 years, an expanding academic literature has documented and begun to analyze the increasing consumption and normalization of pornography as well as pornographic imager...
Article
The term “community” has a long and contested lineage in social analysis and debate. This lineage, however, is not generally recognized in policy and public debates on community and bushfire in Australia. “Community” is thought to be central to bushfire preparedness in Australia, especially in rural areas, but what “community” actually means in thi...
Article
This paper offers a critical review of the international literature on gender, disaster and rural masculinities. Empirical reference is made to bushfires in Australia, offering new evidence from the State of Victoria. Bushfires loom large in the Australian imagination and there is an increasing amount of research now being conducted in relation to...
Article
The study of gender and associated questions about masculinity, femininity and inequality are important elements of social science research. While gender has often been a focus in disciplines such as sociology and anthropology, the social construction of gender is now analysed in areas ranging from criminology to international political economy. Di...

Citations

... We will be using feminist theory as reference here which opens up regarding gender biasness and the suppression of female's rights (Grosser & Tyler, 2021). Substantial liberal feminists tend to focus their efforts on reducing these inequalities and on establishing and protecting opportunities for females in comparison to males by law and other democratic means (Bapoo et al., 2022). ...
... Regarding the fire protection plan, any disagreement between household members increases the likelihood of a risky outcome for couples or families. In addition, any disagreement or the lack of preparation in this respect may delay or hamper any actions aimed at the effective response to fire disaster and may result in fatalities (Tyler & Fairbrother, 2018). ...
... This was reflected in issues such as 'ongoing inequalities in the labour market and economy, both locally and internationally; the inherent and prevalent challenges associated with addressing global and local social inequities; and the intersectionality and dynamism of equity issues" (O'Kane et al. 2021, 1). The articles covered the challenges of climate change (Douglas and McGhee 2021); migrant workers (Faaliyat et al. 2021), and sex workers (Tyler 2021). This collection follows on from those themes with the benefit of another 12 months experience of the impact of COVID-19 in the world of work and employment. ...
... Contrary to this belief, Cahusac and Kanji (2014) observe that many organizations have a hegemonic masculine culture that downgrades women. Fire departments are institutions with a highly male culture that values men and male bodies (Ainsworth, Batty, & Burchielli, 2014;Ericson & Mellström, 2016;Maleta, 2009;Perrott, 2019), and are considered extremely gendered (Tyler, Carson, & Reynolds, 2019), and hypermasculine (Karazi-Presler, 2020). ...
... However, there are other facts that may contribute to poor planning for infants and young children. The male dominance of the emergency management sector may be a factor in a lack of understanding of the support that mothers and caregivers need in relation to their infants and young children [73,74]. Further, Save the Children proposed that planning for children may be lacking because planners assume that parents and caregivers will meet the needs of children and did not consider that parents and caregivers will need assistance in doing so [70]. ...
... While perpetrators of violence against sex workers can include passers-by, police, associates, and intimate partners (Armstrong, 2019;Sanders, 2016), clients of sex workers are observed to be the primary perpetrators (Decker et al., 2013;Deering et al., 2014). Accordingly, the research on violence against sex workers has shifted attention to the buyers of the commercial sex trade and their contribution to sexual violence (Busch et al., 2002;Farley et al., 2017;Farley & Golding, 2019;Jovanovski & Tyler, 2018;Shively et al., 2012). ...
... In contexts of gender inequality, people of different genders access, process, interpret and respond to information in different ways, due to the social and cultural organisation of gender relations and the gendered division of labour (UNISDR 2009). For instance, Tyler and Fairbrother (2018) while researching a role of gender in decision-making at household level on wildfire evacuation found that men and women have differing conceptions on when they should evacuate: while women would prefer earlier evacuation, men prefer later evacuation. However, it is challenging for women to voice their concerns as men are culturally viewed as more authoritative voices in wildfire discussions. ...
... Ballester et al. (2014) and Cunningham et al. (2017), for example, have studied how sex work has delocalized and entered cyberspace. In this vein, other studies have analysed online brothel reviews (Jovanoski et al. 2018), and body marketization carried out by transgender women on the web (Vartabedian 2017). ...
... inter alia Paasonen et al. 2007) -it is nevertheless useful to note that the often sexist and denigrating content that such images imply for women is part of a broader phenomenon that crosses all areas of communication, language and representations, which is known as pornographication (or pornification). The term refers to the way in which the mainstreaming of pornography has become a widely recognized cultural trend, that tends to integrate pornographic logic, resulting in the hyper-sexualization, objectification, and commodification especially of the female body (see among others Boyle 2018;Paasonen et al. 2020;Tyler, Quek 2016). In this context, as Rosalind Gill points out, "the media (...) are paradoxically perhaps both the biggest source of "sexualized" representations, as well as the primary space where debates about "sexualization" are aired" (2009, p. 140). ...
... Gender vulnerability associated questions are elements of social science research. Disaster studies that adopt the use of gendered analysis appeared only in the 1990s, by Australian and American authors who argued that there are substantial gendered differences in disaster preparation and response [61,62]. Meagan Tyler, 2013 advocated that the social construction of masculinity-femininity must be considered in the development of education programs, in order to become more resilient in future [62]. ...