Mauro Brilli's research while affiliated with Italian National Research Council and other places

Publications (87)

Article
The European eel, a catadromous endangered species, displays plasticity in phenotypic traits and in trophic behaviour, features that can eventually affect growth. The aim of this study was to compare variation in carbon (d 13 C) and nitrogen (d 15 N) stable isotopes in muscle tissue of the adult eel life stages (i.e. yellow and silver eel), as func...
Article
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The historical character of the Louvie-Soubiron marble quarry, in the French Pyrenean Ossau Valley, has been brought to light through a combined analytical study of quarry samples and Roman archaeological artefacts of known chronology. The identification parameters, or fingerprints, established following a multi-method analytical approach applied t...
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Dating from the fifth century BCE, two Phoenician anthropoid sarcophagi, a male and a female , found in Gadir (Cadiz, Spain), are so far the most ancient marble sculptures found in the Iberian Peninsula. The identification of the source of the marble used to produce them has been a subject of controversy for several decades and has recently resurfa...
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In extensional continental settings, crustal-scale normal faults can accommodate deformation and subsidence at their hanging wall via activation and deactivation of subsidiary tectonic structures. Geological data obtained from subsidiary structures are required to infer the position of the tectonic deformation during the spatial-temporal evolution...
Article
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This is a response to the Comments of Attanasio and co-workers regarding the origin of some samples and the results of strontium concentrations reported in the article of Brilli et al., JAS Reports 2018, 19, 625-642. Attanasio et al. have already published strontium contents analysed in presumably the same samples, obtaining largely different and g...
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The provenance of marbles, mainly used for sculptural material and recently unearthed from the foundations of a building dating back to the Late Antiquity at the Palatine Hill (Rome), has been determined using a well-established multimethod approach that includes petrographic, isotopic, cathodoluminescence and trace element analytical techniques. A...
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The paper aims to point out the subsistence in Eneolithic Central Italian communities by Stable Isotope Analysis. This period marked a tipping point in the food strategies because it was characterized by economic changes and several technological improvements leading to enhance land exploitation and livestock breeding. Carbon and nitrogen stable is...
Article
In this paper, we present the results of the accelerator mass spectrometry radiocarbon (AMS ¹⁴ C) dating campaign performed on samples selected from different levels in Grotta Romanelli (Castro, Italy). Grotta Romanelli is one of the key sites for the chronology of Middle Pleistocene–Holocene in Mediterranean region. After the first excavation camp...
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The Ara Pacis Augustae is a monument of Imperial Rome. It was built from 13 to 9 B.C. in the northeast corner of the Campus Martius. It is completely made of white marble, which, according to the majority of studies, is Lunense marble and comes from the Apuan Alps. However, all the studies fail to specify the quarry from which the marble used to bu...
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The present research, an integrative study combining archeology, skeletal biology, and molecular anthropology, deals with skeletal remains recovered in Mora Cavorso Cave (Jenne, Rome, Italy). Burial activity there dates to 6275 ± 45 BP (5322–5084 cal.) and 6405 ± 35 BP (5472–5314 cal.), according to ¹⁴C analyses of a charcoal fragment and a human b...
Conference Paper
This work deals with styles and mechanisms of nucleation and development of the Amatrice Fault System (AFS), a regional intrabasinal structure running through the central part of the Amatrice Basin (central Apennines, Italy). The AFS defines a [U+F07E]10 km-long tectonic structure striking NNW-SSE and cross-cutting the late Messinian flysch sequenc...
Article
Alabastro fiorito or listato, a vividly colored and strongly patterned carbonate stone, is widely diffused in the ancient city of Hierapolis in Phrygia (Turkey) as building material. This stone, also known as Hierapolis alabaster, was extensively quarried in antiquity in the territory near the city. Numerous ancient quarries of the Hierapolis alaba...
Conference Paper
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Saint-Béat marble (Central French Pyrenees) is considered one of the most famous Roman Gaul marbles by archaeomaterials researchers. White, grey and banded greyish varieties were exploited during Roman times, to be used mainly in sculpture (including sarcophagi), decorative architecture and epigraphy, primarily in Southern Gaul, but they were also...
Conference Paper
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This contribution addresses the characterization study of grey and greyish banded marbles from the Estremoz Anticline (EA) marble district in Portugal. During Roman times, the whole of Lusitania, including its capital Augusta Emerita, was supplied with white and coloured marbles from this district. Grey varieties were used mainly in architectural a...
Article
In 1981, a large mammal assemblage was recovered from a laminated travertine exposed in the region of the village of Collepardo (Frosinone, central Italy). The Collepardo mammal assemblage reported in the literature included ungulates and carnivorans. It was referred to the middle Villafranchian for its similarities with the Saint Vallier (France)...
Poster
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“Grotta Romanelli” is a natural cave located along the Adriatic coast of the Salento Peninsula in Southern-East Italy in the territory of Castro (Lecce). The cave can be regarded as one of the key Paleolithic sites in Italy. It was discovered in 1871, but it was only thanks to the systematic excavations carried out at the beginning of 1900 that its...
Article
The discovery near Göktepe (Muğla province, Western Turkey) of an ancient quarrying site of white marbles and black stones has recently been reported by some authors. Assigning the provenance of stone from ancient artifacts to Göktepe is currently possible mainly thanks to chemical, EPR and MGS data. Petrographic description, which many researchers...
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Grotta Romanelli, located on the Adriatic coast of southern Apulia (Italy), is considered a key site for the Mediterranean Pleistocene for its archaeological and palaeontological contents. The site, discovered in 1874, was re-evaluated only in 1900, when P. E. Stasi realised that it contained the first evidence of the Palaeolithic in Italy. Startin...
Article
Due to its geographic position and geomorphological configuration, Grotta Romanelli acted as a sediment trap since at least MIS 5. The so-called 'terre brune' sequence is a deposit mainly of eolian origin bearing upper Palaeolithic artefacts and fossil re-mains of vertebrate fauna; it was deposited during the Glacial-Interglacial transition and the...
Article
Travertine sequences from petrified channels used in antiquity as water supply canals in the city of Hierapolis (Denizli, Turkey) for irrigation and domestic use were sampled and analyzed for stable isotopes composition. Data records from two channels show composite quasi-periodic variations. Radium-226 activity was measured to calculate temporal c...
Article
Several travertine deposits dating to the Pleistocene outcrop along the Tiber valley between Orte and Rome. Mineralogically, they are mainly composed of calcite; various lithofacies (stromatolitic, phytoclastic, and massive) were identified and relatively wide ranges of carbon (δ¹³C −8.11 to +11.42‰ vs. VPDB) and oxygen (δ¹⁸O +22.74 to +27.71‰ vs....
Article
Until now, the use of trace elements to discriminate among differing provenances of classical white marbles from Mediterranean areas have produced controversial results, and the many drawbacks of this approach have been widely discussed. The behavior of trace elements was tested, aiming to determine their effectiveness for provenance purposes. In t...
Article
Alabastro listato or fiorito of Hierapolis in Phrygia was a prestigious coloured marble widely used in Roman architecture and decoration. This stone is generally identified in artefacts on autoptic examination, but it may sometimes be confused with alabasters of different provenances. This study describes a simple, but effective, scientific method...
Article
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Study region: Italy. Study focus: The oxygen isotope composition from 266 pluviometers was used to study the spatial variability of δ18O and its relationship with Italian orography. The local meteoric water lines (LMWLs) of northern, southern and central Italy and Sicily are reformulated and a new definition of isotopic variations with elevation is...
Article
The Catalão II carbonatitic complex is part of the Alto Paranaíba Igneous Province (APIP), central Brazil, close to the Catalão I complex. Drill-hole sampling and detailed mineralogical and geochemical study point out the existence of ultramafic lamprophyres (phlogopite-picrites), calciocarbonatites, ferrocarbonatites, magnetitites, apatitites, phl...
Conference Paper
RESUMEN.- Se presentan los resultados analíticos del estudio arqueométrico de un conjunto de placas de revestimiento de mármol halladas en las excavaciones arqueológicas de la ciudad romana de Osca, llevadas a cabo en el solar de la calle Sancho Abarca 9-11 (Huesca), durante la campaña 2003. El resultado del estudio combinado de distintas técnicas...
Conference Paper
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RESUMEN: En esta contribución se contextualiza el estudio arqueométrico del mármol escultórico romano, particularizando en los hallados en el Patrimonio de Aragón. Se realiza una exposición de las etapas y dificultades que conlleva este estudio hasta llegar a determinar la cantera de procedencia del mármol usado. Se puntualiza la necesidad de utili...
Chapter
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This paper aims to characterize the marble exploited in the territory of Hierapolis and in the southern sector of the Denizli basin (ancient Lykos Valley) by using petrographic examination on thin sections, isotopes of carbon and oxygen, and cathodoluminescence. The ancient quarries of Hierapolis-Gök Dere, Marmar tepe, thiounta, Gölemezli, and Deni...
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Marble quarries exploited in antiquity of the Denizli and Karacasu Basins (Turkey) were characterized by their petrography, carbon and oxygen isotopes, and cathodoluminescence. This study is an useful contribution for provenance studies of archeological artifacts composed of unknown marble. Marble quarries from the Hierapolis, Laodikeia, and Aphrod...
Article
The present investigation focused on the origin of CO2 and CH4 in the soil gas and two gas vents present in the Fucino plain, a tectonically active intramontane depression of central Italy. The soil gases have concentrations of CO2 ranging from 1 to 10% and CH4 in the order of a few parts per million. Using carbon isotopes, it was possible to ident...
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Stable isotope analysis in the reconstruction of human palaeodiets can yield clues to early human subsistence strategies, origins and history of farming and pastoralist societies, and intra- and intergroup social differentiation. In the last 10 years, the method has been extended to the pathological investigation. Stable isotope analysis to better...
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This contribution reports the results of the archaeometric study of 51 marble sculptures and decorative elements from the capital of Roman Lusitania, Augusta Emerita (Mérida, Spain). These artefacts found on display at the Spanish National Museum of Roman Art, comprise a representative record of archaeological pieces from different decorative progr...
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The microbial diversity of moonmilk, a hydrated calcium carbonate speleothem, was evaluated from two Italian caves to provide context for the food web of highly-specialized troglobitic beetles, Cansiliella spp. (Leptodirinae), with distinctive carbon and nitrogen isotope values indicative of a novel food source. The moonmilk and associated percolat...
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Background Cansiliella servadeii (Coleoptera) is an endemic troglobite living in deep carbonate caves in North-Eastern Italy. The beetle constantly moves and browses in its preferred habitat (consisting in flowing water and moonmilk, a soft speleothem colonized by microorganisms) self-preens to convey material from elytra, legs, and antennae toward...
Article
Morphologically-different deposits of thermal travertines are known worldwide, but what factors controlled their morphology, volume, and growth for tens of thousands of years is only partially understood. Two main morphotypes of Quaternary thermal travertines are reconsidered here to understand the reasons for their differ-ential growth: the fissur...
Article
The chemistry and isotope ratios of He, C (δ13C) and H (δD) of free gases collected in the San Vittorino plain, an intramontane depression of tectonic origin, were determined to shed light on mantle degassing in central Italy. The C isotopic composition of CO2 (δ13C-CO2 -2.0‰ to -3.8‰) and He isotope ratios (R/RA 0.12 to 0.27) were used to calculat...
Conference Paper
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A characterization of medium enthalpy geothermal resources has been carried out in the Southern Apennines “Guardia Lombardi” site (Campania Region, Italy) within the framework of the Vigor Project. Due to the intense hydrocarbon exploration carried out in Italy since the ‘50, a wide public dataset of well data and seismic reflection profiles is ava...
Article
The aim of this study is to apply an integrated approach to determine nitrate sources and fate in the alluvial aquifer of the River Vibrata (Abruzzi, central Italy) by coupling the Isotope and the Component approaches. Collected data include concentration and nitrogen isotope composition of groundwater samples from the alluvial aquifer and nitrogen...
Article
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Fissure ridge travertines grown from geothermal springs of Denizli Basin, south-western Turkey, are investigated through stratigraphic, structural, geochemical, and geochronological methods, with the aim of understanding the growth of these elongate mound-shaped structures. Two main types of travertine deposits are recognized: (1) bed- ded traverti...
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The Neogene extensional province of southern Tuscany in central Italy provides an outstanding example of fossil and active structurally controlled fluid flow and epithermal ore mineralization associated with post-orogenic silicic magmatism. Characterization of the hydrodynamic regime leading to the genesis of the polysulphide deposit (known as Filo...
Article
This paper investigates the provenance of the black limestone of the monument known as Bocco, named after the king of Mauretania who presented Silla with this work as a sign of his submission to the power of Rome. A multi-method approach, comprising petrographic observations, carbon and oxygen isotope composition and electron paramagnetic resonance...
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The troglobitic beetle, Cansiliella servadeii (Leptodirini), has specialized mouthparts modified for browsing and feeding under percolating water on moonmilk, a speleothem formation in Grotta della Foos, Italy. Results from analyses of stable isotopes of carbon and nitrogen suggest thatacquires and assimilates dissolved allochthonous organic carbon...
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The Ipanema alkaline-carbonatitic complex is part of the Meso-Cenozoic alkaline magmatism located within the southeastern part of the Brazilian Platform. Drill-core and field sampling have indicated the occurrence of glimmerites, with subordinate shonkinites (mela-syenites), clinopyroxene-bearing glimmerites, diorites and syenites. The glimmerites...
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Petrography-controlled laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LAICPMS) analyses of carbonate in fresh shallow level sub-volcanic Polino monticellite calcio-carbonatite tuffisite have been performed to assess the geochemical differences between fresh igneous, epigenetic carbonates and sedimentary accidental fragments. Igneous c...
Article
The Kenyan coast is characterized by a raised fossil reef complex cut by a series of morphological terraces. Shallow subtidal coralgal facies containing Tridacna gigas shells are found at different heights along the coast. Alpha-spectrometric U-series methods were applied to 18 T. gigas samples from different locations along this reef complex with...
Article
Magma–carbonate rock interaction is investigated through a geochemical and Sr–Nd–O isotope study of granular lithic clasts (ejecta) from the Alban Hills ultrapotassic volcano, Central Italy. Some samples (Group-1) basically represent intrusive equivalents of Alban Hills magmas. A few samples (Group-2) are ultramafic, have high MgO (∼30 to 40 wt%) a...