Matthias Reitzle's research while affiliated with Friedrich Schiller University Jena and other places

Publications (35)

Article
Change is the most prominent aspect of research endeavors in developmental and educational psychology. To date, preferred methods for studying change, especially those that rely on quantitative methodologies, are based on sample-based correlational analyses conducted with longitudinal panel studies. In this article we argue that research designs ne...
Article
This study examined how four different configurations of unemployment and reemployment (defined by history of past unemployment and unemployment/reemployment 3 years later) related to changes in psychological well-being. The longitudinal sample consisted of 566 Portuguese men and women who were unemployed at the beginning of the study. Using true c...
Article
Social change has accentuated various demands in people's work lives including, for instance, fears of being laid off, anticipated or experienced difficulties in finding a new and/or appropriate job or a lack of security in career planning. The present study on N = 1751 employed, short-term unemployed, and long-term (>12 months) unemployed German a...
Chapter
This chapter contains a plea for rediscovery of the individual in research on global self-esteem. This construct, being central in many domains of human development, has many facets which deserve closer inspection. Examples are individually different self-esteem trajectories, the changing meaning of self-esteem across the individual life-span and a...
Article
Recent years have witnessed a growing diversity of career patterns, resulting from the relative decline of stable employment. In the present study of 1368 employed and self-employed German adults career pattern diversity was assessed using nine pictograms. The goal was to identify psychological and demographic correlates of these patterns and to an...
Article
The present study examined the timing of behavioral autonomy transitions in two same-aged cohorts of East German adolescents assessed in 1991 and 1996. An earlier timing of autonomy privileges was associated with higher deviant behavior. A later timing of autonomy privileges and responsibilities was linked to structural constraints, specifically, t...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents a theoretical framework for research on effects of social change on individual development. As components, the theoretical model includes the level of social change experienced, resources, coping processes, and outcomes. These variables differ between ecological systems (such as East and West Germany). The components interact wit...
Article
Using a nationwide sample of 2656 eighteen- to twenty-nine-year-olds, the first part of the present study addressed the question of how non-traditional as compared to traditional living arrangements related to young people’s self-perception of being either adolescent or adult. Being in a romantic relationship increased the likelihood of feeling adu...
Article
Against the backdrop of young people's increasingly later role-transitions (discussed as postadolescence or emerging adulthood), the present study examined whether (1) young people of different cohorts decreasingly perceived themselves as adults, and (2) their self-perceptions of being adult were disconnected from role transitions. Young people wer...
Chapter
Es ist leicht nachvollziehbar, dass sozialer Wandel in die Entwicklung von Individuen eingreift. Glen Elders zum Klassiker gewordene Studie über die „Children of the Great Depression“ (1974) hat eindrucksvoll gezeigt, dass klar umgrenzte historische Ereignisse wie die Weltwirtschaftskrise Biographien von Heranwachsenden nachhaltig beeinflussen — al...
Article
It was hypothesized that both, adolescents experiencing discrepancies between aspired and attained autonomy, and also adolescents whose parents insist on the keeping to the rules set, would be prone to self-derogation. Contradictory views on control and autonomy were however assumed to be most hazardous to adolescents' self-esteem. Data of 618 part...
Chapter
The influence of the lifespan approach has been an important feature of recent research in developmental psychology, as has a growing interest in the relationship between personality and development. This important new book, edited by two distinguished psychologists, explores the relationship between personality and development from a life-course p...
Chapter
Global self-esteem is seen as a key variable for human development across the life span. Low self-esteem or self-esteem losses during adolescence may be the point of departure for different maladaptive pathways such as depression and delinquency. The long-term effects of juvenile self-esteem on adaptation versus maladjustment in adulthood, however,...
Article
Zusammenfassung. Im Beitrag wird der “Zurcher Kurzfragebogen zur Erfassung des Erziehungsverhaltens“ (ZKE) von Muttern und Vatern aus Sicht der Kinder an einer Stichprobe (N = 877) 11- bis 17jahriger schweizerischer Schulerinnen und Schuler aus dem Kanton Zurich uberpruft. Der Fragebogen erfast in reliabler und valider Weise die Dimensionen “Warme...
Article
The timing of joint career and family transitions is the focus of two studies, based on national surveys of young adults (20–29) conducted in Germany in 1991 and 1996 that address these issues by using two different analytic strategies based on Magnusson's (1985) “person” approach to studying developmental phenomena. In the first study corresponden...
Article
The school-to-work transition has become more and more individualized over the last decades in the Federal Republic of Germany as in other Western industrialized countries. As compared to the 1950s and 1960s, the current educational system in Germany offers a greater variety of school tracks, apprenticeships, and training programs and provides a gr...
Article
This study examined the validity of a model for the prediction of depressive symptoms in early adolescence. Difficult temperament, low academic self-efficacy, peer rejection, impaired family climate, early adversities and parental depressive symptoms were used as risk indicators. Cross-sectional data of female and male adolescents from all parts of...
Article
With German unification, experiences such as the emergence of unemployment and retraining opportunities in the East undoubtedly had an impact on the timing of life transitions of young people. The degree of impact, however, depended on the proximity to the transition in question. This study examined 2 kinds of transitions. The 1st transition examin...
Article
Zusammenfassung. Die Rolle der Personlichkeit blieb in der bisherigen Menopauseforschung leider weitgehend unberucksichtigt. Im Rahmen einer Studie an 116 klimakterischen Frauen im Alter von 48-56 Jahren sollte daher untersucht werden, welchen Einflus eine mehr oder weniger ausgepragte psychische Instabilitat im Sinne von dispositionaler Gehemmthei...
Article
The timing of early vocational preferences was compared in a sample of young adolescents from former East Germany and from West Germany. Because of German unification in 1990, and the attendant massive sociocultural changes, such a sample offers a unique opportunity to examine the joint influence of development and context on key transitions and on...
Article
The critical role of the timing of person–context interactions is important in the conceptualization of the school-to-work transition. It is argued that career maturity, with its focus on the individual and its ties to stage models and notions of age-appropriateness, gives insufficient attention to the particular contexts of time and culture within...
Article
The critical role of the timing of person-context interactions, a central notion of developmental contextualism, is recognised as important in the conceptualisation of the school-to-work transition. As a result, an expanded framework for understanding this transition is employed in the present study. A stratified sample of young adults from former...
Article
A study was conducted to show that economic and societal differences between the former Eastern and Western parts of Germany had produced differences in the timing of young people's school-to-work transitions. Data were collected from samples of approximately 350 participants from the West and 380 participants from the East conducted in 1991 and 19...

Citations

... Insight 2: Predicting one moment by the previous one. The ESM enables us to study moment-to-moment changes and stabilities in motivation and emotions, for instance by asking whether Students' or teachers' experiences in a certain moment are predicted by experiences in a preceding moment (for an overview see Reitzle & Dietrich, 2019). ...
... Researchers evaluating the construct of this measure have found a unidimensional factor structure underlying items of the measure (Scherbaum, Cohen-Charash, & Kern, 2006;Scholz, Dona, Sud, & Schwarzer, 2002). As a measure of general selfefficacy, the GSES has been used in adolescent populations to evaluate risk of depressive symptoms (Wiesner, Bittner, & Silbereisen, 2000) interaction between parenting styles, self-efficacy, and emotional intelligence (Wang & He, 2002), test anxiety (Yue, 1996), and the impact of a girls' program. Self-efficacy has become an important construct in multiple areas of psychology for its role in the initiation and maintenance of health behaviors (Schwarzer, Fuchs, Conner, & Norman, 1996). ...
... In a second set of models (second model in Fig. 1), we tested whether excessive parental drinking moderates the link between family bonding and adolescent alcohol use (Baron and Kenny, 1986 1983; Baron and Kenny, 1986;Kuntsche et al., 2003). First, adjusted for gender and age, we estimated the association between family bonding and adolescent alcohol use for the two groups with different family drinking habits, independently from each other (unrestricted model). ...
... Psychological well-being involving "employees' perceptions and evaluations of the quality of emotional and social functioning both on and off the job" (Kelloway & Barling, 2010, p. 41) has significant influence on employees such as increased work motivation (Ford et al., 2011) and the likelihood of reemployment of unemployed individuals (Ferreira et al., 2015) and decreased turnover (Cropanzano & Wright, 2004). Given that researchers have attempted to identify the antecedents to employee psychological well-being from different perspectives, especially leadership perspective (e.g., Arnold, 2017;Arnold & Walsh, 2015). ...
... More generally, one could argue that individual adaptation and development can only be understood when considering the various ecological contexts of development and their interrelated effects on the individual (Bronfenbrenner, 1992;Ford & Lerner, 1992). Taking this notion seriously, Silbereisen and colleagues (Pinquart & Silbereisen, 2004;Silbereisen, Tomasik, & Reitzle, 2012) have suggested a model which attempts to describe and explain the effects of social and DEMANDS OF SOCIAL CHANGE 4 economic change at the macro level on adaptation and development at the individual level. The core assumption of the model is that macro-level effects never have a direct impact on the individual, but first have to translate down to the individuals' micro contexts of development, such as the work place, the family, or the neighborhood (see Silbereisen & Tomasik, 2011b). ...
... This scenario requires an active role of young people in their transitions paths construction (Shanahan, 2000) and the deployment of individual resources that support this transition (Côté & Levine, 2002;Luyckx et al., 2008;Schwartz et al., 2005). The delay of the transition to adulthood is confirmed by research carried out in the American context (Arnett, 2004;Reitzle, 2006;Tanner & Arnett, 2009) and the European and Italian contexts (Aleni Sestito et al., 2015;Carrà et al., 2014;Crocetti et al., 2012;Livi Bacci, 2008;Piumatti et al., 2014). ...
... This is different today, and research on social change, often in a longitudinal manner, plays a major role in the analysis of context-individual linkages. It is clear by now that such linkages are not general purpose mechanisms, but rather specific mechanisms for particular substantive domains (see Juang, Reitzle, & Silbereisen, 2000), often representing a cascade of interrelated events, rather than just a single important trigger. Research on parental decisions in educational settings is a case in point. ...
... Whilst the diagnosis of persevering differences in subjective orientations and mentalities is still valid (Hoffmeyer-Zlotnik, 1998, Reitzle, 1999, Alheit et al., 2004 interdisciplinary research team around Laura Bernardi and others (Bernardi et al., 2006, forthc.). There is some reason to assume that after unification, the life-course orientations of eastern Germans remain somewhat more strongly family-oriented than those of western Germans (Reitzle & Silbereisen, 2000), in particular those of women (Merkel, 1994, Gerhard, 1994, Vondracek, 2000. ...
... We might expect differing effects by age of students in the East German school system, which was radically transformed after unification. Silbereisen and his collaborators (Vondracek, Reitzle, & Silbereisen, 1999) observed a significant differential effect by age on vocational preferences. Older youth who had a number of years in the old system experienced large changes in preferences (away from state-sponsored options), whereas those at a younger age with virtually all of their education in a Western-styled system displayed no differences in preferences. ...
... Ergenlerin gelişim görevlerini başarıyla gerçekleştirmelerinin, sonraki gelişim dönemlerini sağlıklı geçirmelerini sağlayacağı ileri sürülmektedir (France, 2007). Ancak ergenlerin psikolojik sağlamlık düzeyleri yeterli olmadığında, gelişim döneminin getirdiği yoğun talepleri sağlıklı bir şekilde karşılamakta zorlandıkları; akademik, sosyal, duygusal alanda sorunlar yaşadıkları belirtilmektedir (Simmons & Blyth, 2009;Silbereisen & Reitzle, 1991 Aileden, arkadaşlardan ve öğretmenlerden algılanan sosyal destek düzeyinin yüksek olması, psikolojik sağlamlık düzeyinin yüksek olmasını sağlamaktadır (Turan, 2014). Ergenler, kendilerine destek ve geribildirim sağladıkları, davranış modeli oldukları için akranlarının görüşlerine büyük önem vermektedir (Coleman & Hendry, 1999 ...