Matthew P. Heinicke's research while affiliated with University of Michigan-Dearborn and other places

Publications (55)

Article
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The genus Heliobolus comprises four recognized species, all endemic to sub-Saharan Africa. Of these, only Heliobolus lugubrisoccurs in southern Africa, its distribution extending from Angola in the west to Mozambique in the east and reaching as far south as parts of northern South Africa. Like many of the reptile species that occur in southern Afri...
Article
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Prosymna is a specialized African snake genus lacking close relatives. The evolutionary relationships and history within Prosymna are poorly understood. Here we assembled a multi-gene data set including representatives for 11 of 16 species to investigate the phylogenetic relationships of this group. Our analyses support the monophyly of Prosymna an...
Article
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The Angolan Adder, Bitis heraldica (Bocage, 1889), is endemic to the Angolan central plateau and is one of the most poorly known and rarely observed species of African snakes. The phylogenetic placement of B. heraldica within the four subgenera of the genus Bitis (Bitis, Macrocerastes, Calechidna, Keniabitis) has been problematic. The few recent ta...
Article
1935 gecko species (and 224 subspecies) were known in December 2019 in seven families and 124 genera. These nearly 2000 species were described by ~950 individuals of whom more than 100 described more than 10 gecko species each. Most gecko species were discovered during the past 40 years. The primary type specimens of all currently recognized geckos...
Article
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The genus Panaspis in Angola is represented by four species, most of them part of taxonomically and nomenclaturally challenging species-complexes. We present a taxonomic revision of the group in the region and describe one new species, Panaspis mocamedensis sp. nov., endemic to the lowland areas of the Namibe province, southwestern Angola. Phylogen...
Article
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Armored skin resulting from the presence of bony dermal structures, osteoderms, is an exceptional phenotype in gekkotans (geckos and flap‐footed lizards) only known to occur in three genera: Geckolepis, Gekko, and Tarentola. The Tokay gecko (Gekko gecko LINNAEUS 1758) is among the best‐studied geckos due to its large size and wide range of occurren...
Article
Aim To investigate models assessing the influence of geomorphology and climatic shifts on species diversification in sub‐Saharan Africa by reconstructing the pattern and timing of phylogenetic relationships of rain frogs (Brevicipitidae: Breviceps). Location Sub‐Saharan Africa, south of the Congo Basin. Methods Multilocus sequence data were gener...
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The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) commits its 196 nation parties to conserve biological diversity, use its components sustainably, and share fairly and equitably the benefits from the utilization of genetic resources. The last of these objectives was further codified in the Convention's Nagoya Protocol (NP), which came into effect in 201...
Article
Background Geckos of the genus Pachydactylus and their close relatives comprise the most species-rich clade of lizards in sub-Saharan Africa. Many explanations have been offered to explain species richness patterns of clades. In the Pachydactylus group, one possible explanation is a history of diversification via geographic isolation. If geographic...
Article
Phylogenomic approaches have proven able to resolve difficult branches in the tree of life. New World direct-developing frogs (Terraranae) represent a large evolutionary radiation in which interrelationships at key points in the phylogeny have not been adequately determined, affecting evolutionary, biogeographic, and taxonomic interpretations. We e...
Article
The gekkonid genus Goggia includes eight described species of mostly small-bodied rock dwelling gecko endemic to the southwestern portion of southern Africa, in South Africa and extreme southern Namibia. Previous studies focused on Gog-gia have employed external morphology and allozyme electrophoresis, but no sequence-based molecular phylogeny of t...
Data
This plot is not part of the published stance but derives from it. The plot shows the number of authors by geographic region (courtesy of Dr. Diego Astua).
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The question whether taxonomic descriptions naming new animal species without type specimen(s) deposited in collections should be accepted for publication by scientific journals and allowed by the Code has already been discussed in Zootaxa (Dubois & Nemésio 2007; Donegan 2008, 2009; Nemésio 2009a–b; Dubois 2009; Gentile & Snell 2009; Minelli 2009;...
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We describe a new genus of New World direct-developing frog (Terrarana) from the northern Andes of Venezuela and adjacent Colombia. Tachiramantis gen. nov. includes three species formerly placed in the large genus Pristimantis. Molecular phylogenetic analysis of data from five nuclear and mitochondrial genes shows that Tachiramantis is not part of...
Article
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Geckos with a leaf-toed morphology (digits with a single pair of enlarged adhesive pads located terminally) occur on six continents and many islands. Although most leaf-toed gecko genera belong to independently derived lineages, recent studies support the monophyly of a circum-Indian Ocean group including four genera from disparate regions: the sou...
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A new tuberculated Pristimantis is described from the eastern versant of the Venezuelan Andes. The new species is found in cloud forest at around 1600 masl on the eastern side of the Cordillera de Mérida. It is distinguished from other similar tuberculated species by its round, ill-defined canthus rostralis, ill-defined canthal stripe, and absence...
Article
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Palearctic naked-toed geckos are a group of gekkonid geckos that range from North Africa to northern India and western China, with their greatest diversity in Iran and Pakistan. Relationships among the constituent genera remain incompletely resolved and the monophyly of key genera remains unverified. Further, competing classifications are in curren...
Article
Gliding morphologies occur in diverse vertebrate lineages in Southeast Asian rainforests, including three gecko genera, plus frogs, snakes, agamid lizards and squirrels. It has been hypothesized that repeated evolution of gliding is related to the dominance of Asian rainforest tree floras by dipterocarps. For dipterocarps to have influenced the evo...
Article
The genus Gehyra (34 species) is rare among squamate reptile radiations in spanning conti- nents, extending from southeast Asia to Australia and Polynesia. Among the family Gekkon- idae sensu stricto, Gehyra is the only genus that is species rich in Australia. We performed molecular phylogenetic, divergence timing, and ancestral area analyses to in...
Article
A new species of the 'northwestern clade' of Pachydactylus is described from the coast of central Namibia. It has long been considered a population of the widespread species Pachydactylus bicolor, from which it differs in body proportions, in having at least six adhesive lamellae on some digits and in having juxtaposed to subimbricate, rather than...
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A review of the taxonomy, phylogeny, and zoogeography of all currently recognized Gekko species is provided based on morphology (including size, scalation, color, and pattern) and mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequence data. We distinguish six morphological (phenotypic) species groups within the gekkonid genus Gekko: the G. gecko, G. japonicus, G....
Article
A new species of gecko of the Pachydactylus weberi complex is described from the NamibRand Reserve in southern Namibia. It is morphologically well differentiated from all other members of this group, in lacking thigh tubercles, and can further be distinguished by its small size (< 45 mm snout–vent length), participation of the first supralabial in...
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Two of the earliest examples of successful invasive amphibians are the greenhouse frog (Eleutherodactylus planirostris) and the Cuban treefrog (Osteopilus septentrionalis) in Florida. Although both are generally assumed to be recent introductions, they are widespread on Caribbean islands and also have been proposed as natural colonizers. We obtaine...
Article
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Three frogs of a new species found in cloud forests on two nearby mountains in Guyana were included in a molecularphylogeny of 17 nuclear and mitochondrial genes (10,739 aligned sites) that revealed that their closest relative is Terrarana (Brachycephalidae, Craugastoridae, Eleutherodactylidae, and Strabomantidae) and their next-closest relative is...
Article
Three frogs of a new species found in cloud forests on two nearby mountains in Guyana were included in a molecular phylogeny of 17 nuclear and mitochondrial genes (10,739 aligned sites) that revealed that their closest relative is Terrarana (Brachycephalidae, Craugastoridae, Eleutherodactylidae, and Strabomantidae) and their next-closest relative i...
Data
FIGURE 4. Distribution of the family Ceuthomantidae. Lowlands are indicated by green and uplands by brown. Known localities of the new family are indicated in the northeastern and southwestern portions of elevated areas on the Guiana Shield, in Venezuela, Brazil, and Guyana. (1) Mt. Kopinang, Guyana (C. smaragdinus, type locality), (2) Mt. Ayangann...
Data
FIGURE 2. Dorsal (A) and ventral (B) views of the holotype of Ceuthomantis smaragdinus (KU 300000) in life. Photographs by D. B. Means.
Data
FIGURE 1. Dorsal view of female paratype of Ceuthomantis smaragdinus, KU 315000 SVL 19.5 mm. Arrows point to the dorsal glandlike structures. The third finger of the right hand is enlarged to show the notched anterior margin of the disc. Photographs by A. Campbell.
Data
FIGURE 7. High-resolution tomographs of terraranan frogs representing two families (left, dorsal view; right, ventral view). (A – B) Eleutherodactylidae, Eleutherodactylus gossei (SBH 266440; and (C – D) Strabomantidae, Pristimantis pulvinatus (KU 166368). Scale bars = 5 mm.
Data
FIGURE 9. (A) Bayesian and (B) maximum parsimony phylogenies of nobleobatrachian frogs represented by selected genera and constructed using sequences from 17 genes. The trees are rooted with Ranidae (not shown). Support values (Bayesian posterior probabilities or MP bootstrap values) are indicated at nodes.
Data
FIGURE 5. Habitat of Ceuthomantis smaragdinus at 1540 m on Mt. Kopinang, Guyana. The holotype was found about 5 m from the stream in the foreground in Figure 5 A; the paratype was found on a leaf about 10 m away from the other side of the stream slightly to the left of the middle of Figure 5 B. Photographs by D. B. Means.
Data
FIGURE 6. High-resolution tomographs of terraranan frogs representing two families (left, dorsal view; right, ventral view). (A – B) Brachycephalidae, Ischnocnema guentheri (KU 92816); (C – D) Craugastoridae, Haddadus binotatus (KU 92808). Scale bars = 5 mm.
Data
FIGURE 10. Phylogeny of nobleobatrachian frogs represented by selected species and constructed using sequences from 9 genes. The tree is rooted with Rana temporaria (not shown). Support values (ML bootstrap / Bayesian posterior probability / MP bootstrap) are indicated at nodes. Bayesian and MP support values are not given in cases where those phyl...
Data
FIGURE 8. Maximum likelihood phylogeny of nobleobatrachian frogs represented by selected genera and constructed using sequences from 17 genes. The tree is rooted with Ranidae (not shown). Bootstrap support values are indicated at nodes. Higher classification is indicated to the right.
Data
FIGURE 11. Timetree of nobleobatrachian frogs represented by selected genera and estimated with a Bayesian analysis of sequences from 9 genes, based on a topology obtained from the ML analysis of 17 genes (Figure 8). Numbers on nodes refer to time estimates and credibility intervals of time estimates (Table 2); those in bold are nodes discussed in...
Article
If it had not happened so many times in the last two and a half centuries, we would be embarrassed to admit that we created a new homonym, but such is the case. We (Hedges, Duellman & Heinicke 2008:108) proposed the generic name Isodactylus with the type species Eleutherodactylus elassodiscus Lynch (Anura: Strabomantidae) and included in the genus...
Book
New World frogs recently placed in a single, enormous family (Brachycephalidae) have direct development and reproduce on land, often far away from water. DNA sequences from mitochondrial and nuclear genes of 344 species were analyzed to estimate their relationships. The molecular phylogeny in turn was used as the basis for a revised classification...
Article
New World frogs recently placed in a single, enormous family (Brachycephalidae) have direct development and reproduce on land, often far away from water. DNA sequences from mitochondrial and nuclear genes of 344 species were analyzed to estimate their relationships. The molecular phylogeny in turn was used as the basis for a revised classification...
Article
Three endemic species of the aquatic-breeding frog genus Leptodactylus are recognized from the West Indies: Leptodactylus albilabris (Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands), Leptodactylus dominicensis (Hispaniola), and Leptodactylus fallax (Lesser Antilles). DNA sequences were obtained from several mitochondrial genes to resolve taxonomic questions in...
Article
Approximately one-half of all species of amphibians occur in the New World tropics, which includes South America, Middle America, and the West Indies. Of those, 27% (801 species) belong to a large assemblage, the eleutherodactyline frogs, which breed out of water and lay eggs that undergo direct development on land. Their wide distribution and mode...

Citations

... They are characterised by a compressed skull with a depressed, upward pointing snout with a sharp horizontal edge, which allows them to live a semi-fossorial lifestyle (Broadley 1990;Branch 1998;Marais 2004;Spawls et al. 2018;Pietersen et al. 2021). The absent or anteriorly reduced dentary teeth, and the unique modified blade-like rear maxillary teeth allow them to slit open soft-shelled reptile eggs, on which they feed almost exclusively, although some species feed on hard-shelled gecko eggs (Broadley 1979(Broadley , 1980Heinicke et al. 2020). Due to this unusual skull compression, snout shape and modified maxillary teeth, the higher taxonomical level of these snakes has been in flux. ...
... With additional documented breeding of B. parviocula the potential mechanisms influencing gestation period may become better known. (Ceríaco et al., 2020); B. heraldica (Bocage, 1889) is not included due to a lack of reproductive data. Bitis arietans is included, however, due to available reproduction data. ...
... Geckos constitute one of the most speciose groups of squamate reptiles in the world (~ 2000 species), which is the result of diversification processes that have occurred over at least 150 million years (Meiri, 2020;Simões & Pyron, 2021;Uetz et al., 2020). Several studies around the world have reported conserved morphologies in various species and species complexes within the Gekkota clade, particularly notable in the Gekkonidae, Phyllodactylidae and Sphaerodactylidae families (Barata et al., 2012;Cacciali et al., 2018;Davis et al., 2021;Kealley et al., 2018;Simó-Riudalbas et al., 2017). ...
... In the last decade a renewed interest in the Angolan herpetofauna has led to numerous expeditions to remote areas. Consequently, the number of species recorded from the country, has increased considerably (Conradie et al. 2012a(Conradie et al. , 2012b(Conradie et al. , 2013Stanley et al. 2016;Ceríaco et al. 2018Ceríaco et al. , 2020aCeríaco et al. , 2020bCeríaco et al. , 2020cCeríaco et al. , 2021bBranch et al. 2019Branch et al. , 2021Marques et al. 2019aMarques et al. , 2019bMarques et al. , 2020Marques et al. , 2022aMarques et al. , 2022bHallermann et al. 2020;Nielsen et al. 2020;Baptista et al. 2021;Lobón-Rovira et al. 2021;Parrinha et al. 2021;Wagner et al. 2021). Among these are four new species of snakes Hallermann et al. 2020). ...
... Another character is the lack of the processus ascendens of the supratemporal (Bellairs and Kamal 1981;Rieppel 1984b;Estes et al. 1988;Daza et al. 2013). Gekkotans and some iguanians also develop extracranial calcified endolymphatic sacs (Kluge 1967;Bauer 1989;Gamble et al. 2012;Laver et al. 2020). These structures, although hard to preserve in fossils, are visible in amber inclusions ( Fig. 5.3). ...
... This species appears to be common in secondarygrowth habitats, particularly on Calayan Island, where a large series of individuals were observed during our recent biodiversity surveys. Lycodon alcalai is a known predator of this species at least on Calayan Island (Griffing et al. 2019). ...
... The terrestrially breeding frogs of the clade Brachycephaloidea G€ unther, 1858 (terraranas) comprise 1,225 species distributed from the south-western USA through Mexico and the West Indies south to northern Argentina (Frost, 2022). The monophyly of Brachycephaloidea is corroborated by both DNA sequences (e.g., Frost et al., 2006;Hedges et al., 2008;Heinicke et al., 2009;Padial et al., 2014;Pyron & Wiens, 2011) and seven putative morphological synapomorphies in the urogenital and vascular systems (Taboada et al., 2013). Also, phenotypic characters, including direct developmental and T-shaped terminal phalanges (Heinicke et al., 2009;Lynch, 1971) help diagnose Brachycephaloidea. ...
... In order to address these shortcomings, national inventories have been published to help summarise all the historical materials from Angola (Branch 2018;Marques et al. 2018;Baptista et al. 2019b;Branch et al. 2019c) and have set the foundation for future herpetological work. Several formal conservation areas, including national parks and reserves, have been the focus of herpetological surveys in the last decade (Ceríaco et al. 2014(Ceríaco et al. , 2016a(Ceríaco et al. , 2018bConradie et al. 2016Butler et al. 2019;Baptista et al. 2019a;Ernst et al. 2020). The rapid improvement of our knowledge of Angolan herpetofauna, especially the number of new species descriptions, highlights the need to re-evaluate estimates of biodiversity richness across the country . ...
... Note. Formerly in the genus Eleutherodactylus but now partitioned into four families and seven genera by Hedges et al. (2008aHedges et al. ( , 2008b. rosada, C. savagei, C. susatamai, C. xanthocherida, Hyalinobatrachium aureoguttatum, H. colymbiphyllum, H. fleischmanni, and H. valerioi. ...
... We also need to understand how transitions among reproductive modes and life cycles may have impacted diversification. The observation that some of the most species-rich amphibian clades have direct development has led to speculation that this mode may drive increased diversification rates [22][23][24][25] . Diversification rate is the rate of species accumulation over time, or the speciation rate minus the extinction rate. ...