Matthew E. Gompper's research while affiliated with New Mexico State University and other places

Publications (151)

Article
Leptospirosis, a neglected bacterial zoonosis, is a global public health issue disproportionately affecting impoverished communities such as urban slums in the developing world. A variety of animal species, including peridomestic rodents and dogs, can be infected with different strains of leptospirosis. Humans contract leptospirosis via exposure to...
Preprint
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Leptospirosis, a neglected bacterial zoonosis, is a global public health issue disproportionately affecting impoverished communities such as urban slums in the developing world. A variety of animal species, including peridomestic rodents and dogs, can be infected with different strains of leptospirosis. Humans contract leptospirosis via exposure to...
Article
Full-text available
The plains spotted skunk (Spilogale interrupta) is of conservation concern because of widespread population declines and is being considered for listing under the United States Endangered Species Act. Although the taxon is relatively rare and difficult to study, recent research and reports provided some information about spotted skunks in Arkansas...
Article
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Free-ranging domestic dogs Canis familiaris threaten wildlife species through predation, hybridization, competition for resources, and by contributing to the transmission of pathogens. The impacts of predation may be problematic, but in many regions the interactions of free-ranging dogs and wildlife are poorly studied. To determine the extent of th...
Article
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Spilogale putorius interrupta (Plains Spotted Skunk) has been documented to host a variety of macroparasites, but the impacts of these infections are largely unknown. We emphasize the importance of incorporating disease-ecology components into ongoing field-research studies by revisiting previously collected data on infection by the metastrongylid...
Article
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en The tayra (Eira barbara) is a common and broadly distributed Neotropical carnivore, yet is not well-studied. While this species is apparently associated with forested habitats, it also appears tolerant of some anthropogenic disturbance. We deployed 57 unbaited camera traps (n = 4923 trap-days) in and around a protected area (Furnas do Bom Jesus...
Article
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Small carnivores are of increasing conservation concern globally, including those formerly thought to be widespread and abundant. Three weasel species (Mustela nivalis, M. frenata, and M. erminea) are distributed across most of North America, yet several recent studies have reported difficulty detecting weasels within their historical range and sev...
Article
Four species of spotted skunks (Carnivora, Mephitidae, Spilogale) are currently recognized: Spilogale angustifrons, S. gracilis, S. putorius, and S. pygmaea. Understanding species boundaries within this group is critical for effective conservation given that regional populations or subspecies (e.g., S. p. interrupta) have experienced significant po...
Article
Home range size is a fundamental measure of animal space use, providing insight into habitat quality, animal density, and social organization. Human impacts are increasingly affecting wildlife, especially among wide-ranging species that encounter anthropogenic disturbance. Leopards (Panthera pardus) provide a useful model for studying this relation...
Article
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The rich history and global abundance of domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) present a unique opportunity and an ideal model for interdisciplinary research. Canine evolutionary history demonstrates unprecedented changes across all levels of biological organization. These include diversification from highly social, pack-dwelling wild carnivores (extant...
Article
Synopsis The interactions of dogs and wildlife are receiving increasing attention across the globe. Evidence suggests that dogs can negatively affect wildlife in a variety of ways, including through the risk of predation, by hybridizing with other Canis species, by acting as a reservoir or vector of pathogens, and by competing with wildlife for res...
Article
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With the accelerating pace of global change, it is imperative that we obtain rapid inventories of the status and distribution of wildlife for ecological inferences and conservation planning. To address this challenge, we launched the SNAPSHOT USA project, a collaborative survey of terrestrial wildlife populations using camera traps across the Unite...
Article
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Mammalian carnivores are considered a key group in maintaining ecological health and can indicate potential ecological integrity in landscapes where they occur. Carnivores also hold high conservation value and their habitat requirements can guide management and conservation plans. The order Carnivora has 84 species from 8 families in the Neotropica...
Preprint
Full-text available
Four species of spotted skunks (Carnivora, Mephitidae, Spilogale ) are currently recognized: Spilogale angustifrons , S. gracilis , S. putorius , and S. pygmaea . Understanding species boundaries within this group is critical for effective conservation given that regional populations or subspecies (e.g., S. p. interrupta ) have experienced signific...
Article
Full-text available
Epidemiological surveillance for many important wildlife diseases relies on samples obtained from hunter-harvested animals. Statistical methods used to calculate sample size requirements assume that the target population is randomly sampled, and therefore the samples are representative of the population. But hunter-harvested samples may not be repr...
Article
Full-text available
Free-ranging dogs (Canis familiaris) negatively impact wildlife worldwide. Yet despite being members of the order Carnivora, we have relatively little information on the role that dogs play in carnivore communities. To evaluate if activity patterns of wild carnivores are influenced by the activity of dogs and if the latter is influenced by the acti...
Article
Full-text available
Eastern and western spotted skunks ( Spilogale putorius and Spilogale gracilis) serve as definitive hosts for skunk cranial worm ( Skrjabingylus chitwoodorum), a metastrongylid nematode that spends its adult stage inhabiting the frontal sinuses of the host cranium. Skunk cranial worm can cause severe damage to the skull of spotted skunks, and this...
Article
Full-text available
Spilogale putorius interrupta (Plains Spotted Skunk) experienced range-wide declines beginning in the 1940s, and knowledge of population persistence and basic habitat requirements of the taxon remains limited. We surveyed for a population of the subspecies in the forested Ozark region of Arkansas. We deployed a dense camera-trap grid (>8000 trap-ni...
Article
Epidemiological surveillance for important wildlife diseases often relies on samples obtained from hunter-harvested animals. A problem, however, is that although convenient and cost-effective, hunter-harvest samples are not representative of the population due to heterogeneities in disease distribution and biased sampling. We developed an agent-bas...
Article
Full-text available
Intraguild interactions have important implications for carnivore demography and conservation. Differences in how predators respond to different forms of disturbance might alter their interaction patterns. We sought to understand how human and livestock disturbance impact co-occurrence of sympatric large carnivores such as tiger (Panthera tigris) a...
Article
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Measures of absolute animal abundance may be estimated by capture-recapture, removal, or distance sampling methods. We investigate the usage of binomial mixture models to estimate local group abundance of major prey species that is frequently used as a surrogate for prey abundance to study predator or prey-mediated ecological interactions such as p...
Article
Recent carnivore distributions in eastern Pakistan are poorly documented. In an effort to fill knowledge gaps, we combined field and laboratory molecular approaches to identify the large- and mid-sized mammalian carnivores in Murree, Kotli Sattian, and Kahuta National Park in Rawalpindi, Punjab. A total of 23 sites, each with a transect of 1–4 km i...
Article
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Visceral leishmaniasis (kala-azar) continues to be a significant public health issue and socioeconomic obstacle in Iraq. A descriptive study was conducted of confirmed kala-azar patients (n=2787) reported by the Communicable Diseases Control Center (CDCC), Iraq during the 3 year period of 2011-2013. Objectives were to identify possible associations...
Research
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Predator communities are structured based on how sympatric species differentially use shared resources. To better understand the carnivore community in Murree, Kotli Sattian and Kahuta National Park in Pakistan, we determined the dietary breadth and niche overlap of sympatric carnivore Common leopards (Panthera pardus) and Leopard cats (Prionailuru...
Article
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Host infection by parasites is influenced by an array of factors, including host and environmental features. We investigated the relationship between host sex, body size and age, as well as seasonality on infection patterns by acanthocephalan in coatis (Procyonidae: Nasua nasua) and in crab-eating foxes (Canidae: Cerdocyon thous ) from the Brazilia...
Preprint
Full-text available
Epidemiological surveillance for important wildlife diseases often relies on samples obtained from hunter-harvested animals. A problem, however, is that although convenient and cost-effective, hunter-harvest samples are not representative of the population due to heterogeneities in disease distribution and biased sampling. We developed an agent-bas...
Article
Baylisascaris procyonis is a nematode of significant concern to public and domestic animal health as well as wildlife management. The population genetics of B. procyonis is poorly understood. To gain insights into patterns of genetic diversity within (infrapopulation level) and among (component population level) raccoon (Procyon lotor) hosts, and s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Epidemiological surveillance for important wildlife diseases mostly relies on samples obtained from hunter-harvested animals. Though this is a convenient and cost-effective strategy, samples so obtained may not be representative of the population primarily due to sampling biases associated with harvest and heterogeneities associated with the spatio...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Raccoon roundworm (Baylisascaris procyonis) is a nematode parasite whose definitive host is the raccoon (Procyon lotor). While its impacts on raccoons are generally negligible, the lifecycle of B. procyonis potentially involves a broad array of paratenic vertebrate hosts including humans, domestic animals, and diverse wildlife species. In infected...
Poster
Epidemiological surveillance for important wildlife diseases mostly relies on samples obtained from hunter-harvested animals. Though this is a convenient and cost-effective strategy, samples so obtained may not be representative of the population primarily due to sampling biases associated with harvest and heterogeneities associated with the spatio...
Article
Full-text available
Macracanthorhynchus ingens is a common acanthocephalan of raccoons (Procyon lotor) and blackbear (Ursus americanus). Specimens of M. ingens collected from several localities in Missouri and Ontario, Canada have been identified and are reported herein.
Article
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Baylisascaris procyonis is a helminth parasite of raccoons Procyon lotor and represents a health concern in paratenic hosts, including humans and diverse domestic and wildlife species. In North America the helminth is expanding its geographic range. To better understand patterns of infection in the Ozark region of the USA, raccoons (n = 61) were co...
Article
Bears (Ursidae) have extensive home ranges and may move long distances, thereby potentially serving as hosts to, and vectors of, large numbers of ticks. We assessed the composition of the parasitizing tick community on American black bears (Ursus americanus) to discern hard tick species capable of successfully feeding, which is a necessary step for...
Article
We study the consistency of a Bayesian variable selection procedure for generalized linear models. Specifically, we consider the consistency of a Bayes factor based on g-priors proposed by Sabanés Bové and Held [Bayesian Analysis 6 (2011) 387-410]. The integrals necessary for the computation of this Bayes factor are performed with Laplace approxima...
Article
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We investigated the home range size, habitat selection, as well as the spatial and activity overlap, of four mid-sized carnivore species in the Central Pantanal, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. From December 2005 to September 2008, seven crab-eating foxes Cerdocyon thous, seven brown-nosed coatis Nasua nasua, and six ocelots Leopardus pardalis were rad...
Poster
Full-text available
Baylisascaris procyonis is a helmintic parasite of the raccoons Procyon lotor and represents a health concern in accidental and intermediate hosts, including humans, domestic animals, and a diversity of wildlife species. Most North American studies of the species have occurred in the eastern portion of its range, but the helminth has been spreading...
Data
Dataset used for analysis in this study. (XLSX)
Data
Habitat model variables. Variables used for Martes americana (MA), Martes pennanti (MP), Mustela (weasel) spp. (MS), Procyon lotor (PL), and Ursus americanus (UA) habitat models arranged under headings that represent five primary hypotheses that might explain how local and landscape habitat attributes influence carnivore occupancy. Field-measured v...
Data
Detection probability models. Evaluation of survey covariates in the 90% confidence set related to per survey detection probability (p) for carnivores in the Adirondack Mountains, New York, USA. Null p included for each species for assessment of relative support of top model. To estimate p for each taxon, we held occupancy constant [ψ(.)] and fit e...
Data
Spatial habitat models. Habitat model selection results in the 90% confidence set for five carnivore taxa at five spatial scales (local, 0.5k, 1k, 5k, 10k) in the Adirondack Mountains, New York, USA. We fit encounter history data from surveys at 54 sites in 2000–2002 to the candidate model set at each spatial scale for each species. For all models,...
Article
Full-text available
Differential habitat use and intraguild competition are both thought to be important drivers of animal population sizes and distributions. Habitat associations for individual species are well-established, and interactions between particular pairs of species have been highlighted in many focal studies. However, community-wide assessments of the rela...
Data
Coefficient estimates. Coefficient estimates (±SE) for variables by species based on cross-scale model selection results in the 90% confidence set estimating overall carnivore habitat occupancy in the Adirondack Mountains, New York. We fit encounter history data surveys at 54 sites in 2000–2002 to the candidate model set. Variable acronyms are in S...
Data
Variable scale models. Variable scale selection results for five carnivore taxa from 4 buffer scales in the Adirondack Mountains, New York, USA. We fit encounter history data from surveys to the model set for each variable in top-ranking habitat models beyond local scale (S3 Table). U. americanus and M. pennant models had 5 and 3 parameters, respec...
Data
Cross-scale habitat models. Cross-scale model selection results in the 90% confidence set estimating overall carnivore habitat occupancy in the Adirondack Mountains, New York. We fit encounter history data surveys at 54 sites in 2000–2002 to the candidate model set. For all models, probability of detection (p) was held as the most parsimonious mode...
Article
Context. Source populations of many large carnivores such as tigers (Panthera tigris) are confined within small wildlife refuges in human-dominated landscapes. Appropriate management of these populations may warrant understanding fine-scale use of habitat. Aims. The aim of the present study is to understand the fine spatial-scale habitat associatio...
Data
Hematological parameters for > 2 years old coatis. Mean (standard deviation); median; minimum ─ maximum value in the sample; N = sample size; N (Platelets) = sample size for platelet counts; PCV = packed cell volume; RBC = red blood cells count; WBC = total white blood cells counts. TC = T. cruzi; TE = T. evansi; (+) = high parasitemia; (-) = low p...
Article
Full-text available
Wild animals are infected by diverse parasites, but how they influence host health is poorly understood. We examined the relationship of trypanosomatids and gastrointestinal parasites with health of wild brown-nosed coatis (Nasua nasua) from the Brazilian Pantanal. We used coati body condition and hematological parameters as response variables in l...
Article
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Small populations with restricted geographic ranges such as rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) are prone to extinction due to anthropogenic factors. The identification of factors underpinning the survival of such species is of critical importance for population persistence. We used VORTEX population viability analysis (PVA) to assess rhino populatio...
Article
Full-text available
Domestic animal populations have the potential to act as reservoirs for multi-host pathogens, which may be transmitted to native species and cause population declines or extirpations. Domestic dogs are known reservoirs for several multi-host pathogens that may be transmitted to native carnivores. Mass vaccination of dogs has been suggested as a too...
Article
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In their Report “Recovery of large carnivores in Europe's modern human-dominated landscapes” (19 December 2014, p. [1517][1]), G. Chapron et al. attribute the return of predators in Europe to a “coexistence” model for conservation, in which carnivores and humans inhabit shared landscapes.
Article
This chapter reviews the evolutionary history, the population sizes across the globe, and the demographics of dogs, providing a baseline for discussions about the interactions of dogs, humans, and wildlife. It also delves into the origin and taxonomic classification of dogs. It examines the direct and indirect influence of dogs on wildlife.
Article
This introductory chapter differentiates how humans view dogs as opposed to how wildlife sees dogs. It aims to explore dog-wildlife interactions to understand the implications of the interactions for both wildlife and humans. It also examines the influence of dogs to human-wildlife interactions.
Article
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Many scientists and conservation workers agree that global tiger numbers in key areas could double by 2022 if efforts are taken immediately. Countries facing declining tiger numbers and having the ability to meet this goal have produced national tiger recovery plans that outline necessary program activities and their associated costs. To assess the...
Article
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Multi-host pathogens can pose a serious conservation threat when free-ranging domestic animal populations occur alongside susceptible populations of wild species. An example is canine distemper virus (CDV), which can occur at high prevalence in domestic dog (Canis familiaris) populations from which it may be transmitted (spillover) into wild carniv...
Article
![Figure][1] The public is fascinated by large carnivores because they seem dangerous, beautiful, intelligent, and secretive. Furthermore, they are rare and, like dinosaurs, no longer even a minor threat to the vast majority of North America's human population. This was not always the case;
Article
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There is an increasing concern that free-ranging domestic dog (Canis familiaris) populations may serve as reservoirs of pathogens which may be transmitted to wildlife. We documented the prevalence of antibodies to three viral pathogens, canine parvovirus (CPV), canine distemper virus (CDV) and canine adenovirus (CAV), in free-ranging dog and sympat...
Chapter
This chapter studies the ecological parasitology of systems that are influenced by dogs. It considers dog parasites as a source of infection for wildlife, causing changes to the rates of fertility, morbidity, and mortality. It also recognizes dog populations as an important force of wildlife population dynamics.
Article
Full-text available
Mass vaccination of dogs is a mainstay for efforts to control rabies and other viral pathogens. The success of such programs is a function of the ability to vaccinate sufficient proportions of animals to develop herd immunity. However, fully assessing success in reaching target vaccination-levels and in understanding the outcome of mass vaccination...
Article
Full-text available
The diet and partitioning of food resources among mid-sized mammalian carnivores is poorly known, especially in the tropics. We evaluated the resource partitioning between Leopardus pardalis (ocelot), Cerdocyon thous (crab-eating fox), and Nasua nasua (brown-nosed coati) in the Pantanal of Brazil. Between December 2005 and February 2008, we collect...