Mary Kroeger's research while affiliated with University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and other places

Publications (7)

Article
Recent media reports imply that corporations, industry groups, and think tanks exercise outsized influence in state legislatures by promoting model legislation. Before making sweeping claims about how special interests dominate the legislative process, it is essential to compare their purported influence to that of other sources. This article perfo...
Article
In contemporary democracies, backsliding typically occurs through legal machinations. Self-enforcing democracy requires that political parties refrain from exploiting legal opportunities to tilt electoral rules. Using a formal model, we argue that informal norms of mutual forbearance and formal constitutional rules are fundamentally intertwined via...
Article
Bureaucratic influence in policymaking is often described as occurring subsequent to the legislative process and scholars argue that the legislative branch strategically constrains the bureaucracy via statutory language. A reality which complicates these claims and separation of powers research is that bureaucrats frequently play a role in creating...
Preprint
Full-text available
A growing body of literature within the study of state legislatures cites interest groups as a major source of legislation. In spite of these findings, less is known about the actual nature of group-written legislation, including how it differs from traditional, member-driven legislation or how agenda scarcity alters groups' bill-writing strategies...
Article
The safeguards of federalism provide state officials with several tools as they try to influence national policy and protect their interests. State legislative challenges to the national government have been widespread recently, yet little is known about their origins. Are they derived from model legislation provided by interest groups, the result...
Preprint
In this paper, we evaluate Apache Spark for a data-intensive machine learning problem. Our use case focuses on policy diffusion detection across the state legislatures in the United States over time. Previous work on policy diffusion has been unable to make an all-pairs comparison between bills due to computational intensity. As a substitute, schol...

Citations

... Of course, a rapidly emulated program can be modified after a state learns from its own experiences with it (Karch and Cravens 2014). Emulation can be facilitated by advocacy groups promulgating model legislation, providing time-and information-strapped lawmakers with well-crafted legislative language ready for introduction (Callaghan, Karch, and Kroeger 2020;Kroeger 2016). Model legislation also raises normative concerns about information asymmetry and the power of the groups that write it (Brown et al. 2019;Collingwood, El-Khatib, and O'Brien 2019;Hertel-Fernandez 2019). ...
... Moreover, the Cloud side mainly deals with complex operations [31]. We built Apache Spark to provide In-memory decentralized computing [32][33][34], and finally visualize the results of the operation through the ELK Stack (Elasticsearch, Logstash, and Kibana) [35]. The figure below is the operation process after entering the cloud [11]. ...