Markku Juntti's research while affiliated with University of Oulu and other places

Publications (200)

Preprint
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The unprecedented increase in wireless data traffic, predicted to occur within the next decade, is motivating academia and industries to look beyond contemporary wireless standards and conceptualize the sixth-generation (6G) wireless networks. Among various promising solutions, terahertz (THz) communications (THzCom) is recognized as a highly promi...
Article
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Sample rate conversion is an essential scheme used in almost every radio design. Supporting sampling rates higher than the clock rates require parallel processing. In this paper, we propose an algorithm for a sample rate converter (SRC) with multiple parallel output phases so that the conversion ratio can be a fixed rational number. Due to the stru...
Preprint
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The hybrid relay-reflecting intelligent surface (HR-RIS) has been recently introduced as an efficient solution to overcome the double path loss and limited beamforming diversity of the conventional fully passive reflecting surface. This motivates us to investigate the application of the HR-RIS in improving the secrecy capacity of millimeter wave mu...
Article
With massive deployment, multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) systems continue to take mobile communications to new heights, but the ever-increasing demands mean that there is a need to look beyond MIMO and pursue the next disruptive wireless technologies. Reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) is widely considered a key candidate technology blo...
Preprint
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Grant-free protocols exploiting compressed sensing (CS) multi-user detection (MUD) are appealing for solving the random access problem in massive machine-type communications (mMTC) with sporadic device activity. Such protocols would greatly benefit from a prior deterministic knowledge of the sparsity level, i.e., instantaneous number of simultaneou...
Preprint
Massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) is a key technology for emerging next-generation wireless systems. Utilizing large antenna arrays at base-stations, massive MIMO enables substantial spatial multiplexing gains by simultaneously serving a large number of users. However, the complexity in massive MIMO signal processing (e.g., data detecti...
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We consider a multi-user multiple-input single-output (MISO) communications system which is assisted by a hybrid active-passive reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS). Unlike conventional passive RISs, hybrid RIS is equipped with a few active elements with the ability to reflect and amplify incident signals to significantly improve the system per...
Preprint
Massive multiple-input multiple-output (mMIMO) technology is a way to increase the spectral efficiency of machine-type communications (MTC). To exploit the benefits from large antenna arrays, accurate channel estimation through pilot signals is needed. Massive MTC systems cannot avoid pilot reuse due to the enormous numbers of connected devices. We...
Preprint
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We consider a multigroup multicast cell-free multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) downlink system with short-term power constraints. In particular, the normalized conjugate beamforming scheme is adopted at each access point (AP) to keep the downlink power strictly under the power budget regardless of small scale fading. In the considered scenario,...
Chapter
Free space path loss for THz communication is discussed. Molecular absorption mainly caused by water vapor is a major effect in terahertz propagation in the atmosphere. Both experimental and theoretical results are also discussed using the ITU models and the am model. A simplified model for molecular absorption that enables analytical study of THz...
Article
Detection techniques for massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) have gained a lot of attention in both academia and industry. Detection techniques have a significant impact on the massive MIMO receivers’ performance and complexity. Although a plethora of research is conducted using the classical detection theory and techniques, the performan...
Preprint
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This paper addresses the problem of joint user identification and channel estimation (JUICE) for grant-free access in massive machine-type communications (mMTC). We consider the JUICE under a spatially correlated fading channel model as that reflects the main characteristics of the practical multiple-input multiple-output channels. We formulate the...
Conference Paper
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Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are the emerging vital components of millimeter wave (mmWave) wireless systems. Accurate beam alignment is essential for efficient beam based mmWave communications of UAVs with base stations (BSs). Conventional beam sweeping approaches often have large overhead due to the high mobility and autonomous operation of UAV...
Article
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The paper develops novel algorithms for {\it time-varying} (TV) {\it sparse} channel estimation in {\it Massive} multiple-input, multiple-output (MMIMO) systems. This is achieved by employing a novel {\it reduced (non-uniformly spaced tap)} delay-line equalizer, which can be related to low/reduced rank filters. This low rank filter is implemented b...
Preprint
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Switch-based hybrid beamforming (SW-HBF) ar-chitectures are promising for realizing massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) communications systems because of their low cost and low power consumption. In this paper, we study the performance of SW-HBF in a wideband multi-carrier MIMO communication system considering the beam squint effect. We a...
Preprint
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Upcoming beyond fifth generation (5G) communications systems aim at further enhancing key performance indicators and fully supporting brand new use cases by embracing emerging techniques, e.g., reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS), integrated communication, localization, and sensing, and mmWave/THz communications. The wireless intelligence empo...
Article
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Reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) is a programmable structure that can be used to control the propagation of electromagnetic waves by changing the electric and magnetic properties of the surface. By placing these surfaces in an environment, the properties of radio channels can be controlled. This opens up new opportunities to improve the per...
Preprint
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Recently, the hybrid relay-reflecting intelligent surface (HRRIS) has been introduced as a spectral- and energy-efficient architecture to assist wireless communication systems. In the HRRIS, a single or few active relay elements are deployed along with a large number of passive reflecting elements, allowing it to not only reflect but also amplify t...
Preprint
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To mitigate computational power gap between the network core and edges, mobile edge computing (MEC) is poised to play a fundamental role in future generations of wireless networks. In this letter, we consider a non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) transmission model to maximize the worst task to be offloaded among all users to the network edge ser...
Article
The main challenge in a full-duplex transceiver design is created by the self-interference caused by the coupling of the transmitted signal to the transceiver’s own receiver. The effect of the non-linear operation of both the power amplifier at the transmitter and the low noise amplifier at the receiver are considered in the self-interference cance...
Article
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This paper analyzes the robustness and timeliness for cooperative lossy communications in unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) networks. The analytical framework consists of two steps: 1) calculating the outage probability, and 2) characterizing the Age-of-Information (AoI) for a given outage probability. Initially, we determine the outage probability bas...
Preprint
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Inspired by the remarkable learning and prediction performance of deep neural networks (DNNs), we apply one special type of DNN framework, known as model-driven deep unfolding neural network, to reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-aided millimeter wave (mmWave) single-input multiple-output (SIMO) systems. We focus on uplink cascaded channel es...
Preprint
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Reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RISs) have been proposed as a key enabler to improve the coverage of the signals and mitigate the frequent blockages in millimeter wave (mmWave) multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) communications. However, the channel state information (CSI) acquisition is one of the major challenges for the practical deployme...
Preprint
In this paper, we utilize tools from stochastic geometry to estimate the interference propagation via reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) in the millimeter wave (mmWave, 30-300 GHz) band and specifically on the D band (110-170 GHz). The RISs have been of great interest lately to maximize the channel gains in non-line-of-sight (NLOS) communicat...
Article
In this letter, we investigate an intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) aided device-to-device (D2D) offloading system, where an IRS is employed to assist in computation offloading from a group of users with intensive tasks to another group of idle users. To minimize the system latency while cutting down the heavy overhead in exchange of channel sta...
Preprint
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Reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RISs) have been introduced as a remedy for mitigating frequent blockages in millimeter wave (mmWave) multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) communication networks. However, perfect or nearly perfect channel state information (CSI) is fundamental in order to achieve their full potential. Traditionally, an RIS is f...
Preprint
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We propose a novel concept of hybrid relay-reflecting intelligent surface (HR-RIS), in which a single or few elements are deployed with power amplifiers (PAs) to serve as active relays, while the remaining elements only reflect the incident signals. The design and optimization of the HR-RIS is formulated in a spectral efficiency (SE) maximization p...
Preprint
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Reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) technology has recently emerged as a spectral- and cost-efficient approach for wireless communications systems. However, existing hand-engineered schemes for passive beamforming design and optimization of RIS, such as the alternating optimization (AO) approaches, require a high computational complexity, espe...
Preprint
As a key enabler for massive machine-type communications (mMTC), spatial multiplexing relies on massive multiple-input multiple-output (mMIMO) technology to serve the massive number of user equipments (UEs). To exploit spatial multiplexing, accurate channel estimation through pilot signals is needed. In mMTC systems, it is impractical to allocate a...
Preprint
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We conduct novel coverage probability analysis of downlink transmission in a three-dimensional (3D) terahertz (THz) communication (THzCom) system. In this system, we address the unique propagation properties in THz band, e.g., absorption loss, super-narrow directional beams, and high vulnerability towards blockage, which are fundamentally different...
Preprint
Grant-free access is considered as a key enabler to massive machine-type communications (mMTC) as it promotes energy-efficiency and small signalling overhead. Due to the sporadic user activity in mMTC, joint user identification and channel estimation (JUICE) is a main challenge. This paper addresses the JUICE in single-cell mMTC with single-antenna...
Preprint
Full-text available
Reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RISs) are considered as potential technologies for the upcoming sixth-generation (6G) wireless communication system. Various benefits brought by deploying one or multiple RISs include increased spectrum and energy efficiency, enhanced connectivity, extended communication coverage, reduced complexity at transceiv...
Article
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This paper documents a simple parametric polynomial line-of-sight channel model for 100–450 GHz band. The band comprises two popular beyond fifth generation (B5G) frequency bands, namely, the D band (110–170 GHz) and the low-THz band (around 275–325 GHz). The main focus herein is to derive a simple, compact, and accurate molecular absorption loss m...
Article
Full-text available
We conduct novel coverage probability analysis of downlink transmission in a three-dimensional (3D) terahertz (THz) communication (THzCom) system. In this system, we address the unique propagation properties in THz band, e.g., absorption loss, super-narrow directional beams, and high vulnerability towards blockage, which are fundamentally different...
Article
Full-text available
A reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) can shape the radio propagation environment by virtue of changing the impinging electromagnetic waves towards any desired directions, thus, breaking the general Snell’s reflection law. However, the optimal control of the RIS requires perfect channel state information (CSI) of the individual channels that l...
Article
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Location information offered by external positioning systems, e.g., satellite navigation, can be used as prior information in the process of beam alignment and channel parameter estimation for reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-aided millimeter wave (mmWave) multiple-input multiple-output networks. Benefiting from the availability of such pri...
Preprint
Full-text available
Joint user identification and channel estimation (JUICE) is a main challenge in grant-free massive machine-type communications (mMTC). The sparse pattern in users' activity allows to solve the JUICE as a compressed sensing problem in a multiple measurement vector (MMV) setup. This paper addresses the JUICE under the practical spatially correlated f...
Preprint
Full-text available
Reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) has emerged as a cost- and energy-efficient solution to enhance the wireless communication capacity. However, recent studies show that a very large surface is required for a RIS-assisted communication system; otherwise, they may be outperformed by the conventional relay. Furthermore, the performance gain of...
Article
We propose a novel data detection algorithm and a corresponding VLSI design for massive multiuser (MU) multiple input-multiple output (MIMO) wireless systems. Our algorithm uses alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM)-based infinity norm constrained equalization and is called ADMIN. ADMIN is an iterative algorithm that outperforms linear...
Article
Wireless connectivity in airplanes is becoming more important, demanded, and common. One of the largest bottlenecks with the in-flight Internet is that the airplane is far away from both the satellites and the ground base stations during most of the flight time. Maintaining a reliable and high-rate wireless connection with the airplane over such a...
Preprint
In this letter, we investigate an intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) aided device-to-device (D2D) offloading system, where an IRS is employed to assist in computation offloading from a group of users with intensive tasks to another group of idle users. We propose a new two-timescale joint passive beamforming and resource allocation algorithm base...
Article
Full-text available
We consider downlink transmission whereby a multiantenna base station simultaneously transmits data to multiple single-antenna users. We focus on slow flat fading channel where the channel state information is imperfect, the channel estimation error is unbounded and its statistics are known. The aim is to design beamforming vectors such that the su...