Mark S. Frankel's research while affiliated with American Association for the Advancement of Science and other places

Publications (26)

Chapter
Both China and the USA recognize the critical role of research integrity in sustaining a productive research enterprise. Both countries have also experienced public backlash to reports of researcher misconduct, prompting a greater government response, with its mix of regulation and funding incentives and a commitment to changing the research cultur...
Article
The evolving social contract between science and society has led to increasing calls, inside and outside science, for greater public accountability on the part of scientists and engineers, which has focused more attention on their responsibilities to the larger society. Yet, there is no consensus on what those responsibilities are or should be. The...
Chapter
Both China and the USA recognize the critical role of research integrity in sustaining a productive research enterprise. Both countries have also experienced public backlash to reports of researcher misconduct, prompting a greater government response, with its mix of regulation and funding incentives and a commitment to changing the research cultur...
Chapter
Both China and the USA recognize the critical role of research integrity in sustaining a productive research enterprise. Both countries have also experienced public backlash to reports of researcher misconduct, prompting a greater government response, with its mix of regulation and funding incentives and a commitment to changing the research cultur...
Article
Full-text available
Advances in neuroscience should be subject to a robust public dialogue that includes attention to the legal and human rights issues raised by both research and its applications.
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A new U.S. policy for dual-use life science research defines what is permissible by scientists and the government. However, further negotiations will be needed as governments realize the consequences of such boundaries for research and society.
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Advances in gene therapy set the stage for the next generation of illegal doping, and doping detection, in sport.
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As nanotechnology emerges as an important public policy issue, the FDA's relationship with society is about to be tested. Most would agree that fostering public input will be critical to developing effective public policy for nanotechnology. Yet, it will not be easy. Low public confidence in the FDA, the general lack of knowledge about nanotechnolo...
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Harmful misuse of biological research must be addressed through education, but such programs are in short supply and can be improved. Copyright 2009 by the American Association for the Advancement of Science; all rights reserved.
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Along with concerns about the deleterious effects of politically driven government intervention on science are the intrusion of private sector interests into the conduct of research and the reporting of its results. Scientists are generally unprepared for the challenges posed by private interests seeking to advance their economic, political, or ide...
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Scientific societies can play an important role in promoting ethical research practices among their members, and over the past two decades several studies have addressed how societies perform this role. This survey continues this research by examining current efforts by scientific societies to promote research integrity among their members. The dat...
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The American Association for the Advancement of Science carried out a study on intellectual property and electronic journal publishing with the aim of identifying those aspects of the intellectual property regime that facilitate or constrain the effective development of electronic scientific publishing. This paper summarizes the conclusions reached...
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What makes inheritable genetic modification attractive is not its ability to treat disease, but its capacity, someday, to enhance human traits beyond what mere good health requires. But, these discoveries will not be imposed on us by government, as Huxley thought. If they take over our lives, it will be because they were sold to us on the open mark...
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The potential impacts of inheritable genetic modifications (IGM), whereby genetic traits can be transmitted to future generations, deserve greater public conversation and oversight than has so far accompanied recent human applications. We know next to nothing about the long-term effects of IGM, nor has there been adequate public consideration of it...
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Advances in genetics research have fueled public debate over the use of genetic information about individuals and families by health insurers. Fears of discrimination based on one's genetic inheritance have prompted various private and public sector groups to press for restrictions on access to and use of genetic information in health insurance dec...
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Nature is the international weekly journal of science: a magazine style journal that publishes full-length research papers in all disciplines of science, as well as News and Views, reviews, news, features, commentaries, web focuses and more, covering all branches of science and how science impacts upon all aspects of society and life.
Article
All rights reserved. no part of this book may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any from or by any means (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise), without the prior written permission from the publisher, except for the inclusion of brief quotations in a review. We have attempted to provide complet...

Citations

... For example, the Honor Board of Mexico's Sistema Nacional de Investigadores is able to consider allegations of research misconduct, but appears to do so in the absence of an economy-wide policy for research integrity [14] . Government bodies can also be involved to that enable these bodies to directly investigate alleged research misconduct [15][16][17][18] . The newly formed ORI in Chinese Taipei has a similarly broad scope of activities [19] . ...
... The notions of honesty, fairness, justice, and cultural sensitivity comprise research integrity (Eriksson and Helgesson 2018). Integrity in research is a personal commitment to one's action and the extent of measures in carrying out research responsibly (Saldaña 2015;Frankel et al. 2016). However, personal principles of interpersonal conduct are derived from the integration of a person's life experience. ...
... The relative decrease of single country papers, and the increase of two or multiple countries indicates that joint papers in RIRE are involving more countries, institution, and authors. As more institutions adopt initiatives such as formal structured training (DuBois et al., 2008;Ferguson et al., 2007;Satalkar & Shaw, 2019;Sponholz, 2000), there may be more opportunities for further collaboration and communication towards harmonizing standards to promote more uniform global research practices (Frankel et al., 2016). Secondly, the scope of topics is expected to change depending on factors such as relevance to the publishing country or funding agency, and forthcoming applications or technologies. ...
... There has been limited research exploring the actions scientists take to materialise RRI in their day-today roles (Glerup, Davies, and Horst 2017). Studies suggest that whilst scientists show commitment to the ideals promoted by frameworks such as RRI, there is uncertainty, and sometimes ambivalence, around how to implement practices that actually promote these ideals (Glerup, Davies, and Horst 2017;Frankel 2015;Felt, Fochler, and Sigl 2018). Specific to exploring RRI in digital agriculture, previous authors (Rose and Chilvers 2018;Bronson 2018;Eastwood et al. 2019) have made suggestions about indicators which are reflective of each of the four RRI dimensions, which often tend to be participatory tools for inclusion. ...
... As was essentially already pointed out more than two decades ago (Frankel & Siang, 1999), full debriefing and subsequent data withdrawal can be particularly difficult to accomplish in web-based research: Participants can typically discontinue a study unilaterally (i.e., dropout by simply closing the browser window), in which case both full debriefing and subsequent data withdrawal may simply become impossible to ensure (Barchard & Williams, 2008;Nosek et al., 2002;Skitka & Sargis, 2006). Consequently, a studyeven one in which deception was unavoidablewould no longer be compatible with ethical standards. ...
... Ademais, a terapia genética ainda é considerada de alto risco e necessita de aprimoramentos. Efeitos adversos sérios, como leucemia, respostas imunológicas exacerbadas e até mesmo mortes, já foram relatados em estudos clínicos com terapia genética em humanos 119 . ...
... By enacting this genealogical perspective, Childerhose counters the still dominant interpretative pattern that argues that the problem of genetic discrimination was ›discovered‹ in the context of the human genome project and increasing genetic knowledge in the 1990s (see e.g. Frankel 1999;Parthasarathy 2004), resulting finally in the call for more comprehensive safeguards and legal protection. Childerhose calls this narrative »the genetic privacy story« (2008: 60). ...
... La creación de una sociedad científica es fundamental para la mantención y fomento de una disciplina científica. Esta es una organización que mantiene y fomenta el conocimiento disciplinar, actuando como custodia de sus valores y tradiciones (Frankel 2000, Cappeletti 2011, potenciando el intercambio intelectual y la diversificación científica (Schwartz et al. 2008). El rol de las sociedades científicas se puede resumir en: la representación de la disciplina; la promoción de prácticas responsables de investigación y de conductas éticas de sus integrantes; la difusión del conocimiento y su intercambio, a través de reuniones (i.e., congresos) y la mantención de revistas científicas; la representación de sus integrantes en el desarrollo de políticas públicas basadas en conocimiento científico y en la educación de la opinión pública, a través de la valoriza-ción de la ciencia que la sociedad genera (Frankel 2000, Schwartz et al. 2008, Cappeletti 2011. ...
... The burgeoning of HET is the result of recent scientific developments in nanotechnology, biotechnology, information technology and cognitive science (Frankel & Kapustij, 2008). These developments have also advanced a discourse-certainly not always critically or ethically informed-that argues in favour of enhancing human beings' physical, psychological and intellectual characteristics, which implicitly conceives human beings as biological entities (Rose, 2007). ...
... Many efforts have been undertaken to evaluate specific groups of policies-for example, medical countermeasures, 13,14 biosurveillance, [15][16][17] or dual-use life sciences research. [18][19][20] In early 2018, a research group at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratories (PNNL) conducted a limited study mapping US government agencies that are responsible for implementing specific activities authorized by 8 major US biosecurity and biodefense policies. 21 An update of PNNL's tool focuses on agency and subagency responsibilities for these policies. ...