Maria Lipman's research while affiliated with George Washington University and other places

Publications (5)

Article
Russia’s political system must be understood as inherently dynamic, with constant regime change being essential to how the regime operates and survives. This regime change does not proceed monotonically toward ever tighter authoritarianism, but can move in both liberal and repressive directions at different times. While on aggregate the trend has b...
Chapter
Tis book is a new volume produced by the international team of experts that has been working on Russia development scenarios since 2007. In their previous work, Russia 2025: Scenarios for the Russian Future published in 2013, this group of researchers analyzed alternative paths for Russia’s development after Vladimir Putin’s return to the Kremlin....
Article
This article investigates how hybrid regimes supply governance by examining a series of dilemmas (involving elections, the mass media, and state institutions) that their rulers face. The authors demonstrate how regime responses to these dilemmas – typically efforts to maintain control while avoiding outright repression and societal backlash – have...
Chapter
Russia in 2013 is on the threshold of serious changes, which could happen at any moment, with or without sanction from the top. In fact, these changes have already begun with the political crisis of the fall and winter of 2011/12. The interests of the principal actors — the regional elites, the business sector, civil society — are more and more fre...

Citations

... Figures 1 and 2 show the geographic distribution of the cities in our dataset, with darker Figure 3 shows how the number of mayoral arrests in Russia has changed over time. In 2015, there was significant discussion among political commentators about an uptick in repression against regional elites (Hale et al., 2019). This pattern is borne out by our data and arrests have remained elevated since then. ...
... Research also views the improvement of public services as a response to perceived threats to regime stability. From this perspective, governments improve public services before the low performance decreases trust in government or leads to punishment at the ballot box, or both (Carpenter and Krause 2012;Jäkel 2021;Petrov et al. 2014). In the case of Russia, reforms to address the low effectiveness of state services were initiated after the complete breakdown of the state, which happened at the end of the 1990s. ...