Maria A. Benavides's scientific contributions

Citations

... In other cases, facial tissues and hair were painstakingly curated-the mouth was pinned shut and flayed skin was stuffed with cotton to preserve the victim's countenance-they would have been identifiable by name, even in death (Browne et al., 1993;Guillén, 1992;Silverman & Proulx, 2002;Verano, 1995Verano, , 2003. By the Colonial period, chroniclers documented the use of trophies as huayos or masks that still retained the appearance of the individual, which were strung up for public ceremonies and worn in public dances (Salomon & Urioste, 1991). The head (especially the mouth and eyes) is viewed as the locus of an individual's vital life force and animating essence in Amerindian ontology (Arnold & Hastorf, 2008;Hastorf, 2018;Proulx, 1999); as such, the head was a potential source of great power and danger, necessitating caution, care, and even supernatural protection while manipulating the head's flesh and bone and handling and curating the head throughout different phases of its use-life (Scaffidi, 2020b). ...