Marco Esposito's research while affiliated with University of Gothenburg and other places

Publications (41)

Article
Full-text available
PURPOSE To evaluate the 20-year prognosis of endodontically treated/re-treated teeth in a population with multiple patient/tooth/site risk factors, and to investigate the pro-gnostic factors that could predict the long-term outcome of endodontic therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS This ambispective cohort study included patients who received primary/...
Article
Background: Dental implants are available in different materials, shapes and with different surface characteristics. In particular, numerous implant designs and surface modifications have been developed for improving clinical outcome. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2002, and previously updated in 2003, 2005 and 2007. Ob...
Article
Purpose: To compare the clinical outcome of fixed prostheses supported by 4- to 8-mm-long implants with prostheses supported by longer implants placed in vertically augmented atrophic mandibles after a follow-up of 5 years in function. Materials and methods: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and MEDLINE were searched u...
Article
Purpose: To evaluate whether there are some clinical benefits by placing single dental implants either 0.5 mm or 1.5 mm subcrestally in healed bone crests. Materials and methods: Sixty partially edentulous patients requiring two single implant-supported crowns had both sites randomly allocated either to 0.5-mm or 1.5-mm subcrestal implant placem...
Article
Purpose: To compare the outcome of tooth extractions in patients taking oral antithrombotic without reducing their dose. Four different interventions were compared within the same patient: suturing alone (control group), suturing plus a haemostatic plug, suturing plus advanced-platelet-rich fibrin (A-PRF+) plug, and suturing plus leukocyte- and pl...
Article
Purpose: To evaluate whether there is a difference in aesthetic outcomes positioning immediate post-extractive implants in the natural position (where the tooth should have been in relation to adjacent teeth/implants) or approximately 3 mm more palatally. Materials and methods: Just after tooth extraction, 20 patients requiring one single immedi...
Article
Purpose: To evaluate whether 5-mm short dental implants could be an alternative to augmentation with anorganic bovine bone and placement of at least 10-mm long implants in posterior atrophic jaws. Materials and methods: Fifteen patients with bilateral atrophic mandibles (5 to 7 mm bone height above the mandibular canal) and 15 patients with bila...
Article
Purpose: To evaluate whether 5 × 5 mm dental implants with a novel nanostructured calcium-incorporated titanium surface could be an alternative to implants at least 10-mm long placed in bone augmented with bone substitutes in posterior atrophic jaws. Materials and methods: Forty patients with atrophic posterior (premolar and molar areas) mandibl...
Article
Purpose: To evaluate the outcome of one (fixed-on-1, Fo1) versus two (fixed-on-2, Fo2) implants placed flapless in fully edentulous mandibles and immediately restored with metal-resin screw-retained cross-arch prostheses. Materials and methods: Twenty patients with edentulous or to be rendered edentulous mandibles were randomised to the Fo1 grou...
Article
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of keratinised mucosa on the long-term success of dental implants. Materials and methods: Thirty-two edentulous patients had one of their dental arches rehabilitated with a provisional screw-retained resin reinforced cross-arch fixed prosthesis supported by four immediately loaded impla...
Article
Background: Implants may be placed penetrating the oral mucosa (1-stage procedure) or can be completely buried under the oral mucosa (2-stage procedure) during the healing phase of the bone at the implant surface. With a 2-stage procedure the risk of having unwanted loading onto the implants is minimized, but a second minor surgical intervention i...
Article
Purpose: To compare the clinical outcome of single, partial and complete fixed implant supported prostheses immediately loaded (within 48 h), early loaded at 6 weeks, and conventionally loaded at 3 months (delayed loading). Materials and methods: A total of 54 patients (18 requiring single implants, 18 partial fixed prostheses, and 18 total fixe...
Article
Purpose: To evaluate whether 5.0 × 5.0 mm dental implants with a novel nanostructured calcium-incorporated titanium surface could be an alternative to implants of at least 10.0 mm long placed in bone augmented with bone substitutes in posterior atrophic jaws. Materials and methods: Forty patients with atrophic posterior (premolar and molar areas...
Article
Purpose: To evaluate whether there are aesthetic and clinical benefits to using a newly designed abutment (Curvomax), over a conventional control abutment (GingiHue). Materials and methods: A total of 49 patients, who required at least two implants, had two sites randomised according to a split-mouth design to receive one abutment of each type a...
Article
Purpose: To compare the clinical outcome of immediately loaded cross-arch maxillary prostheses supported by zygomatic implants vs conventional implants placed in augmented bone. Materials and methods: A total of 71 edentulous patients with severely atrophic maxillas, who did not have sufficient bone volume to place dental implants or when it was...
Article
Purpose: To evaluate whether 4.0 mm short dental implants could be an alternative to augmentation with xenographs in the maxilla and placement of at least 10.0 mm long implants in posterior atrophic jaws. Materials and methods: A group of 40 patients with atrophic posterior (premolar and molar areas) mandibles with 5.0 mm to 6.0 mm bone height a...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To ascertain whether in the presence of a previously endodontically treated tooth with periapical pathology and/or symptoms and an uncertain prognosis, it is better to endodontically retreat it or to replace the tooth with a single-implant-supported crown. Materials and methods: Twenty patients requiring the treatment of a previously en...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To compare planning and patient rehabilitation using 3D implant planning software and dedicated surgical templates with conventional freehand implant placement for the rehabilitation of partially or fully edentulous patients using flapless or mini-flap procedures and immediate loading. Materials and methods: Patients requiring at least...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To compare the clinical outcome of dental implants restored with definitive occluding partial fixed prostheses within 1 week after implant placement with immediate non-occluding provisional restorations to be replaced by definitive prostheses after 4 months. Materials and methods: Forty partially edentulous patients treated with one to...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To evaluate whether there is a difference in aesthetic outcomes positioning immediate post-extractive implants in the natural position (where the tooth should have been in relation to adjacent teeth/implants) or about 3 mm more palatally. Materials and methods: Just after tooth extraction, 30 patients requiring one single immediate maxi...
Article
Purpose: To evaluate the long-term effectiveness of 6.6 mm long flapless-placed single implants loaded immediately or early loaded at 6 weeks. Materials and methods: Thirty patients each received two single Nanotite External Hex Biomet 3i implants, which were then randomly allocated to be either immediately or early loaded, according to a split-...
Article
Purpose: To evaluate whether 6 mm long × 4 mm wide dental implants could be an alternative to implants of at least 10 mm long placed in bone augmented with bone substitutes in posterior atrophic jaws. Materials and methods: A total of 20 patients with bilateral atrophic mandibles, and 20 patients with bilateral atrophic maxillae, having 5 mm to...
Article
Purpose: To compare the clinical outcome of immediately loaded cross-arch maxillary prostheses supported by zygomatic implants vs conventional implants placed in augmented bone. Materials and methods: In total, 71 edentulous patients with severely atrophic maxillas without sufficient bone volumes for placing dental implants, or when it was possi...
Article
Purpose: To compare the outcome of cross-arch prostheses supported either by 5 mm long or 11.5 mm long implants placed flapless and immediately restored with a metal-resin screw-retained cross-arch prostheses. Materials and methods: Thirty patients with edentulous or to-be- rendered edentulous mandibles, and 30 with edentulous maxillas, having s...
Article
Purpose: To evaluate the outcome of three (fixed-on-3 = Fo3) vs four (fixed-on-4 = Fo4) implants immediately restored with metal-resin screw-retained cross-arch prostheses in fully edentulous jaws. Materials and methods: Forty-eight edentulous or to be rendered edentulous patients were randomised in six centres (eight patients per centre) to the...
Article
Full-text available
Immediate loading of occluding definitive partial fixed prostheses vs non-occluding provisional restorations-3-year post-loading results from a pragmatic multicentre randomised controlled trial Key words immediate loading, non-occlusal loading, partial edentulism Purpose: To compare the clinical outcome of dental implants restored with definitive o...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To ascertain whether in the presence of a previously endodontically treated tooth with a periapical pathology and/or symptoms and an uncertain prognosis, it is better to endodontically retreat it or to replace the tooth with a single implant-supported crown. Materials and methods: Forty patients requiring the treatment of a previously e...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To evaluate in dogs a newly developed intraosseous alveolar distractor (Mozo-Grau Alveolar Distractor) for vertical bone augmentation to allow placement of dental implants. Materials and methods: Four dogs had their posterior teeth removed, and sockets were left to heal for 20 weeks. The right and left sides of the posterior mandibles w...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To evaluate whether it is more effective to complete endodontic treatment in a single visit or in two visits with 1-week intracanal calcium hydroxide medication in symptomatic teeth and teeth with periapical lesions. Materials and methods: One hundred and ninety-nine patients, with one symptomatic tooth or a tooth with a periapical lesi...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To evaluate the influence of at least three abutment disconnections in conventional loaded implants against placement of a definitive abutment in immediately non-occlusal loaded implants on hard and soft tissue changes. A secondary aim was to evaluate whether the presence of less than 2 mm of keratinised mucosa is associated with increase...
Article
Purpose: To evaluate clinical safety and effectiveness of a novel calcium-incorporated titanium implant (Xpeed, MegaGen Implant Co. Limited, Gyeongbuk, South Korea). Materials and methods: In total, 60 patients were randomised to receive one to six titanium implants in the maxilla with either calcium-incorporated (Xpeed) or control resorbable bl...
Article
Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of short (5 or 6 mm long) dental implants vs 10 mm or longer implants placed in crestally lifted sinuses. Materials and methods: Twenty partially edentulous patients with 5 to 7 mm of residual crestal height and at least 7 mm thickness below the maxillary sinuses as measured on computed tomography scans were ran...
Article
Purpose: To compare the clinical outcome of dental implants restored with definitive occluding partial fixed prostheses within 1 week, after implant placement with immediate non-occluding provisional restorations, which were to be replaced by definitive prostheses after 4 months. Materials and methods: Fifty partially edentulous patients treated...

Citations

... The macro-design describes the broad shape (conical or cylindrical), length, diameter, arrangement and number of threads and numerous other characteristics/configurations of a dental implant. Common implant shapes are cylindrical or tapered [2]. The microdesign describes the surface characterization of the implant. ...
... Short implants enable implant restoration in locations with limited vertical bone, avoiding the additional need for bone augmentation and the following complications [34][35][36][37]. Current literature shows that short implants have a high success rate, as well as similar marginal bone resorption and survival rates compared to longer implants with bone augmentation [38][39][40]. ...
... No case of mucositis was found in the test group and only one in the control group, in Gastaldi et al. and Esposito et al. [4,10]. By contrast, one [5] and two cases [44] of peri-implantitis were found in the test group and none in the control group. Mucositis was also assessed in Guljé et al. [45], who reported its presence in ⁓22% of short implants and ⁓47% of standard-length implants. ...
... Restorative therapies employing short implants (< 7 mm) are well documented in the literature. Reduced costs and treatment times, fewer surgical complications with similar treatment outcomes as longer implants, provide justification as alternative treatments to ridge augmentation procedures [70][71][72]. The use of ultra-short implants (< 5 mm) needs further investigation [73,74]. ...
... In surgery, the use of platelet-rich plasma reduces bleeding while enhancing soft tissue healing and bone regeneration. [18][19][20] After removing the tooth, we also chose to apply tranexamic acid inside the alveolus to control the patient's bleeding. Tranexamic acid is able to promote increased blood clot stability by inhibiting fibrinolysis. ...
... Esposito et al. [33] and Peñarrocha-Oltra et al. [34], Table VIII compared implant placed in the normal position versus implants placed 3mm more palatally, they found that positioning of immediate post-extractive implants 3 mm more palatally did not improving aesthetics. ...
... Prosthetically driven implant placement is crucial for the long-term success of treatment, allowing the implants to be installed in the most accurate mesio-distal and buccolingual position and depth [5][6][7][8][9][10]. Some studies show no clinical differences when placing implants 0.5 mm or 1.5 mm subcrestally; therefore, clinicians can choose as they prefer [11]. However, the depth of implant placement should be carefully planned to consider available bone and soft tissue thickness, the type of the implant, and the type and shape of further prosthetic reconstruction. ...
... In conclusion, it can be assumed that application of chloramine-T might even help to improve endodontic disinfection. As shown in a recent study, the maintenance of teeth by proper endodontic therapy should in the most cases be the first options in order to prevent insertion of cost intensive dental implants [55]. Further clinical investigations are necessary in order to proof the efficacy and safety of chloramine-T also in vivo. ...
... Grafting and regenerative procedures such as guided bone regeneration, sinus elevation, block grafting, and osteogenic distraction are not exempt from technical difficulties, complications, and high costs of treatment compared to direct implantation techniques (2). Studies comparing the clinical results achieved with bone augmentation/regeneration followed by positioning of standard implants vs direct implantation of short implants into native bone have reported comparable survival rates (3,4). Thus, short implants are a viable option for the rehabilitation of edentulous arches for which standard-length implants cannot be used (5,6). ...
... This technique allows clinicians to construct the prosthesis quickly and efficiently in 2 days following implant placement without using stone casts. An immediate definitive prosthesis decreases the number of visits and treatment duration [16,17]. In addition, the esthetics, occlusion, Figure 9. ...