Marco Armiero's research while affiliated with INO - Istituto Nazionale di Ottica and other places

Publications (48)

Article
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The potential of geothermal energy for energy transition is increasingly recognized by governments around the world. Whether geothermal energy is a sustainable source of heat and/or electricity depends on how it is deployed in specific contexts. Therefore, it is striking that there is only limited attention to geothermal energy from a social scienc...
Article
It has often been said that the problem with climate change is its invisibility. People do not mobilize about climate change because they cannot see it; even less can they see CO2 emissions—that is, the most relevant material element causing climate alternations. Although I would argue that for some people climate change is more visible than for ot...
Article
This interview focuses on a spectrum of urgent challenges facing marginalized human and other-than-human communities, including the intersecting crises of global anthropogenic climate disruption and state and institutional racist violence. We discuss and consider the opportunities, limits, and contradictions of pursuing transformative, intersection...
Article
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Urban climate insurgency refers to the ensemble of grassroots initiatives aiming to tackle climate change from a radical point of view. Insurgency in this case does not imply violence but rather refers to the radical rejection of the current socioecological system. While explicitly challenging planetary ecocide and climate-change effects, these for...
Chapter
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In this chapter, we explore the recently developed concept of guerrilla narrative as a tool that offers great potential for militant research. “Guerrilla narrative” emerged from the politicization of the oral history tradition; it was developed by Marco Armiero as a research tool to explore histories of contamination and resistance in subaltern com...
Article
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Justicia Ambiental: Historias de Opresión, Injusticia y Resistencia desde América Latina
Chapter
Around midnight of 9 January 1959, the Vega de Tera dam broke, releasing nearly 8 million cubic metres of water that destroyed the Spanish town of Ribadelago, killing 144 people. To this day, it remains the worst dam-related failure of the past two centuries of Spanish history. In this chapter we expand the time frame of the disaster, moving from a...
Book
Humans may live in the Anthropocene, but this does not affect all in the same way. How would the Anthropocene look if, instead of searching its traces in the geosphere, researchers would look for them in the organosphere, in the ecologies of humans in their entanglements with the environment? Looking at this embodied stratigraphy of power and toxic...
Article
This paper provides a re-signification of industrial risk as a slow-burning issue (Mah [2017] “Environmental justice in the age of big data: challenging toxic blind spots of voice, speed, and expertise.” Environmental Sociology 3 (2): 122–133.), invisibly and violently diffusing across time and space and affecting relational entanglements between h...
Research
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Entre les années 1980 et les années les plus récentes, la Campanie a servi de territoire pour des opérations de traitement low cost des déchets pour l’essentiel d’origine industrielle. Les enquêtes diligentées ont mis en évidence, à propos de ces opérations, un écheveau complexe de relations entre des groupes de la criminalité organisée locales, de...
Article
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The majority of scientists agree on climate change and on the most daunting environmental problems humans are facing today. Moved by a commendable desire to contribute to the solution of these problems, several scientists have decided to speak up, telling the scientific truth about climate change to decision-makers and the public. Although apprecia...
Article
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This article provides the first international overview and detailed discussion of teaching in the environmental humanities (EH). It is divided into three parts. The first offers a series of regional overviews: where, when, and how EH teaching is taking place. This part highlights some key regional variability in the uptake of teaching in this area,...
Article
This article explores institutional responses to and societal understandings of the 1882 Adige flood in northern Italy, which particularly affected the city of Verona. The article investigates the transformative power of that disaster on a national scale in terms of forest policy and at a city level in terms of water management and urban planning....
Article
This article explores how the waste crisis in Naples, which has been occurring since the 1990s, has stimulated the political creativeness of local activists who have started to experiment new ways for participation and community building. In particular, we investigate how environmental justice struggles have evolved in commoning processes (that is,...
Article
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Borders are back with a vengeance. From the Americas to the Mediterranean, borders cut through the increasingly integrated world in a way that exposes the inside-outside logic of contemporary capitalism. All this happens on a backdrop where cities are becoming the key sites of contestation since borders and levees do not suffice to keep them intact...
Article
In this article, we present Toxic Bios, a public environmental humanities (EH) project that aims to coproduce, gather, and make visible stories of contamination and resistance. To explain the rationale of the project and its potentialities, first we offer a brief reflection on the field of the EH and its (possible) contribution to environmental jus...
Article
This article builds upon a rich scholarship that has proposed, though with different shades, the concept of socionatures, meaning by this the inextricable hybrid of ecological and social facts. In this article, we aim to explore how the Mafia produces particular socionatural formations, entering into landscapes, becoming rivers and cities, penetrat...
Article
In this article we analyse the emergence and the transformation of three different socio-natural spaces in a particular historical context – that is, the establishment of a modern state. We explore this issue by researching the relationship between forests and modernisation from Unification in 1861 to the 1890s. Over this period Italy experienced a...
Article
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The communities affected by toxic contamination in Campania, Italy, have had to confront the challenge of proving a direct causal connection between exposure to pollutants and health issues, given a long history of mismanagement of waste. Medical studies have been conducted, but the social and political debate is static. In September 2014, the Ital...
Article
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The absence of a reflection on revolutionary practices and subjects is the main weakness of the radical critique of the Anthropocene. The risk is to envision the Anthropocene as a space for villains and victims but not for revolutionaries. It is crucial to challenge the (in)visibility and (un)knowability of the Anthropocene beyond geological strata...
Chapter
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This book examines the challenges and possibilities of conducting cultural environmental history research today. Disciplinary commitments certainly influence the questions scholars ask and the ways they seek out answers, but some methodological challenges go beyond the boundaries of any one discipline. The book examines: how to account for the fact...
Article
Questions of dam safety and hazard potential most often do not take center-stage in contestations and articulations concerning large dams. Through a comparative study of two of Europe’s most emblematic dam disasters – Vajont (Italy) and Ribadelago (Spain) – and the ongoing conflict over the safety of the Lower Subansiri Hydroelectric Project in Nor...
Article
In this article I use the case of mountains to explore the ways in which the Fascist regime articulated its vision of nature/human relationships. I will show how mountains were considered as creative environments which could produce a special type of people: the montanari (mountaineers), meaning with this word mountain villagers rather than mountai...
Article
It is imperative that we create; we, people from this epoch and this generation, because we have the duty to make the face of the Fatherland unknowable both spiritually and materially. In ten years, comrades, Italy will be unrecognizable! This will be because we will have transformed it, we will have made a new one, from the mountains which we will...
Article
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A region in the Italian South, Campania comprises five provinces: Avellino, Benevento, Caserta, Salerno, and Naples, with a total population of almost 6 million people. While the prosecutors hoped to stop the flourishing of the waste trade, the main result of the shutdown was an unfortunate interruption in urban waste collection. In 1994, having re...
Article
In comparison with the significant historiographical work on the German case, specifically on Nazi environmental policies and ideology, studies on such issues for other Fascist regimes are still rather rare. This article attempts partially to fill this gap, at least as regards the Italian case, offering a general overview of the Fascist regime and...
Article
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The article discusses the garbage struggles for environmental justice in Campania, Italy. Garbage struggles of Naples have not yet entered into the global narrative on environmental justice and the fight for ecological democracy. One should never put too much faith in technology, though. Campania is a region in the southern part of Italy, one of th...
Article
Is Italy il bel paese—the beautiful country—where tourists spend their vacations looking for art, history, and scenery? Or is it a land whose beauty has been cursed by humanity’s greed and nature’s cruelty? The answer is largely a matter of narrative and the narrator’s vision of Italy. The fifteen essays in Nature and History in Modern Italy...

Citations

... In fact, the twenty-first century may be the first time in human history in which people cannot escape their own waste by moving to some other place because there is virtually no place on Earth left untouched by the unwanted leftovers of human activity. Marco Armiero has coined the expression of "wasteocene," depicting an era increasingly defined by the massive transformation of natural resources into trash, partly toxic material, which is no longer used by humans or any other living beings on Earth (Armiero, 2021). The scale of the challenge is serious, as anthropogenic waste and pollution play a significant role in the escalation of an unprecedented global environmental crisis which is threatening the biosphere and, eventually, survival of life on our planet (Steffen et al. 2015). ...
... Many critical environmental justice scholars have noted how planning for sustainable and just cities could benefit from the "small data", that is, the empirical accounts and relational stories of people whose health and wellbeing have been at stake considering environmental change (Privitera, Armiero, and Gravagno 2021). "Street science" is the term Corburn (2005) gave to the concerns of lay publics, especially low-income populations and people of color who have historically been most vulnerable to environmental and climate health risks. ...
... Algunos ejemplos para este tipo de propuestas críticas incluyen el trabajo de Jason W. Moore sobre el "Capitaloceno" (Moore, 2015(Moore, , 2016Molinero Gerbeau et al., 2021a, 2021b, y otros conceptos analíticos ligados a estas perspectivas, como la del "residuoceno" -wasteocene- (Armiero, 2021) o el Antropoceno (Pulé y Hultman, 2021). Existen, por tanto, una amplia variedad de críticas al paradigma modernista. ...
... Elle permet de lire et de comprendre le pourquoi et le comment des dissonances compétencielles et des pesanteurs opérationnelles souvent observées. En effet, comme partout ailleurs, la gestion des déchets au Cameroun donne lieu à un véritable marché public dont le processus d'attribution laisse observer une circulation fluide de ressources financières et politiques (Maccaglia & Cirelli, 2019). ...
... Stewardship organizations are composed of individual people, both professional and volunteer (Svendsen, 2010), that are often personally motivated to do stewardship (Tidball, 2012;Bennett et al., 2020). Changes in people's capacities as they work from home, or in their emotional state in response to a major public health crisis, likely affects their stewardship practice (Alagona et al., 2020;Ammar et al., 2020). Organizations themselves may also be impacted (e.g., loss of income or shutting down). ...
... Amongst others, we need to study alternative narratives of progress, such as cultures of repair and recycling, and re-assess un derlying values of unsustainable consumption. COMMUNICATIONS the concepts of the anthropocene 14 and transdisciplinarity 15 , among others, demonstrate how to develop such AHSS-rooted teaching programs with relevance to the SDGs (Bornemann et al. 2020, O'Gorman et al. 2019, Kueffer et al. 2017). Existing programs often engage with problems specific to the cultural context and history of a place. ...
... It tells us much more than numbers of fatalities or billions spent on reconstruction. It provides us with a deeper understanding on how society integrated the disaster in its social fabric, the way that society understands human/nature-interactions and, essentially, how it deals with it [3]. ...
... Indeed, the Region has been suffering from a decennial waste management crisis (1994)(1995)(1996)(1997)(1998)(1999)(2000)(2001)(2002)(2003)(2004)(2005)(2006)(2007)(2008)(2009)(2010)(2011)(2012) and, at present, it still lags behind the best-performing Italian regions in terms of separate waste collection and processing (Garofalo et al., 2019). The negative effects of the 1994-2012 crisis are still evident across the regional landscape (e.g., tonnes of Refused-Derived Fuel, so-called ''ecoballe") (Armiero and Sgueglia, 2019). Indeed, in 2015, the European Court of Justice condemned Italy to pay a fine À 20 million euro -and a daily penalty À 120 thousand euro -since no adequate solution to several still existing criticisms had been found (Di Nola et al., 2018). ...
... Therefore, exclusionary managerial techno-fixes do not offer healthy and just answers. Environmental justice framework, suggesting the examination of the causes of injustice at multiple layers (individual, communal, racial, national, and class), provides far-reaching solutions (Turhan and Armiero, 2019). ...
... Meanwhile, the knowledge of marginalized communities, which usually takes the form of experiential accounts and embodied perceptions, is rendered non-scientific, too specific, too irrational or too political, and is thus disregarded or discarded as not valid. Through their project on "toxic bios", 1 Armiero et al. (2019) underline this epistemic or narrative injustice through cases of environmental contamination. They reveal how stories of toxicity and contamination provided by people whose embodied experiences of risk exposure are questioned and discarded are in fact stories "about the construction and legitimation of knowledge" (Ibid.). ...