M. Tignor's research while affiliated with World Meteorological Organization and other places

Publications (28)

Book
Full-text available
‘Climate Change 2022: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability’, the Working Group II contribution to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s (IPCC) Sixth Assessment Report presents a comprehensive assessment of the current state of knowledge of the observed impacts and projected risks of climate change as well as the adaptation options. The r...
Book
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the leading international body for assessing the science related to climate change. It provides regular assessments of the scientific basis of climate change, its impacts and future risks, and options for adaptation and mitigation. This IPCC Special Report is a comprehensive assessment of our...
Article
Full-text available
This meeting was agreed in advance as part of the IPCC workplan, but this does not imply working group or panel endorsement or approval of the proceedings or any recommendations or conclusions contained herein. Supporting material prepared for consideration by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. This material has not been subjected to fo...
Article
This meeting was agreed in advance as part of the IPCC workplan, but this does not imply working group or panel endorsement or approval of the proceedings or any recommendations or conclusions contained herein. Supporting material prepared for consideration by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. This material has not been subjected to fo...

Citations

... According to the 2022 report of the Working group II of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), "climate change has caused substantial damages, and increasingly irreversible losses, in terrestrial, freshwater and coastal and open ocean marine ecosystems (high confidence). The extent and magnitude of climate change impacts are larger than estimated in previous assessments (high confidence)" [1] (p. 8). ...
... from 1981 to 2019 (Bindoff et al. 2019). Due to the continued burning of fossil fuels, global ocean temperatures are projected to increase up to a further 3°C by 2100 (Pörtner et al. 2019). These changes to global climatic conditions are also leading to an increased frequency and intensity of extreme temperatures, especially extreme warm periods during summer, termed heatwaves (Oliver et al. 2018;Perkins-Kirkpatrick and Lewis 2020). ...
... Tropical cyclones or hurricanes are among the foremost of natural phenomena that regularly cause great harm to human communities and infrastructure [1][2][3][4][5] . Many studies have been conducted on the physics of these storms [6][7][8][9][10] , their frequencies, intensities and potential for causing damage and the dependence of these on climatic features like teleconnections and sea-surface temperatures 11-20 . ...
... The large-scale geophysical phenomenon of climate change torments society for several years. It is driven by the gradual increase in atmospheric greenhouse gases causing raised air temperature, sea-level rise, ocean acidification, and more frequent extreme weather events (Masson-Delmotte et al., 2018;Shukla et al., 2019). Although it is often attributed to human activity, societal opinions seem divided (Brulle, Carmichael, & Jenkins, 2012;Hahnel, Mumenthaler, & Brosch, 2019;Sugg, 2021). ...
... Mineral dust is an important natural source of atmospheric aerosols, and interferes with the atmosphere's radiation, impacting climate (Klingmuller et al., 2019). However, there are large variations among projections of the future global mineral dust burden (Boucher et al., 2013). While some studies show decreases by up to 60% globally, mainly due to the effect of CO 2 fertilization on vegetation (Mahowald et al., 2006), others project moderate (10%-20%: Tegen et al., 2004;Jacobson and Streets, 2009;Liao et al., 2009) to large increases (tripling) due to large increases in bare soil fraction (Woodward et al., 2005). ...
... As one of the major threats to life, climate change has various root causes, including greenhouse gases (GHGs) emissions, the primary air pollutant (IPCC, 2013). To put it differently, as GHG emissions are among the active players in the complicated relationship between air pollution and climate change (Xu & Lamarque, 2018), cities are considered as a critical contributor to this issue. ...
... In the existing rainfall-based debris flow warning model in Taiwan (the ETM), the effective accumulated rainfall (EAR) (R ef f (t) measured in mm at time (hour) t is calculated through equation (1). It is the sum of two terms. ...
... The current study applies the approach originally proposed by Kendall et al., (2009) [14] to quantify the cumulative impact of annual carbon emissions associated with land use change [15] to the annual fossil carbon emissions for different transportation energy scenarios. Kendall's cumulative impact methodology uses a CO 2 pulse uptake model (i.e., carbon sink model) developed by contributors to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) [14,16] to estimate the residual impact of a single year's emissions in subsequent years. This cumulative impact methodology provides a more accurate estimate of the total quantities of additional fossil carbon that accumulate in the atmosphere each year under different scenarios and therefore offers a substantial improvement to the annual emissions accounting approach used by most organizations for near-term decision-making. ...
... As a large OM reservoir, permafrost soils therefore play an important role in the global carbon cycle, and their stability is a risk related to climate change (Khvorostyanov et al. 2008;Frank-Fahle et al. 2014). Global climate models predict a significant increase in air temperature in the Arctic of up to 7°C to 8°C over land by the end of this century (e.g., Solomon et al. 2007). Consequently, the capacity for permafrost to store OM will be reduced by thaw and the onset of enhanced microbial activity, resulting in greater emissions of carbon as greenhouse gases (Bischoff et al. 2013). ...
... The work of the IPCC is synthesized in Assessment Reports (AR) which are released at regular intervals. The fifth AR [1] indicates the foremost importance of the greenhouse gases and of the aerosols emitted by human activities on the energy budget of the Earth. This budget quantifies the radiative energy reaching the Earth and the outcoming energy. ...