M. S. Foster's research while affiliated with University of California, Santa Barbara and other places

Publications (2)

Article
The effects of small and large-scale roughness, overstory development, competition for space with sessile animals, and grazing on algal community development in a subtidal Macrocystis pyrifera forest were examined using specially prepared concrete blocks as substrata. Variation in small-scale roughness (crevices and grooves in the order of 0.1 to 3...
Article
Algal succession within a subtidal forest of the giant kelp Macrocystis pyrifera was studied by following colonization and community development on concrete blocks fastened to the bottom. Sets of blocks were placed in the bed at 3-month intervals. Subsequent algal development on each set was followed for over a year. All macroscopic species attache...

Citations

... In general, the successional process in subtidal macroalgal forests follows a series of fast transitional stages from green ephemerals to fast growing annuals and then canopy-forming perennial species (Benes and Carpenter 2015;Foster 1975;Reed and Foster 1984). Similar patterns have also been observed during the recovery process after urchin removal (de Eston and Bussab 1990). ...
... In our model, the growth and senescence rates of sessile invertebrates are such that this group can fluctuate greatly in abundance within the span of a year. Thus, our model likely best represents fast-growing, ephemeral species like some bryozoans (Foster 1975b) and our results may be inaccurate for long-lived, slowgrowing species (e.g., gorgonians) whose populations respond to environmental changes over longer time scales (Grigg 1977). Another potentially important distinction is between epilithic (living on the substrate) and endolithic (living within the substrate) species. ...