M D Collins's research while affiliated with University of Leicester and other places

Publications (224)

Article
Strains of 2, 4-diaminobutyric acid-containing coryneform bacteria were degraded by acid methanolysis and the non-hydroxylated fatty acid esters released examined by thin-layer and gas chromatography. The major fatty acid structural types were straight-chain, anteiso- and iso-methyl branched-chain acids. Polar lipids of the test strains were examin...
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Strains representing the taxa Cellulomonas, Oerskovia, Brevibacterium fermentans, Corynebacterium manihot and Nocardia cellulans were degraded by acid methanolysis and the non-hydroxylated fatty acid esters released examined by thin-layer and gas chromatography. The major fatty acid in all strains was 12-methyltetradecanoic acid (anteiso C15) which...
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Menaquinones were the sole isoprenoid quinones found in 28 of the 34 halophilic organisms examined. Unsaturated and dihydrogenated menaquinones with eight isoprene units were found in some alkalophilic halophiles and representatives of the genera Halobacterium and Halococcus. Brevibacterium halotolerans and Micrococcus halobius possessed major amou...
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Menaquinones with seven isoprene units were the major isoprenoid quinones detected in the chloroform-methanol extracts of representative strains of the genera Bacillus and Sporolactobacillus. Neither menaquinones nor ubiquinones were detected in similar extracts of strains of the genus Lactobacillus.
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Several strains of Garm-positive short rod (coccibacilli)-shaped bacteria were isolated from diseased cultured turbot, Scophthalmus maximus (L.), in the North of Spain with lesions and signs of Spain with lesions and signs of streptocecosis. The α-haemolytic streptoceoccus-like organisms from diseased turbot were identified by physiological, bioche...
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Five strains of an unusual Gram-negative, catalase-positive, oxidase-positive, coccobacillus-shaped bacterium isolated from the lungs and heart of pigs with pneumonia and pericarditis were characterized by phenotypic and molecular genetic methods. On the basis of cellular morphology and biochemical criteria, the isolates were tentatively assigned t...
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Eight unidentified Gram-positive, rod-shaped organisms were recovered from the tracheas of apparently healthy black storks (Ciconia nigra) and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic analysis. Based on cellular morphology and biochemical criteria the isolates were tentatively assigned to the genus Corynebacterium, although three of the organisms did no...
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The 16S rRNA gene sequencing was used to identify a sulfate-reducing bacterium (SRB) from a Danish North Sea oilfield water injection system, with > 97% similarity to Desulfovibrio gracilis. This strain could reduce nitrate as an electron acceptor and produce ammonia in the absence of sulfate. In addition, this time in the presence of sulfate, the...
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Nineteen strains of Gram-positive, non-motile, non-spore-forming, catalase-positive, rod-shaped bacteria isolated from pigs were characterized by using biochemical, molecular chemical and molecular genetic methods. Two distinct groups of organisms were discerned, based on their colonial morphology, CAMP (Christie-Atkins-Munch-Petersen) reaction and...
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Six unidentified gram-positive, rod-shaped organisms recovered from the cloacae of apparently healthy wild penguins were characterized by phenotypic and molecular taxonomic methods. Chemotaxonomic investigations revealed the presence of a cell wall based on meso-diaminopimelic acid and long-chain cellular fatty acids of the straight-chain saturated...
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Strains from anal swabs and chronic otitis externa in dogs were shown to be phylogenetically related to the Enterococcus faecium species group. They shared a number of phenotypic characteristics with these species, but they could be easily differentiated by biochemical reactions. In addition, the canine strains were unusual in their nearly complete...
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Biochemical, molecular chemical and molecular genetic studies were performed on seven unidentified gram-positive, rod-shaped organisms recovered from eagles. The strains were provisionally identified as Corynebacterium jeikeium with the commercial API Coryne system, but they were able to grow under anaerobic conditions and were non-lipophilic. Comp...
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Unusual Gram-negative, catalase- and oxidase-positive, coccus-shaped bacteria isolated from the lungs of two lambs were characterized by phenotypic and molecular-genetic methods. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing studies demonstrated that the unknown isolates were genealogically highly related to each other (99.8% sequence similarity) and repres...
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Twenty unidentified Gram-positive, rod-shaped organisms were recovered from the cloacae of apparently healthy wild penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus) and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic analysis. On the basis of cellular morphology and biochemical criteria, the isolates were tentatively assigned to the genus Corynebacterium, although the organi...
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Biochemical, molecular chemical and molecular genetic studies were performed on an unknown gram-positive, catalase-negative, coccus-shaped organism isolated from the intestine of a cow affected with catarrhal enteritis. The organism was tentatively identified as a streptococcal species based on results of cellular morphological and biochemical test...
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Four strains of a hitherto unrecognized gram-positive, catalase-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacterium isolated from human sources were characterized using phenotypic and molecular taxonomic methods. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing demonstrated that the bacterium represents a new subline within the Lactobacillus casei/Pediococ...
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A phylogenetic analysis was conducted upon ten strains of the psychrophobic yeast species Arxiozyma telluris using nuclear rDNA (18S and 26S) and mitochondrial cytochrome-c oxidase subunit II (COX2) gene sequences. Strains examined included those described originally as Candida slooffii, Torulopsis bovina (= Candida bovina) and Torulopsis pintolope...
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An unusual gram-positive, catalase-negative, facultatively anaerobic, coccus-shaped organism that originated from a juvenile elephant seal was characterized by phenotypic and molecular taxonomic methods. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing showed that the unknown coccus represents a new subline within the genus Facklamia. The unknown strain was re...
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Two unknown gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria isolated from a tortoise and a Scottish wild cat were subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic analysis. Chemical analysis revealed the presence of straight-chain and monounsaturated fatty acids and short-chain mycolic acids in the two isolates consistent with the genus Corynebacterium. Comparative 16S rRNA...
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An unusual Actinomyces-like bacterium originating from a pig with mastitis was subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic investigation. The morphological and biochemical characteristics of the organism were consistent with its preliminary assignment to the genus Actinomyces but it did not appear to correspond to any recognized species. PAGE analysis of w...
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Seven strains of an unknown Gram-positive catalase-negative chain-forming coccus-shaped organism isolated from clinical specimens from sheep were characterized by phenotypic and molecular taxonomic methods. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing studies demonstrated that the bacterium represents a new sub-line within the genus Streptococcus. The unkn...
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An unknown Gram-positive rod-shaped bacterium was isolated from skin scrapings from the infected head of a sheep and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic analysis. Chemical analysis revealed the presence of straight-chain and monounsaturated fatty acids and short-chain (C32-C36) mycolic acids consistent with the genus Corynebacterium. Comparative 16...
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Three strains of a previously undescribed Actinomyces-like bacterium were isolated from human clinical specimens. Phenotypic studies indicated that the strains were members of the genus Actinomyces and were presumptively identified as Actinomyces turicensis. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing studies showed that although the bacterium is phylogen...
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A Gram-positive, non-spore-forming, catalase-negative, facultatively anaerobic coccibacillus to rod-shaped bacterium isolated from a parrot was characterized using phenotypic and molecular taxonomic methods. The unknown bacterium phenotypically resembled lactobacilli and comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing demonstrated that the organism represents...
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A spore-forming, halophilic bacterium was isolated from surface sediment located on the beach of Palaeochori Bay near to a shallow water hydrothermal vent area, Milos, Greece. The bacterium, designated SH 714T, consisted of motile, strictly aerobic rods which contained an Orn-D-Glu type murein and a G+C content of 35 mol%. Thin sections showed a ce...
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Phenotypic and phylogenetic studies were performed on an unknown, Gram-positive, catalase-negative coccus isolated from human blood. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing demonstrated that the organism represents a new subline within the genus Aerococcus. The unknown bacterium was readily distinguished from the three currently recognized Aerococcus...
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Phenotypic and phylogenetic studies were performed on an unknown Gram-positive catalase-negative coccus isolated from human urine. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing demonstrated that the organism represents a new subline within the genus Aerococcus. The unknown bacterium was readily distinguished from the three currently recognized Aerococcus sp...
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An Actinomyces-like bacterium was recovered from two dogs. Based on cellular morphology and biochemical criteria, the unknown bacterium resembled the genus Actinomyces but it did not appear to correspond to any of the currently recognized species of this genus. PAGE analysis of whole-cell proteins confirmed that the strain was phenotypically distin...
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Two strains of a previously undescribed Arcanobacterium-like bacterium were isolated from a dead harbour porpoise and a dead sallow deer. Biochemical testing and PAGE analysis of whole-cell proteins indicated that the strains were phenotypically closely related to each other and distinct from previously described Actinomyces and Arcanobacterium spe...
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Three strains of a previously undescribed Actinomyces-like bacterium were isolated from samples taken from two dead seals and a porpoise. Biochemical testing and PAGE analysis of whole-cell proteins indicated the strains were phenotypically similar to each other but different from previously described Actinomyces and Arcanobacterium species. Compar...
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Results of a polyphasic taxonomic study on an unknown Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, coccobacillus-shaped organism isolated from an infected human gall bladder are presented. Phenotypic and molecular taxonomic studies revealed the organism to be close to, but distinct from, organisms designated CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Preventi...
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An unknown Gram-positive, catalase-negative, ovoid-shaped bacterium isolated from the submandibular abscess of a rabbit was subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic analysis. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing demonstrated the unknown coccus represents a new subline within the genus Gemella. The unknown isolate was readily distinguished from other rec...
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Two strains of a Gram-positive, catalase-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacterium isolated from common seals were characterized using phenotypic and molecular taxonomic methods. The two strains closely resembled each other based on their biochemical characteristics, and PAGE analysis of whole-cell protein patterns confirmed their clo...
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Three strains of a previously undescribed Actinomyces-like bacterium were isolated from human clinical sources (urine, urethra and vaginal secretion). Biochemical testing and PAGE analysis of whole-cell proteins indicated that the strains were phenotypically homogeneous and distinct from previously described Actinomyces and Arcanobacterium species....
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Three strains of a previously undescribed catalase-positive Actinomyces-like bacterium were isolated from dogs. Biochemical testing and PAGE analysis of whole-cell proteins indicated that the strains were phenotypically highly related to each other but different from previously described Actinomyces and Arcanobacterium species. Sequencing of 16S rR...
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Eighteen strains isolated from human specimens or from food products were characterized as atypical variants of mannitol-negative Streptococcus bovis. They were tested for extended biochemical criteria, ribotyping and DNA-DNA hybridization in order to define their taxonomic status. These strains were demonstrated to constitute a DNA relatedness gro...
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A polyphasic taxonomic study was performed on two strains of an unknown Gram-positive, catalase-negative, coccus-shaped bacterium isolated from a dead seal and a harbour porpoise. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing demonstrated that the unknown bacterium represents a new subline within the genus Vagococcus close to, but distinct from, Vagococcus...
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Twelve strains isolated from the posterior fornix fluid of the human vagina were identified as Lactobacillus johnsonii, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus gallinarum and Lactobacillus crispatus based on numerical analyses of total soluble cell protein profiles and randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD)-PCR banding patterns. Five strains gr...
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An unknown, Gram-positive, ovoid-shaped bacterium isolated from the nose of a mouse was subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic analysis. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing demonstrated that the unknown organism was a member of the family Micrococcaceae and possessed a specific phylogenetic association with Rothia dentocariosa and Stomatococcus mucil...
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Biochemical, molecular chemical and molecular genetic studies were performed on an unknown Gram-positive, catalase-negative, chain-forming coccus isolated from the urine of a patient suffering from cystitis. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing showed that the organism is a member of the 'pyogenic subgroup' of the genus Streptococcus and has a clos...
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The placement of Actinomyces humiferus within the genus Actinomyces has always been controversial. A humiferus differs from typical members of the genus both phenotypically and in possessing a relatively high DNA G + C content. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing has shown that A. humiferus is related only distantly to other species of the genus A...
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A Gram-positive rod was isolated from a commercial grape wine undergoing a sluggish/stuck alcoholic fermentation. The organism produced DL-lactic acid from glucose without gas formation, produced dextran from sucrose, hydrolysed aesculin and fermented galactose, D-glucose, D-fructose, D-mannose, L-sorbose, rhamnose, mannitol, sorbitol, methyl alpha...
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A phylogenetic analysis was performed on a red-pigmented, radiation-resistant, Gram-negative, rod-shaped organism originating from irradiated pork. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing showed the bacterium was a member of the Cytophaga-Flavobacterium-Bacteroides line of descent and represents a new subline within the genus Hymenobacter. A new speci...
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The genus Abiotrophia currently includes four species, Abiotrophia defectiva, Abiotrophia adiacens, Abiotrophia balaenopterae and Abiotrophia elegans. Recent 16S rRNA gene sequencing studies have demonstrated that the genus is not monophyletic and is in need of taxonomic revision. Phylogenetically, the genus Abiotrophia consists of two distinct lin...
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An unusual catalase-positive pleomorphic Gram-positive rod isolated from a human clinical specimen was subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic analysis. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed the unknown bacterium was a member of the high G+C branch of the Gram-positive bacteria (Actinobacteria), and was phylogenetically a member of the f...
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Two Gram-negative, aerobic, pointed and budding bacteria were isolated from various depths of hypersaline, heliothermal and meromictic Ekho Lake (Vestfold Hills, East Antarctica). 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons show the isolates to be phylogenetically close to the genera Sulfitobacter and Roseobacter. Cells can be motile and contain storage gra...
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Phenotypic and phylogenetic studies were performed on a Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium isolated from the uterus of a porpoise. Biochemical and physiological studies indicated that the bacterium was related to the family Pasteurellaceae. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing studies confirmed these findings and demonstrated that the bacterium re...
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The presence of lactate oxidase was examined in eight Streptococcus species and some related species of bacteria. A clone (pGR002) was isolated from a genomic library of Streptococcus iniae generated in Escherichia coli, containing a DNA fragment spanning two genes designated lctO and lctP. We show that these genes are likely to be involved in the...
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Two strains of a hitherto undescribed Gram-positive, catalase-negative, facultatively anaerobic coccus isolated from sheep were characterized by phenotypic and molecular taxonomic methods. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing studies demonstrated that the unknown strains were genealogically highly related and constitute a new line close to, but dis...
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Strains from subclinical mastitis, from the genital tract and tonsils of cattle, from tonsils of a goat and a cat and from the crop and the respiratory tract of canaries were found to constitute a new streptococcal species, for which the name Streptococcus pluranimalium sp. nov. is proposed. Sequencing of 16S rRNA showed that Streptococcus thoralte...
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A glucose dehydrogenase (GDH) that is induced 5-fold by phosphate starvation, has been characterized from a bacterium isolated from alkaline Indian vertisol soils. The bacterium was identified as Enterobacter asburiae based on 16S rRNA analysis. Concomitant with GDH induction, glucose was oxidized and secreted as gluconate (50 mM). Excretion of thi...
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A strain of a hitherto undescribed coryneform bacterium from human clinical material was characterized by phenotypic and molecular taxonomic methods. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis demonstrated the strain represents a novel and deep lineage within the genus Corynebacterium sensu stricto. Chemical analyses revealed the unidentified stra...
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A group of nodule isolates from Neptunia natans, an indigenous stemnodulated tropical legume found in waterlogged areas of Senegal, was studied. Polyphasic taxonomy was performed, including SDS-PAGE of total proteins, auxanography using API galleries, host-plant specificity, PCR-RFLP of the internal transcribed spacer region between the 16S and the...
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Four Gram-negative, aerobic, pointed and budding bacteria were isolated from various depths of the hypersaline, heliothermal and meromictic Ekho Lake (Vestfold Hills, East Antarctica). The cells contained storage granules and formed rosettes. Daughter cells may be motile. Growth required sodium ions. Nitrate was reduced to nitrite, and dissimilator...
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Three strains of a previously unknown coryneform bacterium were isolated from two patients with foot infections and from a blood culture of a third patient. The three non-lipophilic strains exhibited very slow fermentative acid production from glucose but not from maltose or sucrose, nitrate reductase activity, no tyrosinase activity and the presen...
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We describe two unusual cases in sheep of subclinical mastitis caused by Streptococcus parasanguinis. This bacterium has been associated with the development of experimental endocarditis; its presence at relatively high concentrations in apparently healthy sheep milk may pose a health risk in persons with predisposing heart lesions.
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Using PCR amplification with degenerate primers, a gene (tlpA) form Campylobacter coli encoding a putative 63x0 kDa polypeptide which exhibited significant identity with bacterial methyl-accepting chemotaxis proteins (MCPs) was identified. A mutant containing an inactivated copy of the tlpA A gene showed a wild-type chemotactic response to all of t...
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Phenotypic and phylogenetic studies were performed on a Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium isolated from three porpoises. Biochemical and physiological studies indicated that the bacterium was related to the family Pasteurellaceae. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing studies confirmed these findings and demonstrated that the bacterium represents...
Article
A Gram-positive rod was isolated from a commercial grape wine undergoing a sluggish/stuck alcoholic fermentation. The organism produced L-lactic acid from glucose, possessed weak catalase activity, and fermented relatively few carbohydrates, i.e. glucose, fructose, sucrose, raffinose (weakly) and mannitol. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis reveal...
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A phylogenetic investigation of the ascomycetous yeast genus Williopsis was performed by using 18S rRNA gene sequence analysis. Comparative sequence analysis revealed the genus to be phylogenetically heterogeneous. The five varieties of Williopsis saturnus [var. mrakii, var. sargentensis, var. saturnus (type), var. suaveolens and var. subsufficiens...
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A collection of strains isolated from root nodules of Acacia species in Senegal was analysed previously by electrophoresis of total cell protein, auxanographic tests, rRNA-DNA hydridization, 16S rRNA gene sequencing, DNA base composition and DNA-DNA hybridization [de Lajudie, P., Willems, A., Pot, B. & 7 other authors (1994). Int J Syst Bacteriol 4...
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Four strains of a hitherto-unknown catalase-positive, facultatively anaerobic Corynebacterium species were isolated from the milk of sheep affected by subclinical mastitis. The most characteristic phenotypic reactions of the four strains were their weak fermentative acid production from glucose, their failure to produce acid from mannitol, xylose,...
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Until recently, all clostridia producing neurotoxins able to cause paralysis symptomatic of botulism were deemed to be Clostridium botulinum. Defining Cl. botulinum on the basis of this single phenotypic trait has resulted in the species encompassing metabolically very diverse organisms, and four distinct phenotypic groups are recognized within thi...
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Two strains of lactic acid bacteria previously found to slow some alcoholic fermentations were identified using biochemical and genetic analyses. Strains YH-24 and YH-37 were Gram positive cocci, produced acid and gas from glucose, did not form ammonia from arginine or mannitol from fructose, and were catalase negative. These traits support genetic...
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Over a five-year period, four strains of a yellowish-pigmented coryneform bacterium were received for identification by the Culture Collection of the University of Göteborg. All strains had been isolated from normally sterile human body fluids. Initial biochemical characterization revealed that all four isolates were very similar, with weak pyrazin...
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Two groups of strains isolated from sows were shown to belong to new sublines in the genus Streptococcus. Based on phenotypic and phylogenetic analyses, we propose that these bacteria should be classified as two new species, Streptococcus hyovaginalis sp. nov. and Streptococcus thoraltensis sp. nov. These two species are found in the genital tract,...
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Eight strains of a previously undescribed coryneform bacterium had been isolated from human clinical material over a 5-year period. Colonies of the unknown coryneform bacterium had an unusual appearance as they were slightly yellowish and very mucoid. Biochemical and chemotaxonomic characterization revealed that the unknown coryneform bacterium bel...
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A group of Eubacterium-like strains (designated group S14), isolated from the feces of healthy people, was characterized by biochemical tests, fatty acid analysis, cell wall murein analysis, and 16S rDNA analysis. Our results indicate that group S14 is phylogenetically a member of the Clostridium subphylum of the gram-positive bacteria. Despite a p...
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The nature of an outbreak of ‘winter disease’ affecting both juvenile and adult sea-bream (Sparus aurata) in several Iberian Peninsula farms from January to April of 1996 is described. The average mortality rate was approximately 10–15%, although in some fish farms mortality reached 30%. Pure cultures of aerobic Gram-negative filamentous rods were...
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Fourteen strains of a hitherto unknown catalase-positive, aerobic, gram-positive coryneformlike organism were isolated from the milk of sheep with subclinical mastitis from different regions of Spain. The strains phenotypically closely resembled one another and biochemically were similar to Corynebacterium urealyticum and Corynebacterium afermentan...
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A 5-month-old boy of a Romanian family traveling via Ukraine to Poland developed a respiratory disease that resembled and that was initially diagnosed as pharyngeal diphtheria. The child recovered after treatment with antidiphtheria antitoxin. A coryneform bacterium had been isolated from a nasopharyngeal specimen from the child and was initially i...
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Six strains of a hitherto undescribed gram-positive, catalase-negative, facultatively anaerobic coccus from human sources were characterized by phenotypic and molecular taxonomic methods. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing studies demonstrated that the unknown strains were genealogically homogeneous and constitute a new line closely related to, b...
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Ten strains of a hitherto undescribed catalase-negative, facultatively anaerobic, coryneform bacterium were isolated or collected by workers at three European clinical bacteriology laboratories or reference centers. These strains were isolated from humans, and most came from abscess material. Biochemical and chemotaxonomic characterization revealed...
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Phenotypic and phylogenetic studies were performed with three strains of a catalase-positive, gram-positive, coccus-shaped bacterium isolated from otters. The results of a 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis demonstrated that these strains represent a hitherto unknown subline within the genus Staphylococcus. Based on the results of the phylogenetic ana...
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In a previous investigation of the laboratory identification of clinical strains of the genus Peptostreptococcus, several isolates were found to be atypical. In this study, we further examined these strains by using both phenotypic and genotypic methods. Based on our findings, we describe the following three new species of the genus Peptostreptococ...