M D Barrachina's research while affiliated with University of Valencia and other places

Publications (111)

Article
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Background: Fibrosis is a common complication of Crohn's disease (CD) in which macrophages play a central role. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and the WNT pathway have been associated with fibrosis. We aim to analyse the relevance of the tissue microenvironment in macrophage phenotype and the EMT process. Methods: Intestinal surgical re...
Article
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Intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) constitute a defensive physical barrier in mucosal tissues and their disruption is involved in the etiopathogenesis of several inflammatory pathologies, such as Ulcerative Colitis (UC). Recently, the succinate receptor SUCNR1 was associated with the activation of inflammatory pathways in several cell types, but li...
Article
Background Ulcerative colitis (UC) is characterized by a diffuse, continuous, and chronic inflammation of mucosa and submucosa layers in the colon whose etiology is still unknown. Intestinal microbiota dysbiosis and alterations in the metabolomic profile have been reported in mucosal biopsies from Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) patients. We aim t...
Article
Background Macrophages contribute to fibrosis by releasing different mediators and the pattern of secretion may vary depending on the surrounding environment. We previously described that the mRNA expression of IFNγ was significantly higher in intestinal samples from CD patients. Methods The aim of the present study is to analyze the role of IFNγ-...
Article
Background Metabolomics is a recent technique that has bounced into Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD) due to its capacity to elucidate specific metabolites involved in the pathology and changes in the metabolomic profile have been detected in urine, blood or feces from UC patients. G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) have been recently identified a...
Article
Background Crohn′s disease is a chronic inflammatory disorder of gastrointestinal tract that is classified into three different behaviours: the inflammatory (B1), the stenotic (B2) or the penetrating (B3). We pretend to identify differences in transcriptomic and non-long coding RNA expression profiles associated to damaged and no-damaged surgical i...
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Extracellular vesicles (EVs) derived from mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have therapeutic potential in the treatment of several immune disorders, including ulcerative colitis, owing to their regenerative and immunosuppressive properties. We recently showed that MSCs engineered to overexpress hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha and telomerase (MSC-T-...
Article
Background Ulcerative colitis (UC) is characterized by a diffuse, continuous, and chronic inflammation of mucosa and submucosa layers in the colon1. Inflammasome complex is involved in the intestinal homeostasis regulation, but its role in UC has not been established yet. We have recently reported that SUCNR1 mediates intestinal inflammation and fi...
Article
Background Vitamin D receptor (VDR) is a member of the nuclear receptor family of transcription factors that plays an immunomodulatory role in the gastrointestinal tract through binding Vitamin D. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the VDR gene have been related to inflammatory bowel disease. Indeed, Crohn′s disease (CD) patients carrying th...
Article
Background Crohn’s disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the gastrointestinal tract whose etiology is unknown. CD is associated with complications such as fibrosis or fistula, which cannot be pharmacologically reversed, requiring repeated surgery. Although a profibrotic effect of the P2X7 receptor has been described in some scenarios s...
Article
Background Fibrosis constitute the main complications associated to Crohn’s disease (CD). Notch signalling has been implicated in lung, kidney, liver and cardiac fibrosis. Macrophages contribute to fibrosis through the release of different mediators and the pattern of secretion may vary according to their microenvironment. The aim of the present st...
Article
Background Fibrosis is a complication commonly present in Crohn’s disease (CD) patients with a structuring (B2) or penetrating (B3) phenotype, with no effective treatment. This process is characterized by a disequilibrium between the production and degradation of the extracellular matrix (ECM), mainly regulated by myofibroblasts. We aim to analyse...
Article
Background Macrophages contribute to fibrosis by releasing different mediators and the pattern of secretion may vary depending on the surrounding environment. We previously described that the mRNA expression of IFNγ was significantly higher in intestinal samples from CD patients. The aim of the present study is to analyze the role of IFNγ-treated m...
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G-protein-coupled receptors constitute the most diverse and largest receptor family in the human genome, with approximately 800 different members identified. Given the well-known metabolic alterations in cancer development, we will focus specifically in the 19 G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), which can be selectively activated by metabolites. T...
Article
The synonymous single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs731236, located in the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene (Taq I) has been associated with both decreased levels of the protein in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and a fibrosis-related complication in Crohn´s disease (CD). Interactions between VDR and a protein-disulfide isomerase-associated 3 (P...
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The pathogenesis of Crohn’s disease-associated fibrostenosis and fistulas imply the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process. As succinate and its receptor (SUCNR1) are involved in intestinal inflammation and fibrosis, we investigated their relevance in EMT and Crohn’s disease (CD) fistulas. Succinate levels and SUCNR1-expression were ana...
Article
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Vitamin D (VD) deficiency has been associated to Crohn’s disease (CD) pathogenesis, and the exogenous administration of VD improves the course of the disease, but the mechanistic basis of these observations remains unknown. Vitamin D receptor (VDR) mediates most of the biological functions of this hormone, and we aim to analyze here the expression...
Article
Background Fibrosis is a common complication in Crohn’s disease (CD) patients and fibroblasts play an important role in the fibrogenic process. Low vitamin D (VD) levels and a defective VD-signalling pathway have been reported in CD. VD signals through both vitamin D receptor (VDR) and protein disulfide-isomerase A3 (PDIA3) and we have previously d...
Article
Background Macrophages contribute to fibrosis through the release of different mediators and the pattern of secretion may vary according to their phenotype. Methods The aim of the present study is to analyse the pattern of expression of macrophages, of EMT-related genes and cytokines in surgical resections from Crohn’s disease (CD, n = 43) patient...
Article
Background Intestinal fistula is a common complication in CD patients whose aetiology is still not well-characterised. It is associated with an exacerbated inflammation and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), a process which allows a switch from epithelial towards a fibrotic behaviour. We have recently reported that SUCNR1 mediates intestin...
Article
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We recently observed reduced autophagy in Crohn’s disease patients and an anti-inflammatory effect of autophagy stimulation in murine colitis, but both anti- and pro-fibrotic effects are associated with autophagy stimulation in different tissues, and fibrosis is a frequent complication of Crohn’s disease. Thus, we analyzed the effects of pharmacolo...
Article
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Background and Aims Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been related to fibrosis and fistula formation, common complications associated to Crohn´s disease (CD). The WNT signaling pathway mediates EMT and specific WNT/FZD interactions have been related with the activation of this process in several diseases. We aim to analyze the relevance o...
Article
Background Intestinal fistula is a common complication in CD patients whose aetiology is unknown. It is associated with an exacerbated inflammation and epithelial-to-mesenquimal transition (EMT), a process which allows a switch from epithelial towards a fibrotic phenotype. Under inflammatory conditions, succinate is accumulated and activates its re...
Article
Background Macrophages contribute to fibrosis through the release of different mediators and the pattern of secretion may vary according to their phenotype. The expression of WNT ligands has been related with the macrophage phenotype and strong evidence identifies the WNT signalling pathway as an emerging modulator of fibrosis. Methods The aim of...
Article
Background Intestinal fibrosis is a common complication of Crohn’s disease (CD) patients and it requires surgery. GWAS studies have identified several polymorphisms in genes involved in autophagy, which predispose to CD. It has been reported that this process is impaired in IBD patients, but the relevance of autophagy in intestinal fibrosis remains...
Article
Background Fibrosis and fistula development constitute the main complications associated to Crohn’s disease. Notch signalling has been implicated in lung, kidney, liver, and cardiac fibrosis and in various disease conditions such as scleroderma. We aim to analyse here the pattern of NOTCH ligands, receptors, and effectors expression in surgical res...
Article
Background Vitamin D deficiency and a defective signalling has been reported in Crohn’s disease (CD) patients. Vitamin D signals through the vitamin D receptor (VDR) which is a member of the nuclear receptor family of transcription factors that play an immunoregulatory role in the gut. We have previously demonstrated that a single-nucleotide polymo...
Article
Full-text available
Succinate, an intermediate of the tricarboxylic acid cycle, is accumulated in inflamed areas and its signaling through succinate receptor (SUCNR1) regulates immune function. We analyze SUCNR1 expression in the intestine of Crohn's disease patients and its role in murine intestinal inflammation and fibrosis. We show that both serum and intestinal su...
Article
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Background Vitamin D signaling modulates inflammation through the vitamin D receptor (VDR). The synonymous single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs731236, located in the VDR gene, has been associated with a higher risk of Crohn’s disease (CD). We analyzed differences in VDR expression levels among CD patients who were homozygous for allelic variants...
Article
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NSAIDs inhibit tumorigenesis in gastrointestinal tissues and have been proposed as coadjuvant agents to chemotherapy. The ability of cancer epithelial cells to adapt to the tumour environment and to resist cytotoxic agents seems to depend on rescue mechanisms such as autophagy. In the present study we aimed to determine whether an NSAID with sensit...
Article
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Background Intestinal fibrosis is a common complication associated with Crohn’s Disease (CD) which cannot be reverted with any drug and forces repeated surgery. It has been reported that succinate, a metabolite accumulated in inflammatory pathologies, plays an important role in the activation of synovial fibroblasts and hepatic stellate cells throu...
Article
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Background Vitamin D signals through the vitamin D receptor (VDR) which is a member of the nuclear receptor family of transcription factors that play an immunoregulatory role in the gut. Defective signalling due to vitamin D deficiency or decreased mucosal VDR levels has been related to Crohn’s disease (CD). We aim to analyse the acute effects of V...
Article
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Background and aims: Fibrosis is a common complication of Crohn's disease, and is related with dysregulated tissular repair following inflammation, in which macrophages play a central role. We have previously observed that STAT6-/- mice present delayed mucosal recovery after TNBS-induced colitis due to a deficiency in reparatory IL4/STAT6-dependen...
Article
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Background and pourpose: A defective autophagy is involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory disorders such as IBD. Cross talk interactions between autophagy and inflammation have been reported and we analyse the effects of autophagy stimulators on murine colitis. Experimental approach: Mice were treated with intrarectal administration of TNBS...
Article
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Background & aims: IBD is a chronic disorder of the gastrointestinal tract characterized by mucosal inflammation and epithelial damage. Biologic therapy has significantly improved the course of the disease but there are still a high percentage of patients that do not respond to current therapies. We aim to determine the effects of the flesh ethano...
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Background: The Notch signaling pathway plays an essential role in mucosal regeneration, which constitutes a key goal of Crohn's disease treatment. Macrophages coordinate tissue repair and several phenotypes have been reported which differ in the expression of surface proteins, cytokines and HIF. We aim to analyze the role of HIF in the expression...
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In 2008 we published the first set of guidelines for standardizing research in autophagy. Since then, research on this topic has continued to accelerate, and many new scientists have entered the field. Our knowledge base and relevant new technologies have also been expanding. Accordingly, it is important to update these guidelines for monitoring au...
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The complete repair of the mucosa constitutes a key goal in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) treatment. The Wnt signaling pathway mediates mucosal repair and M2 macrophages that coordinate efficient healing have been related to Wnt ligand expression. Signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6) mediates M2 polarization in vitro and we...
Article
Background: Aspirin (ASA) causes gastrotoxicity by hampering the epithelial defense against luminal contents through cyclooxygenase inhibition. Since cell survival in tough conditions may depend on rescue mechanisms like autophagy, we analyzed whether epithelial cells rely on this process to defend themselves from aspirin's damaging action. Metho...
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Macrophage infiltration is a negative prognostic factor for most cancers but gastrointestinal tumors seem to be an exception. The effect of macrophages on cancer progression depends on their phenotype, which may vary between M1 (pro-inflammatory, defensive) to M2 (tolerogenic, pro-tumoral). Gastrointestinal cancers often become an ectopic source of...
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A defective induction of epithelial autophagy may have a role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases. This process is regulated mainly by extracellular factors such as nutrients and growth factors and is highly induced by diverse situations of stress. We hypothesized that epithelial autophagy is regulated by the immune response that in...
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The potential cardiovascular (CV) toxicity associated with combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) has been attributed mainly to the nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors abacavir and didanosine. However, the other two components of cART-non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) and protease inhibitors (PIs)-may also be implicat...
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Macrophages, which exhibit great plasticity, are important components of the inflamed tissue and constitute an essential element of regenerative responses. Epithelial Wnt signalling is involved in mechanisms of proliferation and differentiation and expression of Wnt ligands by macrophages has been reported. We aim to determine whether the macrophag...
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Background: There is controversy regarding cardiovascular (CV) toxicity of the nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors used to treat human immunodeficiency virus infection. Methods: We evaluated the effects of nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors on leukocyte-endothelium interactions, a hallmark of CV diseases, in rat mesenteric vesse...
Article
ER-stress is associated with a growing number of liver diseases, including drug-induced hepatotoxicity. The non-nucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitor Efavirenz, a cornerstone of the multidrug strategy employed to treat HIV1 infection, has been related to the development of various adverse events, including metabolic disturbances and h...
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Hypoxia increases CD36 expression in PBMC and U937-derived macrophages. Graphs show the effect of hypoxia on the expression of CD36 in PBMC and U937-derived macrophages. Results are expressed as intensity of fluorescence in arbitrary units. Bars in the graphs represent mean± SEM (n = 3). Groups were compared using t-test analysis. Significant diffe...
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Inflammation is part of a complex biological response of vascular tissue to pathogens or damaged cells. First inflammatory cells attempt to remove the injurious stimuli and this is followed by a healing process mediated principally by phagocytosis of senescent cells. Hypoxia and p38-MAPK are associated with inflammation, and hypoxia inducible facto...
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The induction of intestinal trefoil factor (ITF) has been reported to depend on hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1). Nitric oxide modulates HIF-1 activity. The present study aims to analyze the role of nitric oxide in jejunum damage induced by indomethacin and its ability to modulate epithelial function through the expression of ITF. Rats received i...
Article
Nitric oxide (NO) modulates expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1), a transcription factor regulating function of myeloid cells. Here, we have assessed the role played by NO, formed by inducible NOS (iNOS), in the inflammation induced by aspirin in the gut, by modulating HIF-1 activity. The role of iNOS-derived NO on leucocyte-endothelial...
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Trefoil (TFF) peptides are involved in gastrointestinal mucosal restitution. An hypoxia inducible factor 1 (HIF-1)-dependent induction of TFF genes has been reported in gastric epithelial cells. Nitric oxide (NO) is associated with mucosal damage and modulates HIF-1 activity. The aim of the present study was to analyze the role of iNOS-derived NO i...
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Gastric mucosal inflammation is frequently associated with hypergastrinemia, and a correlation exists between the level of gastrin and degree of gastritis. We have previously observed that gastrin promotes leukocyte-endothelial interactions and contributes to Helicobacter-induced inflammation in the rat mesentery. In the present study, we aimed to...
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Mucosal microcirculation is compromised during gastric damage induced by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as aspirin. Consequently, oxygen supply to epithelial cells is decreased. The trefoil factor (TFF) peptides are involved in mechanisms of defence and repair in the gastrointestinal tract but their regulation at sites of gastric injur...
Article
After bacterial infection, the host reacts by signalling to the central nervous system where a cascade of physiologic, neuroendocrine and behavioural processes is orchestrated, collectively termed the acute phase response. Endotoxemia following Gram-negative bacterial infection induces a wide array of effects, including fever, loss of appetite and...
Article
The present study analyses the expression and distribution of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) in the brainstem of animals pre-treated with Escherichia coli or Helicobacter pylori LPS, at doses that modulate gastric motor function. Systemic administration of H. pylori LPS prevented in a dose-dependent manner (5, 40 and 100 microg kg(-1), i.v.)...
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We have investigated the mechanisms underlying acute changes in gastric motor function triggered by endotoxemia. In fundal strips from rats pre-treated with endotoxin (40 microg/kg, i.p. 30 min), mechanical activity was analyzed and the source of nitric oxide (NO) was visualized by confocal microscopy of tissue loaded with the fluorescent dye DAF-F...