Lu Zhang's research while affiliated with The California School of International Management and other places

Publications (19)

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In the era of the knowledge economy, the improvement of national innovation systems is playing a significant role in the global entrepreneurship ecosystem. Entrepreneurs are accelerating international intellectual property applications to be competitive. What remains to be explored is the evolution of international intellectual property network in...
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Introduction International trade in digitally deliverable services has been developing rapidly in recent years, especially during pandemics. However, the growth rate and scale differ among regions and countries. To promote the growth and bridge the divide of global trade in digitally deliverable services, we provide feasible policy suggestions in t...
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jats:p>Air-passenger flow, denoting intercity connections, has been a focal point of studies pertaining to urban networks. While most existing studies include only the geoeconomic characteristics of nodes as explanatory variables, this analysis developed a gravity model by incorporating further factors (e.g., cultural disparity and institutional di...
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Aviation transport is one of the most important and critical infrastructures in today’s global economy. Failure in its proper operations can seriously impact regional economic development, which is why it is important to evaluate network robustness. Previous analyses of robustness have mainly been conducted with an unweighted approach. In the devel...
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Illness and poverty have been identified to be mutually influential, thereby forming a vicious cycle. Cutting off this vicious circle will be of great significance in the long-term planning of rural poverty reduction. Most of the existing studies have been conducted in proposing medical policies. Thus, these policies neglect the ability of the poor...
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Economic inequality and poverty are problems experienced by many countries. Considerable attention has been paid to these issues in recent times. Studies on economic inequality have been characterized by geographical disparities and a lack of consideration of functional orientation. As one of the most typical and featured mountainous areas in Weste...
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Oasis agricultural areas are undergoing considerable spatiotemporal change, with growing rural population densities and land-use conflicts. Some rural settlements in oasis agricultural areas are too small and scattered, thus the provision of infrastructure has become prohibitively expensive. This paper, using the Hotan region of China (a typical oa...
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In the last few years, theoretical studies have examined a variety of topological properties in single-layered transport systems. One outstanding question concerns how topological properties would be presented in a multi layered network. This paper aims to address this issue with the help of real data from "the Belt and Road" (the B&R) region. The...
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Air transportation is of great importance in “the Belt and Road” (the B&;R) region. The achievement of the B&;R initiative relies on the availability, reliability and safety of air transport infrastructure. A fundamental step is to find the critical elements in network performance. Considering the uneven distributions of population and economy, the...
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The issue of achieving sustainable livelihoods (SL) is a persistent problem that has gained significant interest for all countries. Even though contexts of vulnerability have been highlighted to be critical to SL, the difference of SL under vulnerability contexts, particularly disaster, has been ignored. As one disaster-prone area, there is an urge...
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Inter-provincial migration causes dramatic changes in the population, as well as in the development of the social economy at both origin and destination, which is related to sustainable development in any country. Using inter-provincial migration data during the periods covering 1995–2000, 2000–2005, 2005–2010, and 2010–2015, we analyze the migrati...
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Regional economic inequality is a persistent problem for all nations. Meanwhile, satellite-derived night-time light (NTL) data have been extensively used as an efficient proxy measure for economic activity. This study firstly proposes a new method for correction of the NTL data derived from the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) aboa...
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The regional distribution and driving factors of total carbon emissions have been the focus of considerable research. However, carbon intensity rather than total carbon emissions has been selected as the emissions reduction index in China. The Chinese government has committed to reducing carbon intensity by 60-65% from 2005 levels. Currently, limit...
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“The Belt and Road” initiative has been expected to facilitate interactions among numerous city centers. This initiative would generate a number of centers, both economic and political, which would facilitate greater interaction. To explore how information flows are merged and the specific opportunities that may be offered, Chinese cities along “th...
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China is entering a period of rapid urban development. With the rapid expansion of cities, a large number of peasants have lost their land as a result. Given the development of urbanization, safeguarding the rights and interests of land-lost peasants in the process of urbanization has become a new topic of interest in China. In this study, based on...

Citations

... Digital global trade in services is part of the digitization of the economy and trade. Scholars analyzed the development trend and influence factors of digital global trade in services based on panel data of digital global trade in services trade for 33 countries from 2005 to 2020, and the results showed that digital infrastructure, human capital, and technological innovation capability have a significant impact on countries' digital deliverable trade, among which the level of technological innovation has the most significant impact, and the role of digital trade in services that is played in sustainable economic and social development among countries is increasingly prominent [48]. Digitalization is a crucial condition for the transformation and innovation of financial institutions [49], while financial institutions accelerate the transformation and development of digital finance through technological innovation, and digital finance improves the competitiveness of national capital markets, reduces the cost of searching and transacting financial resources, thus reducing the cost of financing, which helps to promote the steady and constant transformation of technological innovation into productivity [50][51][52][53][54]. ...
... Expanding foreign cooperation has become an important way to promote the rapid transformation and development of the domestic economy. China has problems such as irrational industrial structure and large regional economic development gap [9][10][11][12]. e proposal of the "Belt and Road" Initiative will help to transfer the excess capacity in the eastern coastal areas to the central and Western regions and overseas so as to optimize the industrial structure and narrow the gap between the rich and the poor. ...
... In addition, Ren and Li [34] compare the characteristics of air trafc networks between China and the United States. Over the past two years, the robustness of aviation networks has also received attention [35,36]. ...
... The impoverished mostly behave with low ability and less capable ways and suffer from disproportionate health risks, yet generally have less or no access to better health care [14,16]. As yet, many research studies have found and focused on the poverty-health nexus [23], driven by ill-health and poverty trap [24][25][26], the vicious cycle of poverty and ill-health [27,28], ecosystem poverty and interaction of health [29,30], and medical poverty trap [31]. Nevertheless, many research studies empirically investigated the association between poverty and ill health status, while few explored the connection between poverty and health-income-place. ...
... The administrative units of Tibet encompass 74 counties -categorized by functional orientationamong which 35 are agricultural counties, 24 are semi-agricultural/semi-pastoral counties and the other 15 are pastoral counties, (Tibet Statistical Bureau 2020). Agricultural and semi-agricultural counties account for larger proportion in population and economic indicators in contrast to pastoral counties (Zhao et al. 2021). There has been some resettlement of herders from pastoral areas to agricultural areas together with the tendency of restricting the stocking rate of livestock in pastoral areas as parts of grassland and regional development policies, which is placing huge pressure on limited land and resources in agricultural and semiagricultural areas . ...
... In China, rural settlements show an overall low degree of agglomeration, small scale, and large regional variation [1,2,18]. For example, the density of settlements in southeast coastal areas is higher than that in northwest inland, while plain areas are higher than mountainous and hilly areas, traditional agricultural farming areas are higher than pastoral areas, and economically developed areas have a higher density than economically underdeveloped areas [2,[17][18][19][20][21]. The spatial pattern of rural settlements in plain areas is mainly random and dispersed, while in cold alpine areas and desert fringes settlements are mainly clustered [2]. ...
... In other words, the division of labor in the global 8 Complexity Complexity industrial value chain is still difficult to change. erefore, similar to the global production network, only several countries determine the global innovation division of labor and the direction of technological development [31]. In addition, another point of view explaining this phenomenon is that the multilateral intellectual property system under the WTO is rooted in neoliberalism, which is the main economic ideology of western industrial capitalism. ...
... Disruptions can be accidents or intentional attacks on airports or fights. Numerous investigations on the robustness of air transport networks (worldwide, regional, and national airlines) have been conducted [2][3][4][5][6][7]. In the following paragraph, we concentrate on targeted attacks based on centrality measures. ...
... households to have a higher level of sustainable living standards in dryland areas (Kiruki et al., 2020). Conversely, the household livelihood capacity becomes limited regarding livelihood capital improvement and the strategies pursued (Zhao et al., 2019). Furthermore, our findings agreed that households possessing the required capital have a greater likelihood of creating positive, sustaining alternatives in drought-prone areas (Ibrahim et al., 2018;Amanuel et al., 2019;Tora et al., 2022). ...
... These regions will be confronted with more severe pressure to carbon reductions than other regions. The eastern and southern regions have been home to large population inflow since 2004 Wu et al. 2018), which can explain their low per capita carbon emissions to some extent. In addition, per capita carbon emissions fell to low levels mainly in the southern and eastern China after 2015, which was due to the phasing out of high-emitting industries and improvements in the energy consumption structure as a result of tougher energy conservation and emission reduction policies (Liu et al. 2022). ...