Loïc Wacquant's research while affiliated with University of California and other places

Publications (173)

Article
Backed by 3 years of apprenticeship in a boxing gym of Chicago’s hyperghetto and in-depth life-story interviews with fifty professional boxers, this article reconstructs the social biography and ring career of a professional “opponent” as a living analyzer of the social, economic, mental, and emotional wheels and cogs of prizefighting careers. An “...
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The prison is linked to a multiplicity of social institutions and forces, including struggles inside the state. The notion of human rights is typically invoked by educated elites with a stake in applying supportive social treatment (the feminine Left hand of the state) in opposition to rival agencies who purport to resolve social problems through d...
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I would like to start by extending my warm thanks to the participants of this conference—it is better to do so at its outset since we will likely have strong disagreements at its end. It is a paradox, but one of the main obstacles to advances in the social sciences nowadays resides in the social and temporal organization of research, with the uncon...
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In the postindustrial city, relegation takes the form of real or imaginary consignment to distinctive sociospatial formations variously and vaguely referred to as “inner cities,” “ghettos,” “enclaves,” “no-go areas,” “problem districts,” or simply “rough neighborhoods.” How are we characterize and differentiate these spaces, what determines their t...
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Despite longstanding, intense, and recurring clarifications there are still countless misinterpretations when it comes to the basic principles of Bourdiesian sociology.
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The single greatest political transformation of the post-Civil Rights era in America is the joint rolling back of the stingy social state and rolling out of the gargantuan penal state that have remade the country’s stratification, cities, and civic culture, and are recasting the very character of “blackness” itself. Together, these two concurrent a...
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I am thankful to the participants of the Sheffield conference “Rethinking Urban Inequality, with Loïc Wacquant” and to the contributors to the present volume for extending, revising, and questioning my work on polarization and marginality in the city. In this response, I spotlight points of agreement and zones of divergence. I stress in turn the ne...
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This chapter draws an analytic map of the research programme pursued across my three books Urban Outcasts (2008), Punishing the Poor (2009) and Deadly Symbiosis (forthcoming). In this trilogy, I disentangle the triangular nexus of class fragmentation, ethnic division and state-crafting in the polarizing city at the century’s turn to explain the pol...
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Este artículo elabora la ontología social y la metodología de la sociología carnal como un modo distintivo de indagación social, evitando la postura espectadora para captar la acción-en-proceso, a raíz de los debates desencadenados por mi estudio basado en el aprendizaje del boxeo como un arte corporal plebeyo. Primero critico las nociones de agent...
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The anthropology of neoliberalism has become polarised between a hegemonic economic model anchored by variants of market rule and an insurgent approach fuelled by derivations of the Foucaultian notion of governmentality. Both conceptions obscure what is ‘neo’ about neoliberalism: the reengineering and redeployment of the state as the core agency th...
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This article spotlights four transversal principles that animate Pierre Bourdieu’s research practice and can fruitfully guide inquiry on any empirical front: the Bachelardian imperative of epistemological rupture and vigilance; the Weberian command to effect the triple historicization of the agent (habitus), the world (social space, of which field...
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This article frames the themes of the two-part Interventions section ‘Bourdieu Comes to Town’. I first establish the pertinence of Bourdieu's sociology for students of the city by revisiting his youthful work on power, space, and the diffusion of urban forms in provincial Béarn and colonial Algeria. In both cases, urbanization is the key vector of...
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Class, ethnicity, and state in the making of marginality: Revisiting territories of urban relegation In the postindustrial city, relegation takes the form of real or imaginary consignment to distinctive sociospatial formations variously and vaguely referred to as “inner cities,” “ghettos,” “enclaves,” “no-go areas,” “problem districts,” or simply...
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Este artículo destaca cuatro principios transversales que animan la práctica de investigación de Pierre Bourdieu y que pueden guiar de manera fructífera la indagación en cualquier frente empírico: el imperativo bachelariano de la ruptura epistemológica y la vigilancia; el mandamiento weberiano de realizar la triple historización del agente (habitus...
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In 2014–2015, Aksu Akçaoğlu was a visiting scholar in the Department of Sociology at the University of California, Berkeley, where he had come to work with Loïc Wacquant on his research on “the conservative habitus” in contemporary Turkey (with the support of the TÜBİTAK Science Program). In this dialogue, he invites Wacquant to explicate the philo...
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This article introduces the themes and contributions to the double "Events and debates" section on "Taking Bourdieu to Town." I first establish the pertinence of Bourdieus sociology for students of the city by revisiting his early Béarn and Algerian work on power, space, and urbanization and linking it to his late dissection of social suffering in...
Chapter
Loïc Wacquant (* 1960) analysiert in einer Vielzahl von Publikationen, wie die politische Ökonomie systematisch die Politikfelder der Sozial- und Kriminalpolitik strukturiert. Wacquant kann eindrücklich zeigen, dass die Neoliberalisierung zu einer parallelen und komplementären Umgestaltung der Sozial- und Kriminalpolitik führt. In dem Maße, wie die...
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Prześledzenie filozoficznych źródeł i wczesnych zastosowań habitusu u Bourdieu – które wyjaśniały historyczne zerwania, spowodowane czy to wojną wyzwoleńczą w Algierii, czy to powojenną modernizacją francuskiej wsi – pozwala na skorygowanie czterech uporczywie powracających nieporozumień dotyczących tego pojęcia: (1) habitus nie jest nigdy repliką...
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Aksu Akçaoğlu przebywał w latach 2014-2015 na Wydziale Socjologii Uniwersytetu Kalifornijskiego w Berkeley jako visiting scholar, gdzie wspólnie z Loikiem Wacquantem pracował na swym projektem poświęconym „habitusowi konserwatywnemu”. W poniższej rozmowie prosi Wacquanta o wyjaśnienie filozofii i pedagogiki jego słynnego seminarium prowadzonego w B...
Chapter
Der Gefängnisboom in Amerika nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung ist nicht auf Profitstreben, sondern auf die Staatsführung zurückzuführen. Folglich müssen wir die Schimäre „Gefängnis-Industrie-Komplex“ vernichten und die daraus abgeleiteten Geschichten von der Industrie rund um die Wiedereingliederung von Gefangenen aufgeben. Diese düstere, ökonomische...
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Retracing the philosophical origins and initial usage of habitus by Bourdieu to account for the historical disjuncture wrought by the Algerian war of national liberation and the postwar modernization of the French countryside allows us to clear up four recurrent misunderstandings about the concept: (1) habitus is never the replica of a single socia...
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In questo saggio Loïc Wacquant propone una messa a punto del concetto di habitus, correggendone alcuni fraintendimenti ricorrenti. In un primo momento ricostruisce brevemente la genealogia della nozione mettendone in luce le origini filosofiche e accennando all'uso fattone da alcuni classici delle scienze sociali. In seguito l'autore svolge una dis...
Article
In the postindustrial city, relegation takes the form of real or imaginary consignment to distinctive sociospatial formations variously and vaguely referred to as ‘inner cities,’ ‘ghettos,’ ‘enclaves,’ ‘no-go areas,’ ‘problem districts’ or simply ‘rough neighborhoods’. How are we to characterise and differentiate these spaces; what determines their...
Article
The anthropology of neoliberalism has become polarised between a hegemonic economic model anchored by variants of market rule and an insurgent approach fuelled by derivations of the Foucaultian notion of governmentality. Both conceptions obscure what is ‘neo’ about neoliberalism: the reengineering and redeployment of the state as the core agency th...
Article
This article elaborates the social ontology and methodology of carnal sociology as a distinctive mode of social inquiry eschewing the spectatorial posture to grasp action-in-the-making, in the wake of debates triggered by my apprenticeship-based study of boxing as a plebeian bodily craft. First I critique the notions of (dualist) agent, (externalis...
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Este artigo elabora uma cartografia analítica do programa de pesquisa perseguido ao longo dos três livros do autor: Urban outcasts (2008), Punishing the poor (2009) e Deadly symbiosis: race and the rise of the penal State (no prelo). Nessa trilogia, são desfeitos os nexos triangulares entre fragmentação de classe, divisão étnica e remodelagem do Es...
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This short article presents the thematic issue of the Environment & Planning A journal, which builds on the analytic framework elaborated by Wacquant in Urban Outcasts (2008) and on the activities of the Leverhulme Network on Advanced Urban Marginality to synthesize and stimulate inquiries into the triadic nexus of symbolic space, social space, and...
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This paper draws on my books Urban Outcasts and Punishing the Poor, on the transformation of the forms and policy management of marginality in advanced society, to probe the use of space as a medium for social closure and control in the city. This first part sketches a framework for the (comparative) analysis of sociospatial seclusion, the process...
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In this response to my critics, I amplify the conceptual clarification and methodological stipulation of habitus begun in ‘Homines in extremis’ to help us move from a sociology of the body as socially construc-ted object to a sociology from the body as socially construc-ting vector of knowledge, power, and practice. The specification of habitus by...
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The paper develops a deep criticism of the dominant approaches to the study of urban poverty in the United States. According to the author, these approaches simplify the notion of ghetto to the extreme, thus turning this concept into the equivalent to pocket of poverty and divesting the term of historical specificity, heuristic potential and psycho...
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Por meio de testemunhos e de documentos de arquivo, proponho uma reconstituição das condições em virtude das quais Bourdieu recebeu, em 1993, a medalha de ouro do Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, a mais alta distinção científica na França, em reconhecimento ao estudo sobre a situação existencial e as armadilhas institucionais da consag...
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Questo lavoro è suddiviso in due parti1. Nella prima considero le trasformazioni avvenute, sotto il profilo della realtà materiale e del discorso pubblico, nel ghetto nero dell’America dopo gli anni Sessanta, come risultato di due processi interconnessi. A livello socio-relazionale il ghetto ha subito un processo di “decivilizzazione” (decivilizati...
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Pierre Bourdieu's recasting of the question of class exemplifies the major features of his sociology and the way he extends, melds, and mends classical views into a distinctive framework. The article traces the impetus behind the key conceptual shifts Bourdieu effects, from class structure to social space, from class consciousness to habitus, from...
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I use the collection of "carnal ethnographies" of martial arts and combat sports assembled by Raul Sanchez and Dale Spencer under the title Fighting Scholarsto spotlight the fruitfulness of deploying habitus as both empirical object (explanandum) and method of inquiry (modus cognitionis). The incarnate study of incarnation supports five proposition...
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In this short but dense piece, written for a special issue of the journal L'Arc devoted to the medieval historian Feorges Duby (whose sprawling oeuvre Bourdieu admired and drew on for its scrupulous genealogy of the mental-cum-social structure of the feudal triad of knight, priest, and peasant: see Georges Duby, The Three Orders (1982 [1978]), Bour...
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Pierre Bourdieu’s recasting of the question of class exemplifies the major features of his sociology and the way he extends, melds, and mends classical views into a distinctive framework. Bourdieu’s approach is relational, agonistic, and synthetic; it spotlights the symbolic dimension of group formation as practical achievement while fusing theory...
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Im Rückgriff auf Archivmaterialien und persönliche Zeugnisse rekonstruiere ich die Bedingungen, unter denen Bourdieu 1993 die goldene Medaille des CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique), Frankreichs höchsten Wissenschaftspreis, entgegennahm, als ein außergewöhnliches Fallbeispiel des mit der wissenschaftlichen Ehrung verbundenen grundl...
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Drawing on archival materials and personal testimonies, I reconstruct the conditions under which Bourdieu came to receive the Gold Medal of the National Center for Scientific Research, France’s highest science prize, in 1993 as a signal case study of the existential predicament and institutional trappings of scholarly consecration. Bourdieu’s award...
Chapter
In March of 2003, the French Ministry of Justice launched a television advertising campaign aimed at furbishing the image of the country’s correctional administration and thereby attracting the 10,000-odd guards who must be hastily recruited to meet the programmed explosion of the country’s carceral population. Three months later, the numbers under...
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A antropologia do neoliberalismo se polarizou entre um modelo econômico hegemônico, ancorado por variantes do domínio de mercado, e uma abordagem rebelde, alimentada por derivações da noção foucaultiana de governamentalidade. Ambas as noções dissimulam o que é "neo" no neoliberalismo: a reengenharia e a reestruturação do Estado como a agência princ...
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This article explains how and why the prison has returned to the institutional forefront of the advanced societies, when four decades ago analysts of the penal scene were convinced it had entered into irremediable decline. Building on my book Punishing the Poor: The Neoliberal Government of Social Insecurity, I argue that (1) the expansion and glor...
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This article reflects on the international reception of the book Prisons of Poverty as revelator of penal developments in advanced societies over the past decade. It shows that the global firestorm of "law and order" inspired by the United States that the book detected in 1999 has continued to rage far and wide. Indeed, it has extended from First-...
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This discussion of Les Prisons de la misère (Raisons d'agir Editions, Paris, 1999 – expanded and updated English-language edition, Prisons of Poverty, Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press, 2009) responds to queries put forth by the editors of R de réel and originally published in French in that journal in June 2000 (vol. 3, pp.33–8). It argue...
Article
The anthropology of neoliberalism has become polarised between a hegemonic economic model anchored by variants of market rule and an insurgent approach fuelled by derivations of the Foucaultian notion of governmentality. Both conceptions obscure what is ‘neo’ about neoliberalism: the reengineering and redeployment of the state as the core agency th...
Chapter
In diesem Kapitel erkläre ich, wie und warum das Gefängnis wieder in den institutionellen Vordergrund fortgeschrittener Gesellschaften getreten ist, obwohl Wissenschaftler/ innen, die sich mit der Strafinstitution beschäftigen, noch vor vier Jahrzehnten von seinem Niedergang, wenn nicht sogar von seiner Auslöschung überzeugt waren. Ich stütze mich...
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In Punishing the Poor, I show that the ascent of the penal state in the United States and other advanced societies over the past quarter-century is a response to rising social insecurity, not criminal insecurity; that changes in welfare and justice policies are interlinked, as restrictive ''workfare'' and expansive ''prisonfare'' are coupled into a...
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p { margin-bottom: 0.21cm; } Este artículo utiliza la descripción etnográfica de un corredor devastado del ghetto negro de Chicago en el fin de siglo, como punto de partida para reflejar las relaciones entre el entorno construido, la estructura social y la psicología colectiva. Apunta a la necesidad de elaborar teórica y empíricamente las conexione...
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This article recounts how I took up the ethnographic craft; stumbled upon the Chicago boxing gym that is the central scene and character of my field study of prizefighting in the black American ghetto; and designed the book Body and Soul so as to both deploy methodologically and elaborate empirically Pierre Bourdieu's signal concept of habitus. Hab...
Chapter
Neoliberal penalty is paradoxical in that it purports to deploy ‘more state’ in the realm of the police, criminal courts and prisons to remedy the generalized rise of objective and subjective insecurity which is itself caused by ‘less state’ on the economic and social front in the leading countries of the First World. It reaffirms the omnipotence o...
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Volker Eick (VE): Your book "Punishing the Poor: The Neoliberal Government of Social Insecurity" is the second volume in a trilogy that unravels what you call "the tangled triangular connections between class restructuring, ethnoracial division and state crafting in the era of neoliberal ascendancy" (Wacquant 2009a: 315). Can you situate it in this...
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Pierre Bourdieu is widely regarded as one of the most influential sociologists of his generation, and yet the reception of his work in different cultural contexts and academic disciplines has been varied and uneven. This volume maps out the legacy of Pierre Bourdieu in contemporary social and political thought from the standpoint of classical Europ...
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In „Bestrafen der Armen“ habe ich gezeigt, dass die sich im Laufe des letzten Vierteljahrhunderts vollziehende Rückkehr des Gefängnisses an die institutionelle Frontlinie moderner Gesellschaften keine politische Reaktion auf durch Kriminalität bedingte Unsicherheit darstellt.
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ResumenLa formidable expansión e intensificación de las actividades de la policía norteamericana, las cortes criminales y las prisiones durante los últimos treinta años ha sido finamente dirigida, en primer lugar a la clase, en segundo a la raza, y en tercero al territorio, conduciendo no a un encarcelamiento masivo sino a un hiper-encarcelamiento...
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The carceral boom in post-Civil Rights America results not from profit-seeking but from state-crafting. Accordingly, we must slay the chimera of the "Prison Industrial Complex" and forsake its derived tale of the "Prisoner Reentry Industry." This murky economic metaphor is doubly misleading: first, most released convicts experience not reentry but...
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This article recounts how I took up the ethnographic craft; stumbled upon the Chicago boxing gym that is the central scene and character of my field study of prizefighting in the black American ghetto; and designed the book Body and Soul so as to both deploy methodologically and elaborate empirically Pierre Bourdieu signal concept of habitus. Habit...
Article
In Punishing the Poor, I show that the ascent of the penal state in the United States and other advanced societies over the past quarter-century is a response to rising social insecurity, not criminal insecurity; that changes in welfare and justice policies are interlinked, as restrictive “workfare” and expansive “prisonfare” are coupled into a sin...
Article
In Punishing the Poor, I show that the ascent of the penal state in the United States and other advanced societies over the past quarter-century is a response to rising social insecurity, not criminal insecurity; that changes in welfare and justice policies are interlinked, as restrictive “workfare” and expansive “prisonfare” are coupled into a sin...
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Full-text available
This article amplifies Tom Slater's diagnosis of the causes of the gentrification of recent gentrification research. It argues that the shift from the denunciation to the celebration of gentrification, the elision of the displacement of the established residents, and the euphemistic focus on `social mixing' partake of a broader pattern of invisibil...
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Habitus as topic and tool This article recounts how I took up the ethnographic craft; stumbled upon the Chicago boxing gym that is the central scene and character of my field study of prizefighting in the black American ghetto; and designed the book Body and Soul so as to both deploy methodologically and elaborate empirically Pierre Bourdieu signal...
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The stupendous expansion and intensification of the activities of the American police, criminal courts, and prisons over the past thirty years have been finely targeted, first by class, second by race, and third by place, leading not to mass incarceration but to the hyper-incarceration of (sub)proletarian black men from the imploding ghetto. This t...
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The second piece of the series depicts a highly meaningful incident of physical interaction outside the ring while the ethnographer was conducting fieldwork in a boxing gym, tracking the fabrication of the pugilistic habitus through apprenticeship (Wacquant, 2004). In a painful haircutting session, the author receives not only a black-American styl...
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This article dissects the author’s approach to ethnography, social theory, and the politics of knowledge through a dialogue retracing his intellectual trajectory and the analytic linkages between his inquiries into embodiment, comparative urban marginality and the penal state. It draws out the practical connections and epistemological rationale beh...
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This paper sketches a characterisation of the regime of urban marginality that has emerged in advanced societies since the close of the Fordist era, highlighting four logics that combine to produce it: a macrosocietal drift towards inequality, the mutation of wage labour (entailing both deproletarianisation and casuali-sation), the retrenchment of...
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The sudden growth and glorification of the penal state in the United States after the mid-1970s (and in Western Europe two decades later) is not a response to the evolution of crime, but a reaction to-and a diversion from-the social insecurity produced by the fragmentation of wage labor and the destabilization of ethnoracial hierarchies following t...
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This article examines the workings and effects of the penalization of poverty in urban Brazil at century’s turn to uncover the deep logic of punitive containment as state strategy for the management of dispossessed and dishonored populations in the polarizing city in the age of triumphant neoliberalism. It shows how ramifying criminal violence (fed...
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This article amplifies Tom Slater's diagnosis of the causes of the gentrification of recent gentrification research. It argues that the shift from the denunciation to the celebration of gentrification, the elision of the displacement of the established residents, and the euphemistic focus on 'social mixing' partake of a broader pattern of invisibil...
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Departing from the work of Pierre Bourdieu, the present paper outlines the genesis of the notion of habitus and provides an overview of some of its key theoretical properties. The paper also briefly explores the main sociological perspectives that have been developed around this notion.
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The comparative sociology of the structure, dynamics, and experi- ence of urban relegation in the United States and the European Union during the past three decades reveals the emergence of a new regime of marginality. This regime generates forms of poverty that are neither residual, nor cyclical or transitional, but inscribed in the future of cont...
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The comparative sociology of the structure, dynamics, and experience of urban relegation in the United States and the main countries of the European Union during the past three decades reveals the emergence of a new regime of marginality. This regime generates forms of poverty that are neither residual, nor cyclical or transitional, but indeed insc...
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Attending to Bourdieu's early field studies conducted concurrently in colonial Algeria and in his childhood village of Béarn in southwestern France sets his scientific approach and output into a new light: it reveals the twinned ethnographic roots of his theoretical enterprise; it dissolves the caricatural figure of the 'reproduction theorist' obli...
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This article dissects Bourdieu’s notion of artistic field as a means for explicating his distinctive approach to aesthetics and to map out the generic features and implications of the concept of field. The relational idea of field was developped over three decades to revoke the opposition between internalist and externalist analyses of artistic pra...
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The highly particular US conception of “race” is a direct outcome of the unique status of the United States as a slaveholding republic. While slavery itself has long been abolished, its dynamics were replicated in Jim Crow segregation and later in the urban ghetto. Henceforth, another ‘peculiar institution’, born of the adjoining of the hyperghetto...
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This article responds to the special issue of Qualitative Sociology devoted to the author's book, Body and Soul: Notebooks of an Apprentice Boxer (vol. 28, no. 3, summer 2005). Four themes are tackled: the positioning of the inquirer and the question of social acceptance and membership; the dynamics of embodiment(s) and the variable role of race as...
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Attending to Bourdieu's early field studies conducted concurrently in colonial Algeria and in his childhood village of Béarn in southwestern France sets his scientific approach and output into a new light: it reveals the twinned ethnographic roots of his theoretical enterprise; it dissolves the caricatural figure of the 'reproduction theorist' obli...
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Rather than producing an analytically robust concept of "ghetto", the social sciences have used the term descriptively, not rarely attributing to it the common sense meaning that it is given in the societies where the phenomenon is identified. Through the historiographic production on the Jewish diaspora in renaissance Europe, the sociology of blac...

Citations

... In Chapter 7 (Ghetto Blasting), Slater explores territorial stigmatisation by analysing the meaning of the term ghetto. He criticises the excessive ease in calling workers or immigrant places a ghetto and goes back to the definition of Wacquant (2012) that ghetto is an instrument of ethnoracial closure that employs space to fulfil two conflicting functions: to maximise the material profits extracted from a category deemed defiled and defiling, and to minimise intimate contact with its members to avert the threat of symbolic corrosion and contagion they are believed to carry (p. 172). ...
... In the structural framework of modern industrial social conflict, the self-aware working class achieved labour and social rights. However, the emergence of neoliberalism from the 1970s, together with a new surge of individualism (Wacquant 2020), reset the patterns of social conflict. One of the areas in which this reconfiguration has been most clearly expressed is in the bases of the learning of popular autonomous mobilization culture. ...
... L'enjeu de ce premier temps réflexif consiste moins à synthétiser l'ensemble du travail mené par Wacquant relativement à la fabrique sociale du boxeur qu'à restreindre spécifiquement la focale d'analyse sur son parti-pris méthodologique. Bien que conscient qu'une oeuvre scientifique constitue un système holistique irréductible, faisant tenir ensemble un objet d'étude, des présupposés ontologiques, une armature conceptuelle, des résultats empiriques ainsi que des techniques d'écriture, nous décidons néanmoins de nous concentrer sur la singularité de sa démarche de construction des matériaux, que le sociologue a exposée -et justifiée -à de nombreuses reprises (Wacquant, 2010(Wacquant, , 2014b(Wacquant, , 2015. ...
... Here it is important to recognise that Wacquant developed the concept of territorial stigmatisation in the contexts of the Black American Chicago ghetto and the ethnically diverse Parisian banlieues, hence the centrality of race within his triad of class, state and ethnicity in the making of urban marginality (Wacquant, 2019). The Valleys provide a very different, nonurban context however, which retains some of the characteristics of the ghetto concept, but also key divergences that provide opportunities to extend Wacquant's framework. ...
... Second, the article addresses how the advanced marginality framework has tended to neglect housing, as Powell and Robinson (2019) argue, a neglect which Wacquant (2019) acknowledges. To some extent, Wacquant is being unfair to himself since Urban Outcasts includes several comments on housing, for example on the dilapidated state of buildings which reinforces marginality (Wacquant, 2008, pp. ...
... Applying the conceptual repertoire of Bourdieu's topological sociology, Wacquant (2014;2017) aims to open a new path within urban sociology, which takes the plural power struggles into account while examining the physical space. According to him, physical space is the incorporated form of the struggles in the social space and symbolic space. ...
... In such a context, the Polish Constitutional Court, although not a distinct and homogeneous institution, cannot be understood as a field per se. Fields, contrary to some definitions, are not innumerable contexts of action, they are rather limited instances of organized practices accompanied by the monopolization of specific capital, boundaries and institutional authorities (Wacquant 2018).1 Con-sequently, constitutional courts, like any other such institutions (e. g., central banks, Lebaron 2010) could be considered spaces situated at the intersection of specific fields and functioning according to the field logic, that is as spaces of the objective forces. In this way, the differentiated role and meaning of these fields in the structuring of the CT's space would be analysed by the contribution of individuals coming from these fields. ...
... 95) do so due to neighbourhood social networks, local activities and reasons of identity formation. In other words, our residential environments hold great symbolic meaning (Hardill, 2002); helping to shape social identities (Forrest & Kearns, 2001) and contributing in part to our sense of self (Wacquant, 2018). ...
... En este sentido, Wacquant subraya que preocuparse de los derechos humanos en el interior de las cárceles no dejaba de ser, en cierta forma, una ironía y una empresa fútil en el sentido de que dichos recintos albergan a aquellos que han sido históricamente más marginados. El mismo autor agrega que, por la misma razón, preocuparse de los derechos humanos y las condiciones de vida de las personas recluidas se vuelve una tarea urgente y necesaria (Wacquant, 2017). ...
... Desde la teoría de los campos de Bourdieu, el campo escolar permite ver a los agentes sociales desenvolviéndose en un espacio social reglamentado, compartiendo intereses comunes, dándole sentido a sus prácticas sociales y con$gurando la lógica misma del campo (Bourdieu & Wacquant, 2005;Martín, 2008); ello en una relación topológica de agentes sociales desplegando estrategias, luchando por acumular o sostener los capitales cultural, social, económico y simbólico y, con ello, posicionarse mejor (Cerón, 2019;Wacquant, 2018). ...