Lisa Slattery Walker's research while affiliated with University of North Carolina at Charlotte and other places

Publications (26)

Chapter
This chapter outlines the development of theoretical understanding of how status affects interaction and structures of inequality. Two intellectual sources are described: Talcott Parsons’s views of relations between small and large social structures and Robert Freed Bales’s studies of face-to-face interaction in small groups. Joseph Berger’s abstra...
Article
Full-text available
About one-third of college students drop out before finishing their degree. The majority of those remaining will take longer than 4 years to complete their degree at “4-year” institutions. This problem emphasizes the need to identify students who may benefit from support to encourage timely graduation. Here we empirically develop machine learning a...
Article
Introduction: Although previous studies have found a relationship between having a preterm birth and maternal depression, methodologic issues may have limited the generalizability of results. Thus, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between having a preterm birth and postpartum depressive symptoms using a large, population-...
Article
Despite women's advancements in the workplace, gender inequality persists. We classify and test two frameworks used to explain gender differences in career success: Unequal Attributes and Unequal Effects. The Unequal Attributes framework suggests that gender is related to other attributes, which result in unequal career outcomes for men and women (...
Article
Entitativity, an individual’s recognition of a social unit as a group, is a fundamental group characteristic. However, past entitativity measures have not demonstrated their psychometric validity. We create and demonstrate initial psychometric validity for a new measure of entitativity as well as several of its antecedents. We demonstrate convergen...
Article
For over 30 years, researchers have examined social influence using status characteristics theory (Berger and Conner, 1974). While research has investigated beauty and attractiveness as status characteristics (e.g., Webster and Driskell, 1983), there is a dearth of research that examines whether obesity has status value using status characteristics...
Chapter
Purpose: To review three theoretical research programs accounting for the spread of status beliefs and their effects on inequality, and to identify similarities and differences in scope and theoretical principles in the three. We describe suggestions for further research that we hope readers may wish to pursue. Methodology/approach: We summarize re...
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Using double standards to judge job applicants can prevent the selection of qualified candidates who possess disadvantaged status characteristics. Experimental studies have shown that when assessors compare equally qualified women and men for jobs, the men are more likely to be recommended for hiring. We propose that the theoretical processes affec...
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Previous work by Webster and Rashotte (2010) experimentally tested a theory of behavior and performance expectations, and female and male participants acted quite differently in the experiment. Theories of status processes predict no differences in how women and men use status information. We replicated two conditions and added two more conditions...
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Heavy drinking and sexual assault are prevalent among college students who attend parties hosted by fraternities and athletic teams, and accusations often produce victim blaming and disbelief. We provide a symbolic interactionist explanation of how subculturally held sentiments shape students’ perceptions. We find that fraternity or athletic team p...
Article
The goal of the present research is to determine the degree of correspondence between the observed behavior in an experiment and the attitudes expressed in a questionnaire administered after an experiment. To do so, we replicate Driskell and Mullen’s study using more data from multiple experiments and conduct more sophisticated analyses. The attitu...
Chapter
This chapter discusses the implications of giving and receiving social support in virtual communities and online groups. The chapter first offers a literature review about social support in general, and then delves into specific details about online social support. More specifically, this chapter focuses on informational and socio-emotional support...
Chapter
Theories of Status Characteristics and Expectation States use those concepts to understand the development and maintenance of power and prestige inequality structures in task groups. Expectations, roughly equivalent to ideas of task ability, emerge through interaction or from inferences based on status; once they exist they determine all features o...
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We contribute to the body of literature on the what is beautiful is good heuristic (Dion, Berscheid, & Walster, 1972, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 24, 285–290), the beauty is beastly effect (Heilman & Saruwatari, 1979, Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 23, 360–372) and lack of fit theory (Heilman, 1983, Research in Org...
Article
We report a replication and extension of theory and experimental tests reported by Stuart J. Hysom. That earlier work added status value of rewards to established theories of status generalization processes. We extend that work to cases in which both the status positions of actors and the status value of their rewards function in status generalizat...
Article
This study adds to the growing body of research on the interactive effects of personality traits and trait activation research. Despite conscientiousness being a consistent predictor of high task performance, we challenged this relationship and hypothesized that the positive relationship between conscientiousness and task performance would decrease...
Chapter
This chapter addresses several important elements in conducting experiments: design, pretesting and pilot testing, and data interpretation. Good design requires attention to variables, conditions, and manipulations. Pretesting and pilot testing help to avoid costly errors. Issues in data interpretation include power statistics and experimenter effe...
Article
Status generalization theories describe how society’s status advantages and disadvantages can structure group inequality and also can suggest ways to design interventions to overcome its undesirable effects. We address problems of interaction as affected by the status characteristic race, which often disadvantages black members of work teams. Follo...
Conference Paper
In this project we examine the relationship between attitudinal measures of expectations and influence and a behavioral measure in an experimental setting. The attitudinal measures are typical questionnaire items regarding a study participant's views of themselves, a partner, and their task after interaction. The behavioral measure, P(s), is the st...
Conference Paper
For over 30 years, researchers have examined social influence and persuasion using Status Characteristics Theory (Berger and Conner 1974). While research has investigated beauty and attractiveness as status characteristics (e.g., Webster and Driskell 1983), no research to date has investigated obesity as a status characteristic. The current paper r...
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Full-text available
Despite evidence that men are typically perceived as more appropriate and effective than women in leadership positions, a recent debate has emerged in the popular press and academic literature over the potential existence of a female leadership advantage. This meta-analysis addresses this debate by quantitatively summarizing gender differences in p...
Article
In this article, we outline the evidence regarding the status effects of physical attractiveness, paying particular attention to outcomes in the areas of jobs, crime, performance evaluations, power, health perceptions, and exchange. The framework of status characteristics theory is used to guide our explication. The role of attractiveness in market...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores patterns of women's medicinal plant knowledge and use in an urban area of the Brazilian Amazon. Specifically, this paper examines the relationship between a woman's age and her use and knowledge of medicinal plants. It also examines whether length of residence in three different areas of the Amazon is correlated with a woman's u...
Article
In this chapter, the authors discuss the use of experimental methods in the study of virtual groups. For some time, experimentalists have hoped, as noted in Bainbridge (2007), that virtual worlds would provide a locale for research. The authors discuss practical techniques for doing so, and provide a detailed example of one such experiment as a pla...
Article
How can a nominal descriptive term acquire status beliefs and definitions giving it connotations of differential social worth and competence? Cecilia L. Ridgeway and her associates have developed one theory explaining such effects. Recently Joseph Berger and Hamit Fişek offered a new theory using different mechanisms. We report the first experiment...

Citations

... [10,22,7]), study performance (e.g. [11,14,17,25,29,38,39]), and future enrollments (e.g. [20,23,36]) gained a lot of attention in the last years. ...
... The other two high-quality studies were cohort studies with focus on maternal PPD symptoms. One of the cohort studies did not find an association between preterm birth and maternal PPD symptoms two months after childbirth 12 , while the other did, but used one nonvalidated question addressing maternal low mood, depression and hopelessness 2-4 months after childbirth as an indicator of PPD 13 . This calls for further high-quality studies on preterm birth and PPD symptoms measured using validated scales. ...
... The extant literature emphasize that education and career counseling create the greatest awareness as well as higher aspirations among women for gaining access to male dominated occupations (Levanon and Grusky, 2016;McDowell et al., 2009). Inadequate Career Knowledge (B3) -It delineates inadequate and gender prejudice career knowledge of agents of socialization (such as family, friends, peers, and mass-media) towards male dominated occupations (Frear, Paustian-Underdahl, Heggestad, & Walker, 2019). Although in the internet era, the situation is changing and women are exploring the latest updates about job roles but still the limited information and job and gender association negatively influence women's career entry decisions (Amaratunga, Haigh, Shanmugam, Lee, & Elvitigala, 2006;Mutekwe, Modiba, & Maphosa, 2011). ...
... We focus on how meetings create workgroup entitativity. Entitativity is the perception of a social unit as a "group" and is the starting point for group members to experience group outcomes and enact group processes (Blanchard et al., 2020;Campbell, 1958;Igarashi & Kashima, 2011). Meetings are when the leader and coworkers create and maintain workgroup entitativity. ...
... Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive accumulation of fat, which may impair health by the World Health Organization (WHO) (1). Although the majority of obesity-related research has been conducted in many physiological clinical areas, obesity is an important problem that needs addressing not only because of physiological and psychological disorders it causes but also due to the undesired effects on an obese individual resulting from other individuals' prejudice and negative attitudes against obesity (1)(2)(3)(4). ...
... Some of these studies connect the task explicitly to the factor differentiating the performers (e.g., Correll, 2004;Foschi, 1996Foschi, , 2009. In other works, it is reasonable to assume that the attribute has that link and thus carries status value for the assessors À given the temporal/ cultural context in which the experiments took place (e.g., Doerer, Webster, & Walker, 2017;Foschi, Sigerson, & Lembesis, 1995). ...
... This support is also known as appraisal support and cognitive guidance. Informational support helps in defining, understanding and coping with problematic events and helps in problem solving (Gur et al., 2016). ...
... Expectation states theory (for a review, see Webster and Walker 2016) was developed to explain how hierarchies form and persist in small, collectively oriented task groups. The theory predicts that when confronted with a novel task where success is valued, group members will consider who among them is best able to resolve that task and defer to that person's judgment accordingly. ...
... Therefore, we believe that it is a suitable approach aiming at relative comparisons between amounts wasted of differently preserved foods. There has been a call for more direct observation of consumer behaviour (Walker and Gur, 2016;Baumeister et al., 2007). For example, immersive virtual reality (IVR) environments are promising tools for immersing people into an almost real environment that provides many similarities to the complexity of the real world and at the same time allows experimenters to constrain experimental parameters to obtain empirical data (Ischer et al., 2014). ...
... Training for male-dominated groups (e.g., fraternities) that address responsible partying, drinking, and dating habits should be prioritized by colleges and universities to foster safer campus environments. Although research has identified that fraternity or athletic team party attendees are more likely to report friends who have engaged in sexual aggression compared to those who do not participate in party behaviors (Boyle & Walker, 2016), there are other groups contributing to the campus party culture that might also benefit from additional training and resources. Men who attend bars or party off-campus also perpetrate SA and act aggressively (Thompson & Cracco, 2008E. ...