Lisa L. Martin's research while affiliated with University of Wisconsin–Madison and other places

Publications (2)

As International Organization commemorates its seventy-fifth anniversary, the Liberal International Order (LIO) that authors in this journal have long analyzed is under challenge, perhaps as never before. The articles in this issue explore the nature of these challenges by examining how the Westphalian order and the LIO have co-constituted one anot...
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This symposium presents a rich set of concepts, data, and testing of relationships regarding the apparent explosion of informal governance activities in world politics. The authors theorize and describe a wide variety of modes of informal governance. I summarize key contributions of this literature and suggest new paths for further research.


... Protecting and promoting human rights in the face of populism and stigmatization can be challenging (Bílková, 2019;Lake et al. 2021;Lynch&Sinclair, 2022;Mégret, 2022), as populist leaders and movements often use stigmatizing language and rhetoric to target marginalized groups, which can lead to discrimination and violations of human rights. However, there are several ways in which human rights can be protected and promoted in these contexts: Strong legal protections: Having strong laws and institutions in place that protect human rights, such as independent judiciaries and human rights organizations, can help to ensure that marginalized groups are protected from discrimination and abuse. ...
... However, informal international organizations are constituted by non-binding, or "informal," international agreements, and therefore their underlying legal nature contrasts with formal IOs, which are founded by treaties (Vabulas & Snidal, 2013;Roger, 2020;Vabulas & Snidal, 2020). Informal bodies have attracted growing attention in IR in recent years, as scholars have begun analyzing a wide range of informal and "low cost" varieties of governance, from public-private partnerships to transgovernmental networks of public officials, with many of these debates playing out in The Review of International Organizations (Slaughter, 2004;Kleine, 2013a;2013b;Koremenos, 2013;Libman & Obydenkova, 2013;Stone, 2013;Vabulas & Snidal, 2013;Andonova, 2017;Abbott & Faude, 2020;Roger, 2020;Carlson & Koremenos, 2021;Martin, 2021;Westerwinter et al., 2021;Westerwinter, 2021). This interest partly reflects the fact that such arrangements appear to have grown increasingly common and have become more deeply involved in the governance of many pressing issues, particularly since the end of the Cold War. ...