Lidia Alcalay's research while affiliated with Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile and other places

Publications (39)

Article
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Previous studies have documented links between sub-clinical narcissism and the active pursuit of short-term mating strategies (e.g., unrestricted sociosexuality, marital infidelity, mate poaching). Nearly all of these investigations have relied solely on samples from Western cultures. In the current study, responses from a cross-cultural survey of...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies have documented links between sub-clinical narcissism and the active pursuit of short-term mating strategies (e.g., unrestricted sociosexuality, marital infidelity, mate poaching). Nearly all of these investigations have relied solely on samples from Western cultures. In the current study, responses from a cross-cultural survey of...
Article
Full-text available
Although large international studies have found consistent patterns of sex differences in personality traits among adults (i.e., women scoring higher on most facets), less is known about cross-cultural sex differences in adolescent personality and the role of culture and age in shaping them. The present study examines the NEO Personality Inventory-...
Article
Full-text available
Although large international studies have found consistent patterns of sex differences in personality traits among adults (i.e., women scoring higher on most facets), less is known about cross-cultural sex differences in adolescent personality and the role of culture and age in shaping them. The present study examines the NEO Personality Inventory-...
Article
This paper presents a program to foster socioemotional learning and wellbeing in 3rd and 4th graders, and its impact on evaluation. The program is conceptually grounded in the socioemotional learning perspective, which integrates factors both at the individual and contextual levels. Development of quality interpersonal bonding is emphasized, as i...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a program to foster socioemotional learning and wellbeing in 3rd and 4th graders, and its impact on evaluation. The program is conceptually grounded in the socioemotional learning perspective, which integrates factors both at the individual and contextual levels. Development of quality interpersonal bonding is emphasized, as is...
Article
Full-text available
Numerous studies have documented subtle but consistent sex differences in self-reports and observer-ratings of five-factor personality traits, and such effects were found to show well-defined developmental trajectories and remarkable similarity across nations. In contrast, very little is known about perceived gender differences in five-factor trait...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Numerous studies have documented subtle but consistent sex differences in self-reports and observer-ratings of five-factor personality traits, and such effects were found to show welldefined developmental trajectories and remarkable similarity across nations. In contrast, very little is known about perceived gender differences in five-fact...
Article
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El objetivo de la presente investigación fue estudiar qué mujeres iberoamericanas tenían un valor de modelo y cuáles eran sus características, en una muestra de U6 adolescentes mujeres del Area Metropolitana de Santiago de Chile, estratificada en tres niveles socioeconómicos.
Article
This study supports the growing empirical evidence regarding the relationship between the socioemotional dimension and academic achievement. Through correlation and regression analyses the associations between individual (self-steem and socioemotional well-being) and contextual ( perception of the school social climate) features of socioemotional l...
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Consensual stereotypes of some groups are relatively accurate, whereas others are not. Previous work suggesting that national character stereotypes are inaccurate has been criticized on several grounds. In this article we (a) provide arguments for the validity of assessed national mean trait levels as criteria for evaluating stereotype accuracy; an...
Article
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This article presents the development and impact evaluation of a program to enhance the wellbeing and socioemotional learning of 5th and 6th graders: The BASE program. Based on the theoretical framework of socioemotional learning, the emphasis of the program is oriented towards fostering quality interpersonal bounds and the development of competenc...
Article
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Age trajectories for personality traits are known to be similar across cultures. To address whether stereotypes of age groups reflect these age-related changes in personality, we asked participants in 26 countries (N = 3,323) to rate typical adolescents, adults, and old persons in their own country. Raters across nations tended to share similar bel...
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Even though social and emotional well-being has been proposed as a main goal of education, its association with academic achievement is usually overlooked, particularly considering that educational institutions are requested to show academic outcomes, and thus their focus is on cognitive development and academic training. This study adopts a multil...
Article
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This study reports results from the first International Body Project (IBP-I), which surveyed 7,434 individuals in 10 major world regions about body weight ideals and body dissatisfaction. Participants completed the female Contour Drawing Figure Rating Scale (CDFRS) and self-reported their exposure to Western and local media. Results indicated there...
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College students (N=3,435) in 26 cultures reported their perceptions of age-related changes in physical, cognitive, and socioemotional areas of functioning and rated societal views of aging within their culture. There was widespread cross-cultural consensus regarding the expected direction of aging trajectories with (a) perceived declines in societ...
Article
This paper presents the results of a qualitative study on socioemotional wellbeing in Chilean students aimed at identifying, from the students' own perspective, their needs and how educational contexts foster-or not-an integrated socialemotional development. Main results show the importance of interpersonal relationships within educational contexts...
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The Big Five Inventory (BFI) is a self-report measure designed to assess the high-order personality traits of Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Neuroticism, and Openness. As part of the International Sexuality Description Project, the BFI was translated from English into 28 languages and administered to 17,837 individuals from 56 nati...
Article
The purpose of this article is to identify and describe some of the variables that are considered as essential in order to promote an effective alliance between family and school. These variables were considered in the development of an educational program that includes a video and a set of activities designed to be used with parents in the school...
Article
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Most people hold beliefs about personality characteristics typical of members of their own and others' cultures. These perceptions of national character may be generalizations from personal experience, stereotypes with a “kernel of truth,” or inaccurate stereotypes. We obtained national character ratings of 3989 people from 49 cultures and compared...
Article
Full-text available
Most people hold beliefs about personality characteristics typical of members of their own and others' cultures. These perceptions of national character may be generalizations from personal experience, stereotypes with a "kernel of truth," or inaccurate stereotypes. We obtained national character ratings of 3989 people from 49 cultures and compared...
Article
Full-text available
As part of the International Sexuality Description Project, a total of 17,804 participants from 62 cultural regions completedthe RelationshipQuestionnaire(RQ), a self-reportmeasure of adult romanticattachment. Correlational analyses within each culture suggested that the Model of Self and the Model of Other scales of the RQ were psychometrically va...
Article
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As part of the International Sexuality Description Project, 16,954 participants from 53 nations were administered an anonymous survey about experiences with romantic attraction. Mate poaching--romantically attracting someone who is already in a relationship--was most common in Southern Europe, South America, Western Europe, and Eastern Europe and w...
Article
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Gender differences in the dismissing form of adult romantic attachment were investigated as part of the International Sexuality Description Project-a survey study of 17,804 people from 62 cultural regions. Contrary to research findings previously reported in Western cultures, we found that men were not significantly more dismissing than women acros...
Article
Full-text available
Gender differences in the dismissing form of adult romantic attachment were investigated as part of the International Sexuality Description Project—a survey study of 17,804 people from 62 cultural regions. Contrary to research findings previously reported in Western cultures, we found that men were not significantly more dismissing than women acros...
Article
Full-text available
Evolutionary psychologists have hypothesized that men and women possess both long-term and short-term mating strategies, with men's short-term strategy differentially rooted in the desire for sexual variety. In this article, findings from a cross-cultural survey of 16,288 people across 10 major world regions (including North America, South America,...
Article
El contexto escolar constituye un espacio en el cual se trasmiten mensajes que influyen poderosamente en la construcción que alumnos y alumnas hacen de su identidad personal y de sus proyectos de vida. Generalmente estos mensajes forman parte del curriculum oculto, lo que hace muy difícil su detección y por ende, su modificación. Este artículo pres...

Citations

... Este hallazgo se puede explicar considerando la perspectiva generacional actual que sugiere que los roles de hombres y mujeres en la sociedad han cambiado y predomina la flexibilización de roles (Sánchez et al., 2008). Esto permite que cada género comprenda y practique lo que tradicionalmente le correspondía al otro, favoreciendo la validación y valoración entre géneros (Alcalay et al., 2011). Guastello y Guastello (2003) estudiaron los efectos generacionales de padres e hijos sobre los roles de género e inteligencia emocional, hallaron que "los hijos eran más andróginos en personalidad que sus padres" (p. 1). ...
... Understanding who is narcissistic is useful for a wide variety of reasons. As a few examples, narcissism is associated with consumer behavior such as conspicuous consumption (Bagwell & Bernheim, 1996;Griskevicius et al., 2017), so knowing who is narcissistic helps target potential buyers in a marketplace (Cisek et al., 2014;Sedikides et al., 2007); narcissism is also positively associated with dangerous sexual behavior (Jonason et al., 2015), and may be linked evolutionarily to short-term mating in general (Holtzman & Strube, 2011;Schmitt et al., 2017), so knowing who is narcissistic may help identify people who are at risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases. These two simple examples illustrate that knowing who is narcissistic could be useful in strikingly different domains. ...
... As human beings have come into increasing contact with people from other parts of the globe, understanding the psychological differences and similarities between people of different cultures has become increasingly critical [1][2][3] , with broad-reaching economic and political implications. Over the last few decades, researchers in fields including anthropology, evolutionary biology, and cognitive science have investigated questions about universals in human nature [4][5][6][7][8] . During the same period, there has been increasing interest in psychological differences across cultures 2,[9][10][11] . ...
... According to Löckenhoff et al. (2014), gender refers to the roles and responsibilities of men and women that are created in our societies, cultures, and families. Gender forms part of the broad sociocultural context, which includes other important factors such as age, ethnic group, and poverty level (UNFPA, 2011). ...
... Otro factor determinante en el éxito académico del alumnado es la comprensión de sus emociones y de las de los demás, que se encuentra relacionado con el concepto de inteligencia emocional (Abraham, 2020;Berger et al., 2009). Espinosa (2018) agrupa las emociones en cuatro categorías: de realización de las actividades (éxito o fracaso), epistémicas (surgidas por problemas cognitivos), temáticas, y sociales (relación con los demás agentes escolares). ...
... Evidence reinforces the relevance of the self-perception of happiness [24], not only because happier students learn better, but because they have more confidence and feel more accepted and valued [25]. The latter leads to stronger self-esteem. ...
... Sin embargo, se ha demostrado que cuando se hacen adecuadas intervenciones en esta línea, la tendencia varía. Los resultados de la evaluación de impacto del programa BASE, aplicado a estudiantes chilenos de tercer y cuarto año de Enseñanza General Básica, mostraron que la variable que se vio más afectada por la participación en el programa, es la autoestima, según la percepción del profesor (Berger, Milicic, Alcalay y Torretti, 2014). El programa de bienestar y aprendizaje socioemocional, BASE, busca favorecer en los estudiantes los vínculos consigo mismos, con los otros y con el ambiente. ...
... Finally, while it was a strength that the current study investigated the effect of interdependent self-construal, cultural orientation, and parental investment on future orientation under theoretical frameworks such as the regulatory fit theory, the study used a crosssectional design that limits the interpretation of the findings. Although a cross-sectional design is acceptable in the context of cross-cultural studies (De Bolle et al., 2015;Koenig et al., 2021;M. Zhang et al., 2019), future studies should implement more longitudinal, interventional, experimental, or randomized controlled trials to verify whether an individual's future orientation can be enhanced by matching regulatory focus and culture. ...
... Finally, females outperform males in academic achievement and engagement (Lam et al., 2012;Voyer & Voyer, 2014). In addition, adolescent females score higher than males on personality dimensions (openness and conscientiousness) that facilitate academic achievement, at least at school (De Bolle et al., 2015). Although, recent studies have suggested a possible modulating role for sex in the relationship between personality and academic achievement, results in this sense have been inconsistent (Janošević & Petrović, 2019;Kuśnierz et al., 2020). ...
... Existen instrumentos de evaluación de habilidades sociales para ser aplicados en universitarios [13][14][15][16][17] , y también existen instrumentos que evalúan competencias emocionales o que miden el bienestar socioemocional [18][19][20] . Estos aportan resultados y constituyen una alternativa a la necesidad de tomar en cuenta en la educación no solo el aspecto cognoscitivo, sino también el aspecto socioafectivo en todos los niveles educativos, inclusive en la formación y actualización docente. ...