Liam D. Bailey's research while affiliated with Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research and other places

Publications (12)

Article
Full-text available
The acute phase response (APR) is an evolutionarily well-conserved part of the innate immune defense against pathogens. However, recent studies in bats yielded surprisingly diverse results compared to previous APR studies on both vertebrate and invertebrate species. This is especially interesting due to the known role of bats as reservoirs for viru...
Article
The rate of adaptive evolution, the contribution of selection to genetic changes that increase mean fitness, is determined by the additive genetic variance in individual relative fitness. To date, there are few robust estimates of this parameter for natural populations, and it is therefore unclear whether adaptive evolution can play a meaningful ro...
Article
Full-text available
The phenology of many species shows strong sensitivity to climate change; however, with few large scale intra-specific studies it is unclear how such sensitivity varies over a species’ range. We document large intra-specific variation in phenological sensitivity to temperature using laying date information from 67 populations of two co-familial Eur...
Article
Full-text available
Large numbers of bats are killed by wind turbines globally, yet the specific demographic consequences of wind turbine mortality are still unclear. In this study, we compared characteristics of Nathusius' pipistrelles (Pipistrellus nathusii) killed at wind turbines (N = 119) to those observed within the live population (N = 524) during the summer mi...
Article
Full-text available
RATIONALE Identifying migratory corridors of animals is essential for their effective protection, yet the exact location of such corridors is often unknown, particularly for elusive animals such as bats. While migrating along the German coastline, Nathusius’ pipistrelles (Pipistrellus nathusii) are regularly killed at wind turbines. Therefore, we e...
Article
Full-text available
1. The integration and synthesis of the data in different areas of science is drastically slowed and hindered by a lack of standards and networking programmes. Long‐term studies of individually marked animals are not an exception. These studies are especially important as instrumental for understanding evolutionary and ecological processes in the w...
Preprint
Full-text available
The phenology of many species shows strong sensitivity to climate change; however, with few large scale intra-specific studies it is unclear how such sensitivity varies over a species' range. We document large intra-specific variation in phenological sensitivity to temperature using laying date information from 67 populations of two European songbi...
Preprint
Full-text available
The integration and synthesis of the data in different areas of science is drastically slowed and hindered by a lack of standards and networking programmes. Long-term studies of individually marked animals are not an exception. These studies are especially important as instrumental for understanding evolutionary and ecological processes in the wild...
Article
For the preservation of endangered felid species, epididymal sperm may be received from valuable individuals after castration or death and they need to be cryopreserved for storage. However, pregnancy rates with epididymal or cryopreserved sperm are lower than with ejaculated and non-frozen semen even if insemination is surgically performed into th...
Article
Aim Declining animal body size has been proposed as a general response to increasing global temperatures that should be observed across a broad biogeographical scale. However, published studies have shown large variation in both the magnitude and direction of body size trends. We aim to investigate how the way body size is measured (body mass, stru...
Article
Full-text available
The current study aimed to isolate, culture and characterize small (SLC) and large (LLC) steroidogenic cells from the corpora lutea (CL) of non-pregnant domestic cats. Isolation of feline SLC was based on an enzymatic digestion of luteal tissue, whereas LLC were obtained by mechanical disruption of CL. To assess function of both cell types, progest...
Poster
Full-text available
This work explores the degree of spatial synchrony in three fitness-related traits of three hole-nesting passerine species. Spatial synchrony is correlated fluctuations in a property (e.g., population size, vital rates, trait values) among spatially distinct populations.

Citations

... The Tiritiri Mātangi and Kārori populations (the two populations of interest) occur at the two extremes of this range (i.e., the sanctuaries are 525 kms apart), with hihi monitored since reintroduction and lay date and reproductive success consistently recorded for both populations. Previous studies have demonstrated that both populations contain low levels of genetic diversity (Brekke et al., 2011;de Villemereuil, Rutschmann, Lee, et al., 2019), low levels of additive genetic variance and therefore a low adaptive potential (Bonnet et al., 2022;Rutschmann et al., 2020). This low ability to adapt for hihi is in contrast to other species where higher adaptive potential has enabled a shift towards earlier lay dates in response to climate change (Charmantier & Gienapp, 2014; for a New Zealand species see: Teplitsky et al., 2010). ...
... For instance, most fatalities at turbines have been reported in late summer, coinciding with the post-weaning period of juveniles and the migration season (Kruszynski et al., 2022). Here, we asked how wind energy production affects bat assemblages in non-primary forests of Central Europe. ...
... two decades. Applications range from modern food (Fortunato et al., 2004;Rodrigues et al., 2011;Zhou et al., 2018), mineral water (Montgomery et al., 2006;Voerkelius et al., 2010) and wine (Epova et al., 2019) authenticity studies, to forensic tracing (Beard and Johnson, 2000;Rauch et al., 2007;Tipple et al., 2018), modern animal migration tracking (Hobson et al., 2010;Kruszynski et al., 2021) and many more. In the field of archaeology, the Sr isotope system has been used by scientists as a powerful tool for identifying ancient human and animal provenance and mobility at the individual level (Bentley, 2006;Capo et al., 1998;Ericson, 1985;Frei et al., 2009;Frei et al., 2015;Frei and Price, 2012); and many others). ...
... Darker background colour represents higher phenological advancement. studied bird species globally, with long-term nest-box breeding populations studied over a broad latitudinal and longitudinal range and throughout a diverse array of ecosystems 24 . These two species also provide a well-documented example of phenological advancement 13,25 and potential trophic mismatch as a result of climate change 18,[26][27][28] . ...
... We further explored scaling relationships between FL and both FM and DM using model II regressions SMA including only an intercept term (i.e., not forced through the origin), as the femur length of adult insects does not change in response to changes in body mass (Whitman 2008, Chown and Gaston 2010, Bailey et al. 2020). We also specified LMMs using FL as a predictor of both FM and DM, using homologous model structures as defined previously for mass-to-mass modeling, to account for sex-and sitespecific differences in trait variability. ...
... As in vivo experiments are technically challenging and ethically questionable, in vitro models are established in accordance to the 3R principle (replacement, refinement, reduction of animal experiments). So far, mainly suspension cultures (Lengwinat et al. 1992;Eder et al. 2020) or in one case, 2D adherent submerged cultures (Roth et al. 1993) have been used for studying feline oviduct epithelium physiology. The two main applications of feline oviduct epithelial cell (FOEC) cultures were the characterization of sperm-oviduct interactions (Henry et al. 2015;Eder et al. 2020) and the improvement of fertilization and developmental competence of early cat embryos (Lengwinat et al. 1992;Roth et al. 1993;Swanson et al. 1996). ...