# Li Zhang's research while affiliated with Xidian University and other places

## Publications (664)

Article
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Background: Glioma is the most prevalent malignant intracranial tumor. Many studies have shown that angiogenesis plays a crucial role in glioma tumorigenesis, metastasis, and prognosis. In this study, we conducted a comprehensive analysis of angiogenesis-related genes (ARGs) in glioma. Methods: RNA-sequencing data of glioma patients were obtained f...
Article
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B7-H5, an immune checkpoint molecule, is markedly upregulated in multiple cancers and plays an important role in tumor progression and immune escape. However, the expression and significance of soluble B7-H5 (sB7-H5) in cancer remain unclear. Herein, we generated two novel mouse anti-human B7-H5 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) 2E5 and 7B10, which had...
Article
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease that requires long-term treatment and monitoring. Inhibition of inflammatory gene expression by gene therapy is a significant breakthrough in RA treatment, but the lack of a safe and effective gene delivery system hinders its application. Since oral administration can significantly reduce wo...
Article
The Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) observation data represent an important data source for the study of pulsar characteristics. When estimating the frequency of the Crab Pulsar (PSR B0531+21), large numbers of numerical mutations occur in the cost function of the chi-square test that have a serious effect on the accuracy of the estimation resul...
Article
Recently, the prevalence of macrolide-resistant Moraxella catarrhalis has been reported, especially among Chinese children. The fitness cost of resistance is reported to render the resistant bacteria less virulent. To investigate the correlation between macrolide susceptibility of M. catarrhalis and pathogenicity, the whole genome of 70 M. catarrha...
Article
Background: A large number of breast cancer survivors suffer from psychological distress. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between genetic variations in Chinese breast cancer patients and anxiety or depression, and to screen patients who are susceptible to psychological problems. Methods: A total of 300 early-stage br...
Article
Virus Coinfection Diagnosis In article number 2200854, Jing Cheng, Youchun Xu, and co‐workers develop MAPnavi, a platform for rapid and sensitive differential diagnosis of respiratory viral coinfection. In the darkest hour before the dawn against the epidemic, MAPnavi is sailing with a centrifugal booster, revealing the true face of cunning viruses...
Article
Clinical question: The detection rate of the solitary pulmonary nodule (SPN) is increasing with the popularization of CT scanning. Malignancy risk stratification for SPN is a major clinical difficulty. Current practice: There have been several guidelines for SPN assessment. Inconsistency of these guidelines makes the clinical application difficu...
Conference Paper
As one of the most challenging and practical segmentation tasks, open-world semantic segmentation requires the model to segment the anomaly regions in the images and incrementally learn to segment out-of-distribution (OOD) objects, especially under a few-shot condition. The current state-of-the-art (SOTA) method, Deep Metric Learning Network (DMLNe...
Article
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Background Establishing risk-based follow-up management strategies is crucial to the surveillance of subsolid pulmonary nodules (SSNs). However, the risk factors for SSN growth are not currently clear. This study aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to identify clinical and CT features correlated with SSN growth. Methods Relevant...
Article
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Paraoxonase 1 (PON1) plays an anti-inflammatory role in the cardiovascular system. Levels of serum PON1 and polymorphisms in this gene were linked to Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and Parkinson disease (PD), but its function in the neuroimmune system and AD is not clear. To address this issue, we used Pon1 knockout rats previously generated by our lab t...
Article
Objectives To investigate the differentiation of regulatory T cells (Tregs) induced by methylprednisolone (MP) pulse therapy in patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). Methods We enrolled 30 patients with SLE and analyzed peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) before and after MP pulse therapy. Peripheral Tregs, apoptosis of PBMCs su...
Chapter
The existing methods for human pose estimation are needed to predict either dense heatmap, which requires more complex model architecture, or to execute long-distance regression, which makes the model unable to achieve good performance. This work proposes an accurate and efficient deep learning framework for human pose estimation called cooperative...
Article
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Objective: To investigate the correlation between interleukin-27 and CXCL10 and other cytokines in pulmonary tuberculosis and to further explore the related miRNAs through bioinformatics. Methods: Collect the lesion tissue and peripheral blood of pulmonary tuberculosis patients and the peripheral blood of healthy controls. Immunohistochemical st...
Article
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is notorious for the rapid progression especially early tumor metastasis due to the unclear mechanism. Recently, ETV5 attracts much attention for its potential role as an oncogenic transcription factor involved in multiple cancers. However, no one reported the mechanism behind the association between ETV5 e...
Preprint
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As the lightest physical states excited from the vacuum by the scalar gluon, $\rho^0$ photoproduction is considered to be a suitable way to extract proton mass radius and scattering lengths of $\rho^0$ and proton interaction. In this work, under the assumption of the scalar form factor of dipole form, the value of proton mass radius is calculated a...
Article
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Background With an increasing number of reviews describing clinically significant drug–drug interactions (DDIs), the scope and severity of interactions involving commonly used drugs in cardiothoracic intensive care units (CCUs) remain unclear. This study aims to identify risk factors and determine the incidence of potential DDIs in intensive care u...
Article
9041 Background: A Randomized, Double-blind, Phase III Study was conducted to confirm clinical similarity between BAT1706, a proposed biosimilar to reference bevacizumab, and EU-bevacizumab in patients with advanced non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: Patients were randomized 1:1 to BAT1706 plus paclitaxel and carboplatin (Arm...
Article
3609 Background: Total neoadjuvant therapy (TNT) with induction chemotherapy and chemoradiation is the standard of care for locally advanced rectal cancers. Incorporation of PD-1 blockade in the neoadjuvant setting is promising for mismatch repair deficient (dMMR) patients, yet the efficacy of TNT combined with PD-1 blockage for pMMR/MSS patients i...
Article
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Objective This study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of different platinum adjuvant chemotherapy regimens for early-stage resected non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Design Systematic review with network meta-analysis of randomised trials. Data sources PubMed, EMBASE, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science and Scopus Google Scholar were s...
Article
7574 Background: For Follicular lymphoma (FL) patients (pts) of 3 rd or higher line, treatment options are limited. Parsaclisib is a potent, highly-selective, next-generation PI3Kδ inhibitor. Initial safety and efficacy data were previously presented (Zhong Zheng et al. ASH 2021; NCT04298879). Here, we report safety, efficacy and survival data of t...
Article
Background: Submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection (STER) is widely applied for treatment of gastrointestinal submucosal tumors (SMTs) originating from the muscularis propria layer. However, the tumor location within the proximal esophagus makes STER a challenge for the endoscopists. The aim of this study was to summarize the technique skill an...
Article
2526 Background: This phase III study compared clinical efficacy, safety of the first biosimilar QL1206 with denosumab in solid tumor patients with bone metastases. Methods: Patients aged 18-80 years, with bone metastatic solid tumors and ECOG performance status of 0-2 were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive subcutaneous QL1206 or denosumab (120 mg Q...
Article
e24145 Background: Breast cancer survivors with psychological problems have lower quality of life (QOL) and higher mortality than those without. It is important to monitor and manage their psychological status. The aim of this study was to examine the incidence and dynamic changes of anxiety/depression during postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy in...
Article
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Human adenovirus type 21 (HAdV-21) is an important pathogen associated with acute respiratory infection (ARI), but it was rarely reported and characterized so far. In this study, 151 of 1,704 (8.9%) pediatric patients (≤14 years old) hospitalized with ARI in Guangzhou, China in 2019 were positive for HAdV which was the third most frequently detecte...
Article
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Purpose Patients with intraventricular tumors are more susceptible to postoperative meningitis (POM) than other intracranial tumors. In this study, we explored the risk factors of POM in lateral ventricular trigone meningiomas (LVTMs). Methods Clinical features of 64 patients with LVTMs were analyzed. Age, gender, body mass index, medical history,...
Preprint
Purpose It has been found the regulatory functions of EZH2 in promoting the immune disturbance and tumorigenesis in cervical cancer (CC). Our previous study has found that the chemokine CCL22 and its receptor CCR4 are elevated in CC tissues. The present study aims to investigate the potential role of EZH2-induced epigenetic activation of CCL22/CCR4...
Article
The ongoing pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 is profoundly influencing the global healthcare system and people's daily lives. The high resource consumption of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19) is resulting in insufficient surveillance of coinfection or resurgence of other critical respiratory epidemics, which is...
Preprint
As one of the most challenging and practical segmentation tasks, open-world semantic segmentation requires the model to segment the anomaly regions in the images and incrementally learn to segment out-of-distribution (OOD) objects, especially under a few-shot condition. The current state-of-the-art (SOTA) method, Deep Metric Learning Network (DMLNe...
Article
Background Microvascular decompression (MVD) has been increasingly performed in elderly patients with trigeminal neuralgia (TN). We conducted a meta-analysis to compare the effectiveness and safety of MVD in elderly and young patients with TN. Methods Databases such as PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochran Library were utilized to collect relevant literatur...
Article
Despite the unprecedented success of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) as anti-cancer therapy, it remains a prevailing clinical need to identify additional mechanisms underlying ICI therapeutic efficacy and potential drug resistance. Here, using lineage tracking in cancer patients and tumor-bearing mice, we demonstrate that erythroid progenitor c...
Article
Purpose We aimed to examine whether elective inclusion of the posterolateral supraclavicular node (SCL) region to the standard medial SCL target volume improves SCL control and survival outcomes in patients with high-risk node-positive breast cancer undergoing regional nodal irradiation (RNI). Methods and Materials We retrospectively reviewed 544...
Article
Objective To assess the association of depression and anxiety with clinical outcomes and laboratory markers among hospitalized patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Methods A prospective cohort study in Wuhan, China was conducted in 205 adult hospitalized patients with a diagnosis of moderate coronavirus disease from admission through...
Article
Objectives: This study aims to further explore the duration of echinocandins and analyse the De-escalation(DE) strategy in patients with candidemia. Methods: Multivariable logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between the duration of echinocandins (≤5-day group vs. > 5-day group) and in-hospital mortality. Result: Of the 357...
Article
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Background Programmed death 1 (PD-1) and the ligand of PD-1 (PD-L1) are central targets for immune-checkpoint therapy (ICT) blocking immune evasion-related pathways elicited by tumor cells. A number of PD-1 inhibitors have been developed, but the efficacy of these inhibitors varies considerably and is typically below 50%. The efficacy of ICT has be...
Article
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Objective: Gliomas are the most common primary tumors in the central nervous system with a bad prognosis. Pyroptosis, an inflammatory form of regulated cell death, plays a vital role in the progression and occurrence of tumors. However, the value of pyroptosis related genes (PRGs) in glioma remains poorly understood. This study aims to construct a...
Article
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Functional bacterial enrichment magnetic beads (Fe3O4@SiO2@Fc-MBL) and Gram staining were combined for the fast diagnosis of infecting bacteria in meningitis. Fe3O4@SiO2@Fc-MBL has excellent microbial binding ability and can be used for bacterial enrichment from cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The enriched bacteria are recognized by Gram stain at very l...
Article
Introduction Diminished brain insulin sensitivity is associated with reduced cognitive function. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is known to maintain normal brain function. Objectives This study aimed to determine whether DHA impacts hippocampal insulin sensitivity and cognitive function in aged rats fed a high-fat diet (HFD). Methods Eight-month-old...
Article
The objective of this study is to investigate the risk factors of oral or facial herpes simplex virus (HSV-1) infection after primary trigeminal neuralgia (PTN). The clinical data of 33 PTN patients admitted by the same surgeon in the neurosurgery were retrospectively analyzed. Among the 33 patients, 26 patients underwent microvascular decompressio...
Article
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Existing obesity- and lipid-related indices are inconsistent with metabolic syndrome (MetS) in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. We compared seven indicators, including waist circumference (WC), body mass index (BMI), visceral fat area (VFA), subcutaneous fat area (SFA), visceral adiposity index (VAI), Chinese VAI and lipid accumulation produc...
Article
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As skeletal muscle is one of the largest organs in the body, its damage can directly reflect a decline in somatic function, thus, further affecting daily life and health. Inflammation is a prerequisite for the repair of injured skeletal muscles. Chronic inflammation induced by inadequate repair in skeletal muscle aggravates tissue injury. Exosomes...
Preprint
Accurate and efficient lumbar spine disease identification is crucial for clinical diagnosis. However, existing deep learning models with millions of parameters often fail to learn with only hundreds or dozens of medical images. These models also ignore the contextual relationship between adjacent objects, such as between vertebras and intervertebr...
Article
Multifidus muscles maintain the stability of the lumbar spine and play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of nonspecific lower back pain. Previous studies have shown that electroacupuncture (EA) can relieve the symptoms of low back pain and reduce injury to the lumbar multifidus muscles. In this study, a rat model of lumbar multifidus muscle injury...
Article
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Background To determine whether vascular index (VI; defined as the ratio of Doppler signal pixels to pixels in the total lesion) measured via superb microvascular imaging in breast cancer correlates with immunohistochemically defined subtype and is able to predict molecular subtypes. Methods This prospective study involved 225 patients with 225 ma...
Article
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Objective We examined the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with recurrent trigeminal neuralgia (TN) and assessed the long-term efficacy and safety of microvascular decompression (MVD) to treat typical recurrent TN. Methods We identified 3024 patients who underwent MVD for treatment of TN at the China-Japan Friendship Hospital from...
Article
Differentiating methicillin-sensitive and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA and MSSA) is crucial for clinical diagnosis and anti-microbial treatment. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) is an efficient tool for identifying pathogenic microorganisms at the bacterial species leve...
Article
Background: Breast cancer is the largest malignant tumor threatening women's health. Adjuvant chemotherapy is an important treatment to improve the survival and prognosis of patients. Numerous studies have confirmed that breast cancer is related to emotion and psychology, and patients diagnosed with breast cancer are more likely to have psychologic...
Article
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Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are used to treat many types of cancers. However, the effect of ICIs on second primary tumors is still unclear. Some studied have concluded that ICIs could reduce the incidence of second primary tumors, while others found an increased overall risk of second primary cancer after the introduction of ICIs to the tre...
Article
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Objectives To investigate the relationship among baseline health-related quality of life (HRQoL), early changes in HRQoL from baseline to completion of the first cycle of chemotherapy, and prognosis in patients with advanced lung cancer. Design This was a prospective, observational study. Setting The study was conducted in a national cancer centr...
Article
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Inadequate immune response remains a critical cause of immunotherapy failure in various tumor treatments. Herein, we offer a new approach to achieve a cross-talk between innate and adaptive immune responses based on a new nanoplatform for photothermal therapeutics. The nanoplatform was formed by linking titanium carbide MXene with Mn²⁺-contained ov...
Article
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Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a newly recognized illness that has spread rapidly all over the world. More and more reports highlight the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in COVID-19. Our study aims to identify in-hospital VTE risk and bleeding risk in COVID-19 patients. Methods: We retrospectively studied 138 consecu...
Article
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During 2018–2019, a severe human adenovirus (HAdV) infection outbreak occurred in southern China. Here, we screened 18 respiratory pathogens in 1,704 children (≤14 years old) hospitalized with acute respiratory illness in Guangzhou, China, in 2019. In total, 151 patients had positive HAdV test results; 34.4% (52/151) of them exhibited severe illnes...
Article
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Background: Streptococcus pneumoniae is an important human pathogen that can cause severe invasive pneumococcal diseases (IPDs). The aim of this multicenter study was to investigate the serotype and sequence type (ST) distribution, antimicrobial susceptibility, and virulence of S. pneumoniae strains causing IPD in China. Methods: A total of 300 inv...
Preprint
Domain Adaptation (DA) has recently raised strong interests in the medical imaging community. While a large variety of DA techniques has been proposed for image segmentation, most of these techniques have been validated either on private datasets or on small publicly available datasets. Moreover, these datasets mostly addressed single-class problem...
Article
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Objective: Central nervous system tuberculosis is the most serious form of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. We aim to discover potential biomarkers involved in the development of the disease. Methods: Through gene difference analysis, construction of a protein interaction network and tissue specific analysis and other bioinformatics analysis methods...
Article
Background: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) of superficial squamous epithelial lesions at the pharynx is still a challenge for most endoscopists due to the limited working space and inexperience. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of ESD for superficial pharyngeal carcinomas. Methods: A total of 30 superficial carcinomas a...
Article
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Cutaneous melanoma is an aggressive malignant cancer associated with poor prognosis. Identification of reliable biomarkers for predicting prognosis of melanoma contributes to improved clinical outcome and disease management. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) serve a crucial regulatory role of oncogenesis and tumor suppression in melanoma. Using data f...
Preprint
Purpose: The response to a breast cancer diagnosis encompasses aspects related to emotion and psychology, and patients with breast cancer are more likely to experience psychological distress. This study therefore aimed to explore the relationship between depression and anxiety status and adverse events during adjuvant chemotherapy in Chinese breast...
Article
Background: Current tumor regression grade (TRG) evaluations are based on various systems which brings confusion for oncologists and pathologists when interpreting results. The recent six-tier system (JGCA2017-TRG) recommended by the Japanese Gastric Cancer Association (JGCA) is worth investigating, as four-tier TRG systems are favored in various...
Article
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Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is still raging worldwide. Efficient, fast and low-cost severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) nucleic acid detection methods are urgently needed. Methods: A rapid PCR temperature change mode was explored by moving the reaction tube between the independent tempera...
Article
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Introduction: Patients’ session-to-session variation has been shown to influence outcomes, making critical the monitoring of dialysis dose in each session. The aim of this study was to detect the intra-patient variability of blood single pool Kt/V as measured from pre-post dialysis blood urea and from the online tool Adimea®, which measures the ult...
Article
Introduction Patients’ session-to-session variation has been shown to influence outcomes, making critical the monitoring of dialysis dose in each session. The aim of this study was to detect the intra-patient variability of blood single pool Kt/V as measured from pre-post dialysis blood urea and from the online tool Adimea ® , which measures the ul...