Laurie Burdett's research while affiliated with National Institutes of Health and other places

Publications (107)

Article
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Human papillomavirus (HPV) type 31 (HPV31) is closely related to the most carcinogenic type, HPV16, but only accounts for 4% of cervical cancer cases worldwide. Viral genetic and epigenetic variations have been associated with carcinogenesis for other high-risk HPV types, but little is known about HPV31. We sequenced 2093 HPV31 viral whole genomes...
Article
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Background: Ewing sarcoma (EwS) is a rare, aggressive solid tumor of childhood, adolescence and young adulthood associated with pathognomonic EWSR1-ETS fusion oncoproteins altering transcriptional regulation. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified 6 common germline susceptibility loci but have not investigated low-frequency inherit...
Article
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HPV35 has been found in only ~2% of invasive cervical cancers (ICC) worldwide but up to 10% in Sub‐Saharan Africa, warranting further investigation and consideration of impact on preventive strategies. We studied HPV35 and race/ethnicity, in relation to the known steps in cervical carcinogenesis, using multiple large epidemiologic studies in the U....
Article
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HPV16 causes half of cervical cancers worldwide; for unknown reasons, most infections resolve within two years. Here, we analyze the viral genomes of 5,328 HPV16-positive case-control samples to investigate mutational signatures and the role of human APOBEC3-induced mutations in viral clearance and cervical carcinogenesis. We identify four de novo...
Article
Severe aplastic anemia (SAA) is a rare disorder characterized by hypoplastic bone marrow and progressive pancytopenia. The etiology of acquired SAA is not understood but is likely related to abnormal immune responses and environmental exposures. We conducted a genome-wide association study of individuals with SAA genetically matched to healthy cont...
Article
Introduction. Acquired severe aplastic anemia (SAA) is a life-threatening disorder characterized by severe progressive pancytopenia and hypocellular bone marrow. The etiology of acquired SAA is not understood but believed to be related to abnormal immune responses to environmental exposures. We conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) to id...
Article
We investigated whether genetic susceptibility to tuberculosis (TB) influences lung adenocarcinoma development among never-smokers using TB genome-wide association study (GWAS) results within the Female Lung Cancer Consortium in Asia. Pathway analysis with the adaptive rank truncated product method was used to assess the association between a TB-re...
Article
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has an undisputed genetic component and a stable 2:1 male to female sex ratio in its incidence across populations, suggesting possible sexual dimorphism in its genetic susceptibility. We conducted the first sex-specific genome-wide association analysis of RCC for men (3227 cases, 4916 controls) and women (1992 cases, 3095...
Article
Ewing sarcoma (EWS), a pediatric tumor predominantly occurring in children of European ancestry, is characterized by the EWSR1-FLI1 fusion oncogene. We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of 749 EWS cases and 1,378 unaffected individuals of European ancestry. Our study replicated previously reported susceptibility loci at 1p36.22, 10q2...
Article
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Ewing sarcoma (EWS) is a pediatric cancer characterized by the EWSR1-FLI1 fusion. We performed a genome-wide association study of 733 EWS cases and 1346 unaffected individuals of European ancestry. Our study replicates previously reported susceptibility loci at 1p36.22, 10q21.3 and 15q15.1, and identifies new loci at 6p25.1, 20p11.22 and 20p11.23....
Article
Lung cancer (LC) is a global health burden that accounted for 1.69 million deaths worldwide in 2015. Asian women have high incidence rates of LC, with about half of all diagnoses occurring among never-smokers. Chromosomal copy-number (CN) aberrations can arise de novo in somatic cells with progressing age. These genomic alterations can change the d...
Article
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Based on our initial genome-wide association study (GWAS) on esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in Han Chinese, we conducted a follow-up study to examine the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with family history (FH) of upper gastrointestinal cancer (UGI) cancer in cases with ESCC. We evaluated the association between SNPs an...
Article
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Although most cervical human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16) infections become undetectable within 1–2 years, persistent HPV16 causes half of all cervical cancers. We used a novel HPV wholegenome sequencing technique to evaluate an exceptionally large collection of 5,570 HPV16- infected case-control samples to determine whether viral genetic variati...
Article
Recurrent large‐scale somatic copy number alterations (SCNAs), and somatic point mutations can be analysed to stratify patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) into distinct prognostic groups. To investigate the relationship between SCNAs and somatic mutations, we performed whole‐exome sequencing and single nucleotide polymorphism microarr...
Preprint
Full-text available
Human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16) is the most carcinogenic HPV, causing >50% of cervical cancers. Its unique oncogenicity is unsolved, e.g., the second most carcinogenic type (HPV18, causing ~16% of cancers) is relatively distantly related to HPV16. Mirabello et al. recently reported on viral genome data from 3,215 HPV positive specimens from wo...
Preprint
Full-text available
Human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16) is the most carcinogenic HPV, causing >50% of cervical cancers. Its unique oncogenicity is unsolved, e.g., the second most carcinogenic type (HPV18, causing ~16% of cancers) is relatively distantly related to HPV16. Mirabello et al. recently reported on viral genome data from 3,215 HPV positive specimens from wo...
Article
Full-text available
To evaluate associations by EGFR mutation status for lung adenocarcinoma risk among never-smoking Asian women, we conducted a meta-analysis of 11 loci previously identified in genome-wide association studies (GWAS). Genotyping in an additional 10,780 never-smoking cases and 10,938 never-smoking controls from Asia confirmed associations with eight k...
Article
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Experimental and epidemiologic investigations suggest that certain pesticides may alter sex steroid hormone synthesis, metabolism or regulation, and the risk of hormone-related cancers. Here, we evaluated whether single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) involved in hormone homeostasis alter the effect of pesticide exposure on prostate cancer risk. We...
Article
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The risk of pancreatic cancer (PC) is increased in melanoma-prone families but the causal relationship between germline CDKN2A mutations and PC risk is uncertain, suggesting the existence of non-CDKN2A factors. One genetic possibility involves patients having mutations in multiple high-risk PC-related genes; however, no systematic examination has y...
Article
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Background: HPV16 is a common sexually transmitted infection although few infections lead to cervical precancer/cancer; we cannot distinguish nor mechanistically explain why only certain infections progress. HPV16 can be classified into four main evolutionary-derived variant lineages (A, B, C, D) that have been previously suggested to have varying...
Article
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To investigate large structural clonal mosaicism of chromosome X, we analysed the SNP microarray intensity data of 38,303 women from cancer genome-wide association studies (20,878 cases and 17,425 controls) and detected 124 mosaic X events >2 Mb in 97 (0.25%) women. Here we show rates for X-chromosome mosaicism are four times higher than mean autos...
Article
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Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a common lymphoid malignancy with strong heritability. To further understand the genetic susceptibility for CLL and identify common loci associated with risk, we conducted a meta-analysis of four genome-wide association studies (GWAS) composed of 3,100 cases and 7,667 controls with follow-up replication in 1,95...
Article
Evidence from a small number of studies suggests longer telomere length measured in peripheral leukocytes is associated with an increased risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). However, these studies may be biased by reverse causation, confounded by unmeasured environmental exposures and might miss time points for which prospective telomere measuremen...
Article
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of lung cancer in Asian never-smoking women have previously identified six susceptibility loci associated with lung cancer risk. To further discover new susceptibility loci, we imputed data from four GWAS of Asian non-smoking female lung cancer (6877 cases and 6277 controls) using the 1000 Genomes Project (Pha...
Article
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Candidate gene and genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified 15 independent genomic regions associated with bladder cancer risk. In search for additional susceptibility variants, we followed up on four promising single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that had not achieved genome-wide significance in 6911 cases and 11 814 controls (rs61...
Article
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Background: Oesophageal cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer death in China where essentially all cases are histologically oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Agnostic pathway-based analyses of genome-wide association study (GWAS) data combined with tissue-specific expression quantitative loci (eQTL) analysis and publicly available...
Article
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Background: Studies of related individuals have consistently demonstrated notable familial aggregation of cancer. We aim to estimate the heritability and genetic correlation attributable to the additive effects of common single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for cancer at 13 anatomical sites.
Article
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Metastasis is the leading cause of death in osteosarcoma patients, the most common pediatric bone malignancy. We conducted a multi-stage genome-wide association study of osteosarcoma metastasis at diagnosis in 935 osteosarcoma patients to determine whether germline genetic variation contributes to risk of metastasis. We identified a SNP, rs7034162,...
Article
Populations in north central China are at high risk for oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and gastric cancer (GC), and genetic variation in epigenetic machinery genes and pathways may contribute to this risk. We used the adaptive multilocus joint test to analyse 192 epigenetic genes involved in chromatin remodelling, DNA methylation and mi...
Article
Analyses of genome-wide association study (GWAS) data have revealed that detectable genetic mosaicism involving large (>2 Mb) structural autosomal alterations occurs in a fraction of individuals. We present results for a set of 24,849 genotyped individuals (total GWAS set II [TGSII]) in whom 341 large autosomal abnormalities were observed in 168 (0...
Article
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Marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) is the third most common subtype of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Here we perform a two-stage GWAS of 1,281 MZL cases and 7,127 controls of European ancestry and identify two independent loci near BTNL2 (rs9461741, P=3.95 × 10(-15)) and HLA-B (rs2922994, P=2.43 × 10(-9)) in the HLA region significantly associated with MZ...
Article
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Recent evidence from several relatively small nested case-control studies in prospective cohorts shows an association between longer telomere length measured phenotypically in peripheral white blood cell (WBC) DNA and increased lung cancer risk. We sought to further explore this relationship by examining a panel of 7 telomere-length associated gene...
Article
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Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) of follicular lymphoma (FL) have previously identified human leukocyte antigen (HLA) gene variants. To identify additional FL susceptibility loci, we conducted a large-scale two-stage GWAS in 4,523 case subjects and 13,344 control subjects of European ancestry. Five non-HLA loci were associated with FL risk:...
Article
Marginal zone lymphomas (MZL) are a group of indolent non-Hodgkin's B-cell lymphomas (NHL) comprising extranodal MZL of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) type, splenic MZL and nodal MZL. MZL comprises 7-12% of adult NHLs. The genetic etiology of MZL is poorly understood. To better understand the genetic risk factors for MZL, we conducted the...
Article
Background: In China, esophageal cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer death and essentially all cases are histologically esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Agnostic pathway-based analyses applied to GWAS data can identify biological pathways and/or groups of genes enriched with disease-associated variants whose individual effect siz...
Article
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Diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common lymphoma subtype and is clinically aggressive. To identify genetic susceptibility loci for DLBCL, we conducted a meta-analysis of 3 new genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and 1 previous scan, totaling 3,857 cases and 7,666 controls of European ancestry, with additional genotyping of 9 pro...
Article
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Dubowitz syndrome is a rare disorder characterized by multiple congenital anomalies, cognitive delay, growth failure, an immune defect, and an increased risk of blood dyscrasia and malignancy. There is considerable phenotypic variability, suggesting genetic heterogeneity. We clinically characterized and performed exome sequencing and high-density a...
Article
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Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a cancer-prone inherited bone marrow failure syndrome. Approximately half of DBA patients have a germ-line mutation in a ribosomal protein gene. We used whole-exome sequencing to identify disease-causing genes in 2 large DBA families. After filtering, 1 nonsynonymous mutation (p.I31F) in the ribosomal protein S29 (R...
Article
Populations in north central China are at high risk for gastric cancers (GC), and altered FAS-mediated cell signaling and/or apoptosis may contribute to this risk. We examined the association of 554 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 53 Fas signaling-related genes using a pathway-based approach in 1758 GC cases (1126 gastric cardia adenocarc...
Article
Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) is an inherited bone marrow failure syndrome (IBMFS) characterized by red blood cell aplasia, variable physical anomalies, and increased risks of cancer. Approximately half of DBA cases have a germline mutation or deletion in a ribosomal protein gene (i.e., RPS19, RPS24, RPS17, RPL35A, RPL5, RPL11, RPS7, RPS10, or RPS2...
Data
TNFRSF6B expression levels are unaffected by RTEL1R1264H. Whole cell extract (25 µg) prepared from hTERT-immortalized and primary MSK-41 cells were subjected to Western blot analysis using DCR3 (TNFRSF6B) antisera. BJ hTERT and RPE hTERT (an immortalized retinal pigment epithelial cell line) were included as wild type controls. SMC1 serves as a loa...
Data
Exome variant filtering strategy. (XLSX)
Data
Variants in telomere- and DDR-related genes and autosomal recessive variants found by whole exome sequencing. (XLSX)
Data
Primers for RTEL1 locus used in IonTorrent sequencing. (XLSX)
Article
CDKN2A and CDK4 are the two major susceptibility genes for melanoma identified so far. However, these two genes only account for melanoma susceptibility in a small proportion of melanoma-prone families, suggesting the existence of other susceptibility genes. In addition, melanoma is among the tumors with the highest mutation rate and a large number...
Article
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Dyskeratosis congenita (DC) is a heterogeneous inherited bone marrow failure and cancer predisposition syndrome in which germline mutations in telomere biology genes account for approximately one-half of known families. Hoyeraal Hreidarsson syndrome (HH) is a clinically severe variant of DC in which patients also have cerebellar hypoplasia and may...
Data
Characteristics of the study participants. (DOCX)
Data
The NCBI dbSNP identifiers, located genes, and chromosomes of SNPs included in the study. (DOCX)
Article
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The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling pathway regulates cell proliferation, differentiation, and survival, and is frequently dysregulated in esophageal and gastric cancers. Few studies have comprehensively examined the association between germline genetic variants in the EGFR pathway and risk of esophageal and gastric cancers. Based...
Data
The associations between all EGFR pathway genes and risk of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and gastric adenocarcinoma. (DOCX)
Article
The phagocyte NADPH oxidase catalyzes the reduction of O2 to reactive oxygen species with microbicidal activity. It is composed of two membrane-spanning subunits, gp91-phox and p22-phox (encoded by CYBB and CYBA, respectively), and three cytoplasmic subunits, p40-phox, p47-phox, and p67-phox (encoded by NCF4, NCF1, and NCF2, respectively). Mutation...
Data
List of 45 chemicals evaluated for interaction. (DOC)
Article
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Uncovering SNP (single nucleotide polymorphisms)-environment interactions can generate new hypotheses about the function of poorly characterized genetic variants and environmental factors, like pesticides. We evaluated SNP-environment interactions between 30 confirmed prostate cancer susceptibility loci and 45 pesticides and prostate cancer risk in...
Article
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Bladder cancer results from the combined effects of environmental and genetic factors, smoking being the strongest risk factor. Evaluating absolute risks resulting from the joint effects of smoking and genetic factors is critical to assess the public health relevance of genetic information. Analyses included up to 3,942 cases and 5,680 controls of...
Article
Dyskeratosis congenita (DC) is an inherited bone marrow failure and cancer predisposition syndrome caused by aberrant telomere biology. The classic triad of dysplastic nails, abnormal skin pigmentation, and oral leukoplakia is diagnostic of DC, but substantial clinical heterogeneity exists; the clinically severe variant Hoyeraal Hreidarsson syndrom...