Laura Chaqués-Bonafont's research while affiliated with Institut Barcelona d´Estudis Internacionals and other places

Publications (19)

Article
This article explores the conditions under which female MPs are more likely than male MPs to participate in political debates relating to a range of issues. Building on descriptive representation theory and parliamentary behaviour studies, we examine how the effect of the number of women in parliament, and women's access to leadership positions, on...
Chapter
The main goal of the Policy Agendas Project in Spain is to promote a comprehensive theoretical and empirical understanding of agenda dynamics across time, issues, and levels of governance. The project establishes a link between policy dynamics research and other areas of concern within political science, mainly media studies, political representati...
Article
The study investigates the impact of media coverage of protest on issue attention in parliament (questions) in six Western European countries. Integrating several data sets on protest, media, and political agendas, we demonstrate that media coverage of protest affects parliamentary agendas: the more media attention protest on an issue receives, the...
Article
This article explains why parliamentary groups invite interest groups to the parliamentary arena. It argues that interest groups’ access to committees not only reflects policy-makers’ need for information and expertise but also party preferences and institutional factors such as the type of government, parliamentary committee structure and committe...
Book
Spanish politics has evolved from a consensual democracy with a focus on consolidating democratic rule to one where political parties increasingly polarize around ideologically rigid positions of Left and Right. No government seems able to resolve fundamental social conflicts relating to economic growth, relations with the regions, the EU, and the...
Article
Government–opposition relations in Spain have been long characterised by a high level of consensus and cooperation. The question analysed here is whether the economic crisis initiated in 2008 has created unprecedented levels of conflict in the political system or whether opposition parties have maintained a cooperative strategy oriented to influenc...
Chapter
Having laid out our theoretical approach in the previous chapter, we turn now to the description of the databases used to elaborate our arguments and test our hypotheses. First, we explain how the data was collected and coded to generate the longest known data series developed in Spain for the analysis of agenda dynamics. Second, we give a general...
Chapter
Spanish politics play out in the media. Political elites seek media access to promote new ideas and policy proposals, attack their political adversaries, and defend their party manifestos during the electoral campaign. They seek access because the attention derived from it allows those elites to exist or be present in the public mind (Castells, 200...
Chapter
Since 2000, the politics of consensus that traditionally characterized Spanish politics has been replaced by the politics of resentment (Gunther and Montero, 2009). Consensus and mutual respect, symbols of the successful transition to democracy, have given way to increasing polarization of the political debate and the reactivation of old political...
Chapter
Political decentralization is one of the key issues in Spanish politics (Caminal and Requejo, 2010). From the transition to democracy to the present, an intense and highly controversial debate has raged about the territorial distribution of power, and this debate has consistently been at the core of differences among Spaniards both within and beyon...
Chapter
Abortion is an issue where most citizens’ views are solidly fixed, as they are related to a moral dimension and strongly associated with religious beliefs. These are highly stable because they are based on strong conceptions of right and wrong; people do not change their moral views on a whim, especially on an issue such as this where the Catholic...
Chapter
Contrary to the process of delegation of power downwards toward the regions, the transfer of political autonomy upwards toward EU institutions has not generated intense or highly politicized debate in Spain. Indeed, one of the main characteristics of the Spanish case is that party conflict over European integration and extreme euroskeptical parties...
Chapter
Government partisanship is generally understood as one of the key variables explaining policy change (Budge and Keman, 1990; Petrocik, 1996; Walgrave and Nuytemans 2009). Political parties prioritize different issues and policy proposals according to their preferences, and once they win elections they try to implement them, following their mandate....
Chapter
In this book, we explain how and why policy issues get onto the political agenda. We make both theoretical and empirical contributions to the analysis of policy dynamics and provide a new set of tools for qualitative and quantitative studies of Spanish politics and public policy throughout the period of democratic governance. To do that we follow t...
Chapter
Throughout this book we have documented a number of important transformations in the functioning of Spain’s democratic institutions since the transition to democracy. Spain has moved from a newly democratic state to a well-established democracy characterized by a far-reaching welfare state. At the same time, a “normally functioning” democracy shoul...
Article
The goal of the article is to analyze the features of the policy making process in Catalonia, embedded in a complex multilevel system of governance. Firstly, we describe the capacity of Catalonia to exercise authority over those who live in the region (or capacity to self-rule) and to exercise authority in the country as a whole (or capacity to sha...
Conference Paper
In this paper we analyze to what extent regulation affects interest groups access to governmental arena. The large fragmentation and dispersion of interest groups regulations, joint with the lack of a lobbying register, generates an important lack of transparency and visibility about which interests participate and to discuss what issues across dif...
Article
Full-text available
The distribution of attention across issues is of fundamental importance to the political agenda and outputs of government. This article presents an issue-based theory of the diversity of governing agendas where the core functions of government—defense, international affairs, the economy, government operations, and the rule of law—are prioritized a...

Citations

... conflict of competences) and are not concerned with the limits of the Spanish Senate as a chamber of territorial representation or the inefficiencies in the functioning of multilateral cooperation commissions. Instead, they call for more active participation in the policy-making process at the EU level (Chaques-Bonafont & Tomàs, 2014), and not at the national level Consequently, regional identities have been channelled primarily through a sub-state party system rather than institutions. Due to the absence of power-sharing mechanisms, the formation of governments and parliamentary majorities has always been in the hands of the two major state-wide parties, the PSOE and PP, with the occasional support of smaller moderate nationalist parties of Catalonia and Basque Country. ...
... The agenda-setting approach, by contrast, focuses on protests as a more short-term signalling device for public opinion to raise the salience of a particular issue, shifting the agenda of institutionalised politics (e.g. Jennings and Saunders 2019; Walgrave and Vliegenthart 2012;Vliegenthart et al. 2016). The climate strikes by Fridays for Future, for example, have been widely regarded as having had such an impact on parties' agendas (Berker and Pollex 2021). ...
... observation made by Chee (1991:110) " the Standing Orders of the House have been changed, over time, to the disadvantage of the opposition. " According to Lim (2002b: 175), parliamentary reforms such as reviewing restrictive standing orders and ensuring greater impartiality have been suggested by the opposition, but to this day, have been ignored. Ong (1987) describes the parliament as follows: ...
... Numerous analyses demonstrate the many different frames available for single issues, and show their power to affect interpretation and opinion formation. For instance, matters of immigration may variously be presented in the frame of 'economy' , 'security' or 'humanitarian crisis' (Lakoff & Ferguson, 2017), thus promoting very different perspectives on the issue; the war in Iraq is understood differently in the frames of 'occupation' and 'liberation' (Pfau et al., 2008); abortion debates are shaped through the frames of the 'right to choose' and the 'right to live' (Chaqués-Bonafont et al., 2015). Schön (1993) called such frames issue frames, stressing that they influence not only problem interpretation, but also the decisions on possible problem solutions. ...
... Moreover, from an institutional point of view, in all Southern European democracies political parties are the key gatekeepers to enter the political arena, not only because of their control on political recruitment, but also because of its capacity to monitor and shape policymaking processes, both formally (nomination of ministers and junior ministers) and informally (e.g., patronage practices). Last but not least, with a few remarkable exceptions (e.g., Chaqués Bonafont and Muñoz 2016;Chaqués Bonafont et al. 2020), empirical research on interest groups in the newer Southern European democracies is still an under explored topic. ...
... O processo político não envolve necessariamente ordem e planejamento, sendo geralmente mais bem explicado por meio de sua desordem e da ausência de planos. As preferências constituem apenas uma variável na tentativa de explicar os resultados políticos (Baumgartner et al., 2011;Green-Pedersen, 2007;Walgrave, Varone, & Dumont, 2006), ou seja, a atenção dispensada aos diversos tópicos, observada em base aos discursos presidenciais, é impulsionada não apenas pelas preferências dos partidos influentes, mas também por fatores institucionais, pela chegada de novos fluxos de informação e por mudanças repentinas, como, por exemplo, uma crise econômica (Chaqués-Bonafont, Baumgartner, & Palau, 2015). Consequentemente, essas três variáveis explicativas da agenda política -preferências políticas, fatores institucionais e eventos inesperados -serão analisadas e relacionadas, do ponto de vista teórico, para explicar a agenda política equatoriana. ...
... I examine how the electoral cycle structurally influences the conflictuality of speeches in parliament. Previous studies show that both the topic under discussion and the overall political context have an impact on consensus and conflict in parliamentary debates (De Giorgi, Moury and Ruivo, 2015;Palau, Márquez and Chaqués-Bonafont, 2015). I argue that the timing in the electoral cycles is another key component that affects the conflictuality of the speeches of different parliamentary groups. ...
... In a recent study, Epp and Baumgartner (2017) argued and showed that the level of friction is conditioned by the complexity of a policy area, for complex issues generate more intense streams of information to consider. Jennings et al. (2011) convincingly showed that increased attention to what the authors called the 'core functions of government', namely, issues related to national defense, international affairs, the economy, government operations and the rule of law, pushes other issues off the agenda, and this results in declining attention in various issues. It may well be the case that L-kurtosis scores are systematically higher or lower for issues that receive consistently more attention (e.g., the economy) or limited attention (e.g., housing). ...