Laura A Maruskin's research while affiliated with University of California, Berkeley and other places

Publications (12)

Article
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In this article we review the emerging literature on the self-transcendent emotions. We discuss how the self-transcendent emotions differ from other positive emotions and outline the defining features of this category. We then provide an analysis of three specific self-transcendent emotions—compassion, gratitude, and awe—detailing what has been lea...
Article
Awe has been theorized as a collective emotion, one that enables individuals to integrate into social collectives. In keeping with this theorizing, we propose that awe diminishes the sense of self and shifts attention away from individual interests and concerns. In testing this hypothesis across 6 studies (N = 2137), we first validate pictorial and...
Article
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A longstanding tradition in the humanities holds that a writer's inspiration is infectious, but this thesis has not been tested. We hypothesized that (a) inspiration is infectious, such that inspired writers are more inspiring to the average reader; (b) contagion is mediated by the insightfulness of the text; and (c) contagion is moderated by reade...
Article
Inspiration is a concept of longstanding interest in diverse areas of academia, but it has only recently become the subject of rigorous scientific investigation. In this article, we review the emerging scientific literature on inspiration, with a focus on both theory and findings. First, we present a general definition of inspiration based on an in...
Conference Paper
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Among psychologists, conventional wisdom holds that correlation does not imply causality, but causality does imply correlation. We challenge this conventional wisdom by showing that causality does not necessarily imply correlation, and that non-correlations are inadequate for falsifying causal hypotheses. Building on past discussions of the criteri...
Article
We examined the content universe, factor structure, affective composition, elicitors, trait antecedents, and consequences of "the chills." In Study 1, participants described what it means to get the chills. A second sample sorted all references to physical sensations based on similarity. Cluster analysis identified 4 lower order clusters (goosebump...
Chapter
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This chapter reviews the literature on congruence (consistency) between implicit (unconscious) and explicit (conscious) motives. The prevailing wisdom that implicit and explicit motives are uncorrelated is shown to be incorrect. When methodological shortcomings of past research (e.g., unreliability of measurement) are overcome, implicit and explici...
Poster
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Inspiration in a writer predicts the chills in a reader
Poster
Full-text available
Causal obfuscation: Ten ways that causality may be obscured by lack of correlation
Article
Full-text available
Within the creativity domain, inspiration is a motivational state posited to energize the actualization of creative ideas. The authors examined the construct validity, predictive utility, and function of inspiration in the writing process. Study 1, a cross-lagged panel study, showed that getting creative ideas and being inspired are distinct and th...
Article
The influence of inspiration on well-being was examined in 4 studies. In Study 1, experimental manipulation of exposure to extraordinary competence increased positive affect, and inspiration accounted for this effect. In Study 2, trait inspiration predicted an increase in positive hedonic and eudaimonic well-being variables (positive affect, life s...
Article
This chapter addresses the relation between implicit and explicit motives and focuses on factors that influence the degree to which an individual exhibits motive congruence (i.e., consistency between corresponding implicit and explicit motives). The chapter begins with a review of the extant empirical literature on motive congruence. A general conc...

Citations

... ,Goetz, Keltner, and Simon-Thomas (2010),Parviainen et al. (2019) andStellar et al. (2017) Awe schema-incongruent, response to vast, initially incomprehensible stimuli; moral emotion NoKeltner and Haidt (2003),Song (2021),Stellar et al. (2017) andTaylorand Uchida (2019) Excitement high arousal, pleasant valence; core affect Yes Russell (2009), Smith et al. (2020) and Watson et al. (1988) Pride self-or ingroup-focused, response to commendation; moral emotion No Leach, Snider, and Iyer (2002), McLatchie and Piazza (2017), Tausch and Becker (2013) and Van Leeuwen et al. (2013) Disgust response to perceived physical or social contaminants; moral emotion Yes Hutcherson and Gross (2011), Levin et al. (2016), Pauketat et al. (2020), Rozin et al. (1999), Seger et al. (2017) and Smith et al. (2020) Anger response to affront, motivating confrontation; moral emotion No Hutcherson and Gross (2011), Leonard et al. (2011), Levin et al. (2016), Pauketat et al. (2020), Rozin et al. (1999), Seger et al. (2017) and Tausch and Becker (2013) Contempt response to evaluations of hierarchy and social status; moral emotion No Hutcherson and Gross (2011), Levin et al. (2016), Pauketat et al. (2020), Rozin et al. (1999) and Tausch et al. (2011) Horror schema-incongruent, response to unexpected harmful thoughts or behaviors No Taylor and Uchida (2019) fear, anxiety self-or ingroup-preserving, response to motivate avoidance of danger Yes Leonard et al. (2011), Lerner and Keltner (2001), Oatley et al. (2006), Seger et al. (2017) and Smith et al. (2020) Envy pain felt in response to others' joy or fortune Yes Lee and Kim (2020) and van de Ven ...
... That is, we propose and examine the idea that inducing awe in people can promote their endorsement of a global citizenship identity wherein they prioritize global or humanitarian concerns over personal or national benefits. Moreover, we hypothesize this change in perspective and priority will be driven by diminished importance ascribed to the self (i.e., smallness; Bai et al., 2017;Piff et al., 2015). ...
... Inspiration can also drive implicit motives such as increasing power, activation, and response. Inspiration is viewed as a temporal motivation (Liang, Chen, & Lei, 2016) as it can occur from time to time or in an episode, as a state evoked by external stimuli (Thrash, Maruskin, Moldovan, Oleynick, & Belzak, 2017). The antecedents of customer inspiration include internal and external sources such as ideas, goals, cultures, advertisements, marketing content, personalized messages, interaction with people and so on (Böttger et al., 2017;Díaz & Koutra, 2013;Thrash et al., 2010;Thrash & Elliot, 2003. ...
... The main argument is that respondents actually do not have a direct route to self-knowledge of their implicit motives and is in line with evidence suggesting implicit motive measures do not correlate with questionnaires that directly ask respondents for their motives (Köllner & Schultheiss, 2014;McClelland, Koestner, & Weinberger, 1989;Sokolowski, Schmalt, Langens, & Puca, 2000;Spangler, 1992). However, several researchers have argued that the nonconvergence between traditional implicit motive tests and motive questionnaires does not necessarily mean that people cannot evaluate the implicit themes in the stories they write and have found some initial evidence that respondents are able to recognize and classify some of the implicit themes in their stories (Engeser, 2005;Sherwood, 1966;Thrash, Cassidy, Maruskin, & Elliot, 2010). Engeser (2005) let respondents code their story with a simplified coding scheme, Sherwood (1966) showed that participants can have some insight after a comprehensive motive education, and Thrash et al. (2010) discussed methodological and theoretical factors that may be responsible for previous findings showing that people cannot report their own implicit motives. ...
... Inspiration. Inspiration as a psychological construct is characterized by three core properties (Thrash et al., 2014). First, inspiration involves epistemic transcendence, when one has gained an awareness of new or better possibilities, for example through a specific revelation, insight or seeing possibilities one had not seen before. ...
... While implicit motives and explicit goals are largely independent from one another, individuals can benefit when the two are aligned (e.g., Biernat, 1989;Brunstein & Maier, 2005;Schultheiss et al., 2008aSchultheiss et al., , 2008b. Motive-goal congruence is defined as the alignment of explicit goals and implicit motives, such that both are high or both are low (Thrash et al., 2012). When both are high, goals are expected to be more easily pursued; when both are low, the individual is more likely to disengage from the goal. ...
... Several frameworks have been proposed in this regard, such as the homeostatic theory [9][10][11][12], the reward theory [13][14][15], and a position that emphasizes empathetic engagement with emotional events in terms of approach/avoidance behavior [16] (see [3] for a critical discussion). On the empirical level, a considerable amount of research has been conducted on finding the biochemical correlates of psychological reward, with a focus on specific hormonal markers. ...
... Future research should assess patterns of BAS activation and BIS-linked distress over time, as serial mediators. Future research should also test whether other meaning-andtranscendence-related interventions might produce similar effects (e.g., integrity, virtue, inspiration, ideals, morality, prosocial intentions, love, belongingness, broadened perspective, significance, sanctification, religious devotion, and other forms of spirituality or eudaimonic motivation; Costin & Vignoles, 2020;Critcher & Dunning, 2015;Crocker et al., 2008;Grant, 2012;Hernandez, Mahoney, & Pargament, 2011;Kang et al., 2018;McGregor & Little, 1998;McGregor et al., 2012;Nelson, Fuller, Choi, & Lyubomirsky, 2014;Park, 2005;Thrash, Elliot, Maruskin, & Cassidy, 2010;Walton & Cohen, 2011;Yeager et al., 2014). ...
... In addition, transcendent relationship experience can create enduring values in service encounters (Wei, 2017). Moreover, inspiration can facilitate the transition from being "inspired by" (to excogitate and plan for the goal) to being "inspired to" (to aim for or accomplish the goal) for entrepreneurs pursuing entrepreneurial-related goals (Böttger et al., 2017;Thrash, Maruskin, Cassidy, Fryer, & Ryan, 2010). Additionally, it is an important source of enhancement for an entrepreneur's sustainable behaviour (Ottman, 1993). ...