L. S. Gottfredson's scientific contributions

Citations

... Spearman [68, pp. 197-198] called this phenomenon the "indifference of the indicator," and it has led some experts to argue that every task in life that requires cognitive work is its own intelligence test, which would explain why IQ scores correlate with so many life outcomes [69][70][71]. ...
... Psychologists continue to debate exactly what the term "intelligence" should mean. Here is a good working definition that was offered by Gottfredson (1997): ...