Kristy Buccieri's research while affiliated with Trent University and other places

Publications (12)

Article
Addressing the vulnerability and unique needs of homeless populations during pandemics has been a major component of the Canadian federal response to the COVID-19 crisis. Rural and remote communities, however, have received little to no funding to aid in their care of homeless people during the pandemic. Similarly, there has been little to no resea...
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Homelessness has negative implications for mental well-being and quality of life. This paper identifies the quality of life variables that contribute to positive or negative wellbeing, reporting on a regression analysis from 343 individuals experiencing homelessness in Canada. Results indicate that a lack of sleep duration and quality reduced menta...
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Objective: To determine how accessible health care services are for people who are experiencing homelessness and to understand from their perspectives what impact clinician bias has on the treatment they receive. Methods: Narrative interviews were conducted with 53 homeless/vulnerably housed individuals in Ontario, Canada. Visit history records wer...
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Youth who become homeless often report having difficult home lives, but very little is known about their experiences with siblings and parents. This article reports on a qualitative study of eight youth, aged 17 to 23 years, experiencing homelessness in Toronto. Seven of the youth felt that their parent(s) favored a sibling over them, leading to th...
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Purpose People experiencing homelessness are high-users of hospital care in Canada. To better understand the scope of the issue, and how these patients are discharged from hospital, a national survey of key stakeholders was conducted in 2017. The paper aims to discuss this issue. Design/methodology/approach The Canadian Observatory on Homelessness...
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Substance use is common among homeless and precariously housed youth, yet few longitudinal studies track their usage over time. This paper analyzes data from a study of 187 youth and reports on their substance usage in the preceding month, year, and over their lifetime. The results are compared within the sample by sex and against a sample of simil...
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Homelessness is a complex social issue that requires a coordinated systems approach. In recent years, Canada has seen an emergence of integrated care, the joining of health care and social care, to address the needs of homeless persons. This article documents the findings of open-ended interviews with eleven members of the central east Ontario Hous...
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The demographic profiles of homeless youth are varied and play an integral role in the experiences these young people have. This article reports on detailed demographic data collected from 187 homeless youth in the Youth Matters in London study, and compares it to demographic profiles of youth in the general Ontario population and with samples of h...
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Information-communication technologies, like computers and cell phones, are popular among young people. This article details a youth-centered participatory action study in which 12 homeless youth designed and developed a mobile application for other homeless youth. We frame our analysis through a theory of critical youth empowerment and discuss the...
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Les réglementations visant des comportements antisociaux se multiplient dans les sociétés occiden tales, mais il existe peu d’analyses statistiques, en particulier au Canada, sur les façons dont celles-ci sont appliquées. Dans cet article, nous présentons une étude que nous avons réalisée sur l’application, à Toronto, de la Loi sur la sécurité dans...
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The manner in which limited vaccines are distributed during a pandemic is an ethical issue. The utility principle has been used to argue priority be given to certain individuals based on factors such as the epidemiology of the spread of disease and maintaining the functioning of society. The equity principle has been used to encourage fair practice...

Citations

... At the same time, other components of the health system influenced the preparedness for service delivery, but it was the conditions of the context that exerted the greatest influence, with rural areas facing additional challenges. This situation has been reported as well in other countries (Schiff et al., 2020, Peters, 2020, Vázquez and Gandolfi, 2020, Bastos and Fonseca, 2021) that paid less attention to rural areas during the COVID-19 pandemic, to territories inhabited by indigenous population, and to homeless people with fewer social resources and greater susceptibility to COVID-19 infection. The inadequate protection for these population sectors has already been evidenced from the public policy analysis (Lal et al., 2021) as one of the serious pending tasks in the response to the pandemic. ...
... However, it is unclear whether homelessness causes these disorders or otherwise these illnesses per se contribute to homelessness. Finally, evidence indicates that PEH has a lower probability of receiving proper care for their health conditions compared to the general population [6]. ...
... The concept of hybrid Sufism also include achieving quality of life. They include four indicators: (1) physical health, (2) mental state, (3) good social relations and (4) harmony with nature (environment) (Buccieri et al. 2020). There are three important things in reassessing the quality of life, namely honesty, fairness and grateful (Smedema 2020). ...
... Additionally, results might differ in samples in which parents are coparenting two adolescent children. It has been suggested that favoritism and parent-child alliances emerge in older sibling relationships compared with the age range in the present study (5 months to 8 years of age) that compromise family dynamics and sibling relationship quality (e.g., Buccieri, 2019;Rurka et al., 2018). In particular, it would be important to explore how a lack of cooperation between parents might promote these dynamics between siblings, as well as continue to drive a wedge between them as children get older. ...
... Kriminalitätskarriere auch dem Wohl des Täters, wenn dieser dann verstärkt zum Objekt gesellschaftlicher Sanktionssysteme wird. Allerdings ist empirisch noch immer kausalanalytisch ungeklärt, ob das Leben »auf der Straße« Jugendliche zur Kriminalität drängt oder ob nicht Jugendliche mit einer erhöhten Kriminalitätsneigung eher wohnungslos werden (Buccieri et al. 2016). Aber auch hier sind präventive Effekte durch niedrigschwellige Dienste nicht zu unterschätzen, die Straßenkinder davor schützen könnten, kriminell werden müssen, um sich ihren Lebensunterhalt zu erstreiten. ...
... Systems failures are unfortunately common in the homelessness literature, including hospital discharge from acute mental health care (Forchuk et al., 2013b) and research that focuses on post-discharge care (Buccieri et al., 2018;Canham, Davidson, et al., 2019), youth homelessness (Nichols, 2016), unhoused individuals with disabilities (Collins, Schormans, Watt, Idems, & Wilson, 2018), and unhoused patients with mental illness (Stergiopoulos et al., 2017. Combined, these studies suggest that it is important to dismantle sectoral silos that impinge equitable access to care for individuals living unhoused, including during the discharge process (Clapton, Chenoweth, McAuliffe, Clements, & Perry, 2014), and address improvements to the discharge process as part of an interconnected web of service provision. ...
... A notable study emerged in response to the emergence of H1N1 in 2009, which involved a multi-city study to explore pandemic planning and response in the context of homeless populations in Victoria, British Columbia; Calgary, Alberta; Regina, Saskatchewan; and Toronto, Ontario. The findings from the study presented six important factors: "support for planning; infection control; system capacity; inter-sectoral collaboration; communications and training; and the heightened challenges of unpredictability faced by the homeless population" [24]. The Victoria study found that cross-sector, regional, and inter-agency collaboration was foundational to the response efforts [25]. ...
... Homeless youth, defined as those sleeping strictly on the streets and not in a shelter, face compounding risks associated with social exclusion [42][43][44], access to alcohol [45], and lack of access to social justice resources [46]. Homeless youth have also been found to report higher levels of psychological distress and mental health problems, experience more significant emotional and physical traumas, struggle more to maintain supportive networks, and have higher rates of substance use and abuse than youth who live with their families or live in shelters [47][48][49][50][51]. However, scientific understanding of how these factors are related in the lives of homeless youth remains limited. ...
... There are several national bodies that inform and advocate for coordinated systems approaches, such as the Canadian Observatory on Homelessness and the Canadian Alliance to End Homelessness. However, the organization of Canada's political system into federal, provincial/territorial, and municipal governments makes it challenging to align factors such as mandates, budgets and information sharing (Buccieri, 2016). For instance, since health care is managed at the provincial and territorial level in Canada, there are 13 independent ministries that oversee service planning and provision based on geographic location. ...
... Alijani and Wintjes, 2017;Buck et al., 2020;Fu and Huang, 2015;Terstriep et al., 2016) Outcome / effects on society / social value Into which category of the Potential Social Value Frame (PSVF) method(Faludi, 2020) does the app fall?(Alijani and Wintjes, 2017;Faludi, 2020;Greeson et al.the source code of the app available on GitHub or Gitlab?(Bria et al., 2015) Platform / tech. outcome On which platforms was / is / will be the solution available?(Alijani and Wintjes, 2017;Buccieri and Molleson, 2015;Buck et al., 2020;Figueira et al., 2014;Fu and Huang, 2015;Rhoades et al., 2017) Role of algorithm / technologyWhat role does the app play in overall DSI?(Buck et al., 2020;Fu and Huang, 2015;Lee et al., 2017) Up-to-date information Is the information up to date?(Gebken et al., 2021a) Service distribution Is the solution distributed across multiple apps? (Figueira et al., 2014; Kaletka et al.type of organization provides / provided the app? (Alijani and Wintjes, 2017; Bria et al., 2015; Kaletka et al., 2017) Funding How will / does / has the organization behind the app fund(ed) itself? ...